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Family PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802] – SWALLOWTAILS

  Subfamily Baroniinae

Baronia  Salvin, 1893

Baronia brevicornis Salvin, 1893  Baronia  TL: Mexico (Gue)

Baronia brevicornis brevicornis Salvin, 1893  SW Mexico  M T1 T2 S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 I H

Baronia brevicornis rufodiscalis J. Maza & J. White, 1987  Chiapas  M T S L

  Subfamily Parnassiinae

  Tribe Parnassiini

Parnassius  Latreille, 1804

Parnassius eversmanni Ménétriés, [1850]  Eversmann's Parnassian  TL: not specified

Parnassius eversmanni thor H. Edwards, 1881  Alaska, YK, W NT, N BC  M S L I

Parnassius clodius Ménétriés, 1855  Clodius Parnassian  TL: USA (Ca)

Parnassius clodius strohbeeni Sternitzky, 1945  Santa Cruz Mtns, CA; apparently extinct  M T S1 S2 S3

Parnassius clodius clodius Ménétriés, 1855  N CA; Marin to Trinity cos.  M S I

Parnassius clodius claudianus Stichel, 1907  far N CA (Siskiyous) to SW BC; Cascades westward  M S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 Ha

Parnassius clodius pseudogallatinus Bryk, 1913  Cascades of N WA & S BC  M S

Parnassius clodius incredibilis Bryk, 1935  Mt. St. Elias, Alaska; types possibly mislabeled  M T

Parnassius clodius sol Bryk & Eisner, 1932  CA; Tulare to Modoc & S Siskiyou Cos.; Warners?; usually < 7000'  M S L I H

Parnassius clodius baldur W. H. Edwards, 1877  CA; S Sierra Nevada, usually above 7000'  M S L1 L2 L3

Parnassius clodius S Sierra Nevada segregate ,  Southern Sierra Nevada (Kern-Tulare Cos.), CA  M S

Parnassius clodius altaurus Dyar, 1903  [= shepardi]; SE BC, E WA, ID, W MT, NW WY, E OR  M S L

Parnassius clodius menetriesii H. Edwards, 1877  N UT  M S1 S2 L

Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793)  Phoebus Parnassian  TL: not specified

Parnassius phoebus apricatus Stichel, 1906  S Alaska to NW BC  M T S L

Parnassius phoebus golovinus W. Holland, 1930  Seward Peninsula, Alaska  M T S

Parnassius behrii W. H. Edwards, 1870  Sierra Nevada Parnassian  CA Sierra Nevada  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Parnassius smintheus E. Doubleday, 1847  Rocky Mountain Parnassian  TL: Canada (Ab)

Parnassius smintheus sternitzkyi McDunnough, 1937  Siskiyou/ S Cascade Mts, NW CA-SW OR  M T S1 S2 L I Ha

Parnassius smintheus olympianna Burdick, 1941  Olympic Mts, NW WA; Vancouver I., SW BC  M T S L

Parnassius smintheus yukonensis Eisner, 1969  SW YK, NW BC  M S

Parnassius smintheus smintheus E. Doubleday, 1847  Rocky Mtns., E BC-W ALTA to N MT  M T S L

Parnassius smintheus magnus W. G. Wright, 1905  S BC, E WA, E OR, ID, W MT, NW WY  M T S L1 L2 L3 H

Parnassius smintheus maximus Bryk & Eisner, 1937  C & E MT  M S

Parnassius smintheus sayii W. H. Edwards, 1863  [= hermodur]; NE NV, UT, S & E WY, W SD, W NB, CO, N NM  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 H

Parnassius smintheus pseudorotgeri Eisner, 1966  SW CO; San Juan Mtns.  M T S L

  Subfamily Papilioninae

  Tribe Leptocircini

Eurytides  Hübner, [1821]

Eurytides iphitas Hübner, [1821]  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Eurytides dolicaon (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "East Indies"

Eurytides dolicaon septentrionalis K. Brown, 1994  central Panama  M T S

Eurytides dolicaon hebreus K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurytides dolicaon tromes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurytides dolicaon cauraensis Möhn, 2002  TL: Venezuela

Eurytides dolicaon dolicaon (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "East Indies"  M T

Eurytides dolicaon deileon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurytides dolicaon deicoon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Brazil  M T

Eurytides callias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Eurytides columbus (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Eurytides serville (Godart, [1824])  TL: "South America"

Eurytides serville acritus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurytides serville serville (Godart, [1824])  TL: "South America"  M T L

Eurytides orabilis (A. Butler, 1872)  Thick-edged Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Costa Rica

Eurytides orabilis orabilis (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Eurytides orabilis isocharis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurytides salvini (H. Bates, 1864)  Salvin’s Kite-Swallowtail  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Eurytides bellerophon (Dalman, 1823)  TL: Brazil?  M T

Protesilaus  Swainson, [1832]

Protesilaus telesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Colombia; Brazil (Am)

Protesilaus telesilaus dolius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  C Panama to Trinidad and NW Ecuador  M T S L

Protesilaus telesilaus telesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Colombia; Brazil (Am)  M T

Protesilaus telesilaus salobrensis (R.F. d'Almeida, 1941)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Protesilaus telesilaus vitellus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Protesilaus stenodesmus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Protesilaus earis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Protesilaus orthosilaus (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Protesilaus helios (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Protesilaus protesilaus (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "North America"

Protesilaus protesilaus dariensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica & Panama to N Venezuela  M T S L I

Protesilaus protesilaus archesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S I1 I2

Protesilaus protesilaus protesilaus (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "North America"  M T HS

