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Family PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802] – SWALLOWTAILS

  Subfamily Baroniinae

Baronia  Salvin, 1893

Baronia brevicornis Salvin, 1893  Baronia  TL: Mexico (Gue)

Baronia brevicornis brevicornis Salvin, 1893  SW Mexico  M T1 T2 S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 I H

Baronia brevicornis rufodiscalis J. Maza & J. White, 1987  Chiapas  M T S L

  Subfamily Parnassiinae

  Tribe Parnassiini

Parnassius  Latreille, 1804

Parnassius eversmanni Ménétriés, [1850]  Eversmann's Parnassian  TL: not specified

Parnassius eversmanni thor H. Edwards, 1881  Alaska, YK, W NT, N BC  M S L I

Parnassius clodius Ménétriés, 1855  Clodius Parnassian  TL: USA (Ca)

Parnassius clodius strohbeeni Sternitzky, 1945  Santa Cruz Mtns, CA; apparently extinct  M T S1 S2 S3

Parnassius clodius clodius Ménétriés, 1855  N CA; Marin to Trinity cos.  M S I

Parnassius clodius claudianus Stichel, 1907  far N CA (Siskiyous) to SW BC; Cascades westward  M S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 Ha

Parnassius clodius pseudogallatinus Bryk, 1913  Cascades of N WA & S BC  M S

Parnassius clodius incredibilis Bryk, 1935  Mt. St. Elias, Alaska; types possibly mislabeled  M T

Parnassius clodius sol Bryk & Eisner, 1932  CA; Tulare to Modoc & S Siskiyou Cos.; Warners?; usually < 7000'  M S L I H

Parnassius clodius baldur W. H. Edwards, 1877  CA; S Sierra Nevada, usually above 7000'  M S L1 L2 L3

Parnassius clodius S Sierra Nevada segregate ,  Southern Sierra Nevada (Kern-Tulare Cos.), CA  M S

Parnassius clodius altaurus Dyar, 1903  [= shepardi]; SE BC, E WA, ID, W MT, NW WY, E OR  M S L

Parnassius clodius menetriesii H. Edwards, 1877  N UT  M S1 S2 L

Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793)  Phoebus Parnassian  TL: not specified

Parnassius phoebus apricatus Stichel, 1906  S Alaska to NW BC  M T S L

Parnassius phoebus golovinus W. Holland, 1930  Seward Peninsula, Alaska  M T S

Parnassius behrii W. H. Edwards, 1870  Sierra Nevada Parnassian  CA Sierra Nevada  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Parnassius smintheus E. Doubleday, 1847  Rocky Mountain Parnassian  TL: Canada (Ab)

Parnassius smintheus sternitzkyi McDunnough, 1937  Siskiyou/ S Cascade Mts, NW CA-SW OR  M T S1 S2 L I Ha

Parnassius smintheus olympianna Burdick, 1941  Olympic Mts, NW WA; Vancouver I., SW BC  M T S L

Parnassius smintheus yukonensis Eisner, 1969  SW YK, NW BC  M S

Parnassius smintheus smintheus E. Doubleday, 1847  Rocky Mtns., E BC-W ALTA to N MT  M T S L

Parnassius smintheus magnus W. G. Wright, 1905  S BC, E WA, E OR, ID, W MT, NW WY  M T S L1 L2 L3 H

Parnassius smintheus maximus Bryk & Eisner, 1937  C & E MT  M S

Parnassius smintheus sayii W. H. Edwards, 1863  [= hermodur]; NE NV, UT, S & E WY, W SD, W NB, CO, N NM  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 H

Parnassius smintheus pseudorotgeri Eisner, 1966  SW CO; San Juan Mtns.  M T S L

  Subfamily Papilioninae

  Tribe Leptocircini

Eurytides  Hübner, [1821]

Eurytides iphitas Hübner, [1821]  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Eurytides dolicaon (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "East Indies"

Eurytides dolicaon septentrionalis K. Brown, 1994  central Panama  M T S

Eurytides dolicaon hebreus K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurytides dolicaon tromes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurytides dolicaon cauraensis Möhn, 2002  TL: Venezuela

Eurytides dolicaon dolicaon (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "East Indies"  M T

Eurytides dolicaon deileon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurytides dolicaon deicoon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Brazil  M T

Eurytides callias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Eurytides columbus (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Eurytides serville (Godart, [1824])  TL: "South America"

Eurytides serville acritus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurytides serville serville (Godart, [1824])  TL: "South America"  M T L

Eurytides orabilis (A. Butler, 1872)  Thick-edged Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Costa Rica

