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Urbanus d. doryssus (Swainson, 1831)
(White-tailed Longtail)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures photo collection
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Immatures photo collection
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Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

El Salvador to S Brazil and Bolivia


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Urbanus Hübner, [1807]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pls. [150], [151], [155], [159]. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163 (as figured by Hübner [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [155]), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 200. Steinhauser (1981), Bull. Allyn Mus. (62): 1-43, revised the proteus group, and (1987), Bull. Allyn Mus. (111): 1-16, detailed species-group names in this genus.

      =    ‡Thymele [Illiger], 1807

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1180. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163, designated by Bridges (1985), Notes on Family- and Genus-group names (IV): 123. Suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232, and placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 48; it is also a junior objective synonym of Urbanus Hübner, [1807].

      =    ‡Goniurus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 104. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163, by designation of Westwood (1852), in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. 2(54): 510. A junior objective synonym of Urbanus Hübner, [1807].

      =    ‡Eudamus Swainson, 1831

Zool. Illustr. (2)2(11): pl. 48, unnumbered text. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Urbanus Hübner, [1807].

‡”Lyroptera” Plötz, 1881

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 42(10-12): 500. This name was introduced by Plötz (citing Hopffer) in the synonymy of Eudamus Swainson, 1831. Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 271, stated that the type-species is Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy; L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 7, duplicated this citation. This is incorrect because “Lyroptera” Plötz is a nomen nudum and not available.


Urbanus doryssus (Swainson, 1831)


Urbanus doryssus doryssus (Swainson, 1831)

Zool. Illustr. (2)2(11): pl. 48, fig. 2 ♂ D, unnumbered text.

Original Combination: Eudamus Doryssus

Type Locality: “vicinity of Bahia” [Brazil]

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

Drury (1782), Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V, figured this species as Papilio orion, citing Cramer (1777), Uitl. Kapellen 2(13): 92, pl. 155, figs. A, B. This was a misidentification of Cramer’s species, not a proposal of a new name. Until revisionary work by Steinhauser is published, the synonymy of this species follows Mielke (2005), Cat. Amer. Hesp. 2: 383-385.

                   =    brachius (Geyer, 1832)

In: Hübner, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 4: pl. [105], figs. 609 ♂ D, 610 ♂ V [1826]; (text): 8, no. 305 (1832, name given).

Original Combination: Goniurus Brachius

Type Locality: “Brasil”

Types: Type probably lost.

This name was mentioned (as Goniurus brachyus) by Hübner [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 104, without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

                   =    leucites (Mabille, 1888)

Naturaliste (2)10(27): 98-99, fig. 2 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Eudamus Leucites

Type Locality: “Colombie”

Types: Holotype in ZMHB (Staudinger collection).

                   =    cleopatra (Ehrmann, 1907)

Can. Entomol. 39(9): 323.

Original combination: Thymele Cleopatra

Type Locality: “Suapure, Venezuela”

Types: Holotype in CMNH.

                         =    ‡”interruptus” (R. Williams, 1926)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 52(2): 65; figured by R. Williams (1927), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 53(3): pl. 25, fig. 3.

Original Combination: [Eudamus doryssus] form interruptus

Type Locality: “San Pedro Sula, Honduras”

Types: “Holotype” (ANSP #7120) in CMNH.

Consistent with Williams’ use of “race” and “form,” this is an infrasubspecific name.



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