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Polygonus leo arizonensis (Skinner, 1911)
(Hammock Skipper)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults
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Immatures photo collection
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Immatures photo collection
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Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

SW USA (mostly as strays) & S TX to Central America

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Polygonus Hübner, [1825]

Samml. exot. Schmett., 2: pl. [144]. Type-species: Polygonus lividus Hübner, [1825], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [144], figs. 1-4 (= Papilio leo Gmelin, [1790], Syst. Nat. (ed. 13) 1(5): 2363, no. 836; synonym), by monotypy.

      =    ‡Acolastus Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci., (1871): 71. Type-species: Hesperia savignyi [sic!] Latreille, [1824], Enc. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): (716), 741-742, no. 35, by original designation. Preoccupied by Acolastus Gerstäcker, 1855, Mber. dt. Akad. Wiss. Berl. [1855]: 636.

      =    ‡Nennius W. F. Kirby, [1902]

In: Wytsman, Facsimile ed. Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3 (addit. notes): 105. Type-species: Polygonus lividus Hübner, [1825], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [144], figs. 1-4 (= Papilio leo Gmelin, 1790, Syst. Nat. (ed. 13) 1(5): 2363, no. 836; synonym), as replacement name. Proposed to replace Polygonus, erroneously thought to be preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8); a junior objective synonym of Polygonus.

 

Polygonus leo (Gmelin, [1790])

Syst. Nat. (ed. 13) 1(5): 2363, no. 836; cited Papilio amyntas Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 533, no. 384.

Original Combination: [Papilio Plebejus Urbanus] Leo

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio amyntas Fabricius, 1775, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

                   =    ‡amyntas (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 533, no. 384.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus]. U[rbicola] Amyntas

Type Locality: “America” The type locality of Polygonus lividus was suggested to be “Hispaniola” by W. Comstock (1944), Sci. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Is. 12(4): 541, and the neotype of lividus is the lectotype of amyntas.

Types: Lectotype in ZMUC, designated by Mielke and Casagrande (2002), Revta. bras. Zool. 19(supl. 1): 39.

Preoccupied by Papilio amyntas Poda, 1761, Ins. Mus. graec.: 79.

            =    lividus Hübner, [1825]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [144], 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Polygonus Lividus

Type Locality: Not stated; suggested to be “Hispaniola” by W. Comstock (1944), Sci. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Is. 12(4): 541.

Types: Type(s) probably lost. Neotype in ZMUC, designated by Mielke and Casagrande (2002), Revta. bras. Zool. 19(supl. 1): 39. The neotype is the same specimen as the lectotype of amyntas.

Hübner [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 103, listed Astraptes lividus without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

            =    ishmael Evans, 1952

Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (2): 54.

Original Combination: [Polygonus leo] ishmael

Type Locality: “Haiti”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

 

Polygonus leo arizonensis (Skinner, 1911)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 37(3): 209, pl. 10 D&V; ♂ genitalia figured by Skinner and R. Williams (1923), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 48(4): fig. 5.

Original Combination: Erycides amyntas arizonensis n. var.

Type Locality: “Florence, Arizona” [Pima County]

Types: Syntype (#7073) in ANSP.

Bibliography

 

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