Eurytides orabilis orabilis (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Eurytides orabilis isocharis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurytides salvini (H. Bates, 1864)  Salvin’s Kite-Swallowtail  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Eurytides bellerophon (Dalman, 1823)  TL: Brazil?  M T

Protesilaus  Swainson, [1832]

Protesilaus telesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Colombia; Brazil (Am)

Protesilaus telesilaus dolius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  C Panama to Trinidad and NW Ecuador  M T S L

Protesilaus telesilaus telesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Colombia; Brazil (Am)  M T

Protesilaus telesilaus salobrensis (R.F. d'Almeida, 1941)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Protesilaus telesilaus vitellus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Protesilaus stenodesmus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Protesilaus earis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Protesilaus orthosilaus (Weymer, 1899)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Protesilaus helios (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Protesilaus protesilaus (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "North America"

Protesilaus protesilaus dariensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica & Panama to N Venezuela  M T S L I

Protesilaus protesilaus archesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S I1 I2

Protesilaus protesilaus protesilaus (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "North America"  M T HS

Protesilaus protesilaus nigricornis (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Protesilaus macrosilaus (G. Gray, [1853])  Five-striped Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Honduras

Protesilaus macrosilaus penthesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  SE Mexico to Guatemala and El Salvador  M T S

Protesilaus macrosilaus macrosilaus (G. Gray, [1853])  Honduras to Costa Rica  M T S L

Protesilaus macrosilaus leucones (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Protesilaus molops (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador

Protesilaus molops molops (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Protesilaus molops hetaerius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia; Guyana; Peru; Surinam; Ecuador; Bolivia  M T

Protesilaus molops megalurus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Protesilaus glaucolaus (H. Bates, 1864)  Glaucolaus Swallowtail  TL: Panama

Protesilaus glaucolaus glaucolaus (H. Bates, 1864)  Panama to C Colombia  M T S

Protesilaus glaucolaus melaenus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Protesilaus glaucolaus leucas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Protesilaus leucosilaus (J. Zikán, 1937)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Protesilaus aguiari (R.F. d'Almeida, 1937)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Neographium  Möhn, 2002

Neographium epidaus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  Mexican Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Mexico (Yuc); Honduras

Neographium epidaus tepicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  NW Mexico  M T S L

Neographium epidaus fenochionis (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  SW Mexico  M T S L I H

Neographium epidaus epidaus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  E Mexico to NW Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Neographium agesilaus (Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835)  TL: Colombia

Neographium agesilaus fortis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Mexico  M T S Hy L

Neographium agesilaus neosilaus (Hopffer, 1865)  E Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Neographium agesilaus eimeri (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Panama & W Colombia  M T S L

Neographium agesilaus agesilaus (Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835)  TL: Colombia  M T

Neographium agesilaus autosilaus (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Neographium agesilaus montanum (Küppers, 1974)  TL: Peru  M T

Neographium agesilaus viridis (Röber, 1926)  TL: Colombia?

Neographium marcellus (Cramer, 1777)  Zebra Swallowtail  E USA & Canada  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 I1 I2 I3 I4 H

Neographium zonaria (A. Butler, 1869)  Hispaniolan Kite-Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M T S

Neographium philolaus (Boisduval, 1836)  Dark Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Neographium philolaus philolaus (Boisduval, 1836)  Texas and Sinaloa S to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 Hy L1 L2 I

Neographium philolaus xanticles (H. Bates, 1863)  Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela  M T S L

Neographium anaxilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Small Kite-Swallowtail  Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela  M T S

Neographium celadon (Lucas, 1852)  Cuban Kite-Swallowtail  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M T S

Neographium marcellinus (E. Doubleday, [1845])  Jamaican Kite-Swallowtail  Jamaica  M T S

Neographium thyastes (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Neographium thyastes occidentalis (R. F. Maza, 1982)  SW Mexico  M T

Neographium thyastes marchandii (Boisduval, 1836)  E Mexico to Honduras  M S

Neographium thyastes panamensis (Oberthür, 1879)  Nicaragua and Costa Rica to NW Ecuador  M T S L I

Neographium thyastes thyastinus (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Neographium thyastes thyastes (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Neographium calliste (H. Bates, 1864)  Yellow Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Guatemala

Neographium calliste calliste (H. Bates, 1864)  SE Mexico to El Salvador and Hondruas  M T S

Neographium calliste olbius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica to W Panama  M T S L

Neographium dioxippus (Hewitson, [1856])  Thick-bordered Kite-Swallowtail  TL: Colombia

Neographium dioxippus lacandones (H. Bates, 1864)  SE Mexico to W Panama  M T S L

Neographium dioxippus dioxippus (Hewitson, [1856])  C Panama to Colombia  M T S L

Neographium dioxippus marae (T. Racheli, Bollino & Sala, 1990)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Neographium dioxippus diores (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Neographium leucaspis (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Peru?"

