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Siproeta stelenes biplagiata (Fruhstorfer, 1907)
(Malachite)

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S TX (strays N), E & W Mexico to Amazon, S FL, Cuba, Caymans

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Siproeta Hübner, [1823]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [48]. Type-species: Siproeta trayja Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [48], figs. 1, 2, by monotypy.

=    Victorina Blanchard, 1840

In: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 447. Type-species: Papilio stelenes Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 39, by original designation.

=    Amphirene E. Doubleday, 1845

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 86. Type-species: Vanessa epaphus Latreille, 1813, in: Humboldt & Bonpland, Voy. Rég. Équinox, Part 2 (Observ. Zool.) 2(9); 74-75, no. 119, pl. 35, figs. 3, 4, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 110.

      =    ‡Amphirene Boisduval, 1870

Consid. Lépid. Guat.: 43. Type-species: Vanessa epaphus Latreille, 1813, in: Humboldt & Bonpland, Voy. Rég. Équinox, Part 2 (Observ. Zool.) 2(9); 74-75, no. 119, pl. 35, figs. 3, 4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Amphirene E. Doubleday, 1845, List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 86.

      =    ‡Aphnaea Capronnier, 1881

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 25: 101. Type-species: Papilio stelenes Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 39, by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Victorina.

 

Siproeta stelenes (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 39; cited Petiver (1703), Gazophylacium: pl. 13, fig. 1 (as “Papilio Jamaicansis”), Merian (1705), Ins. Surinam.: pl. 2 (in error, actually Philaethria dido Linnaeus (1763), Cent. Ins. Rar.: 25, no. 74), and Sloane (1725), Voy. Isl. Mad. Barb. Nieves, St. Christ. Jam. 2: 217, pl. 239. figs. 9, 10; figured by Clerck [1764], Icon. Ins. 2: pl. 35, fig. 2 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. E[ques Achivus] Stelenes

Type Locality: “America”; defined as “Jamaica” by W. Comstock (1944), Sci. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Is. 12(4): 458, and R. Fox and A. Forbes (1971), Ann. Carnegie Mus. 43(8): 238.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 382.

            =    jason (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485-486, no. 171.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. B[arbarus]. Jason

Type Locality: “Indiis”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

As indicated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 339, and Lamas et al. (2004), Atl. Neotrop. Lepid. Chcklst. Part 4A: 252, this name may best be treated as a nomen dubium. Its position in this synonymy is tentative.

            =    lavinia (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 450, no. 32.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. E[ques]. A[chivus]. Lavinia

Type Locality: “America”; defined as “St. Croix, Virgin I. W. I.” by R. Fox and A. Forbes (1971), Ann. Carnegie Mus. 43(8): 238. [U. S. Virgin Islands]

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

                   =    ‡dotata (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 15, no. 7; cited Papilio lavinia Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 22, no. 64, which is the same taxon as Papilio lavinia Fabricius, 1775, above.

Original Combination: U[rania]. Dotata

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio lavinia, and a junior objective synonym of that name.

 

Siproeta stelenes biplagiata (Fruhstorfer, 1907)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 68(1): 13-14.

Original Combination: [Victorina] steneles biplagiata

Type Locality: “Texas, Honduras, S. Mexico”; lectotype from “San Pedro Sula, Honduras.”

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by R. Fox and A. Forbes (1971), Ann. Carnegie Mus. 43(8): 236.

                   =    pallida (Fruhstorfer, 1909)

Entomol. Z. 23(1): 228, fig. 3.

Original Combination: Victorina steneles pallida

Fruhstorfer adopted Victorina steneles biplagiata forma pallida Fruhstorfer, 1907, to represent a subspecies-level taxon, with the same data (Code Articles 10.2, 45.5.1).

                         =    ‡”pallida” (Fruhstorfer, 1907)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 68(1): 14.

Original Combination: [Victorina steneles biplagiata] forma pallida

Type Locality: “S. Mexico”

Types: “Holotype” (#Rh17074) in BMNH.

                   =    insularis (W. Holland, 1916)

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 10: 493-494, no. 16.

Original Combination: Victorina steneles var. insularis

Type Locality: “Isle of Pines, Cuba” from the title of the paper; lectotype from “Nueva Gerona/Isle of Pines.”

Types: Lectotype (#654) in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1971), in: R. Fox & A. Forbes, Ann. Carnegie Mus. 43(8): 237.

Smith et al. (1994), Butts. W. Ind. & Fla.: 89, determined this synonymy.

                         =    ‡”stygiana” (Schaus, 1913)

Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1913(3): 348, pl. 51, fig. 6 ♂ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Victorina steneles ab. stygiana

Type Locality: “Avangarez” [Costa Rica]

Types: Holotype in USNM.

‡”claro” Scott, 1986

Butts. N. Am.: 274, no. 176.

Original Combination: [Siproeta steneles] form claro

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

‡”oscuro” Scott, 1986

Butts. N. Am.: 274, no. 176.

Original Combination: [Siproeta steneles] form oscuro

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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