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Family NYMPHALIDAE Rafinesque, 1815 – BRUSHFOOTS

  Subfamily Libytheinae

Libytheana  Michener, 1943

Libytheana carinenta (Cramer, 1777)  American Snout  TL: Surinam

Libytheana carinenta mexicana Michener, 1943  W & S Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Libytheana carinenta streckeri Austin & J. Emmel, 1998  SW USA (W TX to CA), far NW Mexico, strays far N  M T S L I H

Libytheana carinenta larvata (Strecker, [1878])  C & S TX, NE Mexico, strays far N (regularly to to E CO)  M T S1 S2 Ma L1 L2 L3 I H

Libytheana carinenta bachmanii (Kirtland, 1851)  E North America, [rarely Cuba]  M T S L

Libytheana carinenta carinenta (Cramer, 1777)  South America, [Panama?]  M S HS L

Libytheana fulvescens (Lathy, 1904)  Dominican Snout  Dominica  M T S

Libytheana motya (Hübner, [1823])  Cuban Snout  Cuba, [S TX as rare stray]  M S

Libytheana terena (Godart, 1819)  Antillean Snout  Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, [Cuba as stray?]  M T S

  Subfamily Danainae

  Tribe Danaini

Archaeolycorea  Martins, 1989

Archaeolycorea ferreirai Martins, 1989  TL: Brazil (SP)

Anetia  Hübner, [1823]

Anetia briarea (Godart, 1819)  Many-spotted King  TL: Antilles

Anetia briarea briarea (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola  M T S L

Anetia briarea numidia Hübner, [1823]  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M S L

Anetia cubana (Salvin, 1869)  Cuban King  E Cuba  M T S L

Anetia jaegeri (Ménétriés, 1832)  Hispaniolan King  Hispaniola, [Jamaica?]  M S L I

Anetia pantheratus (Martyn, 1797)  Great King  TL: Haiti

Anetia pantheratus pantheratus (Martyn, 1797)  Hispaniola  M T S L

Anetia pantheratus clarescens (A. Hall, 1925)  Cuba  M T S

Anetia thirza (Geyer, [1833])  Cloud-forest King  TL: Mexico

Anetia thirza thirza (Geyer, [1833])  C Mexico to El Salvador  M T S L

Anetia thirza insignis (Salvin, 1869)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Lycorea  E. Doubleday, [1847]

Lycorea halia (Hübner, 1816)  TL: Surinam

Lycorea halia halia (Hübner, 1816)  TL: Surinam  M T

Lycorea halia atergatis E. Doubleday, [1847]  continental; S TX (rare stray) to N South America, [St. Lucia]  M T S Ab L

Lycorea halia cinnamomea Weymer, 1883  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Lycorea halia cleobaea (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola, [Jamaica, Puerto Rico]  M T S L

Lycorea halia demeter C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  Cuba  M T S

Lycorea halia discreta Haensch, 1909  TL: Brazil ([MG])  M T

Lycorea halia fasciata Haensch, 1909  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Lycorea halia pales C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Lycorea halia transiens N. Riley, 1919  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Lycorea halia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Lycorea halia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Trinidad

Lycorea ilione (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil

Lycorea ilione ilione (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil

Lycorea ilione albescens (Distant, 1876)  S Mexico to Panama  M S L

Lycorea ilione decolorata (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Lycorea ilione lamirus (Latreille, [1817])  TL: ["Peru"]  M T

Lycorea ilione phenarete (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Bolivia  M T

Lycorea pasinuntia (Stoll, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T

Danaus  Kluk, 1780

Danaus cleophile (Godart, 1819)  Caribbean Queen  Jamaica & Hispaniola  M T S1 S2

Danaus eresimus (Cramer, 1777)  Soldier  TL: Surinam

Danaus eresimus eresimus (Cramer, 1777)  Grenada & Barbados, possibly only as vagrants from S  M T S

Danaus eresimus dilucida W. Forbes, 1939  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Danaus eresimus erginus (Godman & Salvin, 1897)  TL: Peru  M T

Danaus eresimus estevana Talbot, 1943  TL: Venezuela  M T

Danaus eresimus montezuma Talbot, 1943  continental; S TX to Colombia (strays N)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2

Danaus eresimus plexaure (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Danaus eresimus tethys W. Forbes, [1944]  S Florida, Gr. Antilles (except P. Rico), Grand Cayman  M T S L

Danaus eresimus [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Danaus erippus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil  M T

Danaus gilippus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Danaus gilippus thersippus (H. Bates, 1863)  continental; SW USA & TX (strays far N) to Colombia  M T S1 S2 Ab Hy L1 L2 L3 L4 I H F

Danaus gilippus berenice (Cramer, 1779)  SE USA, Bahamas, Cuba, Caymans  M S L I

Danaus gilippus jamaicensis (H. Bates, 1864)  Jamaica  M T S

Danaus gilippus cleothera (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola, Mona, rarely in W Puerto Rico  M T S

Danaus gilippus S Lesser Antilles segregate ,  [nr. xanthippus], S Lesser Antilles  M L

Danaus gilippus hermippus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Danaus gilippus wheeleri Talbot, 1943  TL: Colombia  M T

Danaus gilippus candidus A. Clark, 1941  TL: Peru  M T

Danaus gilippus xanthippus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)  TL: "Brazil"  M T

Danaus gilippus nivosus (Godman & Salvin, 1897)  TL: Peru  M T

Danaus gilippus gilippus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Danaus gilippus [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Grenada

Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus, 1758)  Monarch  TL: [USA (NY)]

Danaus plexippus plexippus (Linnaeus, 1758)  N & C America, Cuba, N Bahamas (to Crooked I.); migratory  M T S1 S2 Hy HS L1 L2 L3 L4 I1 I2 H F Ha1 Ha2

Danaus plexippus leucogyne (A. Butler, 1884)  Virgin Islands, N Leeward Is.; possibly a form of D. p. megalippe  M T S

Danaus plexippus megalippe (Hübner, [1826])  E Cuba, S Bahamas, Gr. Antilles, Virgin Is., L. Antilles, Caymans  M S L I

Danaus plexippus nigrippus (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Danaus plexippus portoricensis A. Clark, 1941  Puerto Rico; possibly only a form of D. p. megalippe  M T S

Danaus plexippus tobagi A. Clark, 1941  TL: Tobago  M T

  Tribe Ithomiini

Elzunia  Bryk, 1937

Elzunia humboldt (Latreille, [1809])  TL: ["Peru"]

Elzunia humboldt humboldt (Latreille, [1809])  TL: ["Peru"]  M T S L

Elzunia humboldt albomaculata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Elzunia humboldt atahualpa R. Fox, 1956  TL: "Peru"  M T S

Elzunia humboldt bomplandii (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Colombia  M T S L

Elzunia humboldt cassandrina (Srnka, 1885)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Elzunia humboldt joiceyi (Kaye, 1918)  TL: Colombia  M T

Elzunia humboldt judsoni R. Fox, 1956  TL: "Peru"  M T S

Elzunia humboldt regalis (Stichel, 1903)  TL: Colombia  M T

Elzunia humboldt [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Elzunia humboldt [n. ssp.#2] Willmott, MS  TL: Ecuador

Elzunia pavonii (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: "Panama"  M T S L1 L2

Tithorea  E. Doubleday, 1847

Tithorea harmonia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Tithorea harmonia harmonia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Tithorea harmonia brunnea Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Tithorea harmonia caissara (J. Zikán, 1941)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Tithorea harmonia cuparina H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Tithorea harmonia dorada K. Brown, 1977  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Tithorea harmonia egaensis A. Butler, 1873  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Tithorea harmonia flacilla Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Colombia  M T

Tithorea harmonia furia Staudinger, [1884]  TL: Venezuela  M T

Tithorea harmonia furina Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Colombia  M T S

Tithorea harmonia gilberti K. Brown, 1977  TL: Peru  M T

Tithorea harmonia helicaon Godman & Salvin, 1879  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S

Tithorea harmonia hermias Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Ecuador  M T

Tithorea harmonia hermina Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Tithorea harmonia hippothous Godman & Salvin, 1879  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S L

Tithorea harmonia irene (Drury, 1782)  Panama & Colombia  M T S

Tithorea harmonia lateflava (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Tithorea harmonia manabiana R. Fox, 1956  TL: Ecuador  M T

Tithorea harmonia martina R. Fox, 1956  TL: Peru  M T L

Tithorea harmonia megara (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Antilles"  M T

Tithorea harmonia melanina Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Tithorea harmonia neitha Hopffer, 1874  TL: Peru  M T

Tithorea harmonia pseudethra A. Butler, 1873  TL: Brazil  M T

Tithorea harmonia pseudonyma Staudinger, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Tithorea harmonia salvadoris Staudinger, 1885  S Chiapas to Honduras & El Salvador  M T S

Tithorea harmonia sulphurata (J. Zikán, 1941)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Tithorea harmonia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Tithorea harmonia [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Venezuela

Tithorea harmonia [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pe)

Tithorea harmonia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Tithorea harmonia [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Tithorea harmonia [n. ssp.#6] K. Brown, MS  TL: Guyana

Tithorea tarricina Hewitson, [1858]  TL: Colombia

Tithorea tarricina tarricina Hewitson, [1858]  TL: Colombia  M T

Tithorea tarricina bonita Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Tithorea tarricina duenna H. Bates, 1864  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S L

Tithorea tarricina franciscoi K. Brown, 1977  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Tithorea tarricina hecalesina C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Tithorea tarricina parola Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Colombia  M T

Tithorea tarricina pinthias Godman & Salvin, 1878  Honduras to Panama  M T S L

Tithorea tarricina rafaeli Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Tithorea tarricina tagarma Hewitson, 1874  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Tithorea pacifica Willmott & Lamas, 2004  TL: Ecuador

Tithorea pacifica pacifica Willmott & Lamas, 2004  TL: Ecuador

Tithorea pacifica concordia Willmott & Lamas, 2004  E Panama  M T S

Tithorea pacifica euphonia Willmott & Lamas, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Aeria  Hübner, 1816

Aeria elara (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: "Brazil"

Aeria elara elara (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: "Brazil"  M T

Aeria elara elarina (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Aeria elara [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Aeria elara [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (SP)

Aeria elara [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Colombia

Aeria eurimedia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Aeria eurimedia Costa Rican segregate ,  Costa Rica & Panama  M L

Aeria eurimedia eurimedia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Aeria eurimedia agna Godman & Salvin, 1879  Panama to NW Venezuela  M T S L

Aeria eurimedia latistriga M. Hering, 1925  TL: Colombia

Aeria eurimedia negricola (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Aeria eurimedia pacifica Godman & Salvin, 1879  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S1 S2 L

Aeria eurimedia sisenna Weymer, 1899  TL: "Bolivia"  M T

Aeria eurimedia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Costa Rica

Aeria olena Weymer, 1875  TL: Brazil

Aeria olena olena Weymer, 1875  TL: Brazil  M T

Aeria olena [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (MT)

Aeria olena [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pe)

Athesis  E. Doubleday, 1847

Athesis acrisione Hewitson, 1869  TL: Ecuador

Athesis acrisione acrisione Hewitson, 1869  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Athesis acrisione deflavata Niepelt, 1928  TL: Colombia  M T

Athesis clearista E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela

Athesis clearista clearista E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela  M T S L

Athesis clearista colombiensis Kaye, 1918  TL: Colombia  M T

Athesis clearista [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Athesis vitrala Kaye, 1918  TL: Peru  M T

Eutresis  E. Doubleday, 1847

Eutresis dilucida Staudinger, 1885  Smoky Tigerwing  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S

Eutresis hypereia E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela

Eutresis hypereia theope Godman & Salvin, 1877  Costa Rica & Panama  M T OI S L

Eutresis hypereia Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Eutresis hypereia hypereia E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Eutresis hypereia antioquensis Staudinger, 1885  TL: Colombia  M T

Eutresis hypereia banosana R. Fox, 1956  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eutresis hypereia hyspa Godman & Salvin, 1879  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eutresis hypereia imeriensis K. Brown, 1977  TL: Brazil (Am)

Eutresis hypereia imitatrix Staudinger, 1876  TL: Peru  M T

Eutresis hypereia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Athyrtis  C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862

Athyrtis mechanitis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: Colombia

Athyrtis mechanitis mechanitis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: Colombia  M T

Athyrtis mechanitis oberthueri Srnka, 1885  TL: Ecuador  M T

Athyrtis mechanitis salvini Srnka, 1884  TL: Peru  M T

Paititia  Lamas, 1979

Paititia neglecta Lamas, 1979  TL: Peru  M T

Olyras  E. Doubleday, 1847

Olyras crathis E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela

Olyras crathis staudingeri Godman & Salvin, 1897  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Olyras crathis Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Olyras crathis crathis E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Olyras crathis browni Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Olyras crathis montagui A. Butler, 1870  TL: Colombia  M T

Olyras crathis sticheli Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Olyras crathis weeksi R. Fox, 1956  TL: Ecuador  M T

Olyras crathis [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Olyras crathis [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Olyras insignis Salvin, 1869  Insignis Tigerwing  TL: Panama

Olyras insignis insignis Salvin, 1869  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Olyras insignis praestans Godman & Salvin, 1897  TL: Colombia  M T

Olyras insignis translucens Hewitson, 1872  TL: Ecuador  M T

Olyras theon H. Bates, 1866  Rusty Tigerwing  SE Mexico, Guatemala  M T S L

Patricia  R. Fox, 1940

Patricia demylus (Godman & Salvin, 1879)  TL: Ecuador

Patricia demylus demylus (Godman & Salvin, 1879)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Patricia demylus gemellus R. Fox, 1960  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Patricia demylus nebulosa Lamas, 1979  TL: Peru  M T

Patricia demylus [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Patricia dercyllidas (Hewitson, 1864)  TL: Colombia

Patricia dercyllidas dercyllidas (Hewitson, 1864)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Patricia dercyllidas aldazorum Vitale & Bollino, 1999  TL: Ecuador  M S

Patricia dercyllidas hazelea R. Fox, 1956  TL: Ecuador  M T

Patricia dercyllidas onorei Vitale & Bollino, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Patricia dercyllidas [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Patricia dercyllidas [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Patricia dercyllidas [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Patricia oligyrtis (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Patricia oligyrtis oligyrtis (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Patricia oligyrtis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Melinaea  Hübner, 1816

Melinaea ethra (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Melinaea idae (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  Idae Tigerwing  TL: Colombia

Melinaea idae idae (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  Panama, Colombia  M T S L

Melinaea idae vespertina R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melinaea isocomma W. Forbes, 1948  TL: Colombia

Melinaea isocomma isocomma W. Forbes, 1948  TL: Colombia

Melinaea isocomma simulator R. Fox, 1960  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melinaea isocomma [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Melinaea lilis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Melinaea lilis lilis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Melinaea lilis dodona Hopffer, 1874  TL: "Bolivia"  M T

Melinaea lilis ezra R. Fox, 1939  TL: Colombia  M T S

Melinaea lilis flavicans C. Hoffmann, 1924  W Mexico (NAY to GRO)  M T S

Melinaea lilis imitata H. Bates, 1864  E & S Mexico to Costa Rica (Atlantic slope)  M T S L

Melinaea lilis kayei K. Brown, 1977  TL: Guyana  M T

Melinaea lilis lateapicalis A. Hall, 1935  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Melinaea lilis messatis (Hewitson, [1856])  Panama, Colombia  M T OI

Melinaea lilis parallelis A. Butler, 1873  SE Costa Rica & Panama (Atlantic slope)  M T S L

Melinaea lilis sola Kaye, 1925  TL: Trinidad  M T

Melinaea scylax Salvin, 1871  Scylax Tigerwing  Costa Rica to Colombia (Pacific slope)  M T S L

Melinaea ludovica (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Melinaea ludovica ludovica (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Melinaea ludovica manuelito Tessmann, 1928  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea ludovica paraiya Reakirt, 1866  TL: Brazil (RJ/SC)

Melinaea marsaeus (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Brazil ([Am])

Melinaea marsaeus marsaeus (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Brazil ([Am])  M T S

Melinaea marsaeus clara Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914  TL: Peru  M T S

Melinaea marsaeus macaria Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Colombia  M T

Melinaea marsaeus messenina C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T S

Melinaea marsaeus mothone (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Colombia  M T

Melinaea marsaeus phasiana A. Butler, 1870  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea marsaeus pothete R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T S

Melinaea marsaeus rileyi R. Fox, 1942  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea marsaeus [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Melinaea menophilus (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia

Melinaea menophilus menophilus (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Melinaea menophilus cocana Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melinaea menophilus ernestoi K. Brown, 1977  TL: Colombia  M T

Melinaea menophilus hicetas Godman & Salvin, 1879  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea menophilus maenius (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Brazil ([Am])  M T

Melinaea menophilus mediatrix Weymer, 1891  TL: French Guiana  M T S

Melinaea menophilus orestes Salvin, 1871  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea menophilus zaneka A. Butler, 1870  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melinaea menophilus [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Melinaea menophilus [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Melinaea menophilus [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Melinaea menophilus [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Melinaea mnasias (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Melinaea mnasias mnasias (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T S

Melinaea mnasias abitagua K. Brown, 1977  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melinaea mnasias comma W. Forbes, 1927  TL: Peru

Melinaea mnasias eratosthenes A. Hall, 1935  TL: French Guiana  M T S

Melinaea mnasias lucifer H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Melinaea mnasias lutzi R. Fox, 1942  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea mnasias neblinae K. Brown, 1977  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Melinaea mnasias romualdo R. Fox, 1965  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea mnasias rondonia K. Brown, 1977  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Melinaea mnasias tecta Haensch, 1909  TL: Guyana  M T

Melinaea mnasias thera C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: ?  M T

Melinaea mnasias [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Melinaea mnasias [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Venezuela

Melinaea mnasias [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Melinaea mneme (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: "China"

Melinaea mneme mneme (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: "China"  M T

Melinaea mneme mauensis Weymer, 1891  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Melinaea mneme [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Venezuela

Melinaea mneme [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Melinaea mnemopsis Berg, 1897  TL: "Peru"

Melinaea mnemopsis mnemopsis Berg, 1897  TL: "Peru"  M T

Melinaea mnemopsis [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Brazil (Rd)

Melinaea satevis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia

Melinaea satevis satevis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Melinaea satevis aurantia W. Forbes, 1942  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Melinaea satevis crameri Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Guyana  M T S

Melinaea satevis cydon Godman & Salvin, 1879  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Melinaea satevis flavomacula Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Melinaea satevis lamasi K. Brown, 1977  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea satevis maelus (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Brazil ([Am])  M T

Melinaea satevis maeonis Hewitson, 1869  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melinaea satevis tarapotensis Haensch, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Melinaea satevis zamora Haensch, 1909  TL: "Peru"  M T S

Methona  E. Doubleday, 1847

Methona confusa A. Butler, 1873  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Methona confusa Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Methona confusa confusa A. Butler, 1873  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S L

Methona confusa psamathe Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Methona confusa [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Methona confusa [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Methona curvifascia Weymer, 1883  TL: [Colombia]  M T S

Methona grandior (W. Forbes, 1944)  TL: French Guiana

Methona grandior grandior (W. Forbes, 1944)  TL: French Guiana

Methona grandior incana (W. Forbes, 1944)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Methona grandior [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Brazil (Ac)

Methona maxima (W. Forbes, 1944)  TL: Bolivia

Methona maxima maxima (W. Forbes, 1944)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Methona maxima nigerrima (W. Forbes, 1944)  TL: Peru

Methona megisto C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860  TL: "Brazil (Ba)"  M T S

Methona singularis (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: [Brazil (Ba)]  M T S

Methona themisto (Hübner, 1818)  TL: Brazil

Methona themisto themisto (Hübner, 1818)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Methona themisto [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Brazil (SP)

Thyridia  Hübner, 1816

Thyridia psidii (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: America [Guianas]

Thyridia psidii melantho H. Bates, 1866  S Mexico (Chiapas) to Panama  M T S L

Thyridia psidii aedesia E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Thyridia psidii psidii (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: America [Guianas]  M OD TI IL Txt

Thyridia psidii ino C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T S

Thyridia psidii cetoides (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914)  TL: "Peru"  M T S

Thyridia psidii pallida Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T S

Thyridia psidii hippodamia (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Scada  W. F. Kirby, 1871

Scada karschina (Herbst, 1792)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Scada karschina karschina (Herbst, 1792)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Scada karschina delicata Talbot, 1932  TL: Brazil?  M T

Scada kusa (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Scada reckia (Hübner, [1808])  TL: ?

Scada reckia reckia (Hübner, [1808])  TL: ?

Scada reckia bernhardi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Scada reckia ethica (Hewitson, [1861])  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Scada reckia huascara R. Fox, 1967  TL: Colombia

Scada reckia junina Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Scada reckia labyrintha Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru  M T S

Scada reckia majuscula Haensch, 1905  TL: Guyana  M T

Scada reckia ortygia (H. Druce, 1876)  TL: Peru  M T

Scada reckia philemon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: "Venezuela?"  M T

Scada reckia theaphia (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Scada reckia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Scada reckia [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Scada reckia [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Scada reckia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Scada zemira (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Scada zibia (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Colombia

Scada zibia zibia (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Scada zibia batesi Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Scada zibia perpuncta Kaye, 1918  TL: Colombia  M T

Scada zibia quotidiana Haensch, 1909  TL: Ecuador  M T

Scada zibia xanthina (H. Bates, 1866)  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Scada zibia zeroca R. Fox, 1967  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Sais  Hübner, 1816

Sais browni Takahashi, 1977  TL: Colombia

Sais browni browni Takahashi, 1977  TL: Colombia

Sais browni demarmelsi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Sais rosalia (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Sais rosalia rosalia (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T

Sais rosalia badia Haensch, 1905  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T

Sais rosalia brasiliensis Talbot, 1928  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Sais rosalia camariensis Haensch, 1905  TL: Guyana  M T S

Sais rosalia klagesi Avinoff, 1926  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Sais rosalia mosella (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: "Venezuela"  M T

Sais rosalia promissa Weymer, 1883  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Sais rosalia rosalinde Weymer, 1890  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Sais rosalia schatzi J. Zikán, 1941  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Sais rosalia virchowii Dewitz, 1877  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Sais rosalia zitella (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Peru  M T

Sais rosalia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Sais rosalia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Sais rosalia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Guyana

Sais rosalia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Sais rosalia [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Forbestra  R. Fox, 1967

Forbestra equicola (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Forbestra equicola equicola (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T

Forbestra equicola equicoloides (Godman & Salvin, 1898)  TL: Ecuador; Peru; Brazil (Am)  M T S

Forbestra equicola [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Brazil (Rd)

Forbestra olivencia (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Forbestra olivencia olivencia (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Forbestra olivencia aeneola R. Fox, 1967  TL: Peru  M T

Forbestra olivencia juntana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Forbestra olivencia oiticicai (R.F. d'Almeida, 1951)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Forbestra olivencia truncata (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Forbestra olivencia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Forbestra olivencia [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Bolivia

Forbestra proceris (Weymer, 1883)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Mechanitis  Fabricius, 1807

Mechanitis lysimnia (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: ?