Neographium leucaspis lamidis (K. Brown & Lamas, 1994)  TL: Colombia  M T

Neographium leucaspis leucaspis (Godart, 1819)  TL: "Peru?"  M T

Neographium asius (Fabricius, 1781)  TL: "South America"  M T

Mimoides  K. Brown, 1991

Mimoides lysithous (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?

Mimoides lysithous sebastianus (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Brazil  M T

Mimoides lysithous harrisianus (Swainson, 1822)  TL: ?  M T

Mimoides lysithous rurik (Eschscholtz, 1821)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Mimoides lysithous lysithous (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?  M T

Mimoides lysithous eupatorion (Lucas, [1859])  TL: Brazil  M T

Mimoides thymbraeus (Boisduval, 1836)  White-crescent Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Mimoides thymbraeus thymbraeus (Boisduval, 1836)  SE Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Mimoides thymbraeus aconophos (G. Gray, [1853])  W Mexico  M S L I H

Mimoides pausanias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Surinam; Brazil (Am)

Mimoides pausanias prasinus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L

Mimoides pausanias cleombrotus (Strecker, 1885)  E Panama to N Ecuador  M S L

Mimoides pausanias hermolaus (Guenée, 1872)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Mimoides pausanias tabaquita (Kaye, 1925)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Mimoides pausanias pausanias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Surinam; Brazil (Am)  M T S

Mimoides protodamas (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Mimoides phaon (Boisduval, 1836)  Variable Swallowtail  TL: Mexico; "Peru"

Mimoides phaon phaon (Boisduval, 1836)  NE Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Mimoides phaon therodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides euryleon (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia

Mimoides euryleon clusoculis (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S1 S2 I1 I2

Mimoides euryleon euryleon (Hewitson, [1856])  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides euryleon pithonius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T S I

Mimoides euryleon rodriquezi Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides euryleon haenschi (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mimoides euryleon anatmus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mimoides ilus (Fabricius, 1793)  Ilus Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Mimoides ilus occiduus (Vázquez, 1957)  W Mexico  M T S Ha

Mimoides ilus branchus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  E Mexico to N Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Mimoides ilus ilus (Fabricius, 1793)  Panama to N Colombia & C Venezuela  M T S L

Mimoides ariarathes (Esper, 1788)  TL: "South America"

Mimoides ariarathes evagorides K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Venezuela  M T

Mimoides ariarathes demerara K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Guyana  M T

Mimoides ariarathes ariarathes (Esper, 1788)  TL: "South America"  M T OI

Mimoides ariarathes gayi (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru  M T

Mimoides ariarathes illuminatus (Niepelt, 1928)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides ariarathes arianus (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Mimoides ariarathes metagenes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Mimoides ariarathes leuctra (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Go)  M T

Mimoides xeniades (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Mimoides xeniades isus (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides xeniades halex (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Mimoides xeniades xeniades (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T Ma L

Mimoides xeniades tabaconas (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Mimoides xeniades imaus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Mimoides xeniades signatus Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994  TL: [Peru]  M T

Mimoides xynias (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Bolivia

Mimoides xynias trapeza (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mimoides xynias xynias (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Mimoides microdamas (Burmeister, 1878)  TL: Argentina  M T

  Tribe Troidini

Battus  Scopoli, 1777

Battus philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)  Pipevine Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)  Mexico, S & E USA & Canada  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4 I1 I2 I3 H1 H2 F

Battus philenor hirsuta (Skinner, 1908)  central and northern California  M T S L I H

Battus philenor insularis Vázquez, 1957  Islas Revillagigedo, Colima  M T S

Battus philenor orsua (Godman & Salvin, 1889)  Islas Tres Marias, Nayarit  M T S

Battus philenor acauda (Oberthür, 1879)  Yucatan Peninsula and surrounding areas  M T S L I

Battus devilliersii (Godart, 1823)  De Villiers' Swallowtail  Cuba, N & S Andros  M S

Battus zetides (Munroe, 1971)  Zetides Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M S

Battus polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)  Polydamas Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Battus polydamas polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)  continental  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 I1 I2 I3 H

Battus polydamas lucayus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  SE USA & Bahamas  M T S L I

Battus polydamas cubensis (Dufrane, 1946)  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M T S

Battus polydamas jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Jamaica  M T S

Battus polydamas polycrates (Hopffer, 1865)  Hispaniola  M T S L

Battus polydamas thyamus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Culebra  M T S L I

Battus polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Antigua; extinct  M S

Battus polydamas christopheranus (A. Hall, 1936)  St. Kitts, St. Christopher, Montserrat, Nevis  M T