Protesilaus protesilaus nigricornis (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Protesilaus macrosilaus (G. Gray, [1853])  Five-striped Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Honduras

Protesilaus macrosilaus penthesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  SE Mexico to Guatemala and El Salvador  M T S

Protesilaus macrosilaus macrosilaus (G. Gray, [1853])  Honduras to Costa Rica  M T S L

Protesilaus macrosilaus leucones (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Protesilaus molops (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador

Protesilaus molops molops (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Protesilaus molops hetaerius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia; Guyana; Peru; Surinam; Ecuador; Bolivia  M T

Protesilaus molops megalurus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Protesilaus glaucolaus (H. Bates, 1864)  Glaucolaus Swallowtail  TL: Panama

Protesilaus glaucolaus glaucolaus (H. Bates, 1864)  Panama to C Colombia  M T S

Protesilaus glaucolaus melaenus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Protesilaus glaucolaus leucas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Protesilaus leucosilaus (J. Zikán, 1937)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Protesilaus aguiari (R.F. d'Almeida, 1937)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Neographium  Möhn, 2002

Neographium epidaus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  Mexican Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Mexico (Yuc); Honduras

Neographium epidaus tepicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  NW Mexico  M T S L

Neographium epidaus fenochionis (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  SW Mexico  M T S L I H

Neographium epidaus epidaus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  E Mexico to NW Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Neographium agesilaus (Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835)  TL: Colombia

Neographium agesilaus fortis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Mexico  M T S Hy L

Neographium agesilaus neosilaus (Hopffer, 1865)  E Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Neographium agesilaus eimeri (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Panama & W Colombia  M T S L

Neographium agesilaus agesilaus (Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835)  TL: Colombia  M T

Neographium agesilaus autosilaus (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Neographium agesilaus montanum (Küppers, 1974)  TL: Peru  M T

Neographium agesilaus viridis (Röber, 1926)  TL: Colombia?

Neographium marcellus (Cramer, 1777)  Zebra Swallowtail  E USA & Canada  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 I1 I2 I3 I4 H

Neographium zonaria (A. Butler, 1869)  Hispaniolan Kite-Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M T S

Neographium philolaus (Boisduval, 1836)  Dark Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Neographium philolaus philolaus (Boisduval, 1836)  Texas and Sinaloa S to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 Hy L1 L2 I

Neographium philolaus xanticles (H. Bates, 1863)  Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela  M T S L

Neographium anaxilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Small Kite-Swallowtail  Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela  M T S

Neographium celadon (Lucas, 1852)  Cuban Kite-Swallowtail  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M T S

Neographium marcellinus (E. Doubleday, [1845])  Jamaican Kite-Swallowtail  Jamaica  M T S

Neographium thyastes (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Neographium thyastes occidentalis (R. F. Maza, 1982)  SW Mexico  M T

Neographium thyastes marchandii (Boisduval, 1836)  E Mexico to Honduras  M S

Neographium thyastes panamensis (Oberthür, 1879)  Nicaragua and Costa Rica to NW Ecuador  M T S L I

Neographium thyastes thyastinus (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Neographium thyastes thyastes (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Neographium calliste (H. Bates, 1864)  Yellow Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Guatemala

Neographium calliste calliste (H. Bates, 1864)  SE Mexico to El Salvador and Hondruas  M T S

Neographium calliste olbius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica to W Panama  M T S L

Neographium dioxippus (Hewitson, [1856])  Thick-bordered Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Colombia

Neographium dioxippus lacandones (H. Bates, 1864)  SE Mexico to W Panama  M T S L

Neographium dioxippus dioxippus (Hewitson, [1856])  C Panama to Colombia  M T S L

Neographium dioxippus marae (T. Racheli, Bollino & Sala, 1990)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Neographium dioxippus diores (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Neographium leucaspis (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Peru?"

Neographium leucaspis lamidis (K. Brown & Lamas, 1994)  TL: Colombia  M T

Neographium leucaspis leucaspis (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Peru?"  M T

Neographium asius (Fabricius, 1781)  TL: "South America"  M T

Mimoides  K. Brown, 1991

Mimoides lysithous (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?

Mimoides lysithous sebastianus (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Brazil  M T

Mimoides lysithous harrisianus (Swainson, 1822)  TL: ?  M T

Mimoides lysithous rurik (Eschscholtz, 1821)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Mimoides lysithous lysithous (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?  M T

Mimoides lysithous eupatorion (Lucas, [1859])  TL: Brazil  M T

Mimoides thymbraeus (Boisduval, 1836)  White-crescent Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Mimoides thymbraeus thymbraeus (Boisduval, 1836)  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Mimoides thymbraeus aconophos (G. Gray, [1853])  W Mexico  M S L I H

Mimoides pausanias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Surinam; Brazil (Am)

Mimoides pausanias prasinus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L

Mimoides pausanias cleombrotus (Strecker, 1885)  E Panama to N Ecuador  M S L

Mimoides pausanias hermolaus (Guenée, 1872)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Mimoides pausanias tabaquita (Kaye, 1925)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Mimoides pausanias pausanias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Surinam; Brazil (Am)  M T S

Mimoides protodamas (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Mimoides phaon (Boisduval, 1836)  Variable Swallowtail  TL: Mexico; "Peru"

Mimoides phaon phaon (Boisduval, 1836)  NE Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Mimoides phaon therodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides euryleon (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia

Mimoides euryleon clusoculis (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S1 S2 I1 I2

Mimoides euryleon euryleon (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides euryleon pithonius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T S I