Mechanitis lysimnia lysimnia (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: ?  M T

Mechanitis lysimnia bipuncta W. Forbes, 1948  TL: Venezuela

Mechanitis lysimnia elisa (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia  M T

Mechanitis lysimnia labotas Distant, 1876  Costa Rica  M T S L

Mechanitis lysimnia limnaea W. Forbes, 1930  TL: French Guiana  M T

Mechanitis lysimnia macrinus Hewitson, 1860  Panama & Colombia  M T S L

Mechanitis lysimnia menecles Hewitson, 1860  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Mechanitis lysimnia nesaea Hübner, [1820]  TL: ?  M T

Mechanitis lysimnia neukircheni Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Mechanitis lysimnia ocona H. Druce, 1876  TL: Peru  M T S

Mechanitis lysimnia roqueensis Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Mechanitis lysimnia solaria W. Forbes, 1948  TL: Venezuela

Mechanitis lysimnia utemaia Reakirt, 1866  E & SW Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Mechanitis lysimnia [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Colombia

Mechanitis lysimnia [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Colombia

Mechanitis lysimnia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Mechanitis mazaeus Hewitson, 1860  TL: Brazil (Am)

Mechanitis mazaeus mazaeus Hewitson, 1860  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Mechanitis mazaeus beebei W. Forbes, 1948  TL: Venezuela

Mechanitis mazaeus deceptus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Mechanitis mazaeus egaensis H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Mechanitis mazaeus fallax A. Butler, 1873  TL: Colombia  M T

Mechanitis mazaeus holmgreni Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Mechanitis mazaeus lanei R. Fox, 1967  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Mechanitis mazaeus messenoides C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T S

Mechanitis mazaeus pannifera A. Butler, 1877  TL: Brazil (Am/Pa)  M T

Mechanitis mazaeus pothetoides R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T S

Mechanitis mazaeus visenda A. Butler, 1877  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Mechanitis mazaeus [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Ecuador

Mechanitis mazaeus [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Mechanitis menapis Hewitson, [1856]  TL: Colombia

Mechanitis menapis menapis Hewitson, [1856]  TL: Colombia  M T S

Mechanitis menapis caribensis R. Fox, 1967  TL: Venezuela  M T

Mechanitis menapis dariensis K. Brown, 1977  Panama  M S

Mechanitis menapis doryssus H. Bates, 1864  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S L I

Mechanitis menapis mantineus Hewitson, 1869  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mechanitis menapis occasiva R. Fox, 1967  TL: Colombia  M T

Mechanitis menapis saturata Godman, 1901  Honduras to Costa Rica  M T S L I

Mechanitis menapis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Mechanitis polymnia (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: Surinam

Mechanitis polymnia polymnia (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: Surinam  M T S HS

Mechanitis polymnia angustifascia Talbot, 1928  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Mechanitis polymnia apicenotata J. Zikán, 1941  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Mechanitis polymnia bolivarensis R. Fox, 1967  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Mechanitis polymnia casabranca Haensch, 1905  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Mechanitis polymnia caucaensis Haensch, 1909  TL: Colombia  M T

Mechanitis polymnia chimborazona H. Bates, 1864  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mechanitis polymnia dorissides Staudinger, [1884]  TL: Peru  M T

Mechanitis polymnia eurydice Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Mechanitis polymnia isthmia H. Bates, 1863  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L I

Mechanitis polymnia kayei R. Fox, 1967  TL: Trinidad  M T

Mechanitis polymnia lycidice H. Bates, 1864  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L I

Mechanitis polymnia mauensis W. Forbes, 1948  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Mechanitis polymnia proceriformis Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Mechanitis polymnia veritabilis A. Butler, 1873  TL: Colombia; Venezuela  M T S

Mechanitis polymnia werneri M. Hering, 1925  TL: Colombia  M T

Mechanitis polymnia [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Colombia

Mechanitis polymnia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Mechanitis polymnia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Mechanitis polymnia [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Mechanitis polymnia [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Mechanitis polymnia [n. ssp.#6] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil

Aremfoxia  Real, 1971

Aremfoxia ferra (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru

Aremfoxia ferra ferra (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T S

Aremfoxia ferra thyridiana (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Epityches  R.F. d'Almeida, 1938

Epityches eupompe (Geyer, 1832)  TL: "West Indies"  M T S

Hyalyris  Boisduval, 1870

Hyalyris antea (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris antea antea (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalyris antea achuar Vitale & Bollino, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalyris antea amarilla Vitale & Bollino, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Hyalyris antea atagalpa (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T S

Hyalyris antea cana (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalyris antea flebilis R. Fox, 1971  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hyalyris antea frater (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Peru  M T S L

Hyalyris antea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Venezuela

Hyalyris antea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris antea [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris coeno (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Hyalyris coeno coeno (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hyalyris coeno acceptabilis (Weeks, 1902)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hyalyris coeno angustior (Schaus & T. Cockerell, 1923)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalyris coeno atrata R. Fox, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalyris coeno avinoffi R. Fox, 1971  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hyalyris coeno florida (Röber, 1930)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalyris coeno norella (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalyris coeno norellana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalyris coeno [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Hyalyris excelsa (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Hyalyris excelsa decumana (Godman & Salvin, 1879)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Hyalyris excelsa Panamanian s segregate ,  Panama  M S

Hyalyris excelsa excelsa (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalyris excelsa robertus (Bargmann, 1929)  TL: Colombia

Hyalyris excelsa tachira (T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Venezuela

Hyalyris excelsa [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Hyalyris excelsa [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Hyalyris excelsa [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris fiammetta (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: S. Amer.  M T

Hyalyris juninensis R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru

Hyalyris juninensis juninensis R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalyris juninensis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Hyalyris latilimbata (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalyris leptalina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Brazil

Hyalyris leptalina leptalina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T

Hyalyris leptalina [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Brazil

Hyalyris mestra (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru

Hyalyris mestra mestra (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalyris mestra fassli R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Bolivia

Hyalyris mestra personata R. Fox, 1971  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalyris mestra [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris mestra [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris ocna (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Hyalyris ocna ocna (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalyris ocna [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris ocna [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris ocna [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris ocna [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris oulita (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: [Peru]

Hyalyris oulita oulita (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: [Peru]  M T L

Hyalyris oulita lurida (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalyris oulita metella (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T L

Hyalyris oulita [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris oulita [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris oulita [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris oulita [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris oulita [n. ssp.#5] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Bolivia

Hyalyris praxilla (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris praxilla praxilla (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalyris praxilla [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris praxilla [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyalyris schlingeri Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalyris [n. sp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  not specified

Hyalyris [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalyris [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes  H. Bates, 1862

Napeogenes achaea (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes achaea achaea (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes achaea curvilutea Kaye, 1918  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes achaea nicolayi R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T S

Napeogenes achaea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes achaea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes apulia (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes apulia apulia (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes apulia palmasensis R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes apulia woytkowskii R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes apulia [n. ssp.#1] Vitale, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes apulia [n. ssp.#2] Vitale, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes apulia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes cranto C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes cranto paedaretus Godman & Salvin, 1878  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Napeogenes cranto reali R. Fox, 1968  Panama  M T S

Napeogenes cranto Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Napeogenes cranto cranto C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes cranto marilenae Vitale & Bollino, 2001  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes cranto [n. ssp.] Vitale & Bollino, MS  Ecuador

Napeogenes duessa (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: [Peru]

Napeogenes duessa duessa (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Napeogenes duessa anitae R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes duessa incas Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes duessa jamariensis R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Napeogenes duessa mastersi R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Bolivia  M T

Napeogenes duessa [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes duessa [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes duessa [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes duessa [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes flossina A. Butler, 1873  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes flossina flossina A. Butler, 1873  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes flossina baumanni R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Bolivia  M T

Napeogenes flossina hypsaea Staudinger, 1885  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes flossina [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes flossina [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes flossina [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes glycera Godman, 1899  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes glycera glycera Godman, 1899  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes glycera ellariformis Strand, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes glycera eunomia Godman, 1899  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes glycera nausica Weymer, 1899  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes glycera olyrina Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T

Napeogenes glycera [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes glycera [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes gracilis Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T

Napeogenes harbona (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes harbona harbona (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes harbona benigna Weymer, 1899  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes harbona domiduca (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Napeogenes harbona forsteri R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes harbona [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes harbona [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes harbona [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes inachia (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Napeogenes inachia inachia (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Napeogenes inachia johnsoni R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes inachia moles Haensch, 1905  TL: Guyana  M T

Napeogenes inachia paruensis R.F. d'Almeida, 1958  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Napeogenes inachia patientia Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru  M T L

Napeogenes inachia pozziana (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T L

Napeogenes inachia pyrois H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Napeogenes inachia sulphurina H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T S

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Surinam

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#6] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#7] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#8] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#9] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pe)

Napeogenes inachia [n. ssp.#10] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (MG)

Napeogenes juanjuiensis R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru

Napeogenes juanjuiensis juanjuiensis R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes juanjuiensis [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes juanjuiensis [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes larilla (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes larilla larilla (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes larilla delavillae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Napeogenes larilla [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes larilla [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes larilla [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes larilla [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes larina (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes larina larina (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes larina aethra (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes larina deucalion Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes larina iquitensis Staudinger, [1884]  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes larina otaxes Godman, 1899  TL: Peru  M T S

Napeogenes larina pyrrho H. Druce, 1876  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes larina zurippa (Hewitson, [1876])  TL: Bolivia  M T

Napeogenes larina [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Brazil (Rd)

Napeogenes lycora (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes lycora lycora (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes lycora [n. ssp.#1] Vitale, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes lycora [n. ssp.#2] Vitale, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes peridia (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes peridia hemisticta Schaus, 1913  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L

Napeogenes peridia hemimelaena Godman & Salvin, 1877  Panama  M T S

Napeogenes peridia peridia (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Napeogenes peridia hoppi M. Hering, 1925  TL: Colombia  M T S

Napeogenes peridia decora Godman, 1899  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Napeogenes pharo (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Napeogenes pharo pharo (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T S

Napeogenes pharo astarte R. Fox, 1943  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Napeogenes pharo azeka (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes pharo elva Godman, 1899  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes pharo gryne R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Napeogenes pharo lamia (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes pharo osuna (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Napeogenes pharo pheranthes H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Napeogenes pharo [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Napeogenes pharo [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes pharo [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Napeogenes pharo [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Napeogenes quadrilis Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Napeogenes rhezia (Geyer, [1834])  TL: S. Amer.

Napeogenes rhezia rhezia (Geyer, [1834])  TL: S. Amer.  M T

Napeogenes rhezia adelphe H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Napeogenes rhezia adulta Haensch, 1905  TL: Guyana  M T

Napeogenes rhezia catamelas W. Forbes, 1942  TL: Venezuela  M T

Napeogenes rhezia cyrianassa (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Napeogenes rhezia tunantina H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Napeogenes rhezia yanetta (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Napeogenes rhezia [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Venezuela

Napeogenes rhezia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Surinam

Napeogenes rhezia [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Napeogenes rhezia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Napeogenes rhezia [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Napeogenes sodalis Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes stella (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Colombia

Napeogenes stella Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Napeogenes stella stella (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Napeogenes stella aster Godman, 1899  TL: Ecuador  M T

Napeogenes stella browni T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1998  TL: Venezuela

Napeogenes stella opacella Kaye, 1918  TL: Colombia  M T S

Napeogenes stella delgadoi Vitale & Constantino, 2012  TL: Panama  M T

Napeogenes stella caucaensis Constantino & Vitale, 2012  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes sulphureophila Bryk, 1937  TL: not specified  M T

Napeogenes sylphis (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia

Napeogenes sylphis sylphis (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia

Napeogenes sylphis acreana R.F. d'Almeida, 1958  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T

Napeogenes sylphis corena (Hewitson, [1861])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Napeogenes sylphis ercilla (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Napeogenes sylphis ithra (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Napeogenes sylphis potaronus Kaye, 1905  TL: Guyana  M T

Napeogenes sylphis rindgei R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes sylphis thira (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Napeogenes sylphis [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Napeogenes sylphis [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Napeogenes sylphis [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: French Guiana

Napeogenes tolosa (Hewitson, 1855)  Tolosa Tigerwing  TL: Mexico

Napeogenes tolosa tolosa (Hewitson, 1855)  SE Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras  M T S L

Napeogenes tolosa mombachoensis Brabant & Maes, 1997  Nicaragua  M T L

Napeogenes tolosa amara Godman, 1899  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Napeogenes tolosa Panamanian s segregate ,  Panama  M S

Napeogenes tolosa chrispina (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes tolosa diaphanosa Kaye, 1918  TL: Colombia  M T

Napeogenes tolosa panamensis Vitale, Constantino & Delgado, 2012  TL: Panama  M T

Napeogenes tolosa [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Napeogenes verticilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris  Hübner, 1821

Hypothyris anastasia (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris anastasia anastasia (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris anastasia acreana R.F. d'Almeida, 1958  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T

Hypothyris anastasia anastasina (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris anastasia arpi (R.F. d'Almeida, 1958)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris anastasia bicolora (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypothyris anastasia castanea (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris anastasia honesta (Weymer, 1883)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Hypothyris anastasia niphas R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypothyris anastasia porsenna (Srnka, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris anastasia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris anastasia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris cantobrica (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia

Hypothyris cantobrica cantobrica (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hypothyris cantobrica carvalhoi (R.F. d'Almeida, 1954)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris cantobrica nundina (R.F. d'Almeida, 1945)  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypothyris cantobrica schunkeae (Lamas, 1979)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris cantobrica [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Hypothyris cantobrica [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris cantobrica [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris connexa (A. Hall, 1939)  TL: Guyana

Hypothyris connexa connexa (A. Hall, 1939)  TL: Guyana  M T

Hypothyris connexa lema K. Brown, 1977  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hypothyris connexa [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Venezuela

Hypothyris daphnis R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Hypothyris daphnis daphnis R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T S

Hypothyris daphnis amapaensis K. Brown, 1980  TL: Brazil (Ap)  M T

Hypothyris daphnis clenchi K. Brown, 1980  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris daphnis daphnoides R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris daphnis madeira K. Brown, 1980  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris euclea (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Antilles"

Hypothyris euclea valora (Haensch, 1909)  S Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Hypothyris euclea Costa Rican segregate ,  Costa Rica  M S L

Hypothyris euclea euclea (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Antilles"  M T S

Hypothyris euclea barii (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris euclea caldasensis R. Fox, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris euclea callanga (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris euclea forbesi R. Fox, 1941  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hypothyris euclea intermedia (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris euclea interrupta (J. Zikán, 1941)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris euclea laphria (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Brazil  M S

Hypothyris euclea micheneri R. Fox, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris euclea nina (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hypothyris euclea nonia R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T

Hypothyris euclea peruviana (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T L

Hypothyris euclea philetaera (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: ?  M T

Hypothyris euclea pyrippe (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris euclea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris euclea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris euclea [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris euclea [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris euclea [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Hypothyris fluonia (Hewitson, 1854)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris fluonia fluonia (Hewitson, 1854)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Hypothyris fluonia baiochii T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1998  TL: Venezuela

Hypothyris fluonia berna (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Hypothyris fluonia flavigera (N. Riley, 1919)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris fluonia fulvifascia (Talbot, 1932)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris fluonia hygia (Godman, 1899)  TL: Surinam  M T

Hypothyris fluonia iberina R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T S

Hypothyris fluonia manaos (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris fluonia pardalina (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris fluonia rowena (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris fluonia seminigra (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914)  TL: Peru  M T S

Hypothyris fluonia uchiza Lamas, 1979  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris fluonia viola (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hypothyris fluonia violantilla R.F. d'Almeida, 1952  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Hypothyris fluonia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hypothyris fluonia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris fluonia [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris fluonia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris fluonia [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris gemella R. Fox, 1971  TL: Guyana

Hypothyris gemella gemella R. Fox, 1971  TL: Guyana  M T

Hypothyris gemella mossi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypothyris gemella foxi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypothyris gemella batesi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypothyris gemella anduzei Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypothyris gemella pseudoglycon Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypothyris gemella [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Brazil

Hypothyris leprieuri (Feisthamel, 1835)  TL: French Guiana

Hypothyris leprieuri leprieuri (Feisthamel, 1835)  TL: French Guiana

Hypothyris leprieuri catilla (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Hypothyris leprieuri ignorata (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris leprieuri michaelisi (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris leprieuri nemea (Weymer, 1899)  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Hypothyris leprieuri ninyas R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypothyris leprieuri [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris leprieuri [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Hypothyris leprieuri [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris leprieuri [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris leprieuri [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Hypothyris leprieuri [n. ssp.#6] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Hypothyris lycaste (Fabricius, 1793)  Lycaste Tigerwing  TL: ?

Hypothyris lycaste dionaea (Hewitson, 1854)  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S L

Hypothyris lycaste callispila (H. Bates, 1866)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T IL

Hypothyris lycaste Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Hypothyris lycaste lycaste (Fabricius, 1793)  Panama & Colombia  M T IL L

Hypothyris lycaste antonia (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypothyris lycaste fraterna (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hypothyris lycaste glabra (Godman, 1899)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris lycaste limosa R. Fox, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris lycaste limpida (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris lycaste mergelena (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris lycaste [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Hypothyris mamercus (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Hypothyris mamercus mamercus (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Hypothyris mamercus maenas (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Peru]  M T

Hypothyris mamercus poemne R.F. d'Almeida, 1939  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris mamercus polymnides (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris mamercus [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris mamercus [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris mamercus [n. ssp.#3] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Hypothyris mamercus [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Hypothyris mamercus [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris mansuetus (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: [Peru]

Hypothyris mansuetus mansuetus (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Hypothyris mansuetus amica (Weymer, 1883)  TL: "Colombia"  M T S

Hypothyris mansuetus deemae R. Fox, 1943  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris mansuetus klotsi R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris mansuetus meterus (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: [Peru]  M T

Hypothyris mansuetus zephyrus R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypothyris mansuetus [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Hypothyris moebiusi (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Hypothyris moebiusi moebiusi (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypothyris moebiusi unicolora (Tessmann, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris moebiusi [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Hypothyris ninonia (Hübner, [1806])  TL: ?

Hypothyris ninonia ninonia (Hübner, [1806])  TL: ?

Hypothyris ninonia aetha R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hypothyris ninonia antonina (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris ninonia apollinis (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris ninonia caquetacola R. Fox, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris ninonia colophonia R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Rr)  M T

Hypothyris ninonia completa (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris ninonia completomaculata (J. Zikán, 1941)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris ninonia cornelie (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hypothyris ninonia daeta (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Hypothyris ninonia daetina (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Hypothyris ninonia diphes R. Fox, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris ninonia fimbria (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris ninonia granadensis (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris ninonia latefasciata (Haensch, 1909)  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T

Hypothyris ninonia latipennis (Tessmann, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris ninonia mutilla (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Guyana  M T

Hypothyris ninonia mysotis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hypothyris ninonia neimyi (N. Riley, 1919)  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypothyris ninonia pellucida (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Guyana  M T

Hypothyris ninonia vallina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#4] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#5] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#6] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris ninonia [n. ssp.#7] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris semifulva (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Hypothyris semifulva semifulva (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypothyris semifulva angelina (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T S

Hypothyris semifulva dalmeidai R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypothyris semifulva fulminans (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris semifulva meteroides R. Fox, 1971  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris semifulva pallisteri R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Peru  M T S

Hypothyris semifulva putumayoensis R. Fox & Real, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypothyris semifulva satura (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypothyris semifulva soror (Srnka, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypothyris semifulva virgilini (N. Riley, 1919)  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T

Hypothyris semifulva [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hypothyris semifulva [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris thea (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypothyris thea thea (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypothyris thea mayi R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Hypothyris thea theatina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T

Hypothyris thea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypothyris thea [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Bolivia

Hypothyris vallonia (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris vallonia vallonia (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris vallonia glycon (Godman, 1899)  TL: Guyana; Surinam  M T

Hypothyris vallonia [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil

Hypothyris vallonia [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris xanthostola (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypothyris xanthostola xanthostola (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Hypothyris xanthostola bellatula (R.F. d'Almeida, 1945)  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypothyris xanthostola desmora Bryk, 1937  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hypothyris xanthostola [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Surinam

Hypothyris [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Placidina  R.F. d'Almeida, 1928

Placidina euryanassa (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Pagyris  Boisduval, 1870

Pagyris cymothoe (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Pagyris cymothoe cymothoe (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S L

Pagyris cymothoe sylvella (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T S

Pagyris priscilla Lamas, 1986  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pagyris renelichyi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pagyris ulla (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia

Pagyris ulla ulla (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T

Pagyris ulla carmilla Lamas, 1986  TL: Peru  M T

Pagyris ulla dimidiata (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pagyris ulla leonila Lamas, 1986  TL: Peru  M T

Pagyris ulla vanilla Lamas, 1986  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pagyris ulla zorrilla Lamas, 1986  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia  Hübner, 1816

Ithomia agnosia Hewitson, [1855]  TL: Venezuela

Ithomia agnosia agnosia Hewitson, [1855]  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Ithomia agnosia pellucida Weymer, 1875  TL: Trinidad  M T

Ithomia agnosia pseudoagalla Rebel, 1902  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Ithomia agnosia zikani R.F. d'Almeida, 1940  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T S

Ithomia agnosia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Ithomia amarilla Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Ithomia arduinna R.F. d'Almeida, 1952  TL: Bolivia

Ithomia arduinna arduinna R.F. d'Almeida, 1952  TL: Bolivia  M T S L

Ithomia arduinna [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ithomia arduinna [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ithomia avella Hewitson, 1854  TL: Colombia

Ithomia avella avella Hewitson, 1854  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia avella adamsi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Ithomia avella cesleria Hewitson, [1855]  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia avella deliciae R. Fox, 1941  TL: Colombia

Ithomia avella epona Hewitson, 1869  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Ithomia avella katherineae R. Fox, 1941  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia avella miraculosa Lamas, 2003  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia avella roberti Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Ithomia avella salazari Vitale & Bollino, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia celemia Hewitson, [1854]  TL: Colombia

Ithomia celemia plaginota A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Ithomia celemia Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Ithomia celemia celemia Hewitson, [1854]  TL: Colombia  M T S

Ithomia celemia lurida Haensch, 1909  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia celemia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Ithomia cleora Hewitson, 1855  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Ithomia diasia Hewitson, 1854  TL: Colombia

Ithomia diasia diasia Hewitson, 1854  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia diasia galata Hewitson, 1855  Panama to Colombia  M T S

Ithomia diasia hippocrenis H. Bates, 1866  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Ithomia diasia leucophaena M. Hering, 1925  TL: Colombia

Ithomia diasia morena Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Ithomia diasia ossuna Haensch, 1909  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia drymo Hübner, 1816  TL: "USA (Va)"  M T

Ithomia eleonora Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Ithomia ellara Hewitson, 1874  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ithomia heraldica H. Bates, 1866  Heraldica Clearwing  TL: Costa Rica

Ithomia heraldica heraldica H. Bates, 1866  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Ithomia heraldica Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Ithomia hyala Hewitson, [1856]  TL: Ecuador

Ithomia hyala Panamanian segregate ,  Costa Rica & Panama  M S

Ithomia hyala hyala Hewitson, [1856]  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Ithomia hyala sincerus Bargmann, 1929  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Ithomia hyala [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Ithomia iphianassa E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela

Ithomia iphianassa iphianassa E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Ithomia iphianassa alienassa Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T S

Ithomia iphianassa anaphissa Herrich-Schäffer, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia iphianassa ethilla Neustetter, 1929  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia iphianassa panamensis H. Bates, 1863  Panama  M T OI S L

Ithomia iphianassa phanessa Herrich-Schäffer, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T S

Ithomia iphianassa [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Ithomia jucunda Godman & Salvin, 1878  Jucunda Clearwing  TL: Panama

Ithomia jucunda jucunda Godman & Salvin, 1878  Panama  M T S

Ithomia jucunda bolivari Schaus, 1913  Nicaragua to Panama (Atlantic slope)  M T S L

Ithomia jucunda centromaculata Weymer, 1899  Panama & Colombia  M T OI S

Ithomia jucunda lamasi Vitale & Bollino, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia jucunda [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Ithomia lagusa Hewitson, [1856]  TL: Colombia

Ithomia lagusa lagusa Hewitson, [1856]  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia lagusa adelinda Hewitson, 1868  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia lagusa hymettia (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Ithomia lagusa linda Hewitson, 1872  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia lagusa peruana Salvin, 1869  TL: Peru  M T S L

Ithomia lagusa rachelii Vitale & Bollino, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia lagusa theuda Hewitson, 1872  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia lagusa [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ithomia lagusa [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ithomia lagusa [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ithomia lagusa [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ithomia leila Hewitson, 1852  Leila’s Clearwing  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S L

Ithomia lichyi R.F. d'Almeida, 1939  TL: Brazil ([RJ])

Ithomia lichyi lichyi R.F. d'Almeida, 1939  TL: Brazil ([RJ])  M T

Ithomia lichyi dalmeidai R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru  M T

Ithomia lichyi neivai R.F. d'Almeida, 1940  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T S

Ithomia lichyi [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Brazil

Ithomia patilla Hewitson, 1852  Patilla Clearwing  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Ithomia praeithomia Vitale & Bollino, 2003  TL: Peru

Ithomia praeithomia praeithomia Vitale & Bollino, 2003  TL: Peru

Ithomia praeithomia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Ithomia salapia Hewitson, [1853]  TL: Ecuador

Ithomia salapia salapia Hewitson, [1853]  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Ithomia salapia aquinia Hopffer, 1874  TL: "Bolivia"  M T L

Ithomia salapia ardea Hewitson, 1855  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ithomia salapia derasa Hewitson, 1855  TL: "Nicaragua"  M T S

Ithomia salapia diaphana Bryk, 1937  TL: Peru  M T S

Ithomia terra Hewitson, [1853]  TL: Colombia

Ithomia terra terra Hewitson, [1853]  TL: Colombia  M T S

Ithomia terra jasinskii Vitale & Bollino, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia terra oenanthe Weymer, 1899  TL: Colombia  M T

Ithomia terra terrana Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ithomia terra vulcana Haensch, 1909  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Ithomia terra [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ithomia terra [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ithomia xenos (H. Bates, 1866)  Xenos Clearwing  TL: Costa Rica

Ithomia xenos xenos (H. Bates, 1866)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Ithomia xenos Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Ithomia xenos [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Megoleria  Constantino, 1999

Megoleria orestilla (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Colombia

Megoleria orestilla orestilla (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T

Megoleria orestilla polymacula (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914)  TL: Peru  M T

Megoleria orestilla [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Colombia

Megoleria susiana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Megoleria susiana susiana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T S L

Megoleria susiana sandra Constantino, 1999  TL: Colombia  M T

Megoleria susiana susanna (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Hyposcada  Godman & Salvin, 1879

Hyposcada anchiala (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Peru

Hyposcada anchiala Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Hyposcada anchiala anchiala (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyposcada anchiala abidula J. Zikán, 1941  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hyposcada anchiala cynara R.F. d'Almeida, 1945  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hyposcada anchiala ecuadorina Bryk, 1953  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Hyposcada anchiala fallax (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Peru  M S

Hyposcada anchiala gallardi Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M T

Hyposcada anchiala interrupta Tessmann, 1928  TL: Peru  M T S

Hyposcada anchiala kezia (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Peru  M T S

Hyposcada anchiala mendax R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru  M T

Hyposcada anchiala rezia Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T S

Hyposcada anchiala richardsi R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru  M T S

Hyposcada anchiala [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Hyposcada anchiala [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada attilodes Kaye, 1918  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hyposcada [n. sp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  not specified

Hyposcada [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Bolivia

Hyposcada dujardini Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana

Hyposcada dujardini dujardini Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M T S

Hyposcada dujardini humboldti Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hyposcada illinissa (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Hyposcada illinissa illinissa (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Hyposcada illinissa abida (Hewitson, 1871)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyposcada illinissa aesion (Godman & Salvin, 1878)  Panama  M T S L

Hyposcada illinissa brisotis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: "Bolivia"  M T S

Hyposcada illinissa cynthia R. Fox, 1941  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyposcada illinissa dolabella (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hyposcada illinissa ida Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Hyposcada illinissa idina Haensch, 1905  TL: [Peru]  M T

Hyposcada illinissa ilerdinoides (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hyposcada illinissa margarita R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru  M T

Hyposcada illinissa napirida J. Zikán, 1941  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hyposcada illinissa napoensis Vitale & Bollino, 2001  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyposcada illinissa roberto Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hyposcada illinissa sinilia (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#5] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#6] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#7] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#8] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#9] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada illinissa [n. ssp.#10] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hyposcada schausi R. Fox, 1941  TL: Colombia

Hyposcada schausi schausi R. Fox, 1941  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyposcada schausi lactea Vitale & Bollino, 2001  TL: Ecuador

Hyposcada taliata (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru

Hyposcada taliata taliata (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyposcada taliata [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Hyposcada virginiana (Hewitson, [1855])  Virginiana Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Hyposcada virginiana virginiana (Hewitson, [1855])  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Hyposcada virginiana adelphina (H. Bates, 1866)  Panama  M T TI L

