________________________________ 
Subfamily Biblidinae Boisduval, 1833   —   Exotic Brushfoots
Tribe Biblidini Boisduval, 1833   —  

Biblis hyperia hyperia

(Cramer, 1779)

Red Rim

Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico,
Culebra, Virgin Is. to St. Lucia

Biblis hyperia aganisa

Boisduval, 1836

Red Rim

SW USA & S TX (strays N), E & W
Mexico at least to Costa Rica

Mestra amymone

(Ménétriés, 1857)

Northern Mestra

S TX (strays far N), E & W
Mexico to Costa Rica

Mestra dorcas

(Fabricius, 1775)

Jamaican Mestra

Jamaica

Mestra hersilia hersilia

(Fabricius, 1776)

South American Mestra

N S America, Trinidad, Tobago,
Barbados, Grenada to Dominica

Archimestra teleboas

(Ménétriés,1832)

Archimestra

Hispaniola
Tribe Catonephelini Orfila, 1952 (1865)   —  

Catonephele cortesi

R. G. De la Maza, 1982

West-Mexican Banner

W Mexico

Catonephele mexicana

Jenkins & R. G. De la Maza, 1985

East-Mexican Banner

E Mexico to Costa Rica

Catonephele numilia immaculata

Jenkins, 1985

Blue-frosted Banner

SW Mexico

Catonephele numilia esite

(R. Felder, 1869)

Blue-frosted Banner

E Mexico to W Ecuador, Venezuela
& Trinidad

Catonephele orites

Stichel, 1899

Broken Banner

Costa Rica to NW Ecuador

Catonephele chromis godmani

Stichel, 1901

Sister-spotted Banner

Honduras to Panama

Eunica tatila tatilista

Kaye, 1926

Florida Purplewing

S FL, Bahamas, Greater Antilles,
Mona

Eunica tatila tatila

(Herrich-Schäffer, [1855])

Florida Purplewing

E & W Mexico (strays far N from
E MX) to Costa Rica

Eunica tatila bellaria

Fruhstorfer, 1908

Florida Purplewing

Panama to S Brazil & Argentina

Eunica monima

(Stoll, 1782)

Dingy Purplewing

SE AZ & S TX (strays), E & W
Mexico to Venez.; Gr. Antilles,
S FL

Eunica malvina almae

Vargas, Llorente & Luis, 1996

Rayed Purplewing

W Mexico

Eunica malvina albida

Jenkins, 1990

Rayed Purplewing

SE Mexico to Panama

Eunica mygdonia omoa

A. Hall, 1919

Blind Purplewing

S Mexico to Panama

Eunica caralis caralis

(Hewitson, [1857])

Caralis Purplewing

Honduras, Panama, Colombia,
Venezuela

Eunica pusilla

H. Bates, 1864

Pusilla Purplewing

Costa Rica to Bolivia & SE
Brazil

Eunica clytia

(Hewitson, 1852)

Clytia Purplewing

W Panama to Peru & C Brazil

Eunica chlororhoa mira

Godman & Salvin, 1877

Orange-stained Purplewing

Honduras to Colombia

Eunica norica norica

(Hewitson, 1852)

Midnight Purplewing

Costa Rica to Colombia,
Venezuela & W Ecuador

Eunica carias carias

(Hewitson, [1857])

Carias Purplewing

Costa Rica to Colombia

Eunica sydonia caresa

(Hewitson, [1857])

Plain Purplewing

SE Mexico to E Panama

Eunica volumna venusia

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)

Blue-celled Purplewing

SE Mexico (Chiapas) to Colombia

Eunica alpais excelsa

Godman & Salvin, 1877

Shining Purplewing

S Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas) to E
Panama

Eunica araucana

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862

Araucana Purplewing

W Panama, Colombia, W Venezuela,
Ecuador

Eunica caelina agustina

R. G. De la Maza, 1982

Mottled Purplewing

W Mexico

Eunica caelina agusta

H. Bates, 1866

Mottled Purplewing

SE Mexico to W Panama

Eunica caelina olympias

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862

Mottled Purplewing

E Panama to Peru & Venezuela

Eunica alcmena alcmena

(Doubleday, [1847])

Dark Purplewing

S Mexico to Colombia & W
Venezuela

Eunica pomona amata

H. Druce, 1874

Rounded Purplewing

S Mexico (S Chiapas) to E Panama

Eunica heraclitus

Gundlach, 1881

Cuban Purplewing

Cuba; apparently extinct

Myscelia cyananthe cyananthe

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867

Blackened Bluewing

E & S Mexico

Myscelia cyananthe diaziana

R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1985

Blackened Bluewing

Chiapas

Myscelia cyananthe skinneri

Mengel, 1894

Blackened Bluewing

NW Mexico, stray to S AZ, S CA,
S NM

Myscelia cyananthe streckeri

Skinner, 1889

Blackened Bluewing

Baja California

Myscelia cyaniris cyaniris

Doubleday, [1848]