Mimoides euryleon rodriquezi Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides euryleon haenschi (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mimoides euryleon anatmus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mimoides ilus (Fabricius, 1793)  Ilus Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Mimoides ilus occiduus (Vázquez, 1957)  W Mexico  M T S Ha

Mimoides ilus branchus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  E Mexico to N Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Mimoides ilus ilus (Fabricius, 1793)  Panama to N Colombia & C Venezuela  M T S L

Mimoides ariarathes (Esper, 1788)  TL: "South America"

Mimoides ariarathes evagorides K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Venezuela  M T

Mimoides ariarathes demerara K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Guyana  M T

Mimoides ariarathes ariarathes (Esper, 1788)  TL: "South America"  M T OI

Mimoides ariarathes gayi (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru  M T

Mimoides ariarathes illuminatus (Niepelt, 1928)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides ariarathes arianus (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Mimoides ariarathes metagenes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Mimoides ariarathes leuctra (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Go)  M T

Mimoides xeniades (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Mimoides xeniades isus (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides xeniades halex (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides xeniades xeniades (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T Ma L

Mimoides xeniades tabaconas (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Mimoides xeniades imaus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Mimoides xeniades signatus Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994  TL: [Peru]  M T

Mimoides xynias (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Bolivia

Mimoides xynias trapeza (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mimoides xynias xynias (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Mimoides microdamas (Burmeister, 1878)  TL: Argentina  M T

  Tribe Troidini

Battus  Scopoli, 1777

Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)  Pipevine Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)  Mexico, S & E USA & Canada  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4 I1 I2 I3 H1 H2 F

Battus philenor hirsuta (Skinner, 1908)  central and northern California  M T S L I H

Battus philenor insularis Vázquez, 1957  Islas Revillagigedo, Colima  M T S

Battus philenor orsua (Godman & Salvin, 1889)  Islas Tres Marias, Nayarit  M T S

Battus philenor acauda (Oberthür, 1879)  Yucatan Peninsula and surrounding areas  M T S L I

Battus devilliersii (Godart, 1823)  De Villiers' Swallowtail  Cuba, N & S Andros  M S

Battus zetides (Munroe, 1971)  Zetides Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M S

Battus polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)  Polydamas Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Battus polydamas polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)  continental  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 I1 I2 I3 H

Battus polydamas lucayus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  SE USA & Bahamas  M T S L I

Battus polydamas cubensis (Dufrane, 1946)  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M T S

Battus polydamas jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Jamaica  M T S

Battus polydamas polycrates (Hopffer, 1865)  Hispaniola  M T S L

Battus polydamas thyamus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Culebra  M T S L I

Battus polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Antigua; extinct  M S

Battus polydamas christopheranus (A. Hall, 1936)  St. Kitts, St. Christopher, Montserrat, Nevis  M T

Battus polydamas neodamas (Lucas, 1852)  Guadeloupe & Marie-Galante  M T S

Battus polydamas dominicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Dominica  M T S

Battus polydamas cebriones (Dalman, 1823)  [= xenodamus]; Martinique  M T S

Battus polydamas lucianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  St. Lucia  M T S

Battus polydamas vincentius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  St. Vincent (possibly northern Grenadines)  M T S

Battus polydamas grenadensis (A. Hall, 1930)  Grenada, southern Grenadines  M T L

Battus polydamas streckerianus (Honrath, 1884)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus polydamas peruanus (Fuchs, 1954)  TL: Peru

Battus polydamas atahualpa T. Racheli & Pischedda, 1987  TL: Peru

Battus polydamas weyrauchi Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Battus polydamas renani Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Battus polydamas psittacus (J. Molina, 1782)  TL: Chile  M T

Battus madyes (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia

Battus madyes adloni (Ehrmann, 1926)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Battus madyes philetas (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Battus madyes lojaensis Möhn, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Battus madyes magnimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1925)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes plinius (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes buechei Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes callangaensis Möhn, 2001  TL: Peru

Battus madyes chlorodamas (Guenée, 1872)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes montebanus (Dyar, 1913)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes crispatus Lamas, 2001  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes madyes (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Battus madyes tucumanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Argentina  M T

Battus eracon (Godman & Salvin, 1897)  West-Mexican Swallowtail  W Mexico  M T S

Battus polystictus (A. Butler, 1874)  TL: Brazil (RS)

Battus polystictus galenus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: "Surinam"  M T

Battus polystictus polystictus (A. Butler, 1874)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T

Battus laodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Colombia

Battus laodamas iopas (Godman & Salvin, 1897)  W Mexico  M T S L

Battus laodamas copanae (Reakirt, 1863)  E Mexico to N Costa Rica  M T S L

Battus laodamas rhipidius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica to Panama  M T S

Battus laodamas laodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Colombia  M T

Battus ingenuus (Dyar, 1907)  Dyar's Swallowtail  SE Mexico to E Venezuela, Trinidad, and Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Battus lycidas (Cramer, 1777)  Cramer's Swallowtail  SE Mexico to N Bolivia and S Pará, Brazil  M T S L

Battus belus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Battus belus varus (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia  M T

Battus belus belus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Battus belus aureochloris K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Battus belus belemus (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Battus belus cochabamba (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Battus crassus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Battus crassus lepidus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  Costa Rica to E Venezuela and W Ecuador  M T S L

Battus crassus crassus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Battus crassus hirundo (Röber, 1925)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Battus crassus paraensis K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Euryades  C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864

Euryades corethrus (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: ?  M T

Euryades duponchelii (Lucas, 1839)  TL: Argentina  M T

Parides  Hübner, [1819]

Parides gundlachianus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  Cuban Cattleheart  TL: Cuba

Parides gundlachianus alayoi L. Hernández, Alayón & D. Smith, 1995  Pinar del Río, W Cuba  M T S

Parides gundlachianus gundlachianus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  E Cuba  M T S

Parides ascanius (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Parides agavus (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Parides proneus (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides phalaecus (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Parides phalaecus phalaecus (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides phalaecus nieva Möhn, 1999  TL: Peru

Parides bunichus (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?

