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Poladryas arachne gilensis (W. Holland, 1930)
(Arachne Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Scrophulariaceae: Penstemon dasyphyllus Gray

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Poladryas Bauer, 1961

In: P. Ehrlich and A. Ehrlich, How Know Butts.: 109, 130. Type-species: Melitaea pola Boisduval, 1869, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 56, no. 44, by original designation. Bauer misidentified Melitaea arachne W. H. Edwards, 1869, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 372, as pola, as determined by F. Brown (1965), J. Lepid. Soc. 19(4): 206-207, fig. 2, and J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 243 ♂ D, 244 ♂ V. This is a case of a misidentified type species. The type-species is Melitaea arachne W. H. Edwards, 1869, as designated by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 370 (under Code Article 70.3).

 

Poladryas arachne (W. H. Edwards, 1869)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 2(4): 372.

Original Combination: Melitaea Arachne

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined as “vicinity of Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 411.

Types: Holotype in FMNH, figured by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 412, fig. 19 ♂ D&V.

=    ‡”gunderiae” (W. Holland, 1930)

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 19(3): 156; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 58, fig. 10 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea arachne ab. gunderiae

Type Locality: Not stated; suggested to be “Colorado” by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): 128.

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH.

 

Poladryas arachne gilensis (W. Holland, 1930)

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 19(3): 156; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 58, fig. 18 ♀ D (holotype, not ♂ as stated).

Original Combination: Melitaea gilensis

Type Locality: “Wheeler Expedition...Ft. Gila...southern Arizona”; defined as “Along the west fork of the Gila River in Catron Co., New Mexico” by Ferris (1989), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (3): 42.

Types: Holotype in CMNH.

Bibliography

Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1930. X. New species and varieties of North American butterflies. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 19(3): 155-160. {21 Jan 1930} [description of Melitaea gilensis

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition.  A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co.  xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figures. {1931}

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