Whitened Bluewing

E Mexico to Panama

Myscelia cyaniris alvaradia

R. G. De la Maza & Díaz, 1982

Whitened Bluewing

W Mexico

Myscelia leucocyana smalli

Jenkins, 1984

Pale Bluewing

Nicaragua & Costa Rica

Myscelia leucocyana leucocyana

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861

Pale Bluewing

Panama to Venezuela

Myscelia ethusa ethusa

(Doyère, [1840])

Mexican Bluewing

S TX, E & W Mexico

Myscelia ethusa cyanecula

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867

Mexican Bluewing

 

Myscelia ethusa chiapensis

Jenkins, 1984

Mexican Bluewing

Chiapas

Myscelia ethusa pattenia

Butler & H. Druce, 1872

Mexican Bluewing

Guatemala to Costa Rica

Myscelia aracynthia

(Dalman, 1823)

Hispaniolan Bluewing

Hispaniola

Nessaea aglaura aglaura

(Doubleday, [1848])

Northern Nessaea

S Mexico to W Ecuador
Tribe Ageroniini E. Doubleday, 1847   —  

Ectima erycinoides

C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867
(Northern segregate)

Northern Ectima

SE Mexico to Panama

Hamadryas februa

(Hübner, [1823]) (NW Mexican
segregate)

Gray Cracker

NW Mexico

Hamadryas februa ferentina

(Godart, [1824])

Gray Cracker

S TX, E & S Mexico to Colombia,
Trinidad, Guianas & Amazon

Hamadryas amphichloe diasia

(Fruhstorfer, 1916)

Caribbean Cracker

S FL (rare stray), Cuba,
Hispaniola, Jamaica, Mona,
Puerto Rico

Hamadryas amphichloe ferox

(Staudinger, 1886)

Caribbean Cracker

Panama, Colombia, Venezuela,
(Guatemala?)

Hamadryas glauconome grisea

Jenkins, 1983

Glaucous Cracker

NW Mexico

Hamadryas glauconome glauconome

(H. Bates, 1864)

Glaucous Cracker

S TX (rare stray), E & S Mexico
to Costa Rica (Panama?)

Hamadryas julitta

(Fruhstorfer, 1914)

Yucatan Cracker

[= honorina], Yucatan Peninsula

Hamadryas atlantis lelaps

(Godman & Salvin, 1883)

Black-patched Cracker

W Mexico

Hamadryas atlantis atlantis

(H. Bates, 1864)

Black-patched Cracker

S Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala,
Honduras

Hamadryas feronia farinulenta

(Fruhstorfer, 1916)

Variable Cracker

S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico
to W Peru, Venezuela, Trinidad

Hamadryas guatemalena marmarice

(Fruhstorfer, 1916)

Guatamalan Cracker

S TX, most of Mexico

Hamadryas guatemalena
guatemalena

(H. Bates, 1864)

Guatamalan Cracker

SE Mexico (much of Chiapas,
Yucatan Peninsula) to Costa Rica

Hamadryas iphthime joannae

Jenkins, 1983

Brownish Cracker

S TX (rare stray), E & S Mexico
to Costa Rica

Hamadryas iphthime iphthime

(H. Bates, 1864)

Brownish Cracker

Costa Rica, Panama to Guyana,
Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, S
Brazil

Hamadryas fornax fornacalia

(Fruhstorfer, 1907)

Orange Cracker

E Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela

Hamadryas amphinome mazai

Jenkins, 1983

Red Cracker

W Mexico

Hamadryas amphinome mexicana

(Lucas, 1853)

Red Cracker

E Mexico to Colombia, Cuba

Hamadryas arinome arienis

(Godman & Salvin, 1883)

Turquoise Cracker

Costa Rica to Bolivia

Hamadryas laodamia saurites

(Fruhstorfer, 1916)

Starry Cracker

SE Mexico to Colombia, N
Venezuela, Trinidad

Panacea procilla lysimache

Godman & Salvin, 1883

Widespread Panacea

Costa Rica & Panama
Tribe Epiphelini Jenkins, 1987   —  

Asterope degandii degandii

(Hewitson, 1858)

Red-based Banner

W Panama to Ecuador

Bolboneura sylphis beatrix

R. G. De la Maza, 1985

Variable Banner

SW Mexico (MICH, GRO, MOR, SW
PUE, C & S OAX)