Parides bunichus diodorus (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides bunichus bunichus (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?

Parides bunichus chamissonia (Eschscholtz, 1821)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides bunichus perrhebus (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Paraguay; Brazil (RS)  M T

Parides bunichus damocrates (Guenée, 1872)  TL: Argentina

Parides montezuma (Westwood, 1842)  Montezuma’s Cattleheart  NE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica  M S L1 L2 H

Parides alopius (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  White-dotted Cattleheart  S Arizona (stray), W Mexico  M T S L I

Parides photinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)  Pink-spotted Cattleheart  NE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L I H

Parides klagesi (Ehrmann, 1904)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Parides vercingetorix (Oberthür, 1888)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides quadratus (Staudinger, 1890)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Parides quadratus spoliatus (Staudinger, 1898)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Parides quadratus quadratus (Staudinger, 1890)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Parides pizarro (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru

Parides pizarro pizarro (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Parides pizarro kuhlmanni (E. May, 1925)  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T S

Parides pizarro steinbachi (Rothschild, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Parides hahneli (Staudinger, 1882)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides mithras (Grose-Smith, 1902)  TL: Guyana

Parides mithras mithras (Grose-Smith, 1902)  TL: Guyana  M T

Parides mithras marajoara K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Parides chabrias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Parides chabrias chabrias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides chabrias ygdrasilla Hemming, 1935  TL: ?  M T

Parides aeneas (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Asia"

Parides aeneas bolivar (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides aeneas huallaga T. Racheli, 1988  TL: Peru  M T

Parides aeneas damis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides aeneas tucha T. Racheli, 1988  TL: Peru  M T

Parides aeneas lamasi T. Racheli, 1988  TL: Peru  M S

Parides aeneas locris (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides aeneas opalinus (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides aeneas gabrielensis (Bryk, 1953)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M S

Parides aeneas aeneas (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Asia"  M T HS

Parides aeneas didas K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Surinam  M T

Parides aeneas lucasi K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides aeneas marcius (Hübner, [1816])  TL: ?  M S

Parides aeneas linoides K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides tros (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil

Parides tros tros (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil

Parides tros danunciae O. Mielke, Casagrande & C. Mielke, 2000  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Parides orellana (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides burchellanus (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Brazil (MG)

Parides burchellanus burchellanus (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Parides burchellanus jaguarae (Foetterle, 1902)  TL: Brazil (MG; SP)  M T

Parides panthonus (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Parides panthonus panthonus (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T

Parides panthonus phylarchus (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides aglaope (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Parides aglaope aglaope (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides aglaope lysimachus (Honrath, 1888)  TL: "Peru"

Parides aglaope ecaudatus (Joicey & Talbot, 1924)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Parides aglaope callicles (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides aglaope castilhoi R.F. d'Almeida, 1967  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Parides lysander Cramer, 1775  TL: Surinam

Parides lysander orinocoensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, [2002]  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides lysander brissonius (Hübner, [1819])  TL: ?  M T S

Parides lysander lysander (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T IL L

Parides lysander parsodes (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides lysander antalcidas Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides lysander mattogrossensis (Talbot, 1928)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Parides echemon (Hübner, [1813])  TL: ?

Parides echemon empistocles Küppers, 1975  TL: Peru

Parides echemon pisander (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: ?  M T

Parides echemon ergeteles (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides echemon echemon (Hübner, [1813])  TL: ?  M T

Parides eurimedes (Stoll, 1782)  TL: "Berbices"

Parides eurimedes mylotes (H. Bates, 1861)  S Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Parides eurimedes mycale (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Panama and far N Colombia  M T S L

Parides eurimedes arriphus (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Parides eurimedes emilius Constantino, 1999  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides eurimedes antheas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Parides eurimedes eurimedes (Stoll, 1782)  TL: "Berbices"  M T S

Parides eurimedes agathokles (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Parides eurimedes timias (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides neophilus (Geyer, 1837)  TL: Surinam

Parides neophilus parianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Trinidad; Venezuela  M T

Parides neophilus neophilus (Geyer, 1837)  TL: Surinam

Parides neophilus olivencius (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides neophilus anaximenes (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T L

Parides neophilus consus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides neophilus ecbolius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides neophilus eurybates (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Parides zacynthus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil

Parides zacynthus polymetus (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil; "Peru"  M T

Parides zacynthus zacynthus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil  M HS

Parides childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)  Green-celled Cattleheart  TL: "Brazil"

Parides childrenae childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Parides childrenae latifasciata (E. Krüger, 1925)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Parides childrenae unimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1922)  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Parides sesostris (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Parides sesostris zestos (G. Gray, [1853])  SE Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Parides sesostris tarquinius (Boisduval, 1836)  Panama, transandean Colombia, N Venezuela  M T S L

Parides sesostris sesostris (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Parides sesostris trinitensis K. Brown, 1994  TL: Trinidad  M T

Parides sesostris zischkai (Forster, 1955)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides panares (G. Gray, [1853])  Wedge-spotted Cattleheart  TL: Mexico ([Oax])