Hyposcada virginiana consobrina (Godman & Salvin, 1892)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyposcada virginiana evanides Haensch, 1909  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Hyposcada virginiana neustetteri Bargmann, 1928  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyposcada zarepha (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: French Guiana

Hyposcada zarepha zarepha (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Hyposcada zarepha bonplandi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hyposcada zarepha flexibilis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T S

Hyposcada zarepha kena (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyposcada zarepha luisa (Tessmann, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyposcada zarepha pseudegra (J. Zikán, 1941)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hyposcada zarepha virina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#5] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#6] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Hyposcada zarepha [n. ssp.#7] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria  Hübner, 1816

Oleria [n. sp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Guyana

Oleria aegle (Fabricius, 1776)  TL: "India"

Oleria aegle aegle (Fabricius, 1776)  TL: "India"

Oleria aegle divisa (Aurivillius, 1929)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Oleria aegle egra (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Oleria aegle [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Brazil (Rd)

Oleria agarista (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Oleria agarista agarista (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Oleria agarista idalie R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru

Oleria agarista [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Oleria alexina (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: Bolivia

Oleria alexina alexina (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Oleria alexina denuda (N. Riley, 1919)  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T

Oleria alexina didymaea (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T S L

Oleria alexina ramona (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria alexina [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria alexina [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria alexina [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria alexina [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Oleria amalda (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia

Oleria amalda amalda (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Oleria amalda amaldina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Oleria amalda faunula (Bargmann, 1929)  TL: Colombia  M T

Oleria amalda modesta (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Oleria amalda [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria amalda [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria amalda [n. ssp.#3] Neild, MS  TL: Venezuela

Oleria antaxis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Oleria antaxis antaxis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T S

Oleria antaxis machadoi R.F. d'Almeida, 1962  TL: Brazil (Ap)  M T

Oleria antaxis saulensis Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M T

Oleria aquata (Weymer, 1875)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Oleria assimilis (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria assimilis assimilis (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Oleria assimilis [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria assimilis [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria assimilis [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria assimilis [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria astrea (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil

Oleria astrea astrea (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil  M S

Oleria astrea burchelli (Sanders, 1904)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S L

Oleria astrea chloris Lamas & Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M T

Oleria astrea [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Oleria astrea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Oleria thiemei (Oberthür, 1879)  Thieme's Clearwing  Panama to Colombia  M T S

Oleria athalina (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: "Ecuador or Bolivia"

Oleria athalina athalina (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: "Ecuador or Bolivia"  M T

Oleria athalina banjana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Oleria athalina epimakrena (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Oleria athalina [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria athalina [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria attalia (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Bolivia

Oleria attalia attalia (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Oleria attalia tabera (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria attalia [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Oleria baizana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria baizana baizana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria baizana [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Oleria [n. sp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Oleria bioculata (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia

Oleria bioculata bioculata (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Oleria bioculata tapio Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria boyeri Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Oleria [n. sp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Oleria cyrene (Latreille, [1809])  TL: "Peru"

Oleria cyrene cyrene (Latreille, [1809])  TL: "Peru"

Oleria cyrene completa (Bryk, 1937)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria cyrene solida (Weymer, 1883)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria deronda (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia

Oleria deronda deronda (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Oleria deronda valida (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria deronda [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Oleria derondina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Bolivia

Oleria derondina derondina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Oleria derondina mandorina Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria derondina [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Oleria enania (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru

Oleria enania enania (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria enania itacoaiensis R.F. d'Almeida, 1964  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Oleria enania [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria enania [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria estella (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria estella estella (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Oleria estella subosa (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Oleria fasciata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria fasciata fasciata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria fasciata melchori Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria fasciata [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria fasciata [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria flora (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Oleria flora flora (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M L

Oleria flora [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Brazil (Pa)

Oleria fumata (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia

Oleria fumata fumata (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Oleria fumata richardina Lamas, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T

Oleria gunilla (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Oleria gunilla gunilla (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Oleria gunilla borilis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria gunilla escura (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria gunilla lerdina (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria gunilla lota (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Oleria gunilla lubilerda (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Oleria gunilla praemona (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Peru]  M T

Oleria gunilla serdolis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Oleria gunilla [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Oleria gunilla [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria ilerdina (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: Peru

Oleria ilerdina ilerdina (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria ilerdina hermieri Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M T

Oleria ilerdina lerida (W. F. Kirby, 1878)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Oleria ilerdina priscilla (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Oleria makrena (Hewitson, 1854)  TL: Venezuela

Oleria makrena Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Oleria makrena makrena (Hewitson, 1854)  TL: Venezuela  M S

Oleria makrena caucana (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Colombia  M L

Oleria makrena [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Oleria makrena [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria makrena [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria onega (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Oleria onega onega (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Oleria onega bocca (N. Riley, 1919)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Oleria onega crispinilla (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M S

Oleria onega epicharme (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Oleria onega ilerda (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia

Oleria onega janarilla (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria onega lentita Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru  M T S L

Oleria onega perspicua (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Oleria onega [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Oleria onega [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria onega [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria onega [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria padilla (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria padilla padilla (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Oleria padilla cajamarcensis Baumann, 1985  TL: Peru

Oleria padilla gorkyi Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria padilla pseudmakrena Baumann, 1985  TL: Bolivia  M S

Oleria padilla [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria padilla [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria paula Weymer, 1883  Paula’s Clearwing  TL: Panama

Oleria paula paula (Weymer, 1883)  E & SW Mexico to Panama  M S L Ha

Oleria paula Panamanian segregate ,  Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica, to W Panama, Pacific slope  M S

Oleria paula [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Oleria paula [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria phenomoe (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Venezuela

Oleria phenomoe phenomoe (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Oleria phenomoe apexatrata Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Oleria quadrata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria quadrata quadrata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M S

Oleria quadrata [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Oleria quintina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: "Venezuela"  M T S L

Oleria radina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia

Oleria radina radina (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia

Oleria radina [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria radina [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Oleria radina [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria rubescens (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Rubescens Clearwing  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S

Oleria santineza (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria santineza santineza (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria santineza reducida Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M S

Oleria santineza veneae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Oleria santineza [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Oleria sexmaculata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria sexmaculata sexmaculata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria sexmaculata lerda (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Peru]

Oleria sexmaculata [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria sexmaculata [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria sexmaculata [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria similigena R.F. d'Almeida, 1962  TL: Brazil (Ap)

Oleria similigena similigena R.F. d'Almeida, 1962  TL: Brazil (Ap)  M S

Oleria similigena [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Guyana

Oleria similigena [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Oleria synnova (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Oleria tigilla (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria tigilla tigilla (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Ecuador  M S

Oleria tigilla [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria tigilla [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria tigilla [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria tremona (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia

Oleria tremona tremona (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia

Oleria tremona ochoai Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Oleria tremona schoenfelderi Baumann, 1985  TL: Bolivia

Oleria tremona [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Oleria tremona [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria tremona [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria vicina (Salvin, 1869)  Vicina Clearwing  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T IL L

Oleria victorine (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia

Oleria victorine victorine (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia

Oleria victorine graziella (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Oleria victorine manora (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M S

Oleria victorine sarilis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Peru]  M L

Oleria victorine vicenteae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Oleria victorine [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Brazil (Rd)

Oleria [n. sp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Oleria zea (Hewitson, [1855])  Zea Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Oleria zea zea (Hewitson, [1855])  SE Mexico to El Salvador & Honduras  M T S L

Oleria zea diazi J. Maza & Lamas, 1978  SW Mexico  M T S

Oleria zelica (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Ecuador

Oleria zelica zelica (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Oleria zelica daguana (Bargmann, 1928)  TL: Colombia  M T

Oleria zelica pagasa (H. Druce, 1875)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Ollantaya  K. Brown & A. Freitas, 1994

Ollantaya aegineta (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Ollantaya aegineta aegineta (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ollantaya aegineta cleobulina (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ollantaya aegineta inelegans (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Ollantaya aegineta [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Ollantaya canilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru

Ollantaya canilla canilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Ollantaya canilla [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Ollantaya canilla [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Bolivia

Ollantaya olerioides (R.F. d'Almeida, 1952)  TL: Bolivia

Ollantaya olerioides olerioides (R.F. d'Almeida, 1952)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ollantaya olerioides [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Ollantaya olerioides [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Ollantaya [n. sp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Ceratinia  Hübner, 1816

Ceratinia cayana (Salvin, 1869)  TL: French Guiana

Ceratinia cayana cayana (Salvin, 1869)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Ceratinia cayana giparanaensis R.F. d'Almeida, 1964  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Ceratinia iolaia (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia

Ceratinia iolaia iolaia (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Ceratinia iolaia conveniens Bryk, 1937  TL: Colombia  M T

Ceratinia iolaia rehni R. Fox, 1941  TL: Colombia  M T

Ceratinia neso (Hübner, [1806])  TL: [Brazil]

Ceratinia neso neso (Hübner, [1806])  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Ceratinia neso espriella (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ceratinia neso hamlini (Weeks, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Ceratinia neso immaculata Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Ceratinia neso naranja Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Ceratinia neso nisea (Godart, 1819)  TL: French Guiana; Surinam  M T

Ceratinia neso niselina (J. Zikán, 1941)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Ceratinia neso peruensis (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T

Ceratinia neso tarapotis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: [Peru]  M T

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Bolivia

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#6] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Ceratinia neso [n. ssp.#7] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Ceratinia tutia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: "Amazon"

Ceratinia tutia Northern segregate ,  SE Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras  M S

Ceratinia tutia Costa Rican segregate ,  Costa Rica  M S L

Ceratinia tutia dorilla (H. Bates, 1864)  Panama  M T S L1 L2

Ceratinia tutia tutia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: "Amazon"  M T L

Ceratinia tutia azara (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: "Ecuador"  M S

Ceratinia tutia azarina (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ceratinia tutia callichroma (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ceratinia tutia chanchamaya (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T

Ceratinia tutia fuscens (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ceratinia tutia hopfferi (Weymer, 1899)  TL: [Peru]  M T

Ceratinia tutia poecila (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T

Ceratinia tutia poeciloides (N. Riley, 1919)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Ceratinia tutia porrecta (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ceratinia tutia radiosa (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ceratinia tutia robusta (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ceratinia tutia selenides (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Peru  M T

Ceratinia tutia singularis (Rebel, 1902)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ceratinia tutia tosca (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Colombia  M T

Ceratinia tutia transversa (M. Hering, 1925)  TL: Colombia  M S

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Mexico

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Costa Rica

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#6] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#7] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#8] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Ceratinia tutia [n. ssp.#9] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Callithomia  H. Bates, 1862

Callithomia alexirrhoe H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)

Callithomia alexirrhoe alexirrhoe H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Callithomia alexirrhoe butes Godman & Salvin, 1898  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Callithomia alexirrhoe hydra C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Venezuela  M T

Callithomia alexirrhoe megaleas Godman & Salvin, 1898  [Panama], W Costa Rica  M T S

Callithomia alexirrhoe panamensis Godman & Salvin, 1878  Panama  M T S1 S2

Callithomia alexirrhoe schulzi Haensch, 1905  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Callithomia alexirrhoe thornax H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Callithomia alexirrhoe zeuxippe H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Callithomia alexirrhoe [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Callithomia alexirrhoe [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (MT)

Callithomia hezia (Hewitson, [1854])  Hezia Clearwing  TL: Nicaragua

Callithomia hezia hezia (Hewitson, [1854])  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Callithomia hezia beronilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Callithomia hezia hedila Godman & Salvin, 1879  SE Mexico to Guatemala  M T S

Callithomia hezia perija Masters, 1973  TL: Venezuela  M T

Callithomia hezia phagesia (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Callithomia hezia renati Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Callithomia hezia smalli R. Fox, 1968  Panama  M T

Callithomia hezia tridactyla Dewitz, 1877  TL: Colombia  M T

Callithomia hezia villula (Hewitson, 1858)  TL: Colombia  M T

Callithomia hezia wellingi R. Fox, 1968  SW Mexico (S Oaxaca; Sierra Madre del Sur)  M T S

Callithomia hezia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Callithomia hezia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Callithomia lenea (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Callithomia lenea lenea (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T

Callithomia lenea agrippina (Hewitson, 1863)  Panama to Colombia  M T S

Callithomia lenea alpho (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Callithomia lenea epidero (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil ([Pa])  M T

Callithomia lenea fumantis (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia  M T

Callithomia lenea inturna (R. Fox, 1941)  TL: Peru  M T

Callithomia lenea methonella (Weymer, 1875)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T L

Callithomia lenea obfuscata (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Callithomia lenea pulcheria (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Callithomia lenea siparia (Kaye, 1922)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Callithomia lenea travassosi R.F. d'Almeida, 1958  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Callithomia lenea xantho (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Callithomia lenea zelie (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Bolivia  M T

Callithomia lenea bella Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Callithomia lenea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Callithomia lenea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna  E. Doubleday, 1847

Dircenna adina (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna adina adina (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Dircenna adina columbiana E. Krüger, 1925  TL: Colombia  M T

Dircenna adina lorica Weymer, 1875  TL: "Guyana"  M T S

Dircenna adina marica (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Dircenna adina steinheili Staudinger, [1884]  TL: Colombia  M T S

Dircenna adina stevei Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna adina suna Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Dircenna adina willmotti Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna adina xanthophane Hopffer, 1874  TL: Peru  M T S

Dircenna adina [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Rr)

Dircenna adina [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Dircenna adina [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Dircenna adina [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Dircenna dero (Hübner, 1823)  TL: "Surinam"

Dircenna dero Northern segregate ,  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M S

Dircenna dero dero (Hübner, 1823)  TL: "Surinam"  M S

Dircenna dero caliginosa J. Zikán, 1941  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T L

Dircenna dero celtina Burmeister, 1878  TL: ?  M T

Dircenna dero christopheri Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna dero euchytma (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Nicaragua to Colombia & Venezuela  M T S L

Dircenna dero euteles Erschoff, 1875  TL: French Guiana  M S

Dircenna dero rhoeo C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860  TL: Brazil ([RJ])  M T S

Dircenna dero [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Mexico

Dircenna dero [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Dircenna dero [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Dircenna jemina (Geyer, 1837)  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna jemina Northern segregate ,  E Mexico to Panama  M S

Dircenna jemina jemina (Geyer, 1837)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Dircenna jemina chiriquensis Haensch, 1909  Costa Rica & Panama (Pacific slope)  M T S

Dircenna jemina reynoldsi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Dircenna jemina varina (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Dircenna jemina visina Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Guatemala

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#6] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Dircenna jemina [n. ssp.#7] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Dircenna klugii (Geyer, 1837)  Klug’s Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Dircenna klugii klugii (Geyer, 1837)  S TX (very rare stray), E & W Mexico to Nicaragua  M S L

Dircenna klugii Southern segregate ,  Costa Rica & Panama  M S L

Dircenna klugii [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Costa Rica

Dircenna loreta Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador

Dircenna loreta loreta Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dircenna loreta acreana R.F. d'Almeida, 1950  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T

Dircenna loreta melini Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru  M T

Dircenna loreta [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Brazil (Pa)

Dircenna olyras (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Dircenna olyras Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Dircenna olyras olyras (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Dircenna olyras bairdii Reakirt, 1868  TL: Colombia  M T

Dircenna olyras relata A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Dircenna olyras [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Dircenna olyras [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Hyalenna  W. Forbes, 1942

Hyalenna paradoxa (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Colombia

Hyalenna paradoxa paradoxa (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Hyalenna paradoxa praestigiosa (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Hyalenna paradoxa catenata (Kaye, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalenna paradoxa incachaca Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Bolivia

Hyalenna hugia (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Hyalenna perasippa (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Hyalenna perasippa valencia Willmott & Lamas, 2006  TL: Colombia  M S

Hyalenna perasippa ortygiosa Willmott & Lamas, 2006  TL: Ecuador  M S

Hyalenna perasippa perasippa (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalenna perasippa solitaria Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Peru  M T

Hyalenna buckleyi Willmott & Lamas, 2006  TL: Ecuador

Hyalenna buckleyi buckleyi Willmott & Lamas, 2006  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hyalenna buckleyi pomacocha Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Peru

Hyalenna pascua (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T S

Hyalenna alidella (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Colombia

Hyalenna alidella exsulans Lamas & Willmott, 2006  Panama (Darien)  M T

Hyalenna alidella vesca Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Colombia  M T S

Hyalenna alidella alidella (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Hyalenna alidella cinereola Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Colombia  M S

Hyalenna alidella scantilla (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Hyalenna alidella dirama (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Hyalenna alidella minna (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Hyalenna sulmona (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Hyalenna sulmona tersa Willmott & Lamas, 2006  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalenna sulmona hyalina Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Colombia  M T S

Hyalenna sulmona lobusa (Haensch, 1909)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hyalenna sulmona sulmona (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Hyalenna sulmona balsamica Lamas & Willmott, 2006  TL: Peru  M T

Episcada  Godman & Salvin, 1879

Episcada apuleia (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador

Episcada apuleia apuleia (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Episcada apuleia santanella (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Episcada apuleia cora Haensch, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Episcada apuleia [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Episcada carcinia Schaus, 1902  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T S

Episcada clausina (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia

Episcada clausina clausina (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Episcada clausina striposis Haensch, 1909  TL: Brazil ([MG])  M T S

Episcada clausina [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Episcada doto (Hübner, [1806])  TL: Brazil ("RJ")

Episcada doto doto (Hübner, [1806])  TL: Brazil ("RJ")  M T

Episcada doto canaria (K. Brown & R.F. d'Almeida, 1970)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T S

Episcada doto paquito Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Episcada doto zajciwi R.F. d'Almeida & O. Mielke, 1967  TL: Brazil (Ce)  M T

Episcada doto [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada doto [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Ce)

Episcada hemixanthe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Brazil

Episcada hymen Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia

Episcada hymen hymen Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T

Episcada hymen [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada hymen [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada hymenaea (Prittwitz, 1865)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Episcada hymenaea hymenaea (Prittwitz, 1865)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T S

Episcada hymenaea caucana (K. Brown, 1970)  TL: Colombia

Episcada hymenaea centralis (K. Brown & O. Mielke, 1970)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Episcada hymenaea guianensis Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Episcada hymenaea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada hymenaea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada [n. sp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: not specified

Episcada [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Bolivia

Episcada mira (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Episcada philoclea (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T S

Episcada [n. sp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada polita Weymer, 1899  TL: Colombia

Episcada polita polita Weymer, 1899  TL: Colombia  M T

Episcada polita cabenis Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T

Episcada polita aprica Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Episcada polita raymondi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Episcada polita archaia Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Episcada polita [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Episcada trapezula Brabant & Bischler, 2003  TL: Peru  M S

Episcada [n. sp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada salvinia (H. Bates, 1864)  Salvin's Clearwing  TL: Guatemala

Episcada salvinia salvinia (H. Bates, 1864)  E Mexico, Guatemala  M T L

Episcada salvinia apia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Episcada salvinia opleri Lamas, 1978  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Episcada salvinia portilla J. Maza & Lamas, 1978  W Mexico (NAY to OAX)  M T S

Episcada sulphurea Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia

Episcada sulphurea sulphurea Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Episcada sulphurea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada sulphurea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada sylpha Haensch, 1905  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Episcada ticidella (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Episcada ticidella ticidella (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Episcada ticidella [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada ticidella [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Episcada vitrea R.F. d'Almeida & O. Mielke, 1967  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Episcada [n. sp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Haenschia  Lamas, 2004

Haenschia derama (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Haenschia sidonia (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Peru  M T

Haenschia [n. sp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Haenschia [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia  A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872

Pteronymia alcmena (Godman & Salvin, 1877)  Alcmena Clearwing  TL: Guatemala

Pteronymia alcmena alcmena (Godman & Salvin, 1877)  S Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua  M T S L

Pteronymia alcmena Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Pteronymia alcmena [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Panama

Pteronymia aletta (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia aletta agalla Godman & Salvin, 1879  Costa Rica & Panama (Pacific slope)  M T S

Pteronymia aletta Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Pteronymia aletta aletta (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pteronymia aletta lilla (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia aletta [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Pteronymia aletta [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia aletta [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia alicia Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M S

Pteronymia alida (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: ?

Pteronymia alida alida (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: ?  M T S

Pteronymia alida zabina (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia alida georgei Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia alida [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia alida [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia alida [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia alida [n. ssp.#4] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia alida [n. ssp.#5] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia alida [n. ssp.#6] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia alissa (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia alissa alissa (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Pteronymia alissa amandes Kaye, 1921  TL: Trinidad  M T S

Pteronymia alissa andreas (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Pteronymia alissa dorothyae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia alissa marjorieae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia alissa [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia alissa [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia alissa [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia artena (Hewitson, [1855])  Artena Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Pteronymia artena praedicta J. Maza & Lamas, 1982  SW Mexico (GRO, S OAX)  M T S

Pteronymia artena artena (Hewitson, [1855])  E Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras  M T

Pteronymia artena Costa Rican segregate ,  Costa Rica  M S

Pteronymia artena Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Pteronymia artena beebei R. Fox & J. Fox, 1947  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pteronymia artena afrania (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Pteronymia artena [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Costa Rica

Pteronymia artena [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Pteronymia artena [n. ssp.#3] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia artena [n. ssp.#4] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia calgiria Schaus, 1902  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Pteronymia [n. sp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: not specified

Pteronymia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia cotytto (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  Cotytto Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Pteronymia cotytto cotytto (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  E & S Mexico to Nicaragua, [Costa Rica?]  M T S L

Pteronymia cotytto Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Pteronymia cotytto [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Panama

Pteronymia [n. sp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia dispaena (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia

Pteronymia dispaena dispaena (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Pteronymia dispaena evonia Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T S

Pteronymia dispaena inania Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia dispaena [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia dispaena [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia dispaena [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia dispaena [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia donella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia donella Panamanian segregate ,  Costa Rica & Panama  M S

Pteronymia donella donella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia donella donata Haensch, 1909  Costa Rica & Panama (Pacific slope)  M T S

Pteronymia donella mariagabrielae Neild & De Sousa, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia donella [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Panama

Pteronymia euritea (Cramer, 1780)  TL: "Surinam"  M S

Pteronymia [n. sp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Pteronymia forsteri Baumann, 1985  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Pteronymia fulvimargo A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Fulvimargo Clearwing  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S

Pteronymia fumida Schaus, 1913  Fumida Clearwing  TL: Costa Rica

Pteronymia fumida fumida Schaus, 1913  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Pteronymia fumida pacifica E. Krüger, 1925  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia fumida [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Pteronymia gertschi R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia gertschi gertschi R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia gertschi sexpunctata (Bryk, 1953)  TL: Peru  M T

Pteronymia gertschi [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia gertschi [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia gertschi [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia glauca Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia granica (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia granica granica (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia granica [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Pteronymia [n. sp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Mexico (Gue)

Pteronymia hara (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia hara Costa Rican segregate ,  Costa Rica  M S

Pteronymia hara Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Pteronymia hara hara (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia hara brunneata Bryk, 1937  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia hara semonis Haensch, 1909  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia hara ancha Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia hara albida Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia hara estrecha Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia hara [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia hara [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia latilla (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia latilla fulvescens Godman & Salvin, 1879  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L

Pteronymia latilla Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Pteronymia latilla latilla (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pteronymia latilla barilla Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia latilla nigricans Bryk, 1937  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia latilla [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Colombia

Pteronymia laura (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia lonera (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Lonera Clearwing  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S

Pteronymia medellina Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia medellina medellina Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T S

Pteronymia medellina [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Pteronymia obscuratus (Fabricius, 1793)  Obscure Clearwing  Panama  M T S

Pteronymia olimba Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Pteronymia oneida (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia oneida oneida (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia oneida asopo (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pteronymia oneida lisae Salazar, 1992  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia oneida sebastiani Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia oneida merida Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M S

Pteronymia oneida ricardi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia oneida [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia oneida [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia ozia (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia ozia ozia (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia ozia browni R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia ozia tanampaya Haensch, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pteronymia parva (Salvin, 1869)  Parva Clearwing  [S Mexico?], Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Pteronymia peteri Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia picta (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia picta notilla A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Costa Rica to Panama  M T S

Pteronymia picta Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Pteronymia picta picta (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia picta dispar Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia picta [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Panama

Pteronymia picta [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia primula (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Pteronymia primula primula (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Pteronymia primula auricula Haensch, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T S

Pteronymia primula crocea Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia primula [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Bolivia

Pteronymia rufocincta (Salvin, 1869)  West-Mexican Clearwing  W Mexico (NAY to OAX)  M T S L

Pteronymia sao (Hübner, [1813])  TL: [Brazil]

Pteronymia sao sao (Hübner, [1813])  TL: [Brazil]

Pteronymia sao antisao (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Pteronymia sao guntheri Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru  M T S

Pteronymia sao [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia sao [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Pteronymia sao [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Bolivia

Pteronymia serrata Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia serrata serrata Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia serrata amplificata Kaye, 1918  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia serrata [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia serrata [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia simplex (Salvin, 1869)  Simple Clearwing  TL: Costa Rica

Pteronymia simplex simplex (Salvin, 1869)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Pteronymia simplex fenochioi Lamas, 1978  E Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S L

Pteronymia simplex timagenes Godman & Salvin, 1889  SW Mexico (GRO, S OAX)  M T S

Pteronymia sylvo (Geyer, 1832)  TL: "Surinam"  M T

Pteronymia tamina Haensch, 1909  TL: Peru

Pteronymia tamina tamina Haensch, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Pteronymia tamina [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Pteronymia teresita (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia teresita teresita (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia teresita denticulata Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pteronymia teresita thabena (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia teresita [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia teresita [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia ticida (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia ticida ticida (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia ticida citrina Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia ticida yungava Haensch, 1905  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Pteronymia ticida [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia ticida [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia ticida [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia tucuna (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Pteronymia veia (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: ?