Battus polydamas neodamas (Lucas, 1852)  Guadeloupe & Marie-Galante  M T S

Battus polydamas dominicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Dominica  M T S

Battus polydamas cebriones (Dalman, 1823)  [= xenodamus]; Martinique  M T S

Battus polydamas lucianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  St. Lucia  M T S

Battus polydamas vincentius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  St. Vincent (possibly northern Grenadines)  M T S

Battus polydamas grenadensis (A. Hall, 1930)  Grenada, southern Grenadines  M T L

Battus polydamas streckerianus (Honrath, 1884)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus polydamas peruanus (Fuchs, 1954)  TL: Peru

Battus polydamas atahualpa T. Racheli & Pischedda, 1987  TL: Peru

Battus polydamas weyrauchi Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Battus polydamas renani Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Battus polydamas psittacus (J. Molina, 1782)  TL: Chile  M T

Battus madyes (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia

Battus madyes adloni (Ehrmann, 1926)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Battus madyes philetas (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Battus madyes lojaensis Möhn, 1999  TL: Ecuador

Battus madyes magnimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1925)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes plinius (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes buechei Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes callangaensis Möhn, 2001  TL: Peru

Battus madyes chlorodamas (Guenée, 1872)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes montebanus (Dyar, 1913)  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes crispatus Lamas, 2001  TL: Peru  M T

Battus madyes madyes (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Battus madyes tucumanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Argentina  M T

Battus eracon (Godman & Salvin, 1897)  West-Mexican Swallowtail  W Mexico  M T S

Battus polystictus (A. Butler, 1874)  TL: Brazil (RS)

Battus polystictus galenus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: "Surinam"  M T

Battus polystictus polystictus (A. Butler, 1874)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T

Battus laodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Colombia

Battus laodamas iopas (Godman & Salvin, 1897)  W Mexico  M T S L

Battus laodamas copanae (Reakirt, 1863)  E Mexico to N Costa Rica  M T S L

Battus laodamas rhipidius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Costa Rica to Panama  M T S

Battus laodamas laodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Colombia  M T

Battus ingenuus (Dyar, 1907)  Dyar's Swallowtail  SE Mexico to E Venezuela, Trinidad, and Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Battus lycidas (Cramer, 1777)  Cramer's Swallowtail  SE Mexico to N Bolivia and S Pará, Brazil  M T S L

Battus belus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Battus belus varus (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia  M T

Battus belus belus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Battus belus aureochloris K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Battus belus belemus (H. Bates, 1864)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Battus belus cochabamba (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Battus crassus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Battus crassus lepidus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  Costa Rica to E Venezuela and W Ecuador  M T S L

Battus crassus crassus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Battus crassus hirundo (Röber, 1925)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Battus crassus paraensis K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Euryades  C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864

Euryades corethrus (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: ?  M T

Euryades duponchelii (Lucas, 1839)  TL: Argentina  M T

Parides  Hübner, [1819]

Parides gundlachianus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  Cuban Cattleheart  TL: Cuba

Parides gundlachianus alayoi L. Hernández, Alayón & D. Smith, 1995  Pinar del Río, W Cuba  M T S

Parides gundlachianus gundlachianus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  E Cuba  M T S

Parides ascanius (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Parides agavus (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Parides proneus (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides phalaecus (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Parides phalaecus phalaecus (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides phalaecus nieva Möhn, 1999  TL: Peru

Parides bunichus (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?

Parides bunichus diodorus (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides bunichus bunichus (Hübner, [1821])  TL: ?

Parides bunichus chamissonia (Eschscholtz, 1821)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides bunichus perrhebus (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Paraguay; Brazil (RS)  M T

Parides bunichus damocrates (Guenée, 1872)  TL: Argentina

Parides montezuma (Westwood, 1842)  Montezuma’s Cattleheart  NE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica  M S L1 L2 H

Parides alopius (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  White-dotted Cattleheart  S Arizona (stray), W Mexico  M T S L I

Parides photinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)  Pink-spotted Cattleheart  NE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L I H

Parides klagesi (Ehrmann, 1904)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Parides vercingetorix (Oberthür, 1888)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides quadratus (Staudinger, 1890)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Parides quadratus spoliatus (Staudinger, 1898)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Parides quadratus quadratus (Staudinger, 1890)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Parides pizarro (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru

Parides pizarro pizarro (Staudinger, 1884)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Parides pizarro kuhlmanni (E. May, 1925)  TL: Brazil (Ac)  M T S

Parides pizarro steinbachi (Rothschild, 1905)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Parides hahneli (Staudinger, 1882)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides mithras (Grose-Smith, 1902)  TL: Guyana

