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Polygonia comma (T. Harris, 1842)
(Comma Anglewing)

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)


Genus Polygonia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 36. Type-species: Papilio c-aureum Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 116, by designation of Scudder (1872) 4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 30. The arrangement of Polygonia taxa follows Weingartner et al. (2006), J. Evol. Biol. 19(2): 483-491.

=    Eugonia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 36-37. Type-species: Papilio angelica Stoll, 1782, Uitl. Kapellen 4(33): 204, pl. 388, figs. G, H; (34): 247 (index) (= Papilio c-aureum Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 116; synonym), by designation of Grote (1873), Can. Entomol. 5(8): 144.

=    Comma Rennie, 1832

Conspectus Butts. Moths: 8. Type-species: Papilio c-album Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 115, by monotypy.

=    Grapta W. Kirby, 1837

In: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 292. Type-species: Vanessa (Grapta) c-argenteum W. Kirby, 1837, in: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 292, pl. 3, figs. 6, 7 (= Papilio progne Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(1): 9, pl. 5, figs. E, F; (8): 154 (index); synonym), by monotypy.

=    Kaniska Moore, [1899]

Lepid. Ind. 4(41): 91. Type-species: Papilio canace Linnaeus, 1763, in: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar.: 23-24, no. 68, by original designation. Wahlberg and Nylin (2003), Cladistics 19(3): 221-222, and Wahlberg et al. (2005), Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86(2): 250, determined this synonymy.

 

Polygonia comma (T. Harris, 1841)

Rep. Ins. Mass.: 221.

Original Combination: Vanessa Comma

Type Locality: “Massachusetts” implied from the title of the book.

Types: Syntypes (#26345) in MCZ.

            =    dryas (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(1): 10, 17-18, no. 10; figured by W. H. Edwards (1871), Butts. N. Am. 1(8): pl. Grapta 3, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Grapta Dryas

Type Locality: “Coalburgh, W. Va.” [Kanawha County, West Virginia]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 327, fig. 2 ♂ D&V.

This name was employed by W. H. Edwards (1870), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(1): 7, without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

                   =    ‡”harrisii” (W. H. Edwards, 1873)

Can. Entomol. 5(10): 185; figured by W. H. Edwards (1871), Butts. N. Am. 1(8): pl. Grapta 2, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V (as Grapta comma).

Original Combination: [Grapta] comma var. Harrisii

Type Locality: “Coalburgh” [Kanawha County, West Virginia]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 329, fig. 3 ♂ D&V.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

‡”umbrosa” Scott, 1984

J. Res. Lepid. 23(3): 208.

Original Combination: Polygonia comma summer form umbrosa

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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