Pteronymia veia veia (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: ?  M T S

Pteronymia veia brunnea Bryk, 1937  TL: ?  M T S

Pteronymia veia florea Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M L

Pteronymia veia linzera (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Pteronymia veia melanoptera (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Pteronymia veia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia veia [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia vestilla (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Am)

Pteronymia vestilla vestilla (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Pteronymia vestilla sparsa Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia vestilla ucaya Haensch, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Pteronymia vestilla [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia vestilla [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia zerlina (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia zerlina zerlina (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Pteronymia zerlina alina Haensch, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pteronymia zerlina amarillana Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia zerlina cristalina Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Pteronymia zerlina mielkei Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Pteronymia zerlina nubivaga R. Fox & J. Fox, 1947  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pteronymia zerlina pronuba (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#5] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#6] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pteronymia zerlina [n. ssp.#7] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Velamysta  Haensch, 1909

Velamysta peninna (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Bolivia

Velamysta peninna peninna (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Velamysta peninna [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Velamysta phengites R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador

Velamysta phengites phengites R. Fox, 1945  TL: Ecuador  M T

Velamysta phengites [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Velamysta phengites [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Velamysta phengites [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Velamysta phengites [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Velamysta pupilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia

Velamysta pupilla pupilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Velamysta pupilla anomala (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Colombia  M T

Velamysta pupilla cruxifera (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Velamysta pupilla greeneyi Vitale & Bollino, 2003  TL: Ecuador

Velamysta pupilla veronica (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Colombia

Godyris  Boisduval, 1870

Godyris crinippa (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia

Godyris crinippa crinippa (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Godyris crinippa [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Godyris dircenna (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Godyris duillia (Hewitson, 1854)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Godyris kedema (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Godyris kedema furina (Godman & Salvin, [1879])  Panama  M T S L

Godyris kedema Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Godyris kedema kedema (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Godyris kedema albinotata (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Colombia  M T

Godyris kedema [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Godyris lauta (Haensch, 1910)  TL: [Ecuador]

Godyris lauta lauta (Haensch, 1910)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Godyris lauta [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Godyris nepos (Weymer, 1875)  TL: Colombia

Godyris nepos nepos (Weymer, 1875)  TL: Colombia  M T

Godyris nepos hewitsoni (Haensch, 1903)  TL: ["Bolivia"]  M T

Godyris nepos [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Godyris nepos [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris nepos [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris nepos [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris nero (Hewitson, [1855])  Nero Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Godyris nero nero (Hewitson, [1855])  E Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S L

Godyris nero Southern segregate ,  Costa Rica  M S

Godyris nero [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Costa Rica

Godyris panthyale (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Godyris panthyale panthyale (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Godyris panthyale quinta (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Colombia  M T

Godyris panthyale [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Godyris sappho (Haensch, 1910)  TL: Bolivia

Godyris sappho sappho (Haensch, 1910)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Godyris sappho [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris sappho [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris zavaleta (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: [Colombia]

Godyris zavaleta sosunga (Reakirt, [1866])  SE Mexico to Nicaragua  M S L

Godyris zavaleta caesiopicta (Niepelt, 1915)  [= sorites], Costa Rica & Panama (Atlantic slope)  M T S1 S2 L

Godyris zavaleta zygia (Godman & Salvin, 1877)  Costa Rica & Panama (Pacific slope)  M T OI S

Godyris zavaleta Panamanian s segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Godyris zavaleta zavaleta (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Godyris zavaleta christiani Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Godyris zavaleta eutelina Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M S

Godyris zavaleta gonussa (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Godyris zavaleta huallaga R. Fox, 1941  TL: Peru  M T

Godyris zavaleta matronalis (Weymer, 1883)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Godyris zavaleta petersii (Dewitz, 1877)  TL: Colombia  M T

Godyris zavaleta telesilla (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#6] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#7] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#8] Lamas, MS  TL: Bolivia

Godyris zavaleta [n. ssp.#9] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Pachacutia  Willmott & Lamas, 2007

Pachacutia baroni Willmott & Lamas, 2007  TL: Ecuador  M S

Pachacutia mantura (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia

Pachacutia mantura joroni Lamas & Willmott, 2007  TL: Peru  M T

Pachacutia mantura honrathi (Srnka, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T

Pachacutia mantura mantura (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pachacutia cleomella (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pachacutia germaini Lamas & Willmott, 2007  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Veladyris  R. Fox, 1945

Veladyris pardalis (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Veladyris pardalis pardalis (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Veladyris pardalis aurea Lamas, 1980  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Veladyris pardalis christina Lamas, 1980  TL: Peru  M T L

Veladyris pardalis cytharista (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T S

Veladyris pardalis totumbra (Kaye, 1919)  TL: Peru  M T

Veladyris pardalis [n. ssp.] Lamas & Vitale, MS  Peru

Veladyris [n. sp.] Lamas & Vitale, MS  Peru

Hypoleria  Godman & Salvin, 1879

Hypoleria adasa (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Brazil

Hypoleria adasa adasa (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Brazil  M T

Hypoleria adasa parcilimbata R.F. d'Almeida, 1943  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Hypoleria alema (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia

Hypoleria alema alema (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypoleria alema ina (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypoleria aureliana (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypoleria jaruensis R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypoleria lavinia (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: [Ecuador]

Hypoleria lavinia lavinia (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Hypoleria lavinia asellia (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Hypoleria lavinia cajona Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T S L

Hypoleria lavinia cassotis (H. Bates, 1864)  S Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Hypoleria lavinia chrysodonia (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S L

Hypoleria lavinia consimilis Talbot, 1928  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Hypoleria lavinia garleppi Haensch, 1905  TL: Peru  M T

Hypoleria lavinia inconspicua Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypoleria lavinia indecora Haensch, 1905  TL: Guyana  M T

Hypoleria lavinia karschi Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypoleria lavinia libera Godman & Salvin, 1879  Panama  M T S L

Hypoleria lavinia meridana R. Fox, 1948  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Hypoleria lavinia mulviana R.F. d'Almeida, 1958  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Hypoleria lavinia niclae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Hypoleria lavinia oreas Weymer, 1899  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Hypoleria lavinia proxima Weymer, 1899  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Hypoleria lavinia rhene (Godman & Salvin, 1878)  Nicaragua to W Panama  M T S1 S2 L

Hypoleria lavinia riffarthi Haensch, 1905  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hypoleria lavinia vanilia (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  Panama to Colombia  M T S L

Hypoleria lavinia vaniliana Kaye, 1919  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypoleria lavinia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Hypoleria lavinia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Hypoleria lavinia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Hypoleria lavinia [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: French Guiana

Hypoleria ocalea (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela; "Brazil"

Hypoleria ocalea ocalea (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela; "Brazil"  M T S

Hypoleria ocalea gephira (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Hypoleria ocalea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Hypoleria ocalea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Hypoleria sarepta (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Hypoleria sarepta sarepta (Hewitson, [1852])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Hypoleria sarepta cidonia (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Hypoleria sarepta famina Haensch, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Hypoleria sarepta goiana R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (Go)  M T S

Hypoleria sarepta olerioides R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Hypoleria sarepta oriana (Hewitson, [1859])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypoleria sarepta orianula Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru

Hypoleria sarepta virginia (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hypoleria sarepta vitiosa Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru  M T L

Hypoleria sarepta [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypoleria sarepta [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Hypoleria xenophis Haensch, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Brevioleria  Lamas, 2004

Brevioleria aelia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Brevioleria aelia aelia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Brevioleria aelia brevicula (R.F. d'Almeida, 1951)  TL: Peru  M T

Brevioleria aelia jamariensis (R.F. d'Almeida, 1951)  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T L

Brevioleria aelia orolina (Hewitson, [1861])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Brevioleria aelia pachiteae (Tessmann, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T L

Brevioleria aelia plisthenes (R.F. d'Almeida, 1958)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Brevioleria aelia yawara (J. Zikán, 1942)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Brevioleria aelia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Brevioleria arzalia (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia

Brevioleria arzalia arzalia (Hewitson, 1876)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Brevioleria arzalia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Brevioleria coenina (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Brevioleria seba (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: ?

Brevioleria seba seba (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: ?  M T

Brevioleria seba emyra (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Brevioleria seba oculata (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Brevioleria seba [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Brevioleria seba [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Brevioleria seba [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Brevioleria [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  Brazil (Pa)

Mcclungia  R. Fox, 1940

Mcclungia cymo (Hübner, [1806])  TL: Brazil

Mcclungia cymo cymo (Hübner, [1806])  TL: Brazil  M T

Mcclungia cymo arcuata (Tessmann, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T S

Mcclungia cymo collenettei (Talbot, 1928)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Mcclungia cymo fallens (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Mcclungia cymo salonina (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Mcclungia cymo subtilis (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Mcclungia cymo trepotis (Haensch, 1910)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Mcclungia cymo wana (A. Hall, 1930)  TL: Guyana  M T S

Mcclungia cymo [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Mcclungia cymo [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Paraguay

Greta  Hemming, 1934

Greta alphesiboea (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Greta andromica (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Greta andromica lyra (Salvin, 1869)  E Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Greta andromica Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S

Greta andromica andromica (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S L

Greta andromica andania (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T L

Greta andromica dromica (Haensch, 1910)  TL: Colombia  M T

Greta andromica nerina (Haensch, 1905)  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Greta andromica trifenestra R. Fox, 1941  TL: Trinidad  M T

Greta andromica [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Greta annette (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  White-spotted Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Greta annette annette (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  E Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras  M T S L

Greta annette championi Lamas, 1978  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Greta annette moschion (Godman, 1901)  W Mexico (NAY to S OAX)  M T S L Ha

Greta [n. sp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta [n. sp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta clavijoi Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M S

Greta cubana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)  Cuban Clearwing  Cuba  M T S I

Greta [n. sp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta depauperata (Boisduval, 1870)  TL: "Guatemala"

Greta depauperata depauperata (Boisduval, 1870)  TL: "Guatemala"  M T S

Greta depauperata umbrosa (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta dercetis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Greta dercetis dercetis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Greta dercetis [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Peru

Greta diaphanus (Drury, 1773)  Antillean Clearwing  TL: Jamaica

Greta diaphanus diaphanus (Drury, 1773)  Jamaica  M S

Greta diaphanus quisqueya (R. Fox, 1963)  Dominican Republic  M T S1 S2 L I

Greta enigma (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia

Greta enigma enigma (Haensch, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Greta enigma koechlini Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Greta enigma pseudortygia Neild & Willmott, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M T

Greta enigma [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta enigma [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta enigma [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta enigma [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta [n. sp.#4] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: not specified

Greta [n. sp.#4] [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Greta [n. sp.#4] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta esula (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Colombia

Greta esula esula (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Colombia  M T

Greta esula [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Colombia

Greta [n. sp.#5] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta gabiglooris (Brabant & Bischler, 2005)  Gabi's Clearwing  Nicaragua to W Panama  M S

Greta gardneri (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia

Greta gardneri gardneri (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Greta gardneri devriesi D'Abrera, 1984  TL: Peru  M T

Greta gardneri [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta gardneri [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta gardneri [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta gardneri [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta hermana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Greta hermana hermana (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta hermana joiceyi (Kaye, 1918)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta hermana [n. ssp.#1] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Greta hermana [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Greta libethris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Greta libethris libethris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S L

Greta libethris [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Greta lojana (Vitale & Bollino, 2001)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta lydia (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta morgane (Geyer, 1837)  Rusty Clearwing  TL: Mexico

Greta morgane morgane (Geyer, 1837)  W Mexico (NAY to S OAX)  M S L

Greta morgane oto (Hewitson, [1855])  E Mexico to Panama  M T S L1 L2

Greta [n. sp.#6] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta ochretis (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador

Greta ochretis ochretis (Haensch, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta ochretis [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Colombia

Greta oneidodes (Kaye, 1918)  TL: Ecuador

Greta oneidodes oneidodes (Kaye, 1918)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Greta oneidodes [n. ssp.] Willmott & Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Greta ortygia (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Ecuador

Greta ortygia ortygia (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta ortygia pyrczi (Vitale & Bollino, 2001)  TL: Peru

Greta ortygia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Greta ortygia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta ortygia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta [n. sp.#7] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Greta polissena (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador

Greta polissena polissena (Hewitson, 1863)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Greta polissena colombiana (Vitale & Bollino, 2001)  TL: Colombia

Greta polissena umbrana (Haensch, 1908)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Greta polissena bolivariana Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Greta polissena [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Colombia

Greta theudelinda (Hewitson, [1861])  TL: Colombia

Greta theudelinda theudelinda (Hewitson, [1861])  TL: Colombia  M T

Greta theudelinda bonita (Vitale & Bollino, 2001)  TL: Ecuador

Greta theudelinda cyrcilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Greta theudelinda zalmunna (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Greta theudelinda [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta theudelinda [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta theudelinda [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Greta [n. sp.#8] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Undescribed Clearwing (Costa Rica)  Costa Rica

Heterosais  Godman & Salvin, 1880

Heterosais edessa (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Brazil  M T S

Heterosais giulia (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Colombia

Heterosais giulia cadra (Godman & Salvin, 1878)  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S

Heterosais giulia Panamanian segregate ,  Panama  M S L

Heterosais giulia giulia (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Heterosais giulia gedera (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Heterosais giulia nephele (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heterosais giulia pallidula Haensch, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heterosais giulia caucaensis Constantino, Gil & Valencia, 2005  TL: Colombia  M T

Heterosais giulia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Heterosais giulia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Pseudoscada  Godman & Salvin, 1879

Pseudoscada acilla (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (MG/[RJ])

Pseudoscada acilla acilla (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (MG/[RJ])  M T

Pseudoscada acilla quadrifasciata Talbot, 1928  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Pseudoscada acilla [n. ssp.] Lamas & Willmott, MS  Brazil (Rd)

Pseudoscada erruca (Hewitson, 1855)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T S

Pseudoscada florula (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: French Guiana

Pseudoscada florula florula (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: French Guiana  M T

Pseudoscada florula aureola (H. Bates, 1862)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S V

Pseudoscada florula exornata Haensch, [1908]  TL: Guyana  M T

Pseudoscada florula genetyllis (R.F. d'Almeida, 1922)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T S

Pseudoscada florula gracilis Tessmann, 1928  TL: Peru  M T S V

Pseudoscada florula [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pseudoscada florula [n. ssp.#2] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Pseudoscada timna (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela

Pseudoscada timna timna (Hewitson, [1855])  TL: Venezuela  M T S L

Pseudoscada timna pusio (Godman & Salvin, 1877)  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Pseudoscada timna saturata (Staudinger, 1885)  Panama and Colombia  M T S L

Pseudoscada timna troetschi (Staudinger, [1884])  TL: Colombia  M T

Pseudoscada timna utilla (Hewitson, 1856)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pseudoscada timna [n. ssp.#1] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Colombia

Pseudoscada timna [n. ssp.#2] Willmott & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Pseudoscada timna [n. ssp.#3] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

Pseudoscada timna [n. ssp.#4] Lamas & Willmott, MS  TL: Peru

  Subfamily Heliconiinae

  Tribe Acraeini

Abananote  Potts, 1943

Abananote abana (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador

Abananote abana abana (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Abananote abana capnodes (Jordan, 1913)  TL: Colombia  M T

Abananote erinome (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"

Abananote erinome erinome (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"  M T S

Abananote erinome mathani (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Peru  M T

Abananote erinome testacea (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Abananote erinome [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Abananote euryleuca (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T L

Abananote hylonome (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: Colombia

Abananote hylonome hylonome (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: Colombia  M T

Abananote hylonome basilia Lamas, 1995  TL: Venezuela

Abananote radiata (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador

Abananote radiata radiata (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Abananote radiata intensa (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T

Abananote radiata [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Altinote  Potts, 1943

Altinote alcione (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Ecuador

Altinote alcione alcione (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Altinote alcione corduba (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Altinote alcione elatus (H. Druce, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote alcione flaugeri (Neild & Romero, 2008)  TL: Venezuela

Altinote alcione miguelangeli (Neild & Romero, 2008)  TL: Venezuela

Altinote alcione sodalis (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Peru  M T L

Altinote alcione theophila (Dognin, 1887)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote alcione varians (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote anaxo (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru

Altinote anaxo anaxo (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote anaxo comta (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote anaxo [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Altinote callianthe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Altinote callianthe callianthe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote callianthe alla (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Altinote callianthe amoena (Jordan, 1913)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote callianthe borgesi (Neild & Romero, 2008)  TL: Venezuela

Altinote callianthe rufa (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote dicaeus (Latreille, [1817])  TL: ["Peru"]

Altinote dicaeus dicaeus (Latreille, [1817])  TL: ["Peru"]  M T

Altinote dicaeus albofasciata (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Altinote dicaeus amida (Hewitson, 1854)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote dicaeus callianira (Geyer, 1837)  TL: "Mexico?"  M T

Altinote dicaeus carica (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote dicaeus eulalia (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote dicaeus euris (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote dicaeus jucunda (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Altinote dicaeus laverna (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Venezuela  M T

Altinote dicaeus luisi (Neild & Romero, 2008)  TL: Venezuela

Altinote dicaeus ozinta (Schaus, 1902)  TL: "Venezuela"  M T

Altinote eresia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Altinote eresia eresia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote eresia binghamae (Dyar, 1913)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote eresia eresina (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Altinote eresia lacrymosa (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote eresia leptogramma (Jordan, 1913)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote eresia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Altinote eresia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Altinote eresia [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Altinote griseata (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote hilaris (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru

Altinote hilaris hilaris (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T S L

Altinote hilaris desmiala (Jordan, 1913)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Altinote hilaris [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru  M S

Altinote momina (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote negra (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Altinote negra negra (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T L

Altinote negra avuncula (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote negra demonica (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T S L

Altinote negra euclia (Dognin, 1887)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Altinote negra menoetes (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote negra scotosis (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote negra sobrina (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Peru  M T

Altinote negra [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Altinote neleus (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [S. Amer.]

Altinote neleus neleus (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [S. Amer.]  M T S

Altinote neleus bermudezi (Neild & Romero, 2008)  TL: Venezuela

Altinote ozomene (Godart, 1819)  TL: S. Amer.

Altinote ozomene ozomene (Godart, 1819)  TL: S. Amer.  M T

Altinote ozomene calimene (Rebel, 1902)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Altinote ozomene carbonaria (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: "Bolivia"  M T

Altinote ozomene cleasa (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote ozomene gabrielae (Rebel, 1902)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote ozomene nox (H. Bates, 1864)  [= leucomelas], E & S Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Altinote rubrocellulata (Hayward, 1960)  TL: Peru

Altinote rubrocellulata rubrocellulata (Hayward, 1960)  TL: Peru  M T S

Altinote rubrocellulata [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Altinote stratonice (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [Colombia]

Altinote stratonice stratonice (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [Colombia]  M T L

Altinote stratonice acipha (Hewitson, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote stratonice adoxa (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote stratonice aereta (Jordan, 1913)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Altinote stratonice marthae (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote stratonice meridana (Jordan, 1910)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Altinote stratonice oaxaca (J. Miller & L. Miller, 1979)  S Oaxaca (Sierra Madre del Sur)  M T S L

Altinote tenebrosa (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador

Altinote tenebrosa tenebrosa (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Altinote tenebrosa erebia (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Peru  M T L

Altinote tenebrosa [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Altinote trinacria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Altinote trinacria trinacria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote trinacria chea (H. Druce, 1903)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote trinacria naura (H. Druce, 1875)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Altinote trinacria tenebrarum (Oberthür, 1917)  TL: Colombia  M T

Altinote trinacria vivasi (Neild & Romero, 2008)  TL: Venezuela

Altinote trinacria [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Altinote [n. sp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Altinote [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote  Hübner, [1819]

Actinote alalia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)  TL: Brazil  M T

Actinote alberti Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Actinote alberti alberti Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote alberti skinneri Romero & Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote anteas (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Venezuela

Actinote anteas Central American segregate ,  S Mexico to Panama  M S L

Actinote anteas anteas (E. Doubleday, [1847])  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote anteas brettia Oberthür, 1917  TL: Colombia  M T

Actinote anteas byssa Oberthür, 1917  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote anteas cedestis Jordan, 1913  TL: Ecuador  M T

Actinote anteas crassinia (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T S

Actinote anteas pierrei Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Actinote anteas suspecta Jordan, 1913  TL: Ecuador  M T

Actinote anteas terpsinoe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Actinote ballettae Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Actinote ballettae ballettae Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote ballettae bonyae Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Actinote bonita Penz, 1996  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Actinote brylla Oberthür, 1917  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Actinote canutia (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Actinote carycina Jordan, 1913  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T S

Actinote catarina Penz, 1996  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Actinote conspicua Jordan, 1913  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Actinote dalmeidai Francini, 1996  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Actinote discrepans R.F. d'Almeida, 1958  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Actinote genitrix R.F. d'Almeida, 1922  TL: Brazil ([RJ])

Actinote genitrix genitrix R.F. d'Almeida, 1922  TL: Brazil ([RJ])  M T

Actinote genitrix costae Neild, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Actinote guatemalena (H. Bates, 1864)  Guatemalan Actinote  TL: Guatemala

Actinote guatemalena guatemalena (H. Bates, 1864)  Chiapas to Costa Rica  M T S L

Actinote guatemalena guerrerensis J. Maza, 1982  SW Mexico (Sierra Madre del Sur)  M T S

Actinote guatemalena veraecrucis Jordan, 1913  SE Mexico  M T S1 S2

Actinote kennethi Freitas, Willmott & Hall, 2009  TL: Ecuador  M S

Actinote lapitha (Staudinger, 1885)  Pale Actinote  TL: Panama

Actinote lapitha lapitha (Staudinger, 1885)  C Chiapas to Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Actinote lapitha calderoni Schaus, 1920  W Chiapas to El Salvador  M T S

Actinote latior Jordan, 1913  TL: Colombia  M T

Actinote mamita (Burmeister, 1861)  TL: Argentina

Actinote mamita mamita (Burmeister, 1861)  TL: Argentina  M T S

Actinote mamita elena A. Hall, 1921  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Actinote mamita mitama (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Actinote melampeplos Godman & Salvin, 1881  Bow-winged Actinote  S Mexico (S Oaxaca), Ecuador

Actinote melampeplos melampeplos Godman & Salvin, 1881  TL: Costa Rica  M T S L

Actinote melampeplos [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Actinote melanisans Oberthür, 1917  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Actinote morio Oberthür, 1917  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Actinote parapheles Jordan, 1913  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Actinote pellenea Hübner, [1821]  TL: [Brazil]

Actinote pellenea pellenea Hübner, [1821]  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Actinote pellenea adriana (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: "Bolivia"  M T

Actinote pellenea calymma Jordan, 1913  TL: Paraguay  M T1 T2

Actinote pellenea crucis Jordan, 1913  TL: Bolivia  M T

Actinote pellenea epiphaea Jordan, 1913  TL: Peru  M T

Actinote pellenea equatoria (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Actinote pellenea fernandezi Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Actinote pellenea hahneli Jordan, 1913  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote pellenea hyalina Jordan, 1913  TL: [Peru]  M T

Actinote pellenea limbata Jordan, 1913  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Actinote pellenea mucia (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Actinote pellenea perfulva Jordan, 1913  TL: Colombia  M T

Actinote pellenea subbadia Jordan, 1913  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote pellenea subhyalina (Staudinger, 1885)  TL: Peru  M T

Actinote pellenea trinitatis Jordan, 1913  TL: Trinidad  M T

Actinote pellenea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Actinote pellenea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote pellenea [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote pellenea [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Bolivia

Actinote quadra (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Actinote rhodope R.F. d'Almeida, 1923  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T S

Actinote romeroi Neild & Costa, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M T

Actinote rufina Oberthür, 1917  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Actinote surima (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (Pr)

Actinote surima surima (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Actinote surima perisa Jordan, 1913  TL: Argentina  M T

Actinote thalia (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"

Actinote thalia thalia (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"  M T S

Actinote thalia eupelia Jordan, 1913  TL: Bolivia  M T

Actinote thalia pyrrha (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Brazil ([RJ])  M T S

Actinote thalia sainorum Neild & Romero, 2008  TL: Venezuela  M S

Actinote zikani R.F. d'Almeida, 1951  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Actinote [n. sp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote [n. sp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote [n. sp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote [n. sp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Actinote [n. sp.#6] Penz, MS  TL: Brazil

  Tribe Heliconiini

Agraulis  Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835]

Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus, 1758)  Gulf Fritillary  TL: America

Agraulis vanillae incarnata (N. Riley, 1926)  SW USA, C & S TX (strays far N) through Central America; Hawaii  M T S1 S2 L I H

Agraulis vanillae nigrior Michener, 1942  SE USA (strays far N)  M T S1 S2 Ab HS L1 L2 I H

Agraulis vanillae insularis Maynard, 1889  Bahamas, West Indies except southern Lesser Antilles  M T S L

Agraulis vanillae vanillae (Linnaeus, 1758)  S Lesser Antilles (St. Lucia, Barbados), Trinidad, N South America, Panama  M S HS L

Agraulis vanillae forbesi Michener, 1942  TL: Peru

Agraulis vanillae galapagensis W. Holland, 1890  TL: Galapagos  M T S

Agraulis vanillae lucina C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Agraulis vanillae maculosa (Stichel, [1908])  TL: Brazil (ES); Paraguay  M T

Agraulis [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  Peru  M T

Dione  Hübner, [1819]

Dione moneta Hübner, [1825]  TL: ?

Dione moneta poeyii A. Butler, 1873  E & W Mexico (strays N into USA) to Panama  M T S L I H

Dione moneta butleri Stichel, [1908]  TL: Colombia  M T

Dione moneta moneta Hübner, [1825]  TL: ?