Parides mithras mithras (Grose-Smith, 1902)  TL: Guyana  M T

Parides mithras marajoara K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Parides chabrias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)

Parides chabrias chabrias (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides chabrias ygdrasilla Hemming, 1935  TL: ?  M T

Parides aeneas (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Asia"

Parides aeneas bolivar (Hewitson, 1850)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides aeneas huallaga T. Racheli, 1988  TL: Peru  M T

Parides aeneas damis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides aeneas tucha T. Racheli, 1988  TL: Peru  M T

Parides aeneas lamasi T. Racheli, 1988  TL: Peru  M S

Parides aeneas locris (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides aeneas opalinus (A. Butler, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides aeneas gabrielensis (Bryk, 1953)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M S

Parides aeneas aeneas (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Asia"  M T HS

Parides aeneas didas K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Surinam  M T

Parides aeneas lucasi K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides aeneas marcius (Hübner, [1816])  TL: ?  M S

Parides aeneas linoides K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides tros (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil

Parides tros tros (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil

Parides tros danunciae O. Mielke, Casagrande & C. Mielke, 2000  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Parides orellana (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides burchellanus (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Brazil (MG)

Parides burchellanus burchellanus (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Parides burchellanus jaguarae (Foetterle, 1902)  TL: Brazil (MG; SP)  M T

Parides panthonus (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Parides panthonus panthonus (Cramer, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T

Parides panthonus phylarchus (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides aglaope (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Parides aglaope aglaope (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides aglaope lysimachus (Honrath, 1888)  TL: "Peru"

Parides aglaope ecaudatus (Joicey & Talbot, 1924)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Parides aglaope callicles (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides aglaope castilhoi R.F. d'Almeida, 1967  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Parides lysander Cramer, 1775  TL: Surinam

Parides lysander orinocoensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, [2002]  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides lysander brissonius (Hübner, [1819])  TL: ?  M T S

Parides lysander lysander (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T IL L

Parides lysander parsodes (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides lysander antalcidas Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides lysander mattogrossensis (Talbot, 1928)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Parides echemon (Hübner, [1813])  TL: ?

Parides echemon empistocles Küppers, 1975  TL: Peru

Parides echemon pisander (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: ?  M T

Parides echemon ergeteles (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides echemon echemon (Hübner, [1813])  TL: ?  M T

Parides eurimedes (Stoll, 1782)  TL: "Berbices"

Parides eurimedes mylotes (H. Bates, 1861)  S Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Parides eurimedes mycale (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Panama and far N Colombia  M T S L

Parides eurimedes arriphus (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Parides eurimedes emilius Constantino, 1999  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides eurimedes antheas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Parides eurimedes eurimedes (Stoll, 1782)  TL: "Berbices"  M T S

Parides eurimedes agathokles (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Parides eurimedes timias (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides neophilus (Geyer, 1837)  TL: Surinam

Parides neophilus parianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Trinidad; Venezuela  M T

Parides neophilus neophilus (Geyer, 1837)  TL: Surinam

Parides neophilus olivencius (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides neophilus anaximenes (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T L

Parides neophilus consus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides neophilus ecbolius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides neophilus eurybates (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Parides zacynthus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil

Parides zacynthus polymetus (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil; "Peru"  M T

Parides zacynthus zacynthus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil  M HS

Parides childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)  Green-celled Cattleheart  TL: "Brazil"

Parides childrenae childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Parides childrenae latifasciata (E. Krüger, 1925)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Parides childrenae unimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1922)  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Parides sesostris (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Parides sesostris zestos (G. Gray, [1853])  SE Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Parides sesostris tarquinius (Boisduval, 1836)  Panama, transandean Colombia, N Venezuela  M T S L

Parides sesostris sesostris (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Parides sesostris trinitensis K. Brown, 1994  TL: Trinidad  M T

Parides sesostris zischkai (Forster, 1955)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides panares (G. Gray, [1853])  Wedge-spotted Cattleheart  TL: Mexico ([Oax])

Parides panares panares (G. Gray, [1853])  Oaxaca  M T1 T2 S L

Parides panares lycimenes (Boisduval, 1870)  Chiapas to Panama  M T S L I1 I2

Parides panares erythrus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides panares paralius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides panares rachelii K. Brown, 1994  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides panares tachira T. Racheli, 1991  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides vertumnus (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Parides vertumnus vertumnus (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M T

Parides vertumnus pseudobogotanus (R. Krüger, 1926)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Parides vertumnus pyrophanus (J. Zikán, 1937)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides vertumnus bogotanus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides vertumnus diceros (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides vertumnus cutora (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides vertumnus astorius (J. Zikán, 1940)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides vertumnus autumnus (Staudinger, 1898)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides vertumnus yuracares (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides cutorina (Staudinger, 1898)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Parides phosphorus (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Guyana