Parides panares panares (G. Gray, [1853])  Oaxaca  M T1 T2 S L

Parides panares lycimenes (Boisduval, 1870)  Chiapas to Panama  M T S L I1 I2

Parides panares erythrus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides panares paralius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides panares rachelii K. Brown, 1994  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides panares tachira T. Racheli, 1991  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides vertumnus (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Parides vertumnus vertumnus (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T

Parides vertumnus pseudobogotanus (R. Krüger, 1926)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides vertumnus pyrophanus (J. Zikán, 1937)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides vertumnus bogotanus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides vertumnus diceros (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides vertumnus cutora (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides vertumnus astorius (J. Zikán, 1940)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides vertumnus autumnus (Staudinger, 1898)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides vertumnus yuracares (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides cutorina (Staudinger, 1898)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Parides phosphorus (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Guyana

Parides phosphorus gratianus (Hewitson, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides phosphorus laurae Bollino & Costa, 2004  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides phosphorus phosphorus (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Guyana  M T S

Parides phosphorus zopyron Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Parides phosphorus vavi T. Racheli, 1992  TL: Peru

Parides anchises (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "America"

Parides anchises marthilia R. G. Maza, 1999  Chiapas  M T

Parides anchises farfan K. Brown, 1994  Panama (Pacific Coast)  M T S

Parides anchises alyattes (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides anchises serapis (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides anchises osyris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides anchises cymochles (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Parides anchises orinocensis (Rousseau-Decelle, 1960)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides anchises anchises (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "America"  M T HS

Parides anchises bukuti Brévignon, 1998  TL: French Guiana

Parides anchises thelios (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides anchises humaita D'Abrera, 1981  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides anchises drucei (A. Butler, 1874)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides anchises zygma Lamas, 2001  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides anchises koenigi T. Racheli, 1989  TL: Peru  M T

Parides anchises marinae T. Racheli, 1987  TL: Peru  M T

Parides anchises etias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides anchises orbignyanus (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Argentina  M T

Parides anchises foetterlei (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Parides anchises nephalion (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides anchises stilbon (Kollar, 1839)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793)  Iphidamas Cattleheart  TL: ?

Parides iphidamas iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793)  SE Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Parides iphidamas Atlantic Coast, Panama segregate ,  Atlantic Coast, Panama  M S

Parides iphidamas elatos (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides iphidamas gorgonae Vélez & Salazar, 1991  TL: Colombia

Parides iphidamas phalias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides iphidamas teneates (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides iphidamas calogyna (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador; Colombia  M T

Parides iphidamas ayabacensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia; "Jamaica"

Parides erithalion trichopus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Parides erithalion polyzelus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  E Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L I H

Parides erithalion sadyattes (H. Druce, 1874)  Nicaragua and N Costa Rica  M T S

Parides erithalion smalli K. Brown, 1994  S Costa Rica & Panama  M T1 T2 L

Parides erithalion erithalion (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia; "Jamaica"  M T

Parides erithalion cauca (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Colombia  M S I

Parides erithalion chocoensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides erithalion palmasensis K. Brown, 1994  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides erithalion zeuxis (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides erithalion inini Brévignon, 1998  TL: French Guiana

Parides erithalion keithi T. Racheli, 1991  TL: Venezuela  M S

Parides erithalion browni Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia

Parides erithalion kruegeri (Niepelt, 1927)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides erithalion guillerminae Pischedda & T. Racheli, 1986  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides erithalion lacydes (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides erithalion chinchipensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion xanthias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion callegarii T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1996  TL: Peru

Parides erithalion racheliorum Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion blanca T. Racheli & Möhn, 2001  TL: Peru

Parides erithalion yaminahua Pischedda & T. Racheli, 1987  TL: Peru

Parides erithalion erlaces (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Bolivia  M T L

  Tribe Papilionini

Heraclides  Hübner, [1819]

Heraclides hyppason (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heraclides chiansiades (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Ecuador

Heraclides chiansiades dospassosi (Rütimeyer, 1969)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides chiansiades chiansiades (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides chiansiades maroni (Moreau, 1923)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heraclides chiansiades mossi K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heraclides isidorus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  Ruby-patched Swallowtail  TL: Bolivia

Heraclides isidorus rhodostictus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874)  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L

Heraclides isidorus pacificus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  E Panama to Ecuador  M T S

Heraclides isidorus nymphius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides isidorus brises (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides isidorus autana T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995  TL: Venezuela  M S

Heraclides isidorus flavescens (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides isidorus isidorus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heraclides isidorus tingo T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995  TL: Peru

Heraclides anchisiades (Esper, 1788)  Ruby-spotted Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides anchisiades idaeus (Fabricius, 1793)  Texas to Colombia & NW Venezuela  M T S L I1 I2 I3

Heraclides anchisiades lamasi K. Brown, 1994  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides anchisiades philastrius (Fruhstorfer, 1915)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Heraclides anchisiades anchisiades (Esper, 1788)  TL: Surinam  M T OI

Heraclides anchisiades capys (Hübner, [1809])  TL: ?