Dione glycera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T

Dione juno (Cramer, 1779)  Juno Longwing  TL: Surinam

Dione juno huascuma (Reakirt, 1866)  E & W Mexico through Central America  M S Ab L1 L2 I

Dione juno juno (Cramer, 1779)  Lesser Antilles from Martinique southward, NE South America  M S

Dione juno andicola (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dione juno miraculosa M. Hering, 1926  TL: Peru  M T L

Dione juno suffumata K. Brown & O. Mielke, 1972  TL: Paraguay

Podotricha  Michener, 1942

Podotricha judith (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Colombia

Podotricha judith judith (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Colombia  M T

Podotricha judith caucana (N. Riley, 1926)  TL: Colombia  M T

Podotricha judith mellosa (Stichel, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Podotricha judith straminea (N. Riley, 1926)  TL: Ecuador

Podotricha telesiphe (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Podotricha telesiphe telesiphe (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Podotricha telesiphe tithraustes (Salvin, 1871)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dryadula  Michener, 1942

Dryadula phaetusa (Linnaeus, 1758)  Banded Longwing  S TX (rare stray), E & S Mexico to Brazil  M T S HS L1 L2

Dryas  Hübner, [1807]

Dryas iulia (Fabricius, 1775)  Julia  TL: America

Dryas iulia moderata (N. Riley, 1926)  S TX (strays far N), E & W Mexico through Central America  M S L1 L2 I H Ha

Dryas iulia largo Clench, 1975  S FL (strays N)  M S L I

Dryas iulia nudeola (M. Bates, 1934)  Cuba  M T S L

Dryas iulia carteri (N. Riley, 1926)  N Bahamas  M T S L

Dryas iulia zoe L. Miller & Steinhauser, 1992  Grand Cayman & Cayman Brac  M T

Dryas iulia delila (Fabricius, 1775)  Jamaica  M S

Dryas iulia fucatus (Boddaert, 1783)  [= hispaniola], Hispaniola & satellite islands  M S1 S2 L

Dryas iulia iulia (Fabricius, 1775)  Mona, Puerto Rico, Tortola, St. John, St. Thomas, St. Croix  M T S L

Dryas iulia warneri (A. Hall, 1936)  St. Kitts, Montserrat, Saba  M T S

Dryas iulia dominicana (A. Hall, 1917)  Guadeloupe & Dominica  M T S

Dryas iulia martinica Enrico & Pinchon, 1969  Martinique  M T S

Dryas iulia lucia (N. Riley, 1926)  St. Lucia  M T S

Dryas iulia framptoni (N. Riley, 1926)  St. Vincent, some Grenadines, Grenada, [Barbados?]  M T S L

Dryas iulia alcionea (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T

Philaethria  Billberg, 1820

Philaethria diatonica (Fruhstorfer, 1912)  Northern Green Longwing  [= Central American "dido" records], S Mexico to Panama (strays)  M T S L I

Philaethria dido (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: S. Amer.

Philaethria dido panamensis Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Panama  M T

Philaethria dido chocoensis Constantino, 1999  TL: Colombia  M T

Philaethria dido dido (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: S. Amer.  M S HS

Philaethria constantinoi Salazar, 1991  TL: Colombia  M T S

Philaethria browni Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria romeroi Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria neildi Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela

Philaethria neildi winhardi Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Colombia  M T

Philaethria neildi neildi Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria neildi tachiraensis Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria ostara (Röber, 1906)  TL: Colombia

Philaethria ostara araguensis Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria ostara meridensis Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria ostara ostara (Röber, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M S

Philaethria andrei Brévignon, 2002  TL: French Guiana

Philaethria andrei orinocensis Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Venezuela  M T

Philaethria andrei andrei Brévignon, 2002  TL: French Guiana  M T

Philaethria pygmalion (Fruhstorfer, 1912)  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Philaethria pygmalion metaensis Constantino & Salazar, 2010  TL: Colombia  M T

Philaethria pygmalion pygmalion (Fruhstorfer, 1912)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Philaethria wernickei (Röber, 1906)  TL: Brazil (RS/SC)  M S

Neruda  J. Turner, 1976

Neruda aoede (Hübner, [1813])  TL: [Brazil]

Neruda aoede aoede (Hübner, [1813])  TL: [Brazil]

Neruda aoede aliciae Neukirchen, 2000  TL: Ecuador  M T

Neruda aoede astydamia (Erichson, [1849])  TL: Guyana  M T

Neruda aoede auca Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Ecuador  M T

Neruda aoede ayacuchensis (Neukirchen, 1992)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Neruda aoede bartletti (H. Druce, 1876)  TL: Peru  M T

Neruda aoede centurius (Neukirchen, 1994)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Neruda aoede cupidineus (Stichel, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Neruda aoede emmelina (Oberthür, 1902)  TL: Guyana  M T

Neruda aoede eurycleia (K. Brown, 1973)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Neruda aoede faleria (Fruhstorfer, 1910)  TL: Brazil (MT)

Neruda aoede lucretius (Weymer, 1891)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Neruda aoede manu (Lamas, 1976)  TL: Peru

Neruda aoede philipi (K. Brown, 1976)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Neruda aoede [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Brazil

Neruda godmani (Staudinger, 1882)  TL: Colombia  M T

Neruda metharme (Erichson, [1849])  TL: Guyana

Neruda metharme metharme (Erichson, [1849])  TL: Guyana  M T S

Neruda metharme makiritare K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Neruda metharme perseis (Stichel, 1923)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eueides  Hübner, 1816

Eueides aliphera (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Eueides aliphera aliphera (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Eueides aliphera cyllenella Seitz, 1912  TL: ?  M T

Eueides aliphera gracilis Stichel, 1903  E & S Mexico to Panama  M T S L Ha

Eueides emsleyi K. Brown, 1976  TL: Colombia

Eueides emsleyi emsleyi K. Brown, 1976  TL: Colombia

Eueides emsleyi esmeraldensis Cast, 2013  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides heliconioides C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  TL: "Ecuador"

Eueides heliconioides heliconioides C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  TL: "Ecuador"  M T L

Eueides heliconioides eanes Hewitson, 1861  TL: Peru  M T

Eueides heliconioides koenigi H. Holzinger & R. Holzinger, 1993  TL: Peru

Eueides isabella (Stoll, 1781)  TL: Surinam

Eueides isabella isabella (Stoll, 1781)  TL: Surinam

Eueides isabella arquata Stichel, 1903  TL: Colombia  M T

Eueides isabella cleobaea Geyer, 1832  Cuba  M S

Eueides isabella dianasa (Hübner, [1806])  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Eueides isabella dissoluta Stichel, 1903  TL: Peru  M T

Eueides isabella dynastes C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T

Eueides isabella ecuadorensis Strand, 1912  TL: Ecuador

Eueides isabella eva (Fabricius, 1793)  [= zoracon], E Mexico (strays far N) through Central America  M T S L1 L2 I

Eueides isabella hippolinus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Peru  M T

Eueides isabella huebneri Ménétriés, 1857  TL: "Brazil"  M T

Eueides isabella melphis (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola  M T S

Eueides isabella nigricornis R. G. Maza, 1982  SW Mexico  M T

Eueides isabella [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Brazil (Ce)

Eueides lampeto H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)

Eueides lampeto lampeto H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Eueides lampeto acacetes Hewitson, 1869  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides lampeto apicalis Röber, 1927  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides lampeto brownsbergensis Gernaat & Beckles, 2010  TL: Suriname

Eueides lampeto carbo Seitz, 1913  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides lampeto concisa Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru  M T

Eueides lampeto nigrofulva Kaye, 1906  TL: Guyana  M T

Eueides lampeto [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: French Guiana

Eueides lampeto [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Eueides libitina Staudinger, 1885  TL: French Guiana

Eueides libitina libitina Staudinger, 1885  TL: French Guiana  M T

Eueides libitina malleti Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Eueides lineata Salvin & Godman, 1868  Thick-edged Longwing  S Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Eueides lybia (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: "India"

Eueides lybia lybia (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: "India"

Eueides lybia lybioides Staudinger, 1876  Pacific slope of Costa Rica and Panama  M T S L

Eueides lybia olympia (Fabricius, 1793)  Atlantic slope from Nicaragua to Colombia  M T S L

Eueides lybia orinocensis K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eueides lybia otelloi K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eueides lybia salcedoi K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eueides pavana Ménétriés, 1857  TL: Brazil  M T

Eueides procula E. Doubleday, [1847]  TL: Venezuela

Eueides procula procula E. Doubleday, [1847]  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eueides procula asidia Schaus, 1920  SE Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S Ab L

Eueides procula browni H. Holzinger & R. Holzinger, 1974  TL: Venezuela

Eueides procula edias Hewitson, 1861  TL: Colombia  M T

Eueides procula eurysaces Hewitson, 1864  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides procula kuenowii Dewitz, 1877  TL: Colombia  M T

Eueides procula vulgiformis A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Eueides tales (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam

Eueides tales tales (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam

Eueides tales barcellinus J. Zikán, 1937  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Eueides tales calathus Stichel, 1909  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides tales cognata Weymer, 1890  TL: Colombia  M T

Eueides tales franciscus K. Brown & H. Holzinger, 1973  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eueides tales michaeli J. Zikán, 1937  TL: Peru  M T

Eueides tales pseudeanes Boullet & Le Cerf, 1910  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eueides tales pythagoras W. F. Kirby, [1900]  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Eueides tales surdus Stichel, 1903  TL: Brazil (Pa); Guyana  M T

Eueides tales tabernula Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru

Eueides tales xenophanes C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Eueides tales [n. ssp.#1] K. Brown, MS  TL: French Guiana

Eueides tales [n. ssp.#2] K. Brown, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Eueides vibilia (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Eueides vibilia vibilia (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Eueides vibilia mereaui (Hübner, 1823)  TL: "Brazil"  M T

Eueides vibilia unifasciatus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Eueides vibilia vialis Stichel, 1903  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Eueides vibilia vicinalis Stichel, 1903  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eueides vibilia [n. ssp.] K. Brown, MS  Colombia

Heliconius  Kluk, 1780

Heliconius antiochus (Linnaeus, 1767)  TL: "Indiis"

Heliconius antiochus antiochus (Linnaeus, 1767)  TL: "Indiis"  M T

Heliconius antiochus aranea (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: ?

Heliconius antiochus araneides Staudinger, 1897  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius antiochus salvinii Dewitz, 1877  TL: [Venezuela]  M T

Heliconius antiochus [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Heliconius astraea Staudinger, 1897  TL: Brazil (Am)

Heliconius astraea astraea Staudinger, 1897  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius astraea rondonia K. Brown, 1973  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T S

Heliconius atthis (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Heliconius besckei (Ménétriés, 1857)  TL: Brazil (RJ/MG)  M T

Heliconius burneyi (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil

Heliconius burneyi burneyi (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil  M T

Heliconius burneyi ada Neustetter, 1925  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Heliconius burneyi anjae Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius burneyi boliviensis Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius burneyi catharinae Staudinger, 1885  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Heliconius burneyi huebneri Staudinger, 1897  TL: [Peru]  M T

Heliconius burneyi jamesi Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius burneyi koenigi Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius burneyi lindigii C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius burneyi skinneri K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius charithonia (Linnaeus, 1767)  Zebra Longwing  TL: America

Heliconius charithonia vazquezae W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950  S TX (strays far N), E & W Mexico through Central America  M T S Ab L1 L2 I H Ha

Heliconius charithonia tuckeri W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950  E TX to FL (strays N), Grand Bahama, Great Abaco  M T S L I

Heliconius charithonia ramsdeni W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950  Cuba, Andros, [New Providence?]  M T S

Heliconius charithonia simulator Röber, 1921  Jamaica  M S L

Heliconius charithonia churchi W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950  Hispaniola & satellite islands  M T S L

Heliconius charithonia charithonia (Linnaeus, 1767)  Mona, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, some Leeward Is. to Montserrat  M T S L

Heliconius charithonia antiquus Lamas, 1988  St Kitts & Antigua; as an occasional form on other islands  M T S

Heliconius charithonia bassleri W. Comstock & F. Brown, 1950  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius clysonymus Latreille, [1817]  TL: [Colombia]

Heliconius clysonymus clysonymus Latreille, [1817]  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Heliconius clysonymus hygiana (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius clysonymus montanus Salvin, 1871  Costa Rica & Panama  M T TI L

Heliconius clysonymus tabaconas K. Brown, 1976  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius congener Weymer, 1890  TL: Ecuador

Heliconius congener congener Weymer, 1890  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Heliconius congener aquilionaris K. Brown, 1976  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius congener ocannensis Stichel, 1905  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius cydno (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Colombia

Heliconius cydno cydno (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius cydno alithea (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Heliconius cydno barinasensis Masters, 1973  TL: Venezuela

Heliconius cydno chioneus H. Bates, 1864  SE Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S L

Heliconius cydno cordula Neustetter, 1913  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius cydno cydnides Staudinger, 1885  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius cydno gadouae K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius cydno galanthus H. Bates, 1864  SE Mexico to E Costa Rica  M T S L

Heliconius cydno hermogenes (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Heliconius cydno lisethae Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius cydno wanningeri Neukirchen, 1991  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius cydno weymeri Staudinger, 1897  TL: Colombia  M T Ab

Heliconius cydno zelinde A. Butler, 1869  TL: W coast of America  M T Ab

Heliconius pachinus Salvin, 1871  Pachinus Longwing  Pacific slope of Costa Rica and Panama  M T S L I

Heliconius demeter Staudinger, 1897  TL: Peru

Heliconius demeter demeter Staudinger, 1897  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius demeter angeli Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Peru

Heliconius demeter beebei J. Turner, 1966  TL: Guyana  M T

Heliconius demeter bouqueti Nöldner, 1901  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heliconius demeter eratosignis (Joicey & Talbot, 1925)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Heliconius demeter karinae Neukirchen, 1990  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius demeter neildi Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius demeter tambopata Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru

Heliconius demeter terrasanta K. Brown & Benson, 1975  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius demeter titan Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius demeter turneri K. Brown & Benson, 1975  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius demeter ucayalensis H. Holzinger & R. Holzinger, 1975  TL: Peru

Heliconius demeter ulysses K. Brown & Benson, 1975  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius demeter zikani K. Brown & Benson, 1975  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius demeter [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Heliconius doris (Linnaeus, 1771)  TL: Surinam

Heliconius doris viridis Staudinger, 1885  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Heliconius doris doris (Linnaeus, 1771)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius doris dives (Oberthür, 1920)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius doris obscurus Weymer, 1891  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius doris [n. ssp.] Neukirchen, MS  Trinidad

Heliconius egeria (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam

Heliconius egeria egeria (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius egeria christiani Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius egeria egerides Staudinger, 1897  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius egeria homogena Bryk, 1953  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius egeria hyas Weymer, 1883  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Heliconius egeria keithbrowni Neukirchen, 1992  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius egeria mariasibyllae Neukirchen, 1991  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius eleuchia (Hewitson, [1854])  White-edged Longwing  TL: Colombia

Heliconius eleuchia eleuchia (Hewitson, [1854])  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T L1 L2 Ha

Heliconius eleuchia eleusinus Staudinger, 1885  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius eleuchia primularis A. Butler, 1869  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Heliconius elevatus Nöldner, 1901  TL: "Amazonas"

Heliconius elevatus elevatus Nöldner, 1901  TL: "Amazonas"  M T

Heliconius elevatus bari (Oberthür, 1902)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heliconius elevatus lapis Lamas, 1976  TL: Peru

Heliconius elevatus perchlora Joicey & Kaye, 1917  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius elevatus pseudocupidineus Neustetter, 1931  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius elevatus roraima J. Turner, 1966  TL: Guyana  M T

Heliconius elevatus schmassmanni Joicey & Talbot, 1925  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Heliconius elevatus sonjae Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius elevatus taracuanus Bryk, 1953  TL: Brazil (Am)

Heliconius elevatus tumatumari Kaye, 1906  TL: Guyana  M T

Heliconius elevatus willmotti Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius elevatus zoelleri Neukirchen, 1990  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius erato (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: Surinam

Heliconius erato erato (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: Surinam  M T1 T2 HS

Heliconius erato adana J. Turner, 1967  TL: [Trinidad]  M T

Heliconius erato amalfreda Riffarth, 1901  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius erato amazona Staudinger, 1897  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius erato amphitrite Riffarth, 1901  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius erato chestertonii (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius erato colombina Staudinger, 1897  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius erato cruentus Lamas, 1998  W Mexico  M T S L

Heliconius erato cyrbia (Godart, 1819)  TL: America  M T

Heliconius erato demophoon Ménétriés, 1855  Nicaragua  M T OI S

Heliconius erato dignus Stichel, 1923  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius erato emma Riffarth, 1901  TL: Peru; "Ecuador"  M T

Heliconius erato estrella H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius erato etylus Salvin, 1871  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius erato favorinus Hopffer, 1874  TL: "Bolivia"  M T

Heliconius erato guarica Reakirt, 1868  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius erato hydara (Hewitson, 1867)  Panama to Brazil  M T1 T2 L

Heliconius erato lativitta A. Butler, 1877  TL: Brazil (Am); Ecuador  M T

Heliconius erato lichyi K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius erato luscombei Lamas, 1976  TL: Peru

Heliconius erato magnifica Riffarth, 1900  TL: Guyana

Heliconius erato microclea Kaye, 1907  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius erato notabilis Salvin & Godman, 1868  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius erato petiverana (E. Doubleday, 1847)  S TX, E Mexico to Panama  M T S Ab L

Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heliconius erato reductimacula Bryk, 1953  TL: Brazil (Am)

Heliconius erato tobagoensis Barcant, 1982  TL: Tobago  M T

Heliconius erato venus Staudinger, 1882  SE Panama (Darien), W Colombia (Choco)  M T L

Heliconius erato venustus Salvin, 1871  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius ethilla (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Antilles"

Heliconius ethilla ethilla (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Antilles"  M T

Heliconius ethilla adela Neustetter, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius ethilla aerotome C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Heliconius ethilla cephallenia C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius ethilla chapadensis K. Brown, 1973  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Heliconius ethilla claudia Godman & Salvin, 1881  Panama  M T S

Heliconius ethilla eucoma (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil

Heliconius ethilla flavofasciatus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius ethilla flavomaculatus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Pe)  M T

Heliconius ethilla hyalina Neustetter, 1928  TL: Brazil (Rr)  M T

Heliconius ethilla jaruensis K. Brown, 1976  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Heliconius ethilla latona Neukirchen, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius ethilla mentor Weymer, 1883  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius ethilla metalilis A. Butler, 1873  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius ethilla michaelianius Lamas, 1988  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius ethilla narcaea (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Antilles"  M T

Heliconius ethilla nebulosa Kaye, 1916  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius ethilla neukircheni Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius ethilla numismaticus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius ethilla penthesilea Neukirchen, 1994  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius ethilla polychrous C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Brazil ([SP])  M T

Heliconius ethilla semiflavidus Weymer, 1894  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius ethilla thielei Riffarth, 1900  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heliconius ethilla tyndarus Weymer, 1897  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius ethilla yuruani K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius hecale (Fabricius, 1776)  TL: Surinam

Heliconius hecale hecale (Fabricius, 1776)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius hecale anderida (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: [Venezuela]  M T

Heliconius hecale annetta Riffarth, 1900  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecale australis K. Brown, 1976  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius hecale barcanti K. Brown, 1976  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius hecale clearei A. Hall, 1930  TL: Guyana  M T

Heliconius hecale discomaculatus Weymer, 1891  Honduras  M T

Heliconius hecale ennius Weymer, 1891  TL: Brazil (Am)

Heliconius hecale felix Weymer, 1894  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius hecale fornarina (Hewitson, 1854)  C & SW Chiapas to Guatemala  M T S

Heliconius hecale holcophorus Staudinger, 1897  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecale humboldti Neustetter, 1928  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius hecale ithaca C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecale latus Riffarth, 1900  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius hecale melicerta H. Bates, 1866  Panama & Colombia  M T S L

Heliconius hecale metellus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius hecale naxos Neukirchen, 1998  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Heliconius hecale nigrofasciatus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Heliconius hecale novatus H. Bates, 1867  TL: Brazil (Pa/Ma)  M T

Heliconius hecale paraensis Riffarth, 1900  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius hecale paulus Neukirchen, 1998  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Heliconius hecale quitalena (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius hecale rosalesi K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1976  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius hecale shanki Lamas & K. Brown, 1976  TL: Peru

Heliconius hecale sisyphus Salvin, 1871  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius hecale sulphureus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius hecale vetustus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Guyana  M T

Heliconius hecale zeus Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius hecale zuleika (Hewitson, 1854)  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 S3 L I H

Heliconius hecalesia (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia

Heliconius hecalesia hecalesia (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia

Heliconius hecalesia eximius Stichel, 1923  TL: Colombia

Heliconius hecalesia formosus H. Bates, 1866  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Heliconius hecalesia gynaesia (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: ?  M T

Heliconius hecalesia longarena (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecalesia octavia H. Bates, 1866  SE Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S L

Heliconius hecalesia romeroi K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius hecuba (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: Colombia

Heliconius hecuba hecuba (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecuba bonplandi Neukirchen, 1991  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius hecuba cassandra C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecuba choarina (Hewitson, 1872)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius hecuba creusa H. Holzinger & R. Holzinger, 1989  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecuba crispus Staudinger, 1885  TL: Colombia

Heliconius hecuba flava K. Brown, 1979  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius hecuba lamasi Neukirchen, 1991  TL: Ecuador

Heliconius hecuba salazari Neukirchen, 1993  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecuba tolima Fassl, 1912  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hecuba walteri Salazar, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius hermathena (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: [Brazil]

Heliconius hermathena hermathena (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Heliconius hermathena duckei K. Brown & Benson, 1977  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius hermathena renatae K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius hermathena sabinae Neukirchen, 1992  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius hermathena sheppardi K. Brown & Benson, 1977  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius hermathena vereatta Stichel, 1912  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius heurippa (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia  M S

Heliconius hierax (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius himera (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius hortense (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  Mexican Longwing  E & W Mexico to El Salvador & Honduras  M S Ab L

Heliconius ismenius Latreille, [1817]  TL: [S. Amer.]

Heliconius ismenius ismenius Latreille, [1817]  TL: [S. Amer.]  M T

Heliconius ismenius boulleti Neustetter, 1928  TL: "French Guiana"  M T

Heliconius ismenius clarescens A. Butler, 1875  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Heliconius ismenius fasciatus Godman & Salvin, 1877  Panama  M T TI

Heliconius ismenius metaphorus Weymer, 1883  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius ismenius occidentalis Neustetter, 1928  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius ismenius telchinia (E. Doubleday, 1847)  E Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Heliconius ismenius tilletti K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1976  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius lalitae Brévignon, 1996  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heliconius leucadia H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)

Heliconius leucadia leucadia H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius leucadia andromeda Neukirchen, 1996  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius leucadia birgitae Neukirchen, 1996  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius leucadia pseudorhea Staudinger, 1897  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Heliconius luciana Lichy, 1960  TL: Venezuela

Heliconius luciana luciana Lichy, 1970  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius luciana watunna Lichy, 1960  TL: Venezuela

Heliconius melpomene (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: America

Heliconius melpomene melpomene (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: America  M T1 T2 T3

Heliconius melpomene aglaope C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Heliconius melpomene amandus Grose-Smith & W. F. Kirby, 1892  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius melpomene amaryllis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Heliconius melpomene anduzei K. Brown & F. Fernández, 1985  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius melpomene bellula J. Turner, 1971  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius melpomene burchelli Poulton, 1910  TL: Brazil (Go)  M T

Heliconius melpomene cythera (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius melpomene ecuadorensis Emsley, 1964  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius melpomene euryades Riffarth, 1900  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius melpomene flagrans Stichel, 1919  TL: Trinidad  M T

Heliconius melpomene intersectus Neustetter, 1928  TL: Brazil ([Pa])  M T

Heliconius melpomene madeira N. Riley, 1919  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius melpomene malleti Lamas, 1988  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius melpomene martinae Cast & Le Crom, 2012  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius melpomene meriana J. Turner, 1967  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius melpomene michellae Neukirchen, 1997  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius melpomene nanna Stichel, 1899  TL: Brazil (ES/MG)  M T

Heliconius melpomene penelope Staudinger, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius melpomene plesseni Riffarth, 1907  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius melpomene pyrforus Kaye, 1907  TL: Guyana  M T

Heliconius melpomene rosina (Boisduval, 1870)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Heliconius melpomene schunkei Lamas, 1976  TL: Peru  M T L

Heliconius melpomene tessa Barcant, 1982  TL: Tobago  M T

Heliconius melpomene thelxiope (Hübner, [1806])  TL: [Brazil]

Heliconius melpomene thelxiopeia Staudinger, 1897  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heliconius melpomene vicina Ménétriés, 1857  TL: Brazil  M T

Heliconius melpomene vulcanus A. Butler, 1865  Panama & Colombia  M T L

Heliconius melpomene xenoclea (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: ?  M T

Heliconius nattereri C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Brazil ([Ba])  M T

Heliconius numata (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Heliconius numata numata (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius numata arcuella H. Druce, 1874  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius numata aristiona (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Heliconius numata aulicus Weymer, 1883  TL: [Venezuela]  M T

Heliconius numata aurora H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius numata bicoloratus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Peru  M T L

Heliconius numata ethra (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil  M T

Heliconius numata euphone C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius numata geminatus Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius numata holzingeri F. Fernández & K. Brown, 1976  TL: Venezuela

Heliconius numata ignotus Joicey & Kaye, 1917  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius numata illustris Weymer, 1894  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius numata jiparanaensis Neustetter, 1931  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T S

Heliconius numata lenaeus Weymer, 1891  TL: "Colombia"

Heliconius numata lyrcaeus Weymer, 1891  TL: Peru?  M T

Heliconius numata mavors Weymer, 1894  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Heliconius numata messene C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius numata mirus Weymer, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius numata nubifer A. Butler, 1875  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius numata peeblesi Joicey & Talbot, 1925  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius numata pratti Joicey & Kaye, 1917  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius numata robigus Weymer, 1875  TL: "Venezuela"  M T