Bolboneura sylphis veracruzana

Draudt, 1931

Variable Banner

E Mexico

Bolboneura sylphis sylphis

(H. Bates, 1864)

Variable Banner

C & W Chiapas,Guatemala,
Honduras

Bolboneura sylphis lacandona

R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1985

Variable Banner

E Chiapas

Epiphile adrasta escalantei

Descimon & Mast, 1979

Common Banner

W Mexico (SIN to S OAX)

Epiphile adrasta adrasta

Hewitson, 1861

Common Banner

S TX (as vagrant), E Mexico to W
Panama

Epiphile adrasta bandusia

Fruhstorfer, 1912

Common Banner

C Panama to W Ecuador

Epiphile iblis plutonia

H. Bates, 1864

Plutonia Banner

SE Mexico & Guatemala

Epiphile iblis plusios

Godman & Salvin, 1883

Plutonia Banner

Costa Rica & Panama

Epiphile eriopis devriesi

Jenkins, 1986

White-striped Banner

Nicaragua to Colombia

Epiphile hermosa

J. De la Maza & Díaz, 1978

Beautiful Banner

SE Mexico, Guatemala

Epiphile grandis

Butler, 1872

Grand Banner

Costa Rica & Panama

Epiphile chrysites chrysites

(Latreille, [1809])

Chrysites Banner

[W Panama?], Venezuela to
Bolivia

Lucinia sida sida

Hübner, [1823]

Caribbean Banner

Cuba

Lucinia sida albomaculata

Rindge, 1955

Caribbean Banner

Bahamas

Lucinia sida torrebia

(Ménétriés, 1832)

Caribbean Banner

Hispaniola

Lucinia cadma

(Drury, 1773)

Jamaican Banner

Jamaica

Nica flavilla bachiana

(R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1985)

Little Banner

W Mexico

Nica flavilla

(Godart, [1824]) (E Mexican
segregate)

Little Banner

E Mexico

Nica flavilla canthara

(Doubleday, 1849)

Little Banner

Nicaragua to Venezuela (at
least)

Pyrrhogyra neaerea hypsenor

Godman & Salvin, 1884

Banded Banner

E & W Mexico to Panama

Pyrrhogyra otolais otolais

H. Bates, 1864

Double-banded Banner

E & W Mexico to Panama

Pyrrhogyra crameri

Aurivillius, 1882 (Northern
segregate)

Rounded Banner

Nicaragua to Panama

Pyrrhogyra edocla paradisea

R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1985

Green-spotted Banner

W Mexico

Pyrrhogyra edocla edocla

Doubleday, [1848]

Green-spotted Banner

E Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela

Temenis laothoe quilapayunia

R. G. De la Maza & Turrent, 1985

Orange Banner

W Mexico

Temenis laothoe

(Cramer, 1777) (E Mexican
segregate)

Orange Banner

S TX (as vagrant), E Mexico

Temenis laothoe hondurensis

Fruhstorfer, 1907

Orange Banner

S Mexico (Chiapas) to Colombia

Temenis pulchra

(Hewitson, 1861) (Northern
segregate)

Red Banner

Costa Rica & Panama
Tribe Eubagini Burmeister, 1878   —  

Dynamine agacles core

Röber, 1915

Pale Sailor

Costa Rica to Colombia

Dynamine theseus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)

White Sailor

S Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela

Dynamine athemon maeon

(Doubleday, 1849)

Ghost Sailor

Panama & Colombia

Dynamine ate

(Godman & Salvin, 1883)

Little Sailor

SE Mexico (SE Chiapas),
Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica

Dynamine colombiana

Talbot, 1932

Colombian Sailor

Nicaragua to Colombia & NW
Venezuela

Dynamine tithia salpensa

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)

Blue Sailor

Andes and upper Amazon basin,
Colombia to Bolivia
(hypothetical for Central
America)

Dynamine hecuba

(Schaus, 1913)

Costa Rican Sailor

Costa Rica

Dynamine vicaria gillotti

A. Hall, 1930

Giant Sailor

Costa Rica

Dynamine chryseis

(H. Bates, 1865)

Thick-rimmed Sailor

Nicaragua to Amazon Basin

Dynamine sosthenes sosthenes

(Hewitson, 1869)

Thin-rimmed Sailor

Nicaragua & Costa Rica

Dynamine paulina thalassina

(Boisduval, 1870)

Dark Sailor

Guatemala to Colombia

Dynamine postverta mexicana

d'Almeida, 1952

Mexican Sailor

[= mylitta], S TX (rare stray),
E & W Mexico, C America, Cuba

Dynamine artemisia

(Fabricius, 1793) (Northern
segregate)