Heraclides rogeri (Boisduval, 1836)  Pink-spotted Swallowtail  TL: Mexico (Yuc)

Heraclides rogeri pharnaces (E. Doubleday, 1846)  S Texas, most of Mexico, to NW Guatemala  M T S L I

Heraclides rogeri rogeri (Boisduval, 1836)  Yucatan Peninsula and surrounding areas  M S L

Heraclides epenetus (Hewitson, 1861)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides erostratus (Westwood, 1847)  Erostratus Swallowtail  TL: "Central America"

Heraclides erostratus erostratinus (Vázquez, 1947)  E Mexico  M T S L

Heraclides erostratus vazquezae (Beutelspacher, 1986)  SW Mexico  M T S L Ha

Heraclides erostratus erostratus (Westwood, 1847)  Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador  M T S

Heraclides oxynius (Geyer, [1827])  Oxynius Swallowtail  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides pelaus (Fabricius, 1775)  Caribbean Swallowtail  TL: "India"

Heraclides pelaus atkinsi (M. Bates, 1935)  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides pelaus pelaus (Fabricius, 1775)  Jamaica  M T S

Heraclides pelaus imerius (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola & Puerto Rico  M T S L

Heraclides pelaus puertoricensis Möhn, 1999  TL: Puerto Rico

Heraclides garleppi (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Bolivia

Heraclides garleppi interruptus (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Heraclides garleppi lecerfi K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heraclides garleppi garleppi (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heraclides torquatus (Cramer, 1777)  Torquatus Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides torquatus mazai (Beutelspacher, 1977)  W Mexico to W El Salvador  M T S

Heraclides torquatus atsukoae (Okano, 1985)  southern Veracruz to E El Salvador  M S L

Heraclides torquatus tolus (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  NE Mexico to C Veracruz  M T S L1 L2

Heraclides torquatus tolmides (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Guatemala to Panama  M T S1 S2 I1 I2

Heraclides torquatus jeani K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides torquatus leptalea (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides torquatus torquatus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heraclides torquatus polybius (Swainson, 1823)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T TI

Heraclides hectorides (Esper, 1794)  TL: "East Indies"  M T

Heraclides himeros (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Brazil

Heraclides himeros baia (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Heraclides himeros himeros (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heraclides lamarchei (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heraclides androgeus (Cramer, 1775)  Androgeus Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides androgeus epidaurus (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Greater Antilles (minus Jamaica), E Mexico to W Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Heraclides androgeus reyesorum Vargas, Llorente & Luis, 2013  W Mexico  M S L

Heraclides androgeus androgeus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heraclides androgeus laodocus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heraclides thersites (Fabricius, 1775)  False Androgeus Swallowtail  Jamaica  M T S L

Heraclides astyalus (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Heraclides astyalus hippomedon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  Panama, Colombia, E to Guianas & S to mid-Amazon  M T S L

Heraclides astyalus phanias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides astyalus astyalus (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heraclides anchicayaensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides pallas (G. Gray, [1853])  Broad-banded Swallowtail  S Texas to N Costa Rica

Heraclides pallas pallas (G. Gray, [1853])  S Texas, E Mexico to N Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 Ab L I

Heraclides pallas bajaensis (J. Brown & Faulkner, 1992)  W Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Heraclides ornythion (Boisduval, 1836)  Ornythion Swallowtail  S Texas to Honduras

Heraclides ornythion ornythion (Boisduval, 1836)  S Texas, E Mexico to Honduras  M TI S L1 L2 I1 I2 I3 H

Heraclides ornythion W Mexican segregate ,  S Arizona, W Mexico  M S Ha

Heraclides aristodemus (Esper, 1794)  Schaus' Swallowtail  TL: [Haiti]

Heraclides aristodemus ponceana (Schaus, 1911)  S Florida & northern Bahamas  M T S L I H

Heraclides aristodemus majasi L. Miller, 1987  Crooked & Acklin islands, central Bahamas  M T S

Heraclides aristodemus bjorndalae (Clench, 1979)  Mayaguana, Turks & Caicos & Inagua islands  M T S

Heraclides aristodemus temenes (Godart, 1819)  Cuba  M T S L

Heraclides aristodemus aristodemus (Esper, 1794)  Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico  M T S L

Heraclides thoas (Linnaeus, 1771)  Thoas Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides thoas autocles (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Texas to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Heraclides thoas nealces (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Panama to Venezuela, Colombia, W Ecuador, far NW Peru  M T S L I

Heraclides thoas thoas (Linnaeus, 1771)  TL: Surinam  M OD TI HS Txt

Heraclides thoas cinyras (Ménétriés, 1857)  TL: "Brazil (Ba)"  M T

Heraclides thoas brasiliensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Heraclides thoas thoantiades (Burmeister, 1878)  TL: Argentina  M T

Heraclides oviedo (Gundlach, 1866)  Cuban King Swallowtail  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides homothoas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  False Giant Swallowtail  Costa Rica, Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad  M T S I

Heraclides rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin, 2014  Western Giant Swallowtail  southwestern US: California to Texas, south to Panama  M T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 S1 S2 S3 S4 L1 L2 I H

Heraclides cresphontes (Cramer, 1777)  Eastern Giant Swallowtail  eastern US: Canada to Texas, introductions to Cuba  M T OD TI S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 HS L1 L2 I Txt

Heraclides melonius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Jamaican Giant Swallowtail  Jamaica  M T S L

Heraclides paeon (Boisduval, 1836)  Straight-banded Swallowtail  TL: "Chile"

Heraclides paeon thrason (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Yucatan Peninsula to N Venezuela and W Peru  M T S L I

Heraclides paeon paeon (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: "Chile"  M T S

Heraclides paeon escomeli (T. Cockerell, 1927)  TL: Peru  M T OD

Heraclides aristor (Godart, 1819)  Scarce Hispaniolan Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M S

Heraclides caiguanabus (Poey, [1852])  Poey's Swallowtail  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides andraemon Hübner, [1823]  Bahamian Swallowtail  TL: ?

