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Polygonia faunus hylas (W. H. Edwards, 1872)
(Green Anglewing)

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Polygonia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 36. Type-species: Papilio c-aureum Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 116, by designation of Scudder (1872) 4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 30. The arrangement of Polygonia taxa follows Weingartner et al. (2006), J. Evol. Biol. 19(2): 483-491.

=    Eugonia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 36-37. Type-species: Papilio angelica Stoll, 1782, Uitl. Kapellen 4(33): 204, pl. 388, figs. G, H; (34): 247 (index) (= Papilio c-aureum Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 116; synonym), by designation of Grote (1873), Can. Entomol. 5(8): 144.

=    Comma Rennie, 1832

Conspectus Butts. Moths: 8. Type-species: Papilio c-album Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 115, by monotypy.

=    Grapta W. Kirby, 1837

In: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 292. Type-species: Vanessa (Grapta) c-argenteum W. Kirby, 1837, in: Richardson, Fauna Bor.-Am. [4]: 292, pl. 3, figs. 6, 7 (= Papilio progne Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(1): 9, pl. 5, figs. E, F; (8): 154 (index); synonym), by monotypy.

=    Kaniska Moore, [1899]

Lepid. Ind. 4(41): 91. Type-species: Papilio canace Linnaeus, 1763, in: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar.: 23-24, no. 68, by original designation. Wahlberg and Nylin (2003), Cladistics 19(3): 221-222, and Wahlberg et al. (2005), Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86(2): 250, determined this synonymy.

 

Polygonia faunus (W. H. Edwards, 1862)

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 14(5): 221, 222-223, no. 2; figured in W. H. Edwards (1870), Butts. N. Am. 1(5): pl. Grapta 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Grapta Faunus

Type Locality: “Catskill Mountains, New York...Fort Simpson, at Albany River...Lake Winnipeg”; defined as “Hunter, Greene Co., New York” by dos Passos (1967), in: F. Brown, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 336.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by dos Passos and F. Brown, in: F. Brown, 1967, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 338, fig. 5 ♂ D&V.

‡”virescens” Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 252, no. 76.

Original Combination: [Polygonia Faunus] (= virescens)

This name was mentioned in the synonymy of faunus without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

 

Polygonia faunus hylas (W. H. Edwards, 1872)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 4(1/2): 61, 68-69, no. 8; figured by W. H. Edwards (1875), Butts. N. Am. 2(4): pl. Grapta 2, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Grapta Hylas

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined as “near Berthoud Pass, with little doubt on the southern slope” by F. Brown (1934), J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 42(2): 161; listed as “Berthoud Pass, Colorado” by dos Passos (1967), in: F. Brown, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 339. [Clear Creek (S slope)-Grand counties]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 341, fig. 6 ♂ D&V.

                         =    ‡”orpheus” Cross, 1936

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 12(4): 197.

Original Combination: Polygonia hylas orpheus n. form

Type Locality: “Deer Creek Canyon, near Denver, Colorado” [Douglas County]

Types: Holotype in DNHC.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

‡”silvius” Scott, 1984

J. Res. Lepid. 23(3): 209.

Original Combination: Polygonia faunus hylas form silvius

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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