Parides phosphorus gratianus (Hewitson, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides phosphorus laurae Bollino & Costa, 2004  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides phosphorus phosphorus (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Guyana  M T S

Parides phosphorus zopyron Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Parides phosphorus vavi T. Racheli, 1992  TL: Peru

Parides anchises (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "America"

Parides anchises marthilia R. G. Maza, 1999  Chiapas  M T

Parides anchises farfan K. Brown, 1994  Panama (Pacific Coast)  M T S

Parides anchises alyattes (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides anchises serapis (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides anchises osyris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides anchises cymochles (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Parides anchises orinocensis (Rousseau-Decelle, 1960)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides anchises anchises (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "America"  M T HS

Parides anchises bukuti Brévignon, 1998  TL: French Guiana

Parides anchises thelios (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Parides anchises humaita D'Abrera, 1981  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Parides anchises drucei (A. Butler, 1874)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides anchises zygma Lamas, 2001  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides anchises koenigi T. Racheli, 1989  TL: Peru  M T

Parides anchises marinae T. Racheli, 1987  TL: Peru  M T

Parides anchises etias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Parides anchises orbignyanus (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Argentina  M T

Parides anchises foetterlei (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Parides anchises nephalion (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides anchises stilbon (Kollar, 1839)  TL: Brazil  M T

Parides iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793)  Iphidamas Cattleheart  TL: ?

Parides iphidamas iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793)  SE Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Parides iphidamas Atlantic Coast, Panama segregate ,  Atlantic Coast, Panama  M S

Parides iphidamas elatos (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides iphidamas gorgonae Vélez & Salazar, 1991  TL: Colombia

Parides iphidamas phalias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides iphidamas teneates (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides iphidamas calogyna (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador; Colombia  M T

Parides iphidamas ayabacensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia; "Jamaica"

Parides erithalion trichopus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Parides erithalion polyzelus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  E Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L I H

Parides erithalion sadyattes (H. Druce, 1874)  Nicaragua and N Costa Rica  M T S

Parides erithalion smalli K. Brown, 1994  S Costa Rica & Panama  M T1 T2 L

Parides erithalion erithalion (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia; "Jamaica"  M T

Parides erithalion cauca (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Colombia  M S I

Parides erithalion chocoensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides erithalion palmasensis K. Brown, 1994  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides erithalion zeuxis (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Parides erithalion inini Brévignon, 1998  TL: French Guiana

Parides erithalion keithi T. Racheli, 1991  TL: Venezuela  M S

Parides erithalion browni Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia

Parides erithalion kruegeri (Niepelt, 1927)  TL: Colombia  M T

Parides erithalion guillerminae Pischedda & T. Racheli, 1986  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides erithalion lacydes (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Parides erithalion chinchipensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion xanthias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion callegarii T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1996  TL: Peru

Parides erithalion racheliorum Lamas, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Parides erithalion blanca T. Racheli & Möhn, 2001  TL: Peru

Parides erithalion yaminahua Pischedda & T. Racheli, 1987  TL: Peru

Parides erithalion erlaces (G. Gray, [1853])  TL: Bolivia  M T L

  Tribe Papilionini

Heraclides  Hübner, [1819]

Heraclides hyppason (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heraclides chiansiades (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Ecuador

Heraclides chiansiades dospassosi (Rütimeyer, 1969)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides chiansiades chiansiades (Westwood, 1872)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides chiansiades maroni (Moreau, 1923)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heraclides chiansiades mossi K. Brown, 1994  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Heraclides isidorus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  Ruby-patched Swallowtail  TL: Bolivia

Heraclides isidorus rhodostictus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874)  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L

Heraclides isidorus pacificus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  E Panama to Ecuador  M T S

Heraclides isidorus nymphius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides isidorus brises (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides isidorus autana T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995  TL: Venezuela  M S

Heraclides isidorus flavescens (Oberthür, 1879)  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides isidorus isidorus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heraclides isidorus tingo T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995  TL: Peru

Heraclides anchisiades (Esper, 1788)  Ruby-spotted Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides anchisiades idaeus (Fabricius, 1793)  Texas to Colombia & NW Venezuela  M T S L I1 I2 I3

Heraclides anchisiades lamasi K. Brown, 1994  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides anchisiades philastrius (Fruhstorfer, 1915)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Heraclides anchisiades anchisiades (Esper, 1788)  TL: Surinam  M T OI

Heraclides anchisiades capys (Hübner, [1809])  TL: ?