Heraclides andraemon bonhotei (Sharpe, 1900)  S Florida & Bahamas  M T S

Heraclides andraemon andraemon Hübner, [1823]  Cuba, Little Cayman & Cayman Brac, Jamaica  M OI S

Heraclides andraemon tailori (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Grand Cayman  M T S

Heraclides machaonides (Esper, 1796)  Machaonides Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M T OI S L

Heraclides peleides (Esper, 1793)  Mysterious Swallowtail  TL: "Indien?"  M OI

Pterourus  Scopoli, 1777

Pterourus esperanza (Beutelspacher, 1975)  Esperanza Swallowtail  N Oaxaca  M T S L

Pterourus palamedes (Drury, 1773)  Palamedes Swallowtail  TL: USA ("Carolina")

Pterourus palamedes palamedes (Drury, 1773)  SE USA  M T S HS L1 L2 I H

Pterourus palamedes leontis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  NE Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Pterourus troilus (Linnaeus, 1758)  Spicebush Swallowtail  TL: [USA (SC)]

Pterourus troilus troilus (Linnaeus, 1758)  E USA & SE Canada  M T S HS L1 L2 L3 I H

Pterourus troilus fakahatcheensis Gatrelle, 2000  S Florida  M T S

Pterourus pilumnus (Boisduval, 1836)  Three-tailed Tiger Swallowtail  S USA (as stray), Mexico to Guatemala  M T S L1 L2

Pterourus multicaudata (W. F. Kirby, 1884)  Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail (Xochiquetzal)  TL: Mexico

Pterourus multicaudata pusillus (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)  NW USA to Baja California  M T S L I1 I2 Ha

Pterourus multicaudata multicaudata (W. F. Kirby, 1884)  SW USA to central Mexico  M T S L1 L2 I1 I2 H

Pterourus multicaudata grandiosus (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)  central Mexico to Guatemala  M T S L I Ha

Pterourus eurymedon (Lucas, 1852)  Pale Tiger Swallowtail  W USA & Canada, Baja California Norte  M T S L1 L2 L3 I H

Pterourus rutulus (Lucas, 1852)  Western Tiger Swallowtail  [= arizonensis]; W USA & Canada, Baja California N  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Pterourus canadensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Canadian Tiger Swallowtail  Alaska to northern New England  M T S L1 L2 F Ha

Pterourus appalachiensis Pavulaan & D. Wright, 2002  Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail  Appalachian Mtns., E USA  M T S L1 L2

Pterourus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)  Eastern Tiger Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Pterourus glaucus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)  E USA, far NE Tamaulipas  M T1 T2 S Ab L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 I F

Pterourus glaucus maynardi (Gauthier, 1984)  [= australis]; C & S Florida  M S L I

Pterourus alexiares (Hopffer, 1865)  Mexican Tiger Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Pterourus alexiares garcia (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  NE Mexico, W Texas  M S L

Pterourus alexiares alexiares (Hopffer, 1865)  east-central Mexico  M T S

Pterourus hellanichus (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Uruguay  M T

Pterourus scamander (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil

Pterourus scamander joergenseni (Röber, 1925)  TL: Argentina  M T

Pterourus scamander scamander (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Pterourus scamander grayi (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil ([RS])  M T

Pterourus homerus (Fabricius, 1793)  Homerus Swallowtail  Jamaica  M S IL L

Pterourus garamas (Geyer, [1829])  Magnificent Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Pterourus garamas garamas (Geyer, [1829])  C and W Mexico  M T S Hy L I

Pterourus garamas NW Mexican segregate ,  nr. garamas  M S L

Pterourus garamas abderus (Hopffer, 1856)  E Mexico  M T S L

Pterourus garamas baroni (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  SW Mexico  M T S

Pterourus garamas electryon (H. Bates, 1864)  Chiapas to El Salvador & Honduras  M T S

Pterourus garamas syedra (Godman & Salvin, 1878)  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L I

Pterourus victorinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)  Victorine Swallowtail  E Mexico to Nicaragua

Pterourus victorinus victorinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)  E Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S L I Ha

Pterourus victorinus morelius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Mexico  M T S Hy L

Pterourus victorinus NW Mexican segregate ,  NW Mexico  M S

Pterourus coroebus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Pterourus coroebus vulneratus (A. Butler, 1872)  N Costa Rica  M T S

Pterourus coroebus laetitia (A. Butler, 1872)  S Costa Rica & W Panama  M T1 T2 S1 S2 I1 I2

Pterourus coroebus syndemis Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T S I

Pterourus coroebus coroebus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pterourus lemoulti (Rousseau-Decelle, 1933)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pterourus menatius (Hübner, [1819])  TL: Surinam

Pterourus menatius menatius (Hübner, [1819])  TL: Surinam  M T Ma L

Pterourus menatius ctesiades (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus menatius coelebs (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus menatius eurotas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Pterourus menatius lenaeus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pterourus cleotas (G. Gray, 1832)  TL: "South America"  M T

Pterourus birchallii (Hewitson, 1863)  Green-washed Swallowtail  TL: Colombia

Pterourus birchallii bryki (Strand, 1930)  Honduras to central Panama  M T S I1 I2

Pterourus birchallii birchallii (Hewitson, 1863)  SE Panama to C & W Colombia  M T S

Pterourus xanthopleura (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus warscewiczii (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Bolivia

Pterourus warscewiczii jelskii (Oberthür, 1881)  TL: Peru  M T S

Pterourus warscewiczii mercedes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus warscewiczii warscewiczii (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pterourus cacicus (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia

