Porphyrogenes unassociated unnamed female #5
(Fig. 111, 112, 164)
Description. Female (Fig. 111, 112) - forewing length = 28.0 mm (n = 1; from Costa Rica); forewing
apex produced, pointed, termen convex especially apically, anal margin slightly concave; hindwing termen
convex except concave just before prominent tornal lobe, vein Rs arising nearer to end of discal cell than
to its base and distad of CuA2; dorsum brown with bluish sheen; forewing overscaled with gray-brown
basad, white translucent macules, one small and triangular in M3-CuA1, base on vein CuA1, more than
half distance from its origin to termen, other very large and more or less parallelogram-shaped in CuA1-
CuA2, centered under origin of CuA1; hindwing unmarked, overscaled with gray-brown posterior to vein
Rs, no indication of discal macules; conspicuous erect gray-brown tuft on dorsum of vein 2A; fringes on
both wings pale gray-brown.
Venter dull brown; forewing overscaled with gray basad, forewing vein 2A slightly curved, entire anal
cell with modified pale tan scales; hindwing overscaled with gray, no indication of discal macules; cell 2A-
3A with groove just caudad of vein 2A.
Dorsal head (including palpi) and thorax pale brown, eyes appear brown, antennae black on dorsum,
yellowish on venter especially distad, nudum red-brown 31 (n = 1) segments, ventral palpi tan, ventral
thorax and pectus pale brown, legs pale brown proximad, dull ochreous distad, dorsal and ventral abdo-
Genitalia (Fig. 164) - lamella postvaginalis sclerotized caudad, caudal edge curved with narrow and
shallow U-shaped indentation centrally, this is followed cephalad by pair of oval sclerotized areas; lamella
antevaginalis as rectangular sclerotized central plate and membranous plates laterad; ductus bursae
elongate, moderately broad, and membranous with elongate sclerotized plate cephalad, joining globular
corpus bursae cephalad of its caudal end.
Distribution and phenology. One individual was examined: COSTA RICA: Ciudad Colon, Finca
Hamadryas, 900 m, 9°54’N, 84°17.5”W, 20 April 1998 (GTA #13921, housed at Mississippi State Univer-
Diagnosis and discussion. This is similar to the previous two phenotypes and perhaps intermedi-
ate in size. It is the fourth female of Porphyrogenes known from southern Central America (including the
undescribed species noted above) with gray-brown wings and at least one large white macule on the
forewing. The three described here have a second and smaller white macule on the forewing that is absent
on all twelve females of the unnamed species illustrated by Janzen and Hallwachs (2008). That species
also differs by its prominently white fringes. Including these three, there are now five (also including P.
virgatus and P. eudemus) unplaced female phenotypes of Porphyrogenes known from Central America.
Males known from Central America without associated females include P. zohra, P. sula, P. spoda, and
P. spina. Undoubtedly, females for at least some of these are among the pool of females detailed above.