Main Introduction Page Electronic Reference Library Know-how Glossary of acronyms and other terms used on this website A Catalog of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada Illustrated Checklist of Neotropical Butterflies Support the Butterflies of America Foundation Interactive Listing of American Butterflies Photographer Credits Learn about contributing your photos Citation for this website Contact us
Papilionidae (Swallowtails)Pieridae (Whites and Sulphurs)Lycaenidae (Gossamerwings)Riodinidae (Metalmarks)Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)Hesperiidae (Skippers)Links to external lepidoptera websites
Loading

Urbanus p. proteus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Long-tailed Skipper)

Type Specimens
photo collection:


 

Pinned Specimens
photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens
photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults
photo collection:

Immatures photo collection
Page 1:

Immatures photo collection
Page 2:

Immatures photo collection
Page 3:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats
photo collection:

Genitalia
photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

continental; E USA, S CA, S AZ, S NM, TX to Argentina
Larval Foodplants: Prosopis glandulosa Torr.

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Urbanus Hübner, [1807]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pls. [150], [151], [155], [159]. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163 (as figured by Hübner [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [155]), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 200. Steinhauser (1981), Bull. Allyn Mus. (62): 1-43, revised the proteus group, and (1987), Bull. Allyn Mus. (111): 1-16, detailed species-group names in this genus.

      =    ‡Thymele [Illiger], 1807

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1180. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163, designated by Bridges (1985), Notes on Family- and Genus-group names (IV): 123. Suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232, and placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 48; it is also a junior objective synonym of Urbanus Hübner, [1807].

      =    ‡Goniurus Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 104. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163, by designation of Westwood (1852), in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. 2(54): 510. A junior objective synonym of Urbanus Hübner, [1807].

      =    ‡Eudamus Swainson, 1831

Zool. Illustr. (2)2(11): pl. 48, unnumbered text. Type-species: Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Urbanus Hübner, [1807].

‡”Lyroptera” Plötz, 1881

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 42(10-12): 500. This name was introduced by Plötz (citing Hopffer) in the synonymy of Eudamus Swainson, 1831. Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 271, stated that the type-species is Papilio proteus Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy; L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 7, duplicated this citation. This is incorrect because “Lyroptera” Plötz is a nomen nudum and not available.

 

Urbanus proteus (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Urbanus proteus proteus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 163; cited Merian (1705), Ins. Surinam: t. 63. f. 2; figured by Clerck [1764], Icon. Ins. 2: pl. 42 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus urbicola]. Proteus

Type Locality: “Americes”; “neotype” from “Cherrypoint, Craven Co., N[orth] C[arolina]”, as designated by Steinhauser (1981), Bull. Allyn Mus. (62): 13, but see below.

Types: Lectotype in UZIU, designated by Aurivillius (1882), K. svenska. VetenskAkad. Handl. (4)19(5): 119-120. A subsequent “lectotype”, in MWNH, was designated by Mielke (1989), Rev. bras. Zool. 6(3):450-451, figs. 3 ♂ D, 4 ♂ V, and a “neotype”, in MGCL, was designated by Steinhauser (1981), Bull. Allyn Mus. no. 62: 13 figs. 4 ♂ D, 5 ♂ V.

The lectotype designated by Aurivillius may not be this species. If not, it may be necessary to ask the I.C.Z.N. to establish a neotype that conforms with the consistent use of this name; see Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 373-374.

                   =    proteoides (Plötz, 1881)

Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 55(3): 11; cited unpublished pl. 33.

Original Combination: Goniurus Proteoides

Type Locality: “Nd. America”

Types: Holotype in ZMHB.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 133, identified this synonymy through examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz.

‡”fortis” Skinner & Ramsden, 1924

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 75: 309.

Original Combination: Urbanus fortis

This name was listed in the synonymy of proteus without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

Top of PageMain PageReference Library Literature ListCitation Interactive Listing

This website is supported by Butterflies of America Foundation, a U.S. registered 501(c)(3) tax-deductible nonprofit 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) public charity.