Pterourus cacicus cacicus (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pterourus cacicus nesrinae (Koçak, 1983)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pterourus cacicus upanensis (Talbot, 1929)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pterourus cacicus mendozaensis (Bollino & Sala, 1994)  TL: Peru  M T S

Pterourus cacicus inca (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus euterpinus (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pterourus bachus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Pterourus bachus bachus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pterourus bachus chrysomelus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru; Bolivia  M T S

Pterourus neyi (Niepelt, 1909)  TL: Ecuador

Pterourus neyi neyi (Niepelt, 1909)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pterourus neyi josianae Möhn, 2001  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus neyi bedoci (Le Cerf, 1925)  TL: French Guiana

Pterourus zagreus (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Pterourus zagreus zagreus (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pterourus zagreus batesi T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1996  TL: Peru

Pterourus zagreus chrysoxanthus (Fruhstorfer, 1915)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus zagreus nigroapicalis Bollino & Sala, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus zagreus baueri Möhn, 2001  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Pterourus ascolius (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  Orange Mimic-Swallowtail  TL: Ecuador; Colombia

Pterourus ascolius zalates (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Costa Rica to C Panama  M T S

Pterourus ascolius ascolius (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  N Colombia (S. Santa Marta to Magdalena V.)  M T S L

Pterourus ascolius daguanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Colombia (Choco)  M T S

Pterourus ascolius rosenbergi (H. Druce, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Papilio  Linnaeus, 1758

Papilio demoleus Linnaeus, 1758  Lime Swallowtail  TL: China (Canon)

Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758  Introduced to Greater Antilles  M S HS L

Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767  Asian Swallowtail  Introduced to Hawaii  M T S L I

Papilio indra Reakirt, 1866  Indra Swallowtail  TL: USA (Co)

Papilio indra shastensis J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998  NW CA, SW OR  M T S L

Papilio indra indra Reakirt, 1866  most of range; NE ORE-WA, ID, MT, N UT, WY, W SD, CO  M T S L I Ha

Papilio indra N & C Sierra Nevada segregate ,  [ "i. indra"]; N & C Sierra Nevada, CA  M S

Papilio indra phyllisae J. Emmel, 1982  S Sierra Nevada, CA  M T S L

Papilio indra pergamus H. Edwards, 1874  Los Angeles, W San Berdo., Riverside, San Diego cos., CA  M T S L H

Papilio indra fordi J. A. Comstock & Martin, 1956  Calico S to Granite Mts.; Sheephole, Coxcomb, Eagle Mts., CA  M T S

Papilio indra parvindra J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Griffin, 2008  [= pygmaeus], Dead Mtns., San Bernardino Co., CA  M T S

Papilio indra martini J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1966  Providence Mtns., San Bernardino Co., CA  M T S

Papilio indra panamintensis J. Emmel, 1982  Panamint Mts., Death Valley region, CA  M T S

Papilio indra nevadensis T. Emmel & J. Emmel, 1971  C & N NV  M T S L Ha

Papilio indra calcicola J. Emmel & Griffin, 1998  Muddy Mtns., Clark Co., NV, and vicinity, to E Death Valley area  M T S1 S2 I Ha

Papilio indra minori Cross, 1937  W CO, E UT, NW NM, NE AZ  M S L I Ha

Papilio indra kaibabensis Bauer, 1955  N AZ, S UT  M T S L

Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758  Old World Swallowtail  TL: Europe

Papilio machaon machaon Linnaeus, 1758  TL: Europe  M T

Papilio machaon aliaska Scudder, 1869  Alaska, NW Canada  M S L I Ha

Papilio machaon hudsonianus A. Clark, 1932  NE Canada (and far NE USA)  M T S

Papilio machaon pikei Sperling, 1987  Peace River region, ALTA-BC  M S

Papilio machaon oregonia W. H. Edwards, 1876  Columbia Basin, NW USA  M T S Hy L

Papilio machaon dodi McDunnough, 1939  northern Great Plains, Alberta to NE Colorado  M T S

Papilio machaon bairdii W. H. Edwards, [1866]  southern Rocky Mountains to SE California  M T S1 S2 L I H

Papilio brevicauda Saunders, 1868  Short-tailed Swallowtail  TL: Canada (NL)

Papilio brevicauda brevicauda Saunders, 1868  S Laborador, Newfoundland, Anticosti Island  M S I

Papilio brevicauda bretonensis McDunnough, 1939  Maritime Provinces  M T S I

Papilio brevicauda gaspeensis McDunnough, 1934  Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec  M S

Papilio joanae J. Heitzman, 1973  Ozark Swallowtail  Ozark region, central USA  M T S

Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775  Black Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Papilio polyxenes polyxenes Fabricius, 1775  Cuba  M T S

Papilio polyxenes asterius Stoll, 1782  Canada, E USA, S to El Salvador  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 I1 I2 I3 H F

Papilio polyxenes coloro W. G. Wright, 1905  far SW USA  M T1 T2 S1 S2 L I Ha

Papilio polyxenes stabilis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Papilio polyxenes americus Kollar, 1850  TL: Colombia  M T S I

Papilio polyxenes costarum Orellana, 2009  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Papilio polyxenes sadalus Lucas, 1852  TL: Ecuador  M T

Papilio polyxenes gerardi Bollino & Vitale, 2002  TL: Peru

Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852  Anise Swallowtail  W USA & Canada, Baja California Norte  M T1 T2 S1 S2 Hy L1 L2 L3 I Ha

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