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Vanessa annabella (W. D. Field, 1971)
(West Coast Lady)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Aberrations
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Vanessa [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 281, no. 12. Type-species: Papilio atalanta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 478, no. 119, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 440, 354. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 156 placed Vanessa on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 601. This name was spelled “Phanessa” by Sodoffsky (1837), Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 10(6): 80, no. 4; an unjustified emendation.

      =    ‡Nymphalis Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(tab): 184, no. 468, 199. Type species: Papilio atalanta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 478, no. 119, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86. Wagener (1995), in: Hesselbarth et al., Tagf. Türk (2): 1008, claimed that the species Papilio morio Retzius, 1783, Gen. Spec. Ins.: 31, no. 9, the other of the two species included in the genus by Latreille, was indeed validly described. This name is a homonym and need not be considered further.

=    Cynthia [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 281, no. 11. Type-species: Papilio cardui Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 475, no. 107, by designation of Westwood (1840), Intro. Class. Ins. 2: 87. I.C.Z.N. Direction 4 placed Cynthia on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 805. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 156 gave Vanessa precedence over Cynthia. The validity of this name as a genus-level taxon is questionable, as demonstrated by occasional hybridization between taxa placed by W. D. Field (1971), Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. (84):1-105, in Vanessa and Cynthia (e.g., Dimock (1973), J. Lepid. Soc. 27(4): 278).

      =    ‡Pyrameis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 33. Type-species: Papilio atalanta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 478, no. 119, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 260, no. 924. A junior objective synonym of Vanessa.

      =    ‡Ammiralis Rennie, 1832

Conspectus Butts. Moths: 10. Type-species: Papilio atalanta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 478, no. 119, by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Vanessa.

      =    ‡Neopyrameis Scudder, 1889

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 1(3): 434. Type-species: Papilio cardui Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 475, no. 107, by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Cynthia.

=    Fieldia Niculescu, 1979

Revue vérviét. Hist. Nat. 36(1-3): 3. Type-species: Hamadryas carye Hübner, [1812] (as Vanessa carye), Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [45], figs. 1, 2, by original designation.

 

Vanessa annabella (W. D. Field, 1971)

Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. (84): 56-59, fig. 16 ♂ genitalia, fig. 32 ♀ genitalia, figs. 143 ♂ V, 144 ♂ D (holotype); 145 ♂ V, 146 ♂ D, 147 ♂ V, 148 ♂ D, 155 ♀ V, 156 ♀ D, 157 ♀ V, 158 ♀ D, 159 ♀ V, 160 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Cynthia annabella

Type Locality: “First valley W of Arroyo Verde Park, Ventura, Ventura Co., California”

Types: Holotype ( #71044) in USNM.

Shapiro and Geiger (1989), J. Lepid. Soc. 43(2): 81-92, demonstrated that V. annabella and V. carye Hübner, [1812], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [45], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, are both species-level taxa.

                   =    ‡”muelleri” (Letcher, 1898)

Entomol. News 9(2): 38, pl. 3, lower ♀ (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Pyrameis carye n. var. muelleri

Type Locality: “San Francisco, California” implied from the text. [San Francisco County]

Types: Location of holotype not known (may have been in CAS); figured by Gunder (1927), Entomol. News 38(9): pl. 9, lower, fig. 3 ♀ D&V.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”intermedia” F. Grinnell, 1918

Psyche 25(5): 111-112, pl. 4, fig. 6.

Original Combination: Vanessa carye var. intermedia

Type Locality: “Berkeley...San Francisco” [California]

Types: Location of “type(s)” not known; “holotype” from San Francisco figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 44, 4 ♀ D.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”letcheri” F. Grinnell, 1918

Psyche 25(5): 112-113, pl. 4, fig. 8 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Vanessa carye var. letcheri

Type Locality: “Castella, Shasta Co....Berkeley...Los Angeles...18th Street Square, San Francisco...Oakland” [California]

Types: Location of “syntypes” not known; “holotype” from “Castella, Shasta Co., Cal.”, figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 44, fig. 7 ♂ D.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”nivosa” (Gunder, 1927)

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 26(2): 53.

Original Combination: Cynthia carye nov. tr. f. nivosa

Type Locality: “San Francisco” [San Francisco County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                   =    ‡”schraderi” (Gunder, 1929)

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 6(1): 9, pl. 17, ♂ D&V (“holotype”), 2 ♀♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Cynthia carye tr. f. schraderi

Type Locality: “Los Angeles, California” [Los Angeles County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

Bibliography

 

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