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Porphyrogenes spoda Evans, 1952
(Spoda Scarlet-eye)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Panama, known from only single specimen

Diagnosis

Smaller species; hindwing termen relatively straight, only slightly convex; wings produced, brown in color; tufts at the base of dorsal hindwing are red-brown; harpe curves little, almost straight.
 

Synonymy

 

Porphyrogenes spoda Evans, 1952

Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (2): 158, no D.7.9, pl. 24, fig. 9 ♂ genitalia.

Original Combination: [Porphyrogenes] spoda

Type Locality: “Chiriqui“ [Panama]

Types: Holotype in BMNH; figured by Austin and Mielke 2008, Insecta Mundi 0044: 7, figs. 39 ♂ D, 40 ♂ V.

 

Bibliography

Original description from:

Evans, William Harry 1952. A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part II. Pyrginae. Section I. London, British Museum (Natural History). v + 178 pp., pls. 10-25.

species D.7.9, p. 158, pl. 24 f. 9; description in a form of identification key: relevant snippets are cited here.

D.7. PORPHYROGENES Watson 1893 :

                                    [...]

9a (Ia).  Smaller, ♂ F not > 20 mm.

 9 (10a).  H termen straight, as in zohra; wings produced.  
 Above, brown, paler at apex F: Cilia grey. Below, similar,  
 upf apex paler: palpi and pectus brown. ♂ characters as  
 for zohra. ♂ F 20 mm. H vein 2 well before vein 7.

spoda nov: ♂ Chiriqui: type B.M.

 B.M.  Only the type.

Text from:

Austin, George T., and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke 2008. Hesperiidae of Rondônia, Brazil: Porphyrogenes Watson (Lepidoptera: Pyrginae: Eudamini), with descriptions of new species from Central and South America. Insecta Mundi 0044: 1-56, 165 figs. (26 September 2008)

p. 20, f. 39, 40

Porphyrogenes spoda Evans, 1952

(Fig. 39, 40)

Porphyrogenes spoda Evans, 1952. Type locality: Chiriqui [Panama]; male [holo]type (Fig. 39, 40) in  
 BM(NH).  

Description. Male (measured and described from photographs of [holo]type, Fig. 39, 40) - forewing  
length = 22.6 mm; with costal fold, apex pointed, not produced, termen slightly convex towards apex, then  
nearly straight to a short lobe at tornus, anal margin slightly convex; hindwing slightly convex, tornus  
produced to prominent lobe, vein Rs arising nearer end of discal cell than to its base and well distad of  
CuA2; dorsum brown, unmarked; forewing overscaled with red-brown, heaviest basad; hindwing overscaled  
with red-brown, no indication of discal macules; shining gray specular area in basal area cephalad with  
red-brown recumbent tufts; conspicuous erect red-brown tuft along vein 2A; fringes on both wings tan.

Venter red-brown, forewing browner than on dorsum; forewing vein 2A moderately sinuate, bare and  
moderately swollen in central 1/3, no distinct groove; shining gray speculum in proximal 1/4 of CuA2-2A  
and in proximal 1/3 of anal cell (continued to tornus as modified grayish brown scales); hindwing with no  
indication of discal macules; cell 2A-3A with deep groove just caudad of 2A.

Dorsal head brownish, thorax rubbed, palpi gray-brown, eyes appear dark, antennae black on dorsum,  
whitish on venter and beneath apiculus, ventral thorax and pectus brownish, legs brownish proximad,  
orange-brown distad, dorsal abdomen rubbed, ventral abdomen rubbed.

Genitalia - not examined. Evans’ (1952) figure indicates a broad tegumen angled abruptly ventrad to  
a short uncus with very widely spaced arms. The broad harpe curves gradually dorsad.

Female - unknown.

Distribution. Known only from the [holo]type taken in Panama (Evans 1952).

Diagnosis and discussion. The single male of Porphyrogenes spoda in the BM(NH) noted by  
Evans (1952) (Fig. 39, 40) is the [holo]type.

p. 27

       [...]       Porphyrogenes spina             [...]             is also somewhat similar to P. spoda, but the  
genitalia are very different, the tufts are gray (red-brown on P. spoda), the swollen portion of vein 2A is  
shorter than on P. spoda, and P. spina is not as reddish brown.

References:

Evans, William Harry 1952. A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part II. Pyrginae. Section I. London, British Museum (Natural History). v + 178 pp., pls. 10-25. species D.7.9, p. 158, pl. 24 f. 9

Austin, George T., and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke 2008. Hesperiidae of Rondônia, Brazil: Porphyrogenes Watson (Lepidoptera: Pyrginae: Eudamini), with descriptions of new species from Central and South America. Insecta Mundi 0044: 1-56, 165 figs. (26 September 2008). p. 20, f. 39, 40

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