Small-eyed Sailor

E & S Mexico to Panama

Dynamine dyonis

Geyer, 1837

Blue-eyed Sailor

S TX, E & W Mexico to Panama

Dynamine serina serina

(Fabricius, 1775)

Caribbean Sailor

[= egaea], Jamaica

Dynamine serina calais

M. Bates, 1936

Caribbean Sailor

Cuba

Dynamine serina zetes

(Ménétriés, 1832)

Caribbean Sailor

Hispaniola
Tribe Callicorini Orfila, 1952   —  

Haematera pyrame

(Hübner, [1819]) (Northern
segregate)

Blind Eighty-eight

Nicaragua to Colombia

Mesotaenia barnesi

(Schaus, 1913)

Costa Rican Eighty-eight

Costa Rica (Carrillo Belt,
Atlantic slope, to Talamancas)

Callicore lyca lyca

(Doubleday, [1847])

Six-spotted Eighty-eight

S Mexico to Honduras

Callicore lyca aerias

(Godman & Salvin, 1883)

Six-spotted Eighty-eight

Nicaragua to Panama

Callicore brome angusta

Attal, 2000

Four-spotted Eighty-eight

Costa Rica

Callicore brome danieli

Attal, 2003

Four-spotted Eighty-eight

Panama (Darien)

Callicore atacama folschveilleri

Attal, 2008

Yellow-banded Eighty-eight

Costa Rica & W Panama

Callicore atacama faustina

(H. Bates, 1866)

Yellow-banded Eighty-eight

Costa Rica (Atlantic slope
Talamancas) & Panama

Callicore astarte casta

(Salvin, 1869)

Blue-stitched Eighty-eight

Veracruz & Oaxaca, Mexico

Callicore astarte patelina

(Hewitson, 1853)

Blue-stitched Eighty-eight

Chiapas to Costa Rica

Callicore astarte staudingeri

(Dillon, 1948)

Blue-stitched Eighty-eight

Panama (Darien), Colombia
(Antioquia), Venezuela (Aragua,
Trujillo, Perija)

Callicore pitheas

(Latreille, [1813])

Two-eyed Eighty-eight

W Chiapas to Venezuela & W
Ecuador

Callicore texa loxicha

R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1983

Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight

S Oaxaca (Sierra Madre del Sur)

Callicore texa heroica

(Fruhstorfer, 1916)

Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight

Veracruz, N Oaxaca

Callicore texa tacana

R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1983

Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight

W Chiapas to Guatemala

Callicore texa titania

(Salvin, 1869)

Yellow-rimmed Eighty-eight

far SE Mexico (E Chiapas) to
Colombia

Callicore tolima tehuana

R. G. De la Maza & J. De la
Maza, 1983

Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight

Veracruz, Tabasco, Oaxaca, N
Chiapas (vic. Palenque)

Callicore tolima pacifica

(H. Bates, 1866)

Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight

C & S Chiapas to W Guatemala

Callicore tolima guatemalena

(H. Bates, 1866)

Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight

Guatemala

Callicore tolima peralta

(Dillon, 1948)

Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight

Honduras to E Costa Rica &
Panama

Callicore tolima bugaba

(Staudinger, 1876)

Blue-and-orange Eighty-eight

W Costa Rica & Panama

Diaethria anna anna

(Guérin-Méneville, [1844])

Anna’s Eighty-eight

E Mexico to Costa Rica

Diaethria anna salvadorensis

(Franz & Schröder, 1954)

Anna’s Eighty-eight

SW Chiapas to El Salvador

Diaethria anna mixteca

J. De la Maza, 1977

Anna’s Eighty-eight

SW Mexico

Diaethria gabaza eupepla

(Salvin & Godman, 1868)

Smudged Eighty-eight

Guatemala to Colombia

Diaethria clymena marchalii

(Guérin-Méneville, [1844])

Widespread Eighty-eight

Nicaragua to Brazil

Diaethria asteria

(Godman & Salvin, 1894)

West-Mexican Eighty-eight

W Mexico

Diaethria astala asteroide

R. G. De la Maza & R. F. De la
Maza, 1985

Astala Eighty-eight

SW Mexico

Diaethria astala astala

(Guérin-Méneville, [1844])

Astala Eighty-eight

E Mexico to Colombia

Diaethria bacchis

(Doubleday, 1849)

White-patched Eighty-eight

E & W Mexico & Guatemala

Diaethria pandama

(Doubleday, [1848])

Orange-striped Eighty-eight

E & W Mexico to Panama