Heliconius numata silvana (Stoll, 1781)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heliconius numata sourensis K. Brown, 1976  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius numata superioris A. Butler, 1875  TL: Brazil (Am/Pa)  M T

Heliconius numata talboti Joicey & Kaye, 1917  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius numata tarapotensis Riffarth, 1901  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius numata zobrysi Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Heliconius pardalinus H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)

Heliconius pardalinus pardalinus H. Bates, 1862  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius pardalinus ariadne Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heliconius pardalinus butleri K. Brown, 1976  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius pardalinus dilatus Weymer, 1894  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius pardalinus julia Neukirchen, 2000  TL: Ecuador

Heliconius pardalinus lucescens Weymer, 1894  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius pardalinus maeon Weymer, 1891  TL: ?  M T L

Heliconius pardalinus orteguaza K. Brown, 1976  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius pardalinus radiosus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heliconius pardalinus sergestus Weymer, 1894  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius pardalinus tithoreides Staudinger, 1900  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius peruvianus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Peru  M S

Heliconius ricini (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: America

Heliconius ricini ricini (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: America  M HS

Heliconius ricini insulanus (Stichel, 1909)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Heliconius sapho (Drury, 1782)  Sapho Longwing  TL: "Jamaica" [Panama]

Heliconius sapho sapho (Drury, 1782)  Panama  M OI IL L

Heliconius sapho candidus K. Brown, 1976  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius sapho chocoensis K. Brown & Benson, 1975  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius sapho leuce (E. Doubleday, 1847)  SE Mexico to Costa Rica; Atlantic slope  M S L I

Heliconius hewitsoni (Hewitson, 1875)  Hewitson's Longwing  Costa Rica & Panama; Pacific slope  M T S L

Heliconius sara (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: "Guyana"

Heliconius sara sara (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: "Guyana"  M T

Heliconius sara apseudes (Hübner, [1813])  TL: Brazil  M S

Heliconius sara brevimaculata Riffarth, 1901  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius sara elektra Neukirchen, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius sara fulgidus Stichel, 1906  Guatemala to Panama; Atlantic slope  M T L

Heliconius sara magdalena H. Bates, 1864  Panama to Colombia & Venezuela  M T S L

Heliconius sara sprucei H. Bates, 1864  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Heliconius sara theudela (Hewitson, 1874)  Costa Rica & Panama; Pacific slope  M T S L I H

Heliconius sara veraepacis H. Bates, 1864  SE Mexico to Costa Rica (Atlantic Slope)  M T S L

Heliconius sara williami Neukirchen, 1994  TL: Trinidad  M T

Heliconius telesiphe (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia

Heliconius telesiphe telesiphe (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Heliconius telesiphe cretacea Neustetter, 1916  TL: "French Guiana"  M T

Heliconius telesiphe sotericus Salvin, 1871  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius timareta (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Heliconius timareta timareta (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heliconius timareta timoratus Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius tristero A. V.Z. Brower, 1996  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius wallacei Reakirt, 1866  TL: [Brazil]

Heliconius wallacei wallacei Reakirt, 1866  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Heliconius wallacei araguaia K. Brown, 1976  TL: Brazil (Go)  M T

Heliconius wallacei colon Weymer, 1891  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Heliconius wallacei flavescens Weymer, 1891  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Heliconius wallacei kayei Neustetter, 1929  TL: Trinidad  M T

Heliconius wallacei mimulinus A. Butler, 1873  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius xanthocles H. Bates, 1862  TL: Guyana; "French Guiana"

Heliconius xanthocles xanthocles H. Bates, 1862  TL: Guyana; "French Guiana"  M T

Heliconius xanthocles buechei Neukirchen, 1992  TL: Venezuela  M T

Heliconius xanthocles cleoxanthe H. Holzinger & R. Holzinger, 1972  TL: Venezuela

Heliconius xanthocles donatia Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Heliconius xanthocles explicata K. Brown, 1976  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius xanthocles hippocrene H. Holzinger & K. Brown, 1982  TL: Bolivia

Heliconius xanthocles melete C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius xanthocles melior Staudinger, 1897  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius xanthocles melittus Staudinger, 1897  TL: Peru  M T

Heliconius xanthocles napoensis H. Holzinger & K. Brown, 1982  TL: Ecuador  M S

Heliconius xanthocles paraplesius H. Bates, 1867  TL: Brazil (Ma)  M T

Heliconius xanthocles quindecim Lamas, 1976  TL: Peru

Heliconius xanthocles rindgei H. Holzinger & K. Brown, 1982  TL: Colombia  M T

Heliconius xanthocles similatus J. Zikán, 1937  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Heliconius xanthocles vala Staudinger, 1885  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heliconius xanthocles zamora H. Holzinger & K. Brown, 1982  TL: Ecuador

  Tribe Argynnini

Euptoieta  E. Doubleday, 1848

Euptoieta bogotana Staudinger, 1885  TL: Colombia  M T

Euptoieta claudia (Cramer, 1775)  Variegated Fritillary  S N Am. (strays far N) to Panama, Bahamas, Gr. Antilles, Barbuda

Euptoieta claudia claudia (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Jamaica  M S1 S2 HS L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 I1 I2 I3 H F

Euptoieta claudia daunius (Herbst, 1798)  TL: "East Indies"  M T

Euptoieta hegesia (Cramer, 1779)  Mexican Fritillary  TL: Jamaica

Euptoieta hegesia hegesia (Cramer, 1779)  Bahamas, Caymans, Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola, Mona  M T S Ab L

Euptoieta hegesia meridiania Stichel, 1938  [= hoffmanni], S TX, W MX (strays N), E Mexico to Argentina  M T S L1 L2 I1 I2

Euptoieta hegesia watsoni W. Comstock, 1944  Puerto Rico  M T S L

Euptoieta hortensia (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile  M T

Euptoieta perdistincta A. Hall, 1930  TL: Peru  M T

Euptoieta poasina Schaus, 1913  TL: Costa Rica  M T

Euptoieta sunides (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Euptoieta thekla A. Hall, 1919  TL: Bolivia  M T

Euptoieta [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Yramea  Reuss, 1920

Yramea cytheris (Drury, 1773)  TL: Falkland Is.

Yramea cytheris cytheris (Drury, 1773)  TL: Falkland Is.  M T

Yramea cytheris siga (Geyer, 1832)  TL: "Java"  M T

Yramea inca (Staudinger, 1894)  TL: Bolivia

Yramea inca inca (Staudinger, 1894)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Yramea inca cora (Lehmann, 1913)  TL: Peru  M T

Yramea inca [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Argentina

Yramea lathonioides (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile  M T

Yramea modesta (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile  M T

Yramea sobrina (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Yramea [n. sp.] Lamas & Grados, MS  Peru

Boloria  Moore, 1900

Boloria alaskensis (W. Holland, 1900)  Mountain Fritillary  TL: USA (Ak)

Boloria alaskensis alaskensis (W. Holland, 1900)  Nunavut W to AK, S to C BC  M S L Ha

Boloria alaskensis halli Klots, 1940  Wind River Mountains, NW WY  M S1 S2 L Ha

Boloria eunomia (Esper, 1800)  Bog Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria eunomia triclaris (Hübner, [1821])  Labrador & vic.  M S

Boloria eunomia dawsoni (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916)  N WI, MI, MN, S boreal Canada to Yukon in taiga habitats  M T S1 S2

Boloria eunomia nichollae (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  Rocky Mountains of C BC & ALTA  M S

Boloria eunomia denali (Klots, 1940)  AK, N montane YK  M S L

Boloria eunomia ursadentis Ferris & Groothuis, 1971  Beartooth Plateau of N WY and S MT  M S L Ha

Boloria eunomia laddi (Klots, 1940)  Snowy Range of Albany and Carbon Cos., WY, similar in Big Horn Mts of N-central WY  M S1 S2

Boloria eunomia caelestis (Hemming, 1933)  north and central Colorado Rocky Mountains  M S L Ha

Boloria selene (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)  Silver-bordered Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria selene myrina (Cramer, 1777)  TL: USA (NY)  M S L Ha

Boloria selene nebraskensis (W. Holland, 1928)  TL: USA (Ne)  M S

Boloria selene sabulocollis Kohler, 1977  TL: USA (Ne)  M S

Boloria selene tollandensis (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1925)  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 L I Ha

Boloria selene Pacific Northwestern s segregate ,  E OR, E WA, S ID, NW WY  M S1 S2 L

Boloria selene albequina (W. Holland, 1928)  TL: not specified  M S

Boloria selene atrocostalis (Huard, 1927)  TL: not specified  M S Ab L

Boloria selene terraenovae (W. Holland, 1928)  TL: not specified  M S

Boloria natazhati (A. Gibson, 1920)  Cryptic Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria natazhati natazhati (A. Gibson, 1920)  Wrangell & St. Elias Mts., Montana Mt., YK  M T

Boloria natazhati nabokovi D. Stallings & Turner, 1947  N BC, probably S YK, White Mt., MacKenzie Mts., Bernard H., NWT  M S Ha

Boloria natazhati bankslandia J. Shepard, 1998  Victoria Island, NWT (and adjacent mainland)  M S

Boloria freija (Thunberg, 1791)  Freija Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria freija freija (Thunberg, 1791)  TL: not specified  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Boloria freija tarquinius (J. Curtis, 1835)  E Canadian arctic tundra  M S

Boloria freija browni (Higgins, 1953)  TL: USA (Co)  M S L Ha

Boloria chariclea (Schneider, 1794)  Purplish Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria chariclea montinus (Scudder, 1863)  TL: not specified  M S L Ha

Boloria chariclea boisduvalii (Duponchel, [1832])  SE Canadian arctic (occurrs between B. c. arctica & B. c. grandis)  M S1 S2

Boloria chariclea arctica (Zetterstedt, [1839])  NE Canadian arctic to N YK  M S

Boloria chariclea grandis (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916)  taiga from Labrador to YK & BC, [to MT?]  M S1 S2 L Ha

Boloria chariclea butleri (W. H. Edwards, 1883)  montane AK & YK to N BC  M S1 S2 L Ha

Boloria chariclea rainieri (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)  TL: not specified  M T S L

Boloria chariclea ingens (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1918)  TL: USA (Wy)  M S L Ha

Boloria chariclea helena (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 L3 Ha

Boloria kriemhild (Strecker, 1879)  Relict Fritillary  TL: USA (Ut)  M S L1 L2 Ha

Boloria epithore (W. H. Edwards, 1864)  Pacific Fritillary  TL: USA (Ca)

Boloria epithore sigridae (J. Shepard, 2001)  TL: not specified  M T

Boloria epithore chermocki E. Perkins & S. Perkins, 1966  TL: USA (Or)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 Ha

Boloria epithore NE Oregon segregate ,  NE Oregon and surrounding areas  M S Ab L

Boloria epithore epithore (W. H. Edwards, 1864)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S L H

Boloria epithore sierra E. Perkins, 1973  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Boloria improba (A. Butler, 1877)  Dingy Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria improba improba (A. Butler, 1877)  Scandanavia, Nunavut, NWT  M S

Boloria improba youngi (W. Holland, 1900)  AK, YK  M S L Ha

Boloria improba nunatak Scott, 1998  Rocky Mountains of Alberta & British Columbia  M T S

Boloria improba harryi (Ferris, 1984)  NW Wyoming  M T S1 S2 S3

Boloria improba acrocnema Gall & Sperling, 1980  SW Colorado Rocky Mountains  M T S L

Boloria bellona (Fabricius, 1775)  Meadow Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria bellona bellona (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: not specified  M S L1 L2

Boloria bellona toddi (W. Holland, 1928)  TL: not specified  M S1 S2 L

Boloria bellona jenistai D. Stallings & Turner, 1947  boreal habitats from YK to Labrador  M T S

Boloria bellona S Rocky Mountain segregate ,  Wyoming, NW Colorado  M S

Boloria frigga (Thunberg, 1791)  Frigga Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria frigga saga (Staudinger, 1861)  TL: not specified  M S1 S2 L Ha

Boloria frigga gibsoni (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  arctic; AK to Baffin Island  M S L I Ha

Boloria frigga sagata (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1923)  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 L Ha

Boloria alberta (W. H. Edwards, 1890)  Alberta Fritillary  TL: not specified  M S Ha

Boloria polaris (Boisduval, [1828])  Polaris Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria polaris polaris (Boisduval, [1828])  TL: not specified  M S L

Boloria polaris stellata Masters, 1972  vic. Churchill, Manitoba  M S

Boloria astarte (E. Doubleday, [1847])  Astarte Fritillary  TL: not specified

Boloria astarte tschukotkensis (Wyatt, 1961)  Seward Peninsula, AK  M S

Boloria astarte distincta (A. Gibson, 1920)  most of AK, YK, NW BC, W NWT  M S Ha

Boloria astarte astarte (E. Doubleday, 1847)  far N WA, MT, Rocky Mountains of BC-Alberta  M S

Speyeria  Scudder, 1872

Speyeria diana (Cramer, 1777)  Diana Fritillary  TL: USA (Va)  M S Ab L1 L2 I F Ha

Speyeria cybele (Fabricius, 1775)  Great Spangled Fritillary  TL: USA (NY)

Speyeria cybele cybele (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: USA (NY)  M S L1 L2 L3 L4 LAb Ha

Speyeria cybele novascotiae (McDunnough, 1935)  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria cybele krautwurmi (W. Holland, 1931)  TL: USA (Mi)  M S L

Speyeria cybele pseudocarpenteri (F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940)  TL: not specified  M T S

Speyeria cybele carpenterii (W. H. Edwards, 1876)  TL: USA (NM)  M T S

Speyeria cybele charlottii (W. Barnes, 1897)  TL: USA (Co)  M S L I Ha

Speyeria cybele letona dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Ut)  M S I Ha

Speyeria cybele leto (Behr, 1862)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria cybele pugetensis F. Chermock & Frechin, 1947  TL: USA (Wa)  M T1 T2 S L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria cybele eileenae J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S I

Speyeria aphrodite (Fabricius, 1787)  Aphrodite Fritillary  TL: USA (NY)

Speyeria aphrodite cullasaja Gatrelle, 1998  TL: USA (NC)  M T

Speyeria aphrodite aphrodite (Fabricius, 1787)  TL: USA (NY)  M S L

Speyeria aphrodite alcestis (W. H. Edwards, [1877])  TL: USA (Il)  M T S Ab L

Speyeria aphrodite ethne (Hemming, 1933)  TL: not specified  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 L3 L4 Ha

Speyeria aphrodite W Colorado segregate ,  W Colorado  M S

Speyeria aphrodite byblis (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  TL: USA (Az)  M S L1 L2 L3

Speyeria aphrodite columbia (H. Edwards, 1877)  TL: USA (Ak)  M T S

Speyeria aphrodite whitehousei (Gunder, 1932)  TL: not specified  M T S

Speyeria aphrodite manitoba (F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940)  TL: not specified  M T1 T2

Speyeria aphrodite winni (Gunder, 1932)  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria idalia (Drury, 1773)  Regal Fritillary  TL: USA (NY)

Speyeria idalia idalia (Drury, 1773)  TL: USA (NY)  M T S L I

Speyeria idalia occidentalis B. Williams, 2002  TL: USA (Il)  M S L1 L2 L3 L4 Ha

Speyeria nokomis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  Nokomis Fritillary  TL: USA (Co)

Speyeria nokomis coerulescens (W. Holland, 1900)  NW Mexico, extirpated from SE AZ  M T S L I

Speyeria nokomis nitocris (W. H. Edwards, 1874)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L1 L2 H

Speyeria nokomis nokomis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S

Speyeria nokomis tularosa (R. Holland, 2010)  TL: USA (NM)  M T OD

Speyeria nokomis apacheana (Skinner, 1918)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I1 I2 Ha

Speyeria nokomis carsonensis Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M S L Ha

Speyeria nokomis wenona dos Passos & Grey, 1945  NE Mexico  M T

Speyeria nokomis melaena Mooser & García, 1980  C Mexico (Aguascalientes)  M S

Speyeria edwardsii (Reakirt, 1866)  Edwards' Fritillary  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria coronis (Behr, 1864)  Coronis Fritillary  TL: not specified

Speyeria coronis semiramis (W. H. Edwards, 1886)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria coronis hennei (Gunder, 1934)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria coronis coronis (Behr, 1864)  TL: not specified  M T S L1 L2

Speyeria coronis simaetha dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Wa)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria coronis snyderi (Skinner, 1897)  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S1 S2 L

Speyeria coronis halcyone (W. H. Edwards, [1869])  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria carolae (dos Passos & Grey, 1942)  Carol's Fritillary  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria zerene (Boisduval, 1852)  Zerene Fritillary  TL: USA (Ca)

Speyeria zerene sitka Hammond, Harry & McCorkle, 2001  TL: USA (Ak)  M T

Speyeria zerene bremnerii (W. H. Edwards, 1872)  TL: USA (Wa)  M T S

Speyeria zerene Willamette Valley, W OR segregate ,  apparently extinct  M S

Speyeria zerene hippolyta (W. H. Edwards, 1879)  TL: USA (Or)  M T S L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Speyeria zerene gloriosa Moeck, 1957  TL: USA (Or)  M S

Speyeria zerene S OR coastal segregate ,   M S

Speyeria zerene behrensii (W. H. Edwards, 1869)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S I

Speyeria zerene sonomensis J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria zerene puntareyes J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L

Speyeria zerene myrtleae dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Ca)  M T

Speyeria zerene monticola (Behr, 1863)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria zerene malcolmi (J. A. Comstock, 1920)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria zerene zerene (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria zerene E-central OR Cascades segregate ,   M L Ha

Speyeria zerene gunderi (J. A. Comstock, 1925)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria zerene picta (McDunnough, 1924)  TL: not specified  M T S L

Speyeria zerene platina (Skinner, 1897)  TL: USA (Ut)  M S L

Speyeria zerene sinope dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria callippe (Boisduval, 1852)  Callippe Fritillary  TL: USA (Ca)

Speyeria callippe adiasteoides J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T1 T2

Speyeria callippe liliana (H. Edwards, 1877)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S L

Speyeria callippe callippe (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria callippe comstocki (Gunder, 1925)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 H

Speyeria callippe macaria (W. H. Edwards, 1877)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria callippe laurina (W. G. Wright, 1905)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S Ab L

Speyeria callippe rupestris (Behr, 1863)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria callippe inornata (W. H. Edwards, 1872)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S

Speyeria callippe juba (Boisduval, 1869)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria callippe hagemani J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T1 T2 S

Speyeria callippe shasta J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria callippe elaine dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Or)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria callippe N Siskiyous & W Cascades, low elevations segregate ,  N Siskiyous, W Cascades, Oregon, below 3500'  M L

Speyeria callippe W OR Cascades, high elevations segregate ,  W OR Cascades, above 3500'  M S

Speyeria callippe semivirida (McDunnough, 1924)  TL: not specified  M S1 S2 L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria callippe chilcotinensis C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria callippe nevadensis (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  TL: USA (Nv)  M S L

Speyeria callippe harmonia dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Nv)  M S L

Speyeria callippe calgariana (McDunnough, 1924)  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria callippe gallatini (McDunnough, 1929)  TL: not specified  M S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria callippe meadii (W. H. Edwards, 1872)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria egleis (Behr, 1862)  Great Basin Fritillary  TL: USA (Ca)

Speyeria egleis tehachapina (J. A. Comstock, 1920)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria egleis egleis (Behr, 1862)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 L3

Speyeria egleis Warner Mts. segregate ,  Warner Mts., Lake Co. OR / Modoc Co., CA  M S L

Speyeria egleis oweni (W. H. Edwards, 1892)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria egleis mattooni J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria egleis yolaboli J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T

Speyeria egleis moecki Hammond & Dornfeld, 1983  TL: USA (Or)  M S L Ha

Speyeria egleis toiyabe Howe, 1975  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S

Speyeria egleis reidi Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T1 T2 L Ha

Speyeria egleis linda (dos Passos & Grey, 1942)  TL: USA (Id)  M S

Speyeria egleis Stansbury Mts. segregate ,  Stansbury Mts., Tooele Co., Utah  M S

Speyeria egleis utahensis (Skinner, 1919)  TL: USA (Ut)  M S

Speyeria egleis secreta dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 L Ha

Speyeria egleis macdunnoughi (Gunder, 1932)  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria egleis albrighti (Gunder, 1932)  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria adiaste (W. H. Edwards, 1864)  Unsilvered Fritillary  TL: USA (Ca)

Speyeria adiaste adiaste (W. H. Edwards, 1864)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria adiaste clemencei (J. A. Comstock, 1925)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria adiaste atossa (W. H. Edwards, 1890)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2

Speyeria atlantis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  Atlantis Fritillary  TL: USA (NY)

Speyeria atlantis atlantis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  TL: USA (NY)  M T S L

Speyeria atlantis canadensis (dos Passos, 1935)  TL: not specified  M T S

Speyeria atlantis hollandi (F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940)  TL: not specified  M T1 T2 S

Speyeria atlantis pahasapa Spomer, Scott & Kondla, 1998  TL: USA (SD)  M T

Speyeria atlantis sorocko Scott, Kondla & Spomer, 1998  TL: USA (Co)  M T S L

Speyeria hesperis (W. H. Edwards, 1864)  Northwestern Fritillary  TL: USA (Co)

Speyeria hesperis irene (Boisduval, 1869)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria hesperis hanseni J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria hesperis cottlei (J. A. Comstock, 1925)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S

Speyeria hesperis dodgei (Gunder, 1931)  TL: USA (Or)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria hesperis elko Austin, 1984  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria hesperis greyi Moeck, 1950  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S Ha

Speyeria hesperis chitone (W. H. Edwards, 1879)  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S L

Speyeria hesperis schellbachi Garth, 1949  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L

Speyeria hesperis tetonia dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Wy)  M T S1 S2 L

Speyeria hesperis viola dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (Id)  M T S

Speyeria hesperis hutchinsi dos Passos & Grey, 1947  TL: not specified  M S L

Speyeria hesperis brico Kondla, Scott & Spomer, 1998  TL: not specified  M T S

Speyeria hesperis beani (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  TL: not specified  M T S

Speyeria hesperis dennisi dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: not specified  M T S1 S2

Speyeria hesperis lurana dos Passos & Grey, 1945  TL: USA (SD)  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Speyeria hesperis hesperis (W. H. Edwards, 1864)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2 S3 S4 Ab L Ha

Speyeria hesperis ratonensis Scott, 1981  TL: USA (NM)  M T S

Speyeria hesperis electa (W. H. Edwards, 1878)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria hesperis dorothea Moeck, 1947  TL: USA (NM)  M T S L

Speyeria hesperis capitanensis R. Holland, 1988  TL: USA (NM)  M T S

Speyeria hesperis nausicaa (W. H. Edwards, 1874)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4

Speyeria hydaspe (Boisduval, 1869)  Hydaspe Fritillary  TL: USA (Ca)

Speyeria hydaspe viridicornis (J. A. Comstock, 1925)  TL: not specified  M T S L1 L2

Speyeria hydaspe hydaspe (Boisduval, 1869)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Speyeria hydaspe tehama J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S I

Speyeria hydaspe davisi J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Speyeria hydaspe rhodope (W. H. Edwards, 1874)  TL: Canada (BC)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 Ha

Speyeria hydaspe NW OR & SW WA Coast Range segregate ,   M S L Ha

Speyeria hydaspe minor dos Passos & Grey, 1947  TL: not specified  M T S

Speyeria mormonia (Boisduval, 1869)  Mormon Fritillary  TL: USA (Nv)

Speyeria mormonia bischoffii (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  TL: USA (Ak)  M S1 S2 L

Speyeria mormonia opis (W. H. Edwards, 1874)  TL: not specified  M S

Speyeria mormonia washingtonia (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)  TL: not specified  M S L

Speyeria mormonia erinna (W. H. Edwards, 1883)  TL: USA (Wa)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria mormonia kimimela (Marrone, Spomer & Scott, 2008)  Black Hills of SD & WY  M S L Ha

Speyeria mormonia eurynome (W. H. Edwards, 1872)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S Ab L1 L2 L3 Ha

Speyeria mormonia mormonia (Boisduval, 1869)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria mormonia obsidiana J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria mormonia Warner Mts. segregate ,   M S

Speyeria mormonia artonis (W. H. Edwards, 1881)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Speyeria mormonia luski (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)  TL: USA (Az)  M S L1 L2 H

  Subfamily Limenitidinae

  Tribe Limenitidini

Limenitis  Fabricius, 1807

Limenitis arthemis (Drury, 1773)  White Admiral  TL: USA (NY)

Limenitis arthemis rubrofasciata (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916)  TL: not specified  M S1 S2 S3

Limenitis arthemis arthemis (Drury, 1773)  TL: USA (NY)  M S1 S2 L1 L2

Limenitis arthemis astyanax (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: not specified  M S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 Hy HS L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 I H F

Limenitis arthemis arizonensis W. H. Edwards, 1882  TL: USA (Az)  M T S1 S2 L I H

Limenitis weidemeyerii W. H. Edwards, 1861  Weidemeyer’s Admiral  TL: USA (Co)

Limenitis weidemeyerii weidemeyerii W. H. Edwards, 1861  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 S3 L Ha

Limenitis weidemeyerii oberfoelli F. Brown, 1960  TL: USA (ND)  M S1 S2 L Ha

Limenitis weidemeyerii latifascia S. Perkins & E. Perkins, 1967  TL: USA (Id)  M S1 S2 Hy L

Limenitis weidemeyerii nevadae (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1924)  TL: USA (Nv)  M S1 S2

Limenitis weidemeyerii angustifascia (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1912)  TL: USA (Az)  M S1 S2 L I Ha

Limenitis weidemeyerii siennafascia Austin & Mullins, 1984  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L

Limenitis weidemeyerii Coahuila segregate ,  N Coahuila, Mexico  M S L Ha

Limenitis lorquini Boisduval, 1852  Lorquin's Admiral  TL: USA (Ca)

Limenitis lorquini powelli Austin & J. Emmel, 1998  TL: not specified  M T S1 S2 L I