Heraclides rogeri (Boisduval, 1836)  Pink-spotted Swallowtail  TL: Mexico (Yuc)

Heraclides rogeri pharnaces (E. Doubleday, 1846)  S Texas, most of Mexico, to NW Guatemala  M T S L I

Heraclides rogeri rogeri (Boisduval, 1836)  Yucatan Peninsula and surrounding areas  M S L

Heraclides epenetus (Hewitson, 1861)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides erostratus (Westwood, 1847)  Erostratus Swallowtail  TL: "Central America"

Heraclides erostratus erostratinus (Vázquez, 1947)  E Mexico  M T S L

Heraclides erostratus vazquezae (Beutelspacher, 1986)  SW Mexico  M T S L Ha

Heraclides erostratus erostratus (Westwood, 1847)  Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador  M T S

Heraclides oxynius (Geyer, [1827])  Oxynius Swallowtail  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides pelaus (Fabricius, 1775)  Caribbean Swallowtail  TL: "India"

Heraclides pelaus atkinsi (M. Bates, 1935)  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides pelaus pelaus (Fabricius, 1775)  Jamaica  M T S

Heraclides pelaus imerius (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola & Puerto Rico  M T S L

Heraclides pelaus puertoricensis Möhn, 1999  TL: Puerto Rico

Heraclides garleppi (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Bolivia

Heraclides garleppi interruptus (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Brazil (Am); Peru  M T

Heraclides garleppi lecerfi K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: French Guiana  M T

Heraclides garleppi garleppi (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heraclides torquatus (Cramer, 1777)  Torquatus Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides torquatus mazai (Beutelspacher, 1977)  W Mexico to W El Salvador  M T S

Heraclides torquatus atsukoae (Okano, 1985)  southern Veracruz to E El Salvador  M S L

Heraclides torquatus tolus (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  NE Mexico to C Veracruz  M T S L1 L2

Heraclides torquatus tolmides (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Guatemala to Panama  M T S1 S2 I1 I2

Heraclides torquatus jeani K. Brown & Lamas, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides torquatus leptalea (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides torquatus torquatus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heraclides torquatus polybius (Swainson, 1823)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T TI

Heraclides hectorides (Esper, 1794)  TL: "East Indies"  M T

Heraclides himeros (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Brazil

Heraclides himeros baia (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Heraclides himeros himeros (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heraclides lamarchei (Staudinger, 1892)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Heraclides androgeus (Cramer, 1775)  Androgeus Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides androgeus epidaurus (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Greater Antilles (minus Jamaica), E Mexico to W Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Heraclides androgeus reyesorum Vargas, Llorente & Luis, 2013  W Mexico  M S L

Heraclides androgeus androgeus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T

Heraclides androgeus laodocus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heraclides thersites (Fabricius, 1775)  False Androgeus Swallowtail  Jamaica  M T S L

Heraclides astyalus (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Heraclides astyalus hippomedon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  Panama, Colombia, E to Guianas & S to mid-Amazon  M T S L

Heraclides astyalus phanias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Heraclides astyalus astyalus (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Heraclides anchicayaensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002  TL: Colombia  M T

Heraclides pallas (G. Gray, [1853])  Broad-banded Swallowtail  S Texas to N Costa Rica

Heraclides pallas pallas (G. Gray, [1853])  S Texas, E Mexico to N Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 Ab L I

Heraclides pallas bajaensis (J. Brown & Faulkner, 1992)  W Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Heraclides ornythion (Boisduval, 1836)  Ornythion Swallowtail  S Texas to Honduras

Heraclides ornythion ornythion (Boisduval, 1836)  S Texas, E Mexico to Honduras  M TI S L1 L2 I1 I2 I3 H

Heraclides ornythion W Mexican segregate ,  S Arizona, W Mexico  M S Ha

Heraclides aristodemus (Esper, 1794)  Schaus' Swallowtail  TL: [Haiti]

Heraclides aristodemus ponceana (Schaus, 1911)  S Florida & northern Bahamas  M T S L I H

Heraclides aristodemus majasi L. Miller, 1987  Crooked & Acklin islands, central Bahamas  M T S

Heraclides aristodemus bjorndalae (Clench, 1979)  Mayaguana, Turks & Caicos & Inagua islands  M T S

Heraclides aristodemus temenes (Godart, 1819)  Cuba  M T S L

Heraclides aristodemus aristodemus (Esper, 1794)  Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico  M T S L

Heraclides thoas (Linnaeus, 1771)  Thoas Swallowtail  TL: Surinam

Heraclides thoas autocles (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Texas to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Heraclides thoas nealces (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Panama to Venezuela, Colombia, W Ecuador, far NW Peru  M T S L I

