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Satyrium a. acadica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)
(Acadian Hairstreak)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Satyrium Scudder, 1876

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 3: 106, no. 8. Type-species: Lycaena fuliginosa W. H. Edwards, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 13(6): 160, 164, no. 10, by original designation. The generic synonymy below generally follows Clench (1979), J. Lepid. Soc. 32(4): 277-281, with the caveat that there is disagreement over the rank of several taxa. The group is in need of revision.


Satyrium acadica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)


Satyrium acadica acadica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 14(1/2): 54, 55, no. 2; figured by W. H. Edwards (1869), Butts. N. Am. [1](3): pl. Thecla 1, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V, 7 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Thecla acadica

Type Locality: “near London” [Ontario]

Types: Holotype in CNC, figured by F. Brown (1970), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 96(1): fig. 11 ♂ D&V.

Species-genus gender conformation is acadicum.

                   =    souhegan (Whitney, 1868)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 162-163.

Original Combination: Thecla Souhegan

Type Locality: “Milford, N. H.”; “Souhegan River” implied from the formation of the name. [Hillsborough County, New Hampshire]

Types: Type(s) may be in MCZ or DCM.

                   =    coolinensis (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)

Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42(10): 451.

Original Combination: Strymon acadica coolinensis

Type Locality: “Coolin, Idaho” [Bonner County]

Types: Holotype in AMNH.

As detailed by Kondla and Scott (2006), Papilio (n.s.) 12: 45, the locality given for the holotype was almost certainly in error as it is Satyrium acadica acadica.

                   =    watrini (Dufrane, 1939)

Bull. Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 79(7/8): 289-290.

Original Combination: Thecla acadica watrini

Type Locality: “Soskatchewan [sic!], Canada” [Saskatchewan]

Types: Holotype may be in MRAC.

Layberry et al. (1998), Butts. Can.: 130, considered this a synonym of acadica.

                         =    ‡”muskoka” (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)

Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42(10): 450.

Original Combination: Strymon acadica acadica ab. muskoka

Type Locality: “Gravenhurst, Muskoka District, Ontario, Canada”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

T. Freeman (1938), Can. Entomol. 70(12): 248, discussed this taxon and called it a “valid population.”

                         =    ‡”swetti” (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)

Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42(10): 450-451.

Original Combination: Strymon acadica souhegan ab. swetti

Type Locality: “Stony Clove, Greene County, New York, altitude 1500 to 2000 feet”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.



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