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Speyeria mormonia eurynome (W. H. Edwards, 1872)
(Mormon Fritillary)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Aberrations
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Speyeria Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 44. Type-species: Papilio idalia Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 1: 25, pl. 13, figs. 1-3 (1770); 2: index (1773), by original designation.

=    Semnopsyche Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 258-259, no. 44. Type-species: Papilio diana, Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 4 pl. 98, figs. D, E; 2(16): 148 (index), by original designation. Grey (1989), J. Lepid. Soc. 43(1): 1-2, determined this synonymy.

=    Neoacidalia Reuss, 1926

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 1926(1): 69. Type-species: Papilio cybele Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 516, no. 311, by original designation.

=    Mesoacidalia Reuss, 1926

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 1926 (1): 69. Type-species: Papilio aglaja Linnaeus, 1758; Syst. Nat. (Edn 10) 1: 481, no. 140, by original designation.

=    Proacidalia Reuss, 1926

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. 1926 (1): 69. Type-species: Argynnis clara Blanchard, 1844; in Jacquemont, Voy. Inde 4 (Zool.): 20, pl. 2, figs. 2, 3, by original designation.

 

Speyeria mormonia (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Entomol. Soc. Belg. 12: 58-59, no. 51; figured by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): pl. 261, figs. 2192 ♂ D&V (lectotype), 2193 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Argynnis Mormonia

Type Locality: “sur les frontières de l'Oregon”; defined in error as “Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah”, in error, by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 22; suggested to be “vic. Pyramid L. Nevada” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 145; subsequently defined as “Little Valley, W. of Washoe Lake, Washoe County, Nevada” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 33; lectotype labeled “Lac Sal.”

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 22; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 71, fig. 5 ♂ V, and J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 33, figs. 249 ♂ D, 250 ♂ V.

=    ‡astarte (W. H. Edwards, 1862)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 1(7): 221-222, no. 1.

Original Combination: Argynnis Astarte

Type Locality: “Oregon; California”; defined as “Monache Meadows, Tulare County, California” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23.

Types: “Neotype” in FMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23; this is the lectotype of Argynnis arge (below).

Preoccupied by Argynnis astarte E. Doubleday, 1848, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(21): 181.

=    ‡montivaga (Behr, 1864)

In: W. H. Edwards, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 3(3): 435, nos. 4 and 5.

Original Combination: Argynnis Montivaga

Type Locality: “always found in mountainous regions”; defined as “Monache Meadows, Tulare County, California” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23.

Types: “Neotype” in FMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23; this is the lectotype of Argynnis arge (below), making this name a junior objective synonym.

Preoccupied by Argynnis montivaga Behr, 1863, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 84, no. 2.

=    arge (Strecker, 1878)

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 114, no. 210.

Original Combination: [Argynnis] Arge

Type Locality: “California”; defined as “Monache Meadows, Tulare County, California” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23.

Types: Lectotype in FMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23.

J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 33, determined this synonymy.

 

Speyeria mormonia eurynome (W. H. Edwards, 1872)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 4(1/2): 61, 66-67, no. 6; figured by W. H. Edwards (1875), Butts. N. Am. 2(4): pl. Argynnis 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Argynnis Eurynome

Type Locality: “throughout Colorado”; defined as “Fairplay, South Park, Middle Park and California Gulch” by F. Brown (1934), J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 42(2): 159; subsequently defined as “Fair Play [sic!], Park County, Colorado” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 24.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 24; figured by F. Brown (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 328, fig. 32 ♂ D&V.

                   =    clio (W. H. Edwards, 1874)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 5(2): 106-107.

Original Combination: Argynnis Clio

Type Locality: “plains at the Teton Mountains...Rocky Mountains”; neotype from “Moose P. O. Jackson Hole Wyo....Alt 6700'” [Teton County, Wyoming]

Types: Neotype in AMNH, designated by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23; figured by F. Brown (1965), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 91(3): 331, fig. 33 ♂ D&V.

                         =    ‡”eris” (Igel, 1922)

Entomol. Z. 36(5): 20.

Original Combination: Arg[ynnis] eurynome ab. eris

Type Locality: “der Umgebung von Calgary (Alberta)...aus Montana”

Types: “Holotype” in Igel collection.

                         =    ‡”benjamini” (Gunder, 1927)

Can. Entomol. 59(12): 287, no. 22, pl. B, figs. 22 ♂ D, 22a ♂ V (holotype).

Original Combination: Argynnis mormonia tr. f. benjamini

Type Locality: “Arangie, Idaho” [Arangee precinct, or Arange Peak, Fremont County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                         =    ‡”brucei” (Gunder, 1927)

Can. Entomol. 59(12): 287, no. 23, pl. B, figs. 23 ♀ D, 23a ♀ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Argynnis eurynome tr. f. brucei

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined in error as “Denver, Denver County, Colorado” by dos Passos and Grey (1947), Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23. The correct type locality would be in the mountains west of Denver (A. Warren pers. comm. 2006).

Types: “Holotype” in FMNH.

                         =    ‡”gunderi” (W. D. Field, 1936)

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 23.

Original Combination: Argynnis eurynome race clio tr. f. gunderi

Type Locality: “Broadwater Co., Montana”

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                         =    ‡”igeli” dos Passos & Grey, 1947

Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23-24.

Original Combination: Speyeria mormonia eurynome ab. igeli

Proposed to replace Argynnis eurynome ab. eris Igel, 1922, Entomol. Z. 36(5): 20, but that is an infrasubspecific name, not subject to homonymy (Code Article 1.3.4).

                         =    ‡”fieldi” dos Passos & Grey, 1947

Am. Mus. Novit. (1370): 23-24.

Original Combination: Speyeria mormonia eurynome ab. fieldi

Proposed to replace Argynnis eurynome race clio tr. f. gunderi W. D. Field, 1936, J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 23, but that is an infrasubspecific name, not subject to homonymy (Code Article 1.3.4).

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