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Polites vibex praeceps (Scudder, 1872)
(Whirlabout)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures photo collection
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Polites Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 78. Type-species: Hesperia peckius W. Kirby, 1837, in: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 300, pl. 4, figs. 2, 3, by original designation. The generic synonymy follows Burns (1994), J. Lepid. Soc. 48(1): 24-45.

=    Hedone Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 79. Type-species: Hesperia brettus Boisduval & Le Conte, [1837], Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (25): pl. 75, figs. 3-5 (= Thymelicus vibex Geyer, 1832, in: Hübner, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 4: pl. [118], figs. 685 ♂ D, 686 ♂ V; 22, no. 343; synonym), by original designation.

=    Limochores Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 80. Type-species: Hesperia manataaqua Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 175 (= Hesperia origenes Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 328, no. 245; synonym), by original designation.

=    Pyrrhosidia Scudder, 1874

Mem. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 2(3)(4): 346 (nota). Type-species: Hesperia mystic W. H. Edwards, 1863, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(1): 16, pl. 1, figs. 1, 2, by original designation.

      =    ‡Chaerophon Godman, 1900

In: Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(156): 462, 474. Type-species: Pamphila citrus Mabille, 1889, Naturaliste (2)3(55): 144-145, fig. 1 (= Hesperia subreticulata Plötz, 1883, Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 213, no. 454; synonym), by original designation. Preoccupied by Chaerophon Dobson, 1878, Cat. Chiropt. Brit. Mus.: 431.

=    Poanopsis Godman, 1900

In: Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(157): 486. Type-species: Pamphila puxillius Mabille, 1891, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 35(c.r.)(18): clxx, by original designation.

=    Yvretta Hemming, 1935

Stylops 4(1): 3. Type-species: Pamphila citrus Mabille, 1889, Naturaliste (2)3(55)[11(55): 144-145, fig. 1 (= Hesperia subreticulata Plötz, 1883, Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 213, no. 454; synonym), as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Chaerophon Godman, 1900, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

 

vibex group MacNeill, 1993

J. Lepid. Soc. 47(3): 178.

 

Polites vibex (Geyer, 1832)

In: Hübner, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 4: pl. [118], figs. 685 ♂ D, 686 ♂ V [1826]; (text): 22, no. 343 (1832, name given).

Original Combination: Thymelicus Vibex

Type Locality: “West Indies”

Types: Type probably lost.

Hübner [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 113, mentioned T. vibex without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

=    brettus (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1837])

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (25): pl. 75, figs. 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ D, 5 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Hesperia Brettus

Type Locality: Not stated; “l’Amérique septentrionale” implied from the title of the book.

Types: Types are the specimens illustrated by Émile Blanchard, probably from Boisduval’s collection, possibly in MNHP or BMNH.

=    wingina (Scudder, 1863)

Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 173-174, no. 71.

Original Combination: Hesperia Wingina

Type Locality: “southern portions of N. England”

Types: Syntypes in MCZ.

=    morganta (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 203, no. 426; cited unpublished pl. 1444 (nachtrag).

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Morganta

Type Locality: “Süd-Amerika”, in error; corrected to “North America” by Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 153.

Types: Holotype may be in ZSMC or lost.

Godman (1907), ibid., determined this synonymy through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

=    unna (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 204, no. 429; cited unpublished pl. 637.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Unna

Type Locality: “Philadelphia” [Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania]

Types: Holotype may be in ZSMC or lost.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 144, determined this synonymy (under brettus) through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

‡”margarita” (Draudt, 1923)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(332): 931.

Original Combination: [Thymelicus] margarita

Draudt cited this as a Plötz name in the synonymy of brettus, without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

 

Polites vibex praeceps (Scudder, 1872)

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 79, no. 2.

Original Combination: H[edone]. praeceps

Type Locality: “Tehuantepec” [Oaxaca, Mexico]

Types: Syntype (#15313) in MCZ.

                   =    sulfurina (Mabille, 1878)

Petites Nouv. Entomol. 2(197): 233-234, no. 39.

Original Combination: P[amphila]. sulfurina

Type Locality: “Mexicanam”; also mentioned specimens from “Cayenna” and “Venezuela”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

                   =    lumida (Möschler, 1879)

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 28: 217-218, no. 23.

Original Combination: Pamphila Lumida

Type Locality: “Colombien”

Types: Syntypes in ZMHB.

                   =    phormio (Mabille, 1878)

Petites Nouv. Entomol. 2(197): 233, no. 38.

Original Combination: Pamphila Phormio

Type Locality: “Para, Brasiliae”

Types: Syntype(s) in BMNH.

                   =    golenia (Möschler, 1879)

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 28: 218, no. 21.

Original Combination: Pamphila Golenia

Type Locality: “Colombien”

Types: Syntypes in ZMHB.

                   =    zenckei (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 196, no. 402; cited unpublished pl. 1437 (nachtrag).

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Zenckei

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Holotype may be in ZSMC or lost.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 152, determined this synonymy (as vibex) through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

                   =    clara (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 203, no. 425; cited unpublished pl. 635.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Clara

Type Locality: “Californien”, presumably in error.

Types: Holotype may be in ZSMC or lost.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 144, determined this synonymy (as brettus) through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

                   =    stigma (Skinner, 1896)

Can. Entomol. 28(7): 188.

Original Combination: Pamphila stigma

Type Locality: “southern border of New Mexico and S.-W. Texas”

Types: Syntypes (#7098) in ANSP and FMNH; figured by Skinner (1900), Entomol. News 11(4): pl. 2, figs. 15 ♂ D, 16 ♂ V, and W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 53, fig. 28 ♂ D.

                   =    hypozona (Dyar, 1918)

Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 54(2239): 339-340.

Original Combination: Lerema hypozona

Type Locality: “Sierra de Guerrero, Mexico”

Types: Holotype (#21216) in USNM.

                         =    ‡combinata (Plötz, 1883)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 206, under no. 433.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Golenia = Combinata

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 144, determined this synonymy (as vibex) through an examination of an unpublished drawing (pl. 636, from “Colombia”) made by Plötz. This name was listed without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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