Limenitis lorquini pallidafacies Austin & J. Emmel, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Limenitis lorquini lorquini Boisduval, 1852  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 S3 Hy L1 L2 L3 Ha

Limenitis lorquini ilgae C. Guppy, 2001  TL: not specified  M S L Ha

Limenitis lorquini burrisonii Maynard, 1891  TL: not specified  M S Hy L Ha

Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1775)  Viceroy  TL: USA (NY)

Limenitis archippus floridensis Strecker, 1878  vagrant in Cuba  M T S1 S2 L H

Limenitis archippus watsoni (dos Passos, 1938)  TL: USA (La)  M S1 S2 L

Limenitis archippus archippus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: USA (NY)  M S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 Hy L1 L2 I

Limenitis archippus idaho Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S1 S2 Ha

Limenitis archippus lahontani Herlan, 1971  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S1 S2

Limenitis archippus obsoleta W. H. Edwards, 1882  NW Mexico  M T S1 S2 L I

Limenitis archippus hoffmanni R. Chermock, 1947  E Mexico  M T S1 S2 L H

Limenitis archippus Baja California Sur segregate ,  Baja California Sur - only 1 specimen known  M S

Adelpha  Hübner, [1819]

Adelpha abia (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Adelpha abyla (Hewitson, 1850)  Jamaican Sister  Jamaica  M T S

Adelpha alala (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha alala alala (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha alala completa Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha alala negra (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T S L

Adelpha amazona Austin & Jasinski, 1999  TL: Brazil (Rd)

Adelpha argentea Willmott & J. Hall, 1995  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha aricia (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Bolivia

Adelpha aricia aricia (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha aricia portunus A. Hall, 1938  TL: Peru  M T

Adelpha aricia serenita Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Peru  M T

Adelpha aricia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Adelpha atlantica Willmott, 2003  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Adelpha attica (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia

Adelpha attica attica (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Adelpha attica hemileuca Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  NW Ecuador, W Colombia, 1 Panama specimen nr. nominate form  M T

Adelpha barnesia Schaus, 1902  TL: Bolivia

Adelpha barnesia barnesia Schaus, 1902  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha barnesia leucas Fruhstorfer, 1915  E & W Mexico to NW Venezuela & W Ecuador  M T S I

Adelpha barnesia trinita Kaye, 1914  TL: Trinidad  M T

Adelpha basiloides (H. Bates, 1865)  Spot-celled Sister  S TX, E & W Mexico to N Venezuela & W Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I

Adelpha boeotia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Oberthur's Sister  TL: Colombia

Adelpha boeotia boeotia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  E Panama to Bolivia, SW Brazil, Guianas  M T S L

Adelpha boeotia fidicula Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Adelpha boeotia oberthurii (Boisduval, 1870)  [= jacquelinae], SE Mexico to W Panama  M T L

Adelpha boreas (A. Butler, 1866)  Boreas Sister  TL: Bolivia

Adelpha boreas boreas (A. Butler, 1866)  E Costa Rica to Venezuela & Bolivia  M T S L

Adelpha boreas kayei A. Hall, 1939  TL: Guyana  M T

Adelpha bredowii Geyer, 1837  Mexican Sister  SW & S-central Mexico, local in NW Mexico; cloud forest  M T S L

Adelpha californica (A. Butler, 1865)  California Sister  Baja California (N) to S WA, Cascade-Sierra Nevada, westward  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Adelpha eulalia (E. Doubleday, [1848])  Arizona Sister  far SE CA, S NV, UT, AZ, NM, S CO, TX (strays N), Mx to Guat.  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 I3 I4 H

Adelpha calliphane Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Adelpha capucinus (Walch, 1775)  TL: "East Indies"

Adelpha capucinus capucinus (Walch, 1775)  TL: "East Indies"  M T S

Adelpha capucinus gutierrezi Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha capucinus velia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Adelpha cocala (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Adelpha cocala cocala (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T

Adelpha cocala caninia Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (SC/SP)  M T

Adelpha cocala didia Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Adelpha cocala lorzae (Boisduval, 1870)  SE Mexico (OAX, CHIS) to NW Venezuela & W Ecuador  M T S1 S2 I

Adelpha cocala orellanae Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha corcyra (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Colombia

Adelpha corcyra corcyra (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha corcyra aretina Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha corcyra collina (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha corcyra dognini Willmott, 2003  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Adelpha corcyra salazari Willmott, 2003  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha coryneta (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha cytherea (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"

Adelpha cytherea cytherea (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"  M T S

Adelpha cytherea aea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: "Brazil?"  M T

Adelpha cytherea daguana Fruhstorfer, 1913  E Costa Rica (as intergrades with marcia) to NW Venez. & W Ecuad.  M T S L

Adelpha cytherea insularis Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Trinidad  M T

Adelpha cytherea marcia Fruhstorfer, 1913  S Mexico through E Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Adelpha cytherea nahua Grose-Smith, 1898  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha cytherea olbia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha delinita Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Colombia

Adelpha delinita delinita Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Colombia  M T S L

Adelpha delinita utina A. Hall, 1938  [= escalantei], SE Mexico to W Panama  M T S

Adelpha demialba (A. Butler, 1872)  White-spotted Sister  Costa Rica to E Panama; cloud forest  M T S L I1 I2

Adelpha diazi Beutelspacher, 1975  Diaz's Sister  E Mexico  M T S

Adelpha diocles Godman & Salvin, 1878  Short-tailed Sister  TL: Panama

Adelpha diocles diocles Godman & Salvin, 1878  E Costa Rica & W Panama (Chiriqui massif)  M T S

Adelpha diocles creton Godman, 1901  E-central & S Mexico to Guatemala & El Salvador  M T S L

Adelpha donysa (Hewitson, 1847)  Donysa Sister  TL: Mexico

Adelpha donysa SW Mexican segregate ,  SW Mexico (MICH to OAX)  M S

Adelpha donysa donysa (Hewitson, 1847)  SE Mexico to Guatemala  M T S

Adelpha donysa albifilum Steinhauser, 1974  El Salvador, Honduras  M T

Adelpha epione (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Adelpha epione epione (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Adelpha epione agilla Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha epizygis Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (SP)

Adelpha epizygis epizygis Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Adelpha epizygis epona Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: [Brazil (Ba)]  M T

Adelpha erotia (Hewitson, 1847)  Erotia Sister  TL: Bolivia

Adelpha erotia erotia (Hewitson, 1847)  SE Mexico (Chiapas) to Bolivia, Amazonian Brazil & Guianas  M T S L

Adelpha erotia caphira (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha erymanthis Godman & Salvin, 1884  Erymanthis Sister  TL: Nicaragua; Costa Rica

Adelpha erymanthis erymanthis Godman & Salvin, 1884  S Mexico (Chiapas) to C Panama  M T S I

Adelpha erymanthis adstricta Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Colombia

Adelpha erymanthis esperanza Balcázar & Willmott, 2003  Sierra de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico  M S HS

Adelpha erymanthis fortunata Willmott, 2003  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha ethelda (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha ethelda Northern segregate ,  SE Mexico  M S

Adelpha ethelda ethelda (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha ethelda eponina Staudinger, 1886  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha ethelda galbao Brévignon, 1995  TL: French Guiana

Adelpha ethelda sophax Godman & Salvin, 1878  E Costa Rica to C Panama; cloud forest  M T L

Adelpha ethelda zalmona (Hewitson, 1871)  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha ethelda [n. ssp.] Willmott, MS  Mexico

Adelpha fabricia Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha falcipennis Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T S

Adelpha felderi (Boisduval, 1870)  Felder's Sister  E Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Adelpha fessonia (Hewitson, 1847)  Band-celled Sister  TL: Mexico

Adelpha fessonia fessonia (Hewitson, 1847)  S TX, E & W Mexico to W Panama  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I Ha

Adelpha fessonia cestus (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha fessonia ernestoi Willmott, 2003  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha lapitha A. Hall, 1929  Hispaniolan Sister  Hispaniola  M S

Adelpha gavina Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Adelpha gelania (Godart, [1824])  Antillean Sister  TL: "N. Amer."

Adelpha gelania gelania (Godart, [1824])  Hispaniola  M S

Adelpha gelania arecosa (Hewitson, 1847)  Puerto Rico  M T S L

Adelpha heraclea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Heraclea Sister  TL: Colombia

Adelpha heraclea heraclea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Guatemala to SE Peru, Brazil  M T L

Adelpha heraclea antonii Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha heraclea makkeda (Hewitson, 1871)  TL: "Brazil (Pa)"  M T

Adelpha herbita Weymer, 1907  TL: Brazil (SC)

Adelpha hesterbergi Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  Hesterberg's Sister  Costa Rica, NW Ecuador, [Panama?, W Colombia?]  M T

Adelpha iphicleola (H. Bates, 1864)  Iphicleola Sister  TL: Guatemala

Adelpha iphicleola iphicleola (H. Bates, 1864)  [= massilides], E & W Mexico to E Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Adelpha iphicleola gortyna Fruhstorfer, 1915  Costa Rica to W Panama, possibly only as intergrades with above  M T S L

Adelpha iphicleola iphimedia Fruhstorfer, 1915  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M T S

Adelpha iphicleola leucates Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Adelpha iphicleola thessalita Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha iphiclus (Linnaeus, 1758)  Iphiclus Sister  TL: "Indiis"

Adelpha iphiclus iphiclus (Linnaeus, 1758)  W & S Mexico to Bolivia, Guianas, Trinidad  M T S1 S2 HS L I

Adelpha iphiclus ephesa (Ménétriés, 1857)  TL: Brazil  M T

Adelpha iphiclus estrecha Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Adelpha irmina (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha irmina irmina (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha irmina tumida (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Peru; Colombia  M T S L

Adelpha irmina [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Adelpha jordani Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Peru  M T S

Adelpha justina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia

Adelpha justina justina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Adelpha justina inesae Orellana, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha justina justinella Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha justina maira Orellana, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha justina pichincha Willmott & J. Hall, 2013  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha justina valentina Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Colombia; Bolivia  M T S

Adelpha lamasi Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha leuceria (H. Druce, 1874)  Yellow-striped Sister  TL: Guatemala

Adelpha leuceria leuceria (H. Druce, 1874)  E & W Mexico to E Panama  M T S L

Adelpha leuceria juanna Grose-Smith, 1898  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha leucerioides Beutelspacher, 1975  Tawny-striped Sister  E Mexico to Guatemala

Adelpha leucerioides SW Mexican segregate ,  SW Mexico  M S

Adelpha leucerioides leucerioides Beutelspacher, 1975  TL: Mexico (Ver)  M T S

Adelpha leucophthalma (Latreille, [1809])  Leucophthalma Sister  TL: "Peru"

Adelpha leucophthalma leucophthalma (Latreille, [1809])  Nicaragua to Colombia  M T S1 S2 L I

Adelpha leucophthalma irminella Strand, 1918  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha leucophthalma smalli Willmott, 2003  Cerro Montuoso, Azuero Peninsula, Herrera, Panama  M S

Adelpha levona Steinhauser & L. Miller, 1977  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha melanthe (H. Bates, 1864)  Rayed Sister  E & S Mexico to C Panama  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Adelpha lycorias (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Adelpha lycorias melanippe Godman & Salvin, 1884  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha lycorias spruceana (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha lycorias wallisii (Dewitz, 1877)  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha lycorias lara (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: Venezuela  M T S L

Adelpha lycorias lycorias (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Adelpha malea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha malea malea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha malea aethalia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Adelpha malea fundania Fruhstorfer, 1915  E Mexico to NW Venezuela  M T S I

Adelpha malea goyama Schaus, 1902  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Adelpha malea ixia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha melona (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: "Colombia"

Adelpha melona melona (Hewitson, 1847)  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Adelpha melona deborah Weeks, 1901  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha melona leucocoma Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T S

Adelpha melona neildi Willmott, 2003  C Panama  M L

Adelpha melona pseudarete Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: ?  M T

Adelpha mesentina (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Adelpha messana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Messana Sister  TL: Colombia

Adelpha messana messana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Guatemala to Colombia, NW Ecuador, NW Venezuela  M T S L

Adelpha messana delphicola Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: [Peru]  M T

Adelpha milleri Beutelspacher, 1976  Miller’s Sister  SE Mexico & Belize  M T S

Adelpha mythra (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Adelpha naxia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Naxia Sister  TL: Colombia

Adelpha naxia naxia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  W & S Mexico to Bolivia, Brazilian Amazon, Guianas  M T S L I Ha

Adelpha naxia hieronica Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Trinidad  M T

Adelpha naxia oteroi Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha olynthia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Adelpha paroeca (H. Bates, 1864)  Paroeca Sister  TL: Guatemala

Adelpha paroeca paroeca (H. Bates, 1864)  [= emathia], E & W Mexico to W Panama  M T S L

Adelpha paroeca pseudodonysa Salazar, 2000  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha phylaca (H. Bates, 1866)  Phylaca Sister  TL: Guatemala

Adelpha phylaca phylaca (H. Bates, 1866)  E & W Mexico to W Honduras  M T S1 S2 L

Adelpha phylaca joffrei Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha phylaca pseudaethalia A. Hall, 1938  S Mexico (Chiapas), to NW Venezuela & W Ecuador  M T S I1 I2

Adelpha pithys (H. Bates, 1864)  Pithy Sister  SW & S Mexico to El Salvador, [Honduras?]  M T S L

Adelpha plesaure Hübner, 1823  TL: Brazil

Adelpha plesaure plesaure Hübner, 1823  TL: Brazil  M T

Adelpha plesaure phliassa (Godart, [1824])  TL: French Guiana; Brazil  M T S

Adelpha plesaure pseudomalea A. Hall, 1938  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha plesaure symona Kaye, 1925  TL: Trinidad  M T

Adelpha pollina Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: French Guiana  M T S

Adelpha poltius A. Hall, 1938  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Adelpha rothschildi Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha salmoneus (A. Butler, 1866)  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha salmoneus salmoneus (A. Butler, 1866)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha salmoneus colada (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha salmoneus emilia Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha salmoneus salmonides A. Hall, 1938  SE Mexico to C Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Adelpha salus A. Hall, 1935  TL: Colombia

Adelpha salus Northern segregate ,  SE Mexico to W Panama  M S

Adelpha salus salus A. Hall, 1935  TL: Colombia  M T L

Adelpha salus emmeli Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha salus [n. ssp.] Willmott, MS  Mexico

Adelpha saundersii (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha saundersii saundersii (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Adelpha saundersii frontina A. Hall, 1935  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha saundersii helepecki Weeks, 1901  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha seriphia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha seriphia seriphia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha seriphia aquillia Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha seriphia barcanti Willmott, 2003  TL: Trinidad  M T

Adelpha seriphia egregia Röber, 1927  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha hyas (Doyère, [1840])  TL: ?

Adelpha hyas hyas (Doyère, [1840])  TL: ?  M S

Adelpha hyas hewitsoni Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha hyas viracocha A. Hall, 1938  TL: Peru  M T

Adelpha godmani Fruhstorfer, 1913  Godman's Sister  Chiapas to W Ecuador

Adelpha godmani pione Godman & Salvin, 1884  TL: "Panama"  M T

Adelpha godmani therasia Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha margarita Willmott & J. Hall, 2013  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha nea (Hewitson, 1847)  Nea Sister  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Adelpha nea nea (Hewitson, 1847)  Costa Rica to Venezuela, to S Peru, Guianas, Amazonian Brazil  M T S

Adelpha nea sentia Godman & Salvin, 1884  SE Mexico (OAX, VER), Belize  M T S

Adelpha radiata Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (SC)

Adelpha radiata radiata Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Adelpha radiata aiellae Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  NW Costa Rica to NW Ecuador  M T S I

Adelpha radiata explicator Willmott & J. Hall, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Adelpha radiata gilletella Brévignon, 1995  TL: French Guiana

Adelpha radiata myrlea Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Adelpha radiata romeroi Willmott & Neild, 2003  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha paraena (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Adelpha paraena paraena (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Adelpha paraena lecromi Willmott, 2003  C Panama to N Colombia  M S

Adelpha paraena massilia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  E & W Mexico to C Panama  M T S L I Ha

Adelpha paraena reyi Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Adelpha serpa (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil

Adelpha serpa serpa (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Adelpha serpa celerio (H. Bates, 1864)  E & W Mexico to W Colombia, NW Venezuela,  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2 I3

Adelpha serpa diadochus Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Peru  M T S

Adelpha serpa duiliae Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Ecuador  M T

Adelpha shuara Willmott & J. Hall, 1995  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Adelpha sichaeus (A. Butler, 1866)  TL: Colombia  M T S L

Adelpha stilesiana DeVries & I. Chacón, 1982  Talamanca Sister  Talamanca massif, Costa Rica & W Panama, also Vol. Chiriqui  M T S

Adelpha syma (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Adelpha thesprotia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Surinam  M T

Adelpha thessalia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Adelpha thessalia thessalia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T S

Adelpha thessalia cesilas Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha thessalia indefecta Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Paraguay  M T

Adelpha thoasa (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Adelpha thoasa thoasa (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Adelpha thoasa calliphiclea (A. Butler, [1870])  TL: "Surinam"  M T

Adelpha thoasa gerona (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Adelpha thoasa manilia Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: Bolivia  M T

Adelpha tracta (A. Butler, 1872)  Tracta Sister  Nicaragua to W Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Adelpha viola Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Brazil (SP)

Adelpha viola viola Fruhstorfer, 1913  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Adelpha viola pseudococala A. Hall, 1933  TL: Brazil (Pa); Guyana; Peru  M T

Adelpha ximena (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Adelpha ximena ximena (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Adelpha ximena mossi A. Hall, 1933  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Adelpha zea (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Adelpha zina (Hewitson, 1867)  Zina Sister  TL: Colombia

Adelpha zina zina (Hewitson, 1867)  E Panama to SW Ecuador & Venezuela  M T S L

Adelpha zina desousae Neild & Orellana, 1996  TL: Venezuela

Adelpha zina enope A. Hall, 1938  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha zina inachia Staudinger, 1886  TL: Colombia  M T

Adelpha zina irma Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru  M T S L

Adelpha zina lacina (A. Butler, 1872)  Nicaragua to W Panama  M T OI S1 S2 L I

Adelpha zina pyrczi Neild & Orellana, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

  Subfamily Apaturinae

Asterocampa  Röber, 1916

Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  Hackberry Emperor  TL: USA (Ga)

Asterocampa celtis celtis (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  E North America (except as others)  M T S Ab L1 L2 L3 L4

Asterocampa celtis reinthali Friedlander, 1987  SE USA coastal plain (SC to FL, W to E TX)  M T S1 S2 L

Asterocampa celtis antonia (W. H. Edwards, [1878])  [= jeffermont] SW USA (SE CA to TX, N to SE CO), N & C Mexico  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I H

Asterocampa leilia (W. H. Edwards, 1874)  Empress leilia  S & C AZ, SW NM, S & W TX, E & NW Mexico, Baja California  M T S L1 L2 L3 I H

Asterocampa clyton (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  Tawny Emperor  TL: USA (Co)

Asterocampa clyton clyton (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  E North America (except as others)  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 L3

Asterocampa clyton flora (W. H. Edwards, 1876)  SE USA coastal plain (SC to FL, W to E TX)  M T S1 S2 L I

Asterocampa clyton texana (Skinner, 1911)  S AZ, S NM, W & C TX, NW Mexico (SON, CHIH)  M T S L I

Asterocampa clyton louisa D. Stallings & J. Turner, 1947  S TX, NE Mexico (to SLP)  M T S L1 L2 I

Asterocampa idyja (Geyer, [1828])  Dusky Emperor  TL: Cuba

Asterocampa idyja idyja (Geyer, [1828])  Cuba & Isla de Juventud, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico  M T S1 S2

Asterocampa idyja argus (H. Bates, 1864)  SE AZ (as vagrant), E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L1 L2 I

Doxocopa  Hübner, [1819]

Doxocopa agathina (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Doxocopa agathina agathina (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Doxocopa agathina vacuna (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Doxocopa callianira (Ménétriés, 1855)  Nicaraguan Emperor  S Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Doxocopa clothilda (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  Clothilda Emperor  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S L

Doxocopa cyane (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [Peru]

Doxocopa cyane cyane (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [Peru]  M T L

Doxocopa cyane burmeisteri (Godman & Salvin, 1884)  TL: Argentina  M T S

Doxocopa cyane mexicana Bryk, 1953  E & S Mexico to Colombia  M T S L

Doxocopa cyane vespertina Lamas, 1999  TL: Peru  M T

Doxocopa elis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela; "Ecuador"  M T

Doxocopa excelsa (Gillott, 1927)  Broad-banded Emperor  Nicaragua & Costa Rica  M T S

Doxocopa kallina (Staudinger, 1886)  TL: Brazil (SP/SC)  M T

Doxocopa laure (Drury, 1773)  Silver Emperor  TL: Honduras

Doxocopa laure laure (Drury, 1773)  continental; S TX, SE AZ (uncommon) to Panama  M T S L1 L2 L3 I

Doxocopa laure druryi (Hübner, [1825])  Cuba  M S

Doxocopa laure griseldis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Doxocopa laure laura (Hübner, [1823])  Jamaica  M T S

Doxocopa laure laurona (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Doxocopa laure mima (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T

Doxocopa laurentia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Doxocopa laurentia laurentia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T Ab

Doxocopa laurentia cherubina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  S Mexico to Colombia  M T S L

Doxocopa laurentia thalysia (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Doxocopa lavinia (A. Butler, 1866)  TL: Peru  M T

Doxocopa linda (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Doxocopa linda linda (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Doxocopa linda carwa Lamas, 1999  TL: Peru  M T

Doxocopa linda godmani (Dannatt, 1904)  TL: Venezuela

Doxocopa linda mileta (Boisduval, 1870)  TL: Brazil  M T

Doxocopa linda plesaurina (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Doxocopa pavon (Latreille, [1809])  TL: Ecuador

Doxocopa pavon pavon (Latreille, [1809])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Doxocopa pavon theodora (Lucas, 1857)  S TX, E & W Mexico to Colombia  M T OI S L1 L2

Doxocopa thoe (Godart, [1824])  Hispaniolan Emperor  Hispaniola  M T S

Doxocopa zalmunna (A. Butler, 1869)  TL: Brazil  M T

Doxocopa zunilda (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Doxocopa zunilda zunilda (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Doxocopa zunilda felderi (Godman & Salvin, 1884)  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S L

Doxocopa zunilda floris (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T

  Subfamily Biblidinae

  Tribe Biblidini

Biblis  Fabricius, 1807

Biblis hyperia (Cramer, 1779)  Red Rim  TL: St. Thomas

Biblis hyperia hyperia (Cramer, 1779)  Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico, Culebra, Virgin Is. to St. Lucia  M T S L

Biblis hyperia aganisa Boisduval, 1836  SW USA & S TX (strays N), E & W Mexico at least to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Biblis hyperia laticlavia (Thieme, 1904)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Biblis hyperia nectanabis (Fruhstorfer, 1909)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T

Biblis hyperia pacifica (A. Hall, 1928)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Biblis hyperia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Mestra  Hübner, [1825]

Mestra amymone (Ménétriés, 1857)  Northern Mestra  S TX (strays far N), E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M S Ma L1 L2 I1 I2 I3 H

Mestra dorcas (Fabricius, 1775)  Jamaican Mestra  Jamaica  M T S1 S2 L

Mestra hersilia (Fabricius, 1776)  South American Mestra  TL: "India"

Mestra hersilia hersilia (Fabricius, 1776)  N S America, Trinidad, Tobago, Barbados, Grenada to Dominica  M T S L

Mestra hersilia latimargo (A. Hall, 1929)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mestra hersilia semifulva (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mestra hersilia apicalis (Staudinger, 1886)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Mestra hersilia hypermestra Hübner, [1825]  TL: ?  M T

Archimestra  Munroe, 1949

Archimestra teleboas (Ménétriés, 1832)  Archimestra  Hispaniola  M S L

Vila  W. F. Kirby, 1871

Vila azeca (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: Bolivia

Vila azeca azeca (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: Bolivia  M T

Vila azeca cacica Staudinger, 1886  TL: Ecuador  M T

Vila azeca mariana (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Vila azeca semistalachtis A. Hall, 1928  TL: Colombia  M T

Vila azeca stalachtoides (H. Bates, 1867)  TL: Brazil (Ma/Pa)  M T

Vila emilia (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Vila emilia emilia (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Vila emilia caecilia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Vila emilia carmenae Le Crom, 1990  TL: Colombia  M T

Vila emilia matteii Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Vila emilia sinefascia A. Hall, 1935  TL: [Peru; Brazil (Am)]  M T

Vila eueidiformis Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

  Tribe Catonephelini

Catonephele  Hübner, [1819]

Catonephele acontius (Linnaeus, 1771)  TL: "China"

Catonephele acontius acontius (Linnaeus, 1771)  TL: "China"  M T S

Catonephele acontius caeruleus Jenkins, 1985  TL: Bolivia

Catonephele antinoe (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Catonephele chromis E. Doubleday, [1848]  TL: "Honduras"

Catonephele chromis chromis (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: "Honduras"  M T L

Catonephele chromis godmani Stichel, 1901  Honduras to Panama  M T S

Catonephele cortesi R. G. Maza, 1982  West-Mexican Banner  W Mexico  M T S L Ha

Catonephele mexicana Jenkins & R. G. Maza, 1985  East-Mexican Banner  E Mexico to Costa Rica  M S1 S2 L I

Catonephele numilia (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam

Catonephele numilia numilia (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam

Catonephele numilia esite (R. Felder, 1869)  E Mexico to W Ecuador, Venezuela & Trinidad  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I1 I2

Catonephele numilia immaculata Jenkins, 1985  SW Mexico  M T S L Ha

Catonephele numilia neogermanica Stichel, 1899  TL: Paraguay  M T

Catonephele numilia penthia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T S

Catonephele nyctimus (Westwood, 1850)  TL: "Mexico"; Ecuador; Venezuela  M T

Catonephele orites Stichel, 1899  Broken Banner  Costa Rica to NW Ecuador  M T S L

Catonephele sabrina (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Catonephele salacia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Catonephele salambria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Cybdelis  Boisduval, 1836

Cybdelis boliviana Salvin, 1869  TL: Bolivia

Cybdelis boliviana boliviana Salvin, 1869  TL: Bolivia  M T

Cybdelis boliviana [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Cybdelis mnasylus E. Doubleday, [1848]  TL: Venezuela

Cybdelis mnasylus mnasylus E. Doubleday, [1848]  TL: Venezuela  M T

Cybdelis mnasylus petronita Burmeister, 1861  TL: Argentina  M T

Cybdelis mnasylus thrasylla C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859  TL: Peru  M T

Cybdelis phaesyla (Hübner, [1831])  TL: [Brazil (SP)]  M S

Eunica  Hübner, [1819]

Eunica alcmena (E. Doubleday, [1847])  Dark Purplewing  TL: Mexico

Eunica alcmena alcmena (E. Doubleday, [1847])  S Mexico to Colombia & W Venezuela  M T S L

Eunica alcmena flora C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T S

Eunica alpais (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica alpais alpais (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T S

Eunica alpais excelsa Godman & Salvin, 1877  S Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas) to E Panama  M T S L

Eunica araucana C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  Araucana Purplewing  W Panama, Colombia, W Venezuela, Ecuador  M T S

Eunica amelia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Eunica amelia amelia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Eunica amelia erroneata Oberthür, 1916  TL: Peru; Brazil (Am)  M T S

Eunica amycla (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Eunica anna (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Eunica bechina (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Eunica bechina bechina (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Eunica bechina magnipunctata Talbot, 1928  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Eunica brunnea Salvin, 1869  TL: Peru  M T

Eunica caelina (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica caelina caelina (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T S

Eunica caelina agustina R. G. Maza, 1982  W Mexico  M T S

Eunica caelina alycia Fruhstorfer, 1909  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T S

Eunica caelina augusta H. Bates, 1866  SE Mexico to W Panama  M T S

Eunica caelina olympias C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  E Panama to Peru & Venezuela  M T S

Eunica caralis (Hewitson, [1857])  Caralis Purplewing  TL: Colombia

Eunica caralis caralis (Hewitson, [1857])  Honduras, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela  M T S

Eunica caralis ariba Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: "Brazil?"  M S

Eunica carias (Hewitson, [1857])  Carias Purplewing  TL: Colombia

Eunica carias carias (Hewitson, [1857])  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S L

Eunica carias cabira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  TL: Venezuela  M S

Eunica carias tenebrosa Salvin, 1869  TL: Peru  M T

Eunica chlororhoa Salvin, 1869  TL: Peru

Eunica chlororhoa chlororhoa Salvin, 1869  TL: Peru  M T

Eunica chlororhoa mira Godman & Salvin, 1877  Honduras to Colombia  M T S L

Eunica clytia (Hewitson, 1852)  Clytia Purplewing  W Panama to Peru & C Brazil  M T S L

Eunica concordia (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Eunica cuvierii (Godart, 1819)  TL: S. Amer.  M S

Eunica eburnea Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (SC/RS)  M T

Eunica eurota (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "West Indies"

Eunica eurota eurota (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "West Indies"  M T

Eunica eurota dolores (Prittwitz, 1871)  TL: [Brazil (RJ)]  M T

Eunica evelide H. Bates, 1864  TL: [Colombia]

Eunica evelide evelide H. Bates, 1864  TL: [Colombia]  M T S

Eunica evelide elegans Salvin, 1869  TL: Bolivia; Peru  M T

Eunica heraclitus Gundlach, 1881  Cuban Purplewing  Cuba; apparently extinct  M IL

Eunica incognita Jenkins, 1990  TL: Peru  M T

Eunica ingens Seitz, 1915  TL: Bolivia  M T

Eunica interphasis Jenkins, 1990  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Eunica macris (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica macris macris (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Eunica macris [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Eunica maja (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Brazil

Eunica maja maja (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Eunica maja noerina A. Hall, 1935  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Eunica malvina H. Bates, 1864  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Eunica malvina malvina H. Bates, 1864  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Eunica malvina albida Jenkins, 1990  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S

Eunica malvina almae Vargas, Llorente & Luis, 1996  W Mexico  M T

Eunica margarita (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Eunica marsolia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica marsolia marsolia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M S

Eunica marsolia fasula Fruhstorfer, 1909  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Eunica marsolia paraensis Jenkins, 1990  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Eunica monima (Stoll, 1782)  Dingy Purplewing  SE AZ & S TX (strays), E & W Mexico to Venez.; Gr. Antilles, S FL  M T S L1 L2

Eunica mygdonia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica mygdonia mygdonia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T S

Eunica mygdonia omoa A. Hall, 1919  S Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Eunica norica (Hewitson, 1852)  Midnight Purplewing  TL: Colombia

Eunica norica norica (Hewitson, 1852)  Costa Rica to Colombia, Venezuela & W Ecuador  M T S L

Eunica norica occia Fruhstorfer, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Eunica orphise (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Eunica phasis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Eunica pomona (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia

Eunica pomona pomona (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eunica pomona amata H. Druce, 1874  S Mexico (S Chiapas) to E Panama  M T TI S L

Eunica pusilla H. Bates, 1864  Pusilla Purplewing  Costa Rica to Bolivia & SE Brazil  M T S L

Eunica sophonisba (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Eunica sophonisba sophonisba (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Eunica sophonisba agele Seitz, 1915  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru; Colombia  M T

Eunica sydonia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica sydonia sydonia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T S

Eunica sydonia caresa (Hewitson, [1857])  SE Mexico to E Panama  M T S L

Eunica tatila (Herrich-Schäffer, [1855])  Florida Purplewing  TL: "S. Amer."

Eunica tatila tatila (Herrich-Schäffer, [1855])  E & W Mexico (strays far N from E MX) to Costa Rica  M T S L

Eunica tatila bellaria Fruhstorfer, 1908  Panama to S Brazil & Argentina  M T S

Eunica tatila tatilina Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: "Upper Amazon?"  M T

Eunica tatila tatilista Kaye, 1926  S FL, Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Mona  M S L H

Eunica veronica H. Bates, 1864  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Eunica viola H. Bates, 1864  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Eunica violetta Staudinger, [1885]  TL: Peru  M T S

Eunica volumna (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Eunica volumna volumna (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T S

Eunica volumna celma (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Eunica volumna venusia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  SE Mexico (Chiapas) to Colombia  M T S L

Myscelia  E. Doubleday, [1845]

Myscelia aracynthia (Dalman, 1823)  Hispaniolan Bluewing  Hispaniola  M T S

Myscelia capenas (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Brazil (Am)

Myscelia capenas capenas (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Myscelia capenas octomaculata (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Peru  M T

Myscelia cyananthe C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  Blackened Bluewing  TL: Mexico ([Mor])

Myscelia cyananthe cyananthe C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  E & S Mexico  M T S Ab L

Myscelia cyananthe diaziana R. G. Maza & J. Maza, 1985  Chiapas  M T

Myscelia cyananthe skinneri Mengel, 1894  NW Mexico, stray to S AZ, S CA, S NM  M T S L

Myscelia cyananthe streckeri Skinner, 1889  Baja California  M T S L

Myscelia cyaniris E. Doubleday, [1848]  Whitened Bluewing  TL: Honduras

Myscelia cyaniris cyaniris E. Doubleday, [1848]  E Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Myscelia cyaniris albescens A. Hall, 1935  TL: Venezuela  M T

Myscelia cyaniris alvaradia R. G. Maza & Díaz, 1982  W Mexico  M T S Ha

Myscelia cyaniris millerorum Jenkins, 1984  TL: Ecuador

Myscelia ethusa (Doyère, [1840])  Mexican Bluewing  TL: [Mexico]

Myscelia ethusa ethusa (Doyère, [1840])  S TX, E & W Mexico  M T S L1 L2 I H

Myscelia ethusa chiapensis Jenkins, 1984  Chiapas  M T

Myscelia ethusa cyanecula C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  TL: Mexico  M T S

Myscelia ethusa pattenia A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Guatemala to Costa Rica  M T S L

Myscelia hypatia Strecker, 1900  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Myscelia leucocyana C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  Pale Bluewing  TL: Venezuela

Myscelia leucocyana leucocyana C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  Panama to Venezuela  M T S L

Myscelia leucocyana smalli Jenkins, 1984  Nicaragua & Costa Rica  M T L

Myscelia milloi Oberthür, 1916  TL: French Guiana  M S

Myscelia orsis (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil  M S

Nessaea  Hübner, [1819]

Nessaea aglaura (E. Doubleday, [1848])  Northern Nessaea  TL: Mexico ([Oax])

Nessaea aglaura aglaura (E. Doubleday, [1848])  S Mexico to W Ecuador  M T S L

Nessaea aglaura regina (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Nessaea aglaura thalia Bargmann, 1928  TL: [Colombia]  M T S

Nessaea batesii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Nessaea batesii batesii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Nessaea batesii magniplaga Röber, 1928  TL: "Bolivia"

Nessaea hewitsonii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Nessaea hewitsonii hewitsonii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Nessaea hewitsonii boliviensis Jenkins, 1989  TL: Bolivia  M T

Nessaea obrinus (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "India"

Nessaea obrinus obrinus (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "India"  M S

Nessaea obrinus faventia Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Nessaea obrinus lesoudieri Le Moult, 1933  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Sea  Hayward, 1950

Sea sophronia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M S

  Tribe Ageroniini

Batesia  C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862

Batesia hypochlora C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"

Batesia hypochlora hypochlora C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Batesia hypochlora hypoxantha Salvin & Godman, 1868  TL: Peru  M T S

Ectima  E. Doubleday, [1848]

Ectima erycinoides C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  TL: Colombia

Ectima erycinoides Northern segregate ,  SE Mexico to Panama  M S L

Ectima erycinoides erycinoides C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  TL: Colombia  M T

Ectima erycinoides ecuadorensis Jenkins, 1985  TL: Ecuador

Ectima erycinoides [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Mexico (Chia)

Ectima iona E. Doubleday, [1848]  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Ectima lirides Staudinger, [1885]  TL: Peru  M T

Ectima thecla (Fabricius, 1796)  TL: "Indiis"

Ectima thecla thecla (Fabricius, 1796)  TL: "Indiis"  M T

Ectima thecla lirina C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  TL: "Brazil?"  M T

Ectima thecla peruviana Bryk, 1953  TL: Peru

Hamadryas  Hübner, [1806]

Hamadryas albicornis (Staudinger, [1885])  TL: Peru  M T

Hamadryas alicia (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hamadryas amphichloe (Boisduval, 1870)  TL: Ecuador

Hamadryas amphichloe amphichloe (Boisduval, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hamadryas amphichloe diasia (Fruhstorfer, 1916)  S FL (rare stray), Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Mona, Puerto Rico  M T S L

Hamadryas amphichloe ferox (Staudinger, 1886)  Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, (Guatemala?)  M T S

Hamadryas amphichloe lamasi Jenkins, 1983  TL: Peru  M T

Hamadryas amphinome (Linnaeus, 1767)  TL: S. Amer.

Hamadryas amphinome amphinome (Linnaeus, 1767)  TL: S. Amer.  M T

Hamadryas amphinome fumosa (Fruhstorfer, 1915)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hamadryas amphinome mazai Jenkins, 1983  W Mexico  M S L Ha

Hamadryas amphinome mexicana (Lucas, 1853)  E Mexico to Colombia, Cuba  M T S L

Hamadryas arete (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Brazil  M T

Hamadryas arinome (Lucas, 1853)  TL: French Guiana

Hamadryas arinome arinome (Lucas, 1853)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Hamadryas arinome arienis (Godman & Salvin, 1883)  Costa Rica to Bolivia  M T S L

Hamadryas arinome obnubila (Fruhstorfer, 1916)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Hamadryas atlantis (H. Bates, 1864)  Black-patched Cracker  TL: Guatemala

Hamadryas atlantis atlantis (H. Bates, 1864)  S Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, Honduras  M T S

Hamadryas atlantis lelaps (Godman & Salvin, 1883)  W Mexico  M T S L

Hamadryas belladonna (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hamadryas chloe (Stoll, 1787)  TL: Surinam

Hamadryas chloe chloe (Stoll, 1787)  TL: Surinam  M T

Hamadryas chloe daphnis (Staudinger, 1886)  TL: Peru  M T

Hamadryas chloe obidona (Fruhstorfer, 1914)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Hamadryas chloe rhea (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (ES/MG)  M T

Hamadryas epinome (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Hamadryas februa (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?

Hamadryas februa NW Mexican segregate ,  NW Mexico  M S L I

Hamadryas februa ferentina (Godart, [1824])  S TX, E & S Mexico to Colombia, Trinidad, Guianas & Amazon  M T S L1 L2 I

Hamadryas februa februa (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?  M T

Hamadryas feronia (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "India"

Hamadryas feronia feronia (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "India"  M T HS

Hamadryas feronia farinulenta (Fruhstorfer, 1916)  S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to W Peru, Venezuela, Trinidad  M T S L

Hamadryas fornax (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?

Hamadryas fornax fornax (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?

Hamadryas fornax fornacalia (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  E Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela  M T S L

Hamadryas glauconome (H. Bates, 1864)  Glaucous Cracker  TL: Guatemala

Hamadryas glauconome glauconome (H. Bates, 1864)  S TX (rare stray), E & S Mexico to Costa Rica (Panama?)  M T S L

Hamadryas glauconome grisea Jenkins, 1983  NW Mexico  M T S L

Hamadryas guatemalena (H. Bates, 1864)  Guatamalan Cracker  TL: Guatemala

Hamadryas guatemalena guatemalena (H. Bates, 1864)  SE Mexico (much of Chiapas, Yucatan Peninsula) to Costa Rica  M T S L

Hamadryas guatemalena marmarice (Fruhstorfer, 1916)  S TX, most of Mexico  M T S L I

Hamadryas iphthime (H. Bates, 1864)  Brownish Cracker  TL: Colombia

Hamadryas iphthime iphthime (H. Bates, 1864)  Costa Rica, Panama to Guyana, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, S Brazil  M T L

Hamadryas iphthime joannae Jenkins, 1983  S TX (rare stray), E & S Mexico to Costa Rica  M S L

Hamadryas julitta (Fruhstorfer, 1914)  Yucatan Cracker  [= honorina], Yucatan Peninsula  M T S L

Hamadryas laodamia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Hamadryas laodamia laodamia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Hamadryas laodamia saurites (Fruhstorfer, 1916)  SE Mexico to Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad  M T S L I

Hamadryas rosandra (Fruhstorfer, 1916)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hamadryas velutina (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Hamadryas velutina velutina (H. Bates, 1865)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Hamadryas velutina browni Jenkins, 1983  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Panacea  Godman & Salvin, 1883

Panacea procilla (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia

Panacea procilla procilla (Hewitson, [1854])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Panacea procilla bleuzeni Plantrou & Attal, 1986  TL: French Guiana  M T

Panacea procilla divalis (H. Bates, 1868)  TL: Peru  M T S

Panacea procilla lysimache Godman & Salvin, 1883  Costa Rica & Panama  M T

Panacea procilla mamorensis A. Hall, 1917  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Panacea prola (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: Colombia

Panacea prola prola (E. Doubleday, [1848])  TL: Colombia  M T S

Panacea prola amazonica Fruhstorfer, 1915  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Panacea regina (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Panacea regina regina (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Panacea regina chalcothea (H. Bates, 1868)  TL: Colombia; [Peru]  M T S

  Tribe Epiphelini

Asterope  Hübner, [1819]

Asterope batesii (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Asterope buckleyi (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Asterope degandii (Hewitson, 1858)  Red-based Banner  TL: [Peru]

Asterope degandii degandii (Hewitson, 1858)  W Panama to Ecuador  M T OI S

Asterope degandii adamsi (Lathy, 1903)  TL: Peru  M T

Asterope degandii allyni Jenkins, 1987  TL: Peru  M T

Asterope degandii bartletti (Godman & Salvin, 1878)  TL: Peru  M T

Asterope degandii caelestis Attal & Hiltbrand, 2006  TL: Ecuador  M T

Asterope degandii orientalis Attal, 1999  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Asterope leprieuri (Feisthamel, 1835)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]

Asterope leprieuri leprieuri (Feisthamel, 1835)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Asterope leprieuri depuiseti (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"  M T

Asterope leprieuri optima (A. Butler, 1869)  TL: Peru  M T

Asterope leprieuri philotima (Rebel, 1912)  TL: Peru  M T S

Asterope markii (Hewitson, 1857)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]

Asterope markii markii (Hewitson, 1857)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T S

Asterope markii ackeryi Jenkins, 1987  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Asterope markii boyi (Röber, 1924)  TL: Brazil ([Pa])  M T

Asterope markii davisii (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Peru  M T

Asterope markii gallardi Neukirchen, 1996  TL: French Guiana

Asterope markii hewitsoni (Staudinger, 1886)  TL: Colombia  M T

Asterope markii werneri Neukirchen, 1995  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Asterope sapphira (Hübner, [1816])  TL: Brazil  M T

Asterope whitelyi (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Peru

Asterope whitelyi whitelyi (Salvin, 1869)  TL: Peru  M T

Asterope whitelyi cyaneogyna Attal & Hiltbrand, 2006  TL: Ecuador  M T

Asterope whitelyi glennae Attal & Hiltbrand, 2006  TL: Brazil  M T

Asterope whitelyi srnkai (Honrath, 1884)  TL: Peru  M T

Bolboneura  Godman & Salvin, 1877

Bolboneura sylphis (H. Bates, 1864)  Variable Banner  TL: Guatemala

Bolboneura sylphis sylphis (H. Bates, 1864)  C & W Chiapas,Guatemala, Honduras  M T S L

Bolboneura sylphis beatrix R. G. Maza, 1985  SW Mexico (MICH, GRO, MOR, SW PUE, C & S OAX)  M T L

Bolboneura sylphis lacandona R. G. Maza & J. Maza, 1985  E Chiapas  M T

Bolboneura sylphis veracruzana (Draudt, 1931)  E Mexico  M T S L

Epiphile  E. Doubleday, [1845]

Epiphile adrasta Hewitson, 1861  Common Banner  TL: Mexico

Epiphile adrasta adrasta Hewitson, 1861  S TX (as vagrant), E Mexico to W Panama  M T S L

Epiphile adrasta bandusia Fruhstorfer, 1912  C Panama to W Ecuador  M T S L

Epiphile adrasta calixto Attal & Crosson, 2003  TL: not specified

Epiphile adrasta escalantei Descimon & Mast, 1979  W Mexico (SIN to S OAX)  M S L

Epiphile boliviana Röber, 1914  TL: Bolivia

Epiphile boliviana boliviana Röber, 1914  TL: Bolivia  M T

Epiphile boliviana grosi Attal & Crosson, 2003  TL: Ecuador  M T

Epiphile boliviana lamasi Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Epiphile chrysites (Latreille, [1809])  Chrysites Banner  TL: "Peru"

Epiphile chrysites chrysites (Latreille, [1809])  [W Panama?], Venezuela to Bolivia  M T S L

Epiphile chrysites [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Bolivia  M T

Epiphile dilecta Röber, 1914  TL: Bolivia

Epiphile dilecta dilecta Röber, 1914  TL: Bolivia  M T

Epiphile dilecta jenkinsi Lamas, 1995  TL: Peru

Epiphile dilecta venezuelensis Jenkins, 1986  TL: Venezuela  M T

Epiphile epicaste Hewitson, 1857  TL: Colombia

Epiphile epicaste epicaste Hewitson, 1857  TL: Colombia  M T

Epiphile epicaste [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Epiphile epimenes Hewitson, 1857  TL: Colombia

Epiphile epimenes epimenes Hewitson, 1857  TL: Colombia  M T

Epiphile epimenes electra Staudinger, [1885]  TL: Venezuela  M T

Epiphile epimenes kalbreyeri Fassl, 1912  TL: Colombia  M T

Epiphile eriopis Hewitson, 1857  TL: Colombia

Epiphile eriopis eriopis Hewitson, 1857  TL: Colombia  M T

Epiphile eriopis devriesi Jenkins, 1986  Nicaragua to Colombia  M T S

Epiphile grandis A. Butler, 1872  Grand Banner  Costa Rica & Panama  M T OI S

Epiphile hermosa J. Maza & Díaz, 1978  Beautiful Banner  SE Mexico, Guatemala  M T S L

Epiphile hubneri Hewitson, 1861  TL: ?

Epiphile iblis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  TL: Venezuela; Colombia

Epiphile iblis iblis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T

Epiphile iblis plusios Godman & Salvin, 1883  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Epiphile iblis plutonia H. Bates, 1864  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S

Epiphile iblis pyrczi Attal, 1999  TL: Colombia  M T

Epiphile imperator Attal, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Epiphile imperator imperator Attal, 2005  TL: Ecuador  M T

Epiphile imperator duponti Attal, 2005  TL: Peru  M T

Epiphile imperator willmotti Attal, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Epiphile lampethusa E. Doubleday, [1848]  TL: Bolivia

Epiphile lampethusa lampethusa E. Doubleday, [1848]  TL: Bolivia  M T

Epiphile lampethusa zipa Mengel, 1899  TL: not specified  M T

Epiphile latifasciata Röber, 1914  TL: Bolivia

Epiphile latifasciata latifasciata Röber, 1914  TL: Bolivia  M T

Epiphile latifasciata obscurior Attal, 1997  TL: Ecuador  M T

Epiphile orea (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?

Epiphile orea orea (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?

Epiphile orea distalis Attal, 1997  TL: Ecuador  M T

Epiphile orea helios Attal & Crosson, 2003  TL: not specified

Epiphile orea negrina C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Epiphile neildi Attal, 2005  TL: Colombia

Epiphile neildi neildi Attal, 2005  TL: Colombia  M T

Epiphile neildi bakuru Attal & G. Rodríguez, 2006  TL: Colombia  M T

Lucinia  Hübner, [1823]

Lucinia sida Hübner, [1823]  Caribbean Banner  TL: [Cuba]

Lucinia sida sida Hübner, [1823]  Cuba  M T S

Lucinia sida albomaculata Rindge, 1955  Bahamas  M T S

Lucinia sida torrebia (Ménétriés, 1832)  Hispaniola  M S

Lucinia cadma (Drury, 1773)  Jamaican Banner  Jamaica  M T S

Nica  Hübner, [1826]

Nica flavilla (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil

Nica flavilla bachiana (R. G. Maza & J. Maza, 1985)  W Mexico  M T S L

Nica flavilla E Mexican segregate ,  E Mexico  M S L

Nica flavilla canthara (E. Doubleday, 1849)  Nicaragua to Venezuela (at least)  M T S L1 L2

Nica flavilla flavilla (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Nica flavilla lucillae Neild, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Nica flavilla sylvestris H. Bates, 1864  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Nica flavilla [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Mexico

Peria  W. F. Kirby, 1871

Peria lamis (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M S

Pyrrhogyra  Hübner, [1819]

Pyrrhogyra amphiro H. Bates, 1865  TL: Brazil (Am)

Pyrrhogyra amphiro amphiro H. Bates, 1865  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Pyrrhogyra amphiro agilis Brévignon, 1995  TL: French Guiana

Pyrrhogyra amphiro juani Staudinger, 1886  TL: Colombia  M T

Pyrrhogyra amphiro typhoeus C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867  TL: Colombia  M T

Pyrrhogyra crameri Aurivillius, 1882  TL: Surinam

Pyrrhogyra crameri Northern segregate ,  Nicaragua to Panama  M L

Pyrrhogyra crameri nautaca Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Colombia; "Upper Amazon"  M T

Pyrrhogyra crameri undine Bargmann, 1929  TL: Colombia  M T

Pyrrhogyra crameri hagnodorus Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Pyrrhogyra crameri crameri Aurivillius, 1882  TL: Surinam  M T

Pyrrhogyra crameri [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Pyrrhogyra edocla (E. Doubleday, [1848])  Green-spotted Banner  TL: Venezuela; "Bolivia"

Pyrrhogyra edocla edocla (E. Doubleday, [1848])  E Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela  M T S L

Pyrrhogyra edocla cuparina H. Bates, 1865  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Pyrrhogyra edocla lysanias C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Pyrrhogyra edocla paradisea R. G. Maza & J. Maza, 1985  W Mexico  M T S

Pyrrhogyra edocla perscita Brévignon, 1996  TL: French Guiana

Pyrrhogyra neaerea (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"

Pyrrhogyra neaerea neaerea (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"  M T HS

Pyrrhogyra neaerea arge Gosse, 1880  TL: Paraguay  M T L

Pyrrhogyra neaerea argina Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T

Pyrrhogyra neaerea hypsenor Godman & Salvin, 1884  E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Pyrrhogyra neaerea kheili Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Colombia  M T

Pyrrhogyra neaerea ophni A. Butler, 1870  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Pyrrhogyra neaerea susarion Fruhstorfer, 1912  TL: Brazil (Pe)  M T

Pyrrhogyra otolais H. Bates, 1864  Double-banded Banner  TL: Mexico; Guatemala

Pyrrhogyra otolais otolais H. Bates, 1864  E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Pyrrhogyra otolais nasica Staudinger, 1886  TL: Colombia  M T

Pyrrhogyra otolais olivenca Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Pyrrhogyra otolais placita Brévignon, 1996  TL: French Guiana

Pyrrhogyra otolais seitzi Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pyrrhogyra stratonicus Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: "Upper Amazon"

Pyrrhogyra stratonicus stratonicus Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: "Upper Amazon"  M T S

Pyrrhogyra stratonicus matthias Brévignon, 1995  TL: French Guiana

Temenis  Hübner, [1819]

Temenis huebneri Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (MG)

Temenis huebneri huebneri Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Temenis huebneri korallion Fruhstorfer, 1912  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Temenis huebneri pedania Fruhstorfer, 1912  TL: Brazil (Pe)  M T

Temenis laothoe (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Temenis laothoe quilapayunia R. G. Maza & Turrent, 1985  W Mexico  M T S L Ha

Temenis laothoe E Mexican segregate ,  S TX (as vagrant), E Mexico  M S L

Temenis laothoe hondurensis Fruhstorfer, 1907  S Mexico (Chiapas) to Colombia  M T S L I

Temenis laothoe laothoe (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Temenis laothoe bahiana Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Temenis laothoe columbiana Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Colombia