Heraclides thoas thoas (Linnaeus, 1771)  TL: Surinam  M OD TI HS Txt

Heraclides thoas cinyras (Ménétriés, 1857)  TL: "Brazil (Ba)"  M T

Heraclides thoas brasiliensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Heraclides thoas thoantiades (Burmeister, 1878)  TL: Argentina  M T

Heraclides oviedo (Gundlach, 1866)  Cuban King Swallowtail  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides homothoas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  False Giant Swallowtail  Costa Rica, Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad  M T S I

Heraclides rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin, 2014  Western Giant Swallowtail  southwestern US: California to Texas, south to Panama  M T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 S1 S2 S3 S4 L1 L2 I H

Heraclides cresphontes (Cramer, 1777)  Eastern Giant Swallowtail  eastern US: Canada to Texas, introductions to Cuba  M T OD TI S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 HS L1 L2 I Txt

Heraclides melonius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Jamaican Giant Swallowtail  Jamaica  M T S L

Heraclides paeon (Boisduval, 1836)  Straight-banded Swallowtail  TL: "Chile"

Heraclides paeon thrason (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Yucatan Peninsula to N Venezuela and W Peru  M T S L I

Heraclides paeon paeon (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: "Chile"  M T S

Heraclides paeon escomeli (T. Cockerell, 1927)  TL: Peru  M T OD

Heraclides aristor (Godart, 1819)  Scarce Hispaniolan Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M S

Heraclides caiguanabus (Poey, [1852])  Poey's Swallowtail  Cuba  M T S

Heraclides andraemon Hübner, [1823]  Bahamian Swallowtail  TL: ?

Heraclides andraemon bonhotei (Sharpe, 1900)  S Florida & Bahamas  M T S

Heraclides andraemon andraemon Hübner, [1823]  Cuba, Little Cayman & Cayman Brac, Jamaica  M OI S

Heraclides andraemon tailori (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Grand Cayman  M T S

Heraclides machaonides (Esper, 1796)  Machaonides Swallowtail  Hispaniola  M T OI S L

Heraclides peleides (Esper, 1793)  Mysterious Swallowtail  TL: "Indien?"  M OI

Pterourus  Scopoli, 1777

Pterourus esperanza (Beutelspacher, 1975)  Esperanza Swallowtail  N Oaxaca  M T S L

Pterourus palamedes (Drury, 1773)  Palamedes Swallowtail  TL: USA ("Carolina")

Pterourus palamedes palamedes (Drury, 1773)  SE USA  M T S HS L1 L2 I H

Pterourus palamedes leontis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  NE Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Pterourus troilus (Linnaeus, 1758)  Spicebush Swallowtail  TL: [USA (SC)]

Pterourus troilus troilus (Linnaeus, 1758)  E USA & SE Canada  M T S HS L1 L2 L3 I H

Pterourus troilus fakahatcheensis Gatrelle, 2000  S Florida  M T S

Pterourus pilumnus (Boisduval, 1836)  Three-tailed Tiger Swallowtail  S USA (as stray), Mexico to Guatemala  M T S L1 L2

Pterourus multicaudata (W. F. Kirby, 1884)  Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail (Xochiquetzal)  TL: Mexico

Pterourus multicaudata pusillus (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)  NW USA to Baja California  M T S L I1 I2 Ha

Pterourus multicaudata multicaudata (W. F. Kirby, 1884)  SW USA to central Mexico  M T S L1 L2 I1 I2 H

Pterourus multicaudata grandiosus (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)  central Mexico to Guatemala  M T S L I Ha

Pterourus eurymedon (Lucas, 1852)  Pale Tiger Swallowtail  W USA & Canada, Baja California Norte  M T S L1 L2 L3 I H

Pterourus rutulus (Lucas, 1852)  Western Tiger Swallowtail  [= arizonensis]; W USA & Canada, Baja California N  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Pterourus canadensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  Canadian Tiger Swallowtail  Alaska to northern New England  M T S L1 L2 F Ha

Pterourus appalachiensis Pavulaan & D. Wright, 2002  Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail  Appalachian Mtns., E USA  M T S L1 L2

Pterourus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)  Eastern Tiger Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Pterourus glaucus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)  E USA, far NE Tamaulipas  M T1 T2 S Ab L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 L7 I F

Pterourus glaucus maynardi (Gauthier, 1984)  [= australis]; C & S Florida  M S L I

Pterourus alexiares (Hopffer, 1865)  Mexican Tiger Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Pterourus alexiares garcia (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  NE Mexico, W Texas  M S L

Pterourus alexiares alexiares (Hopffer, 1865)  east-central Mexico  M T S

Pterourus hellanichus (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Uruguay  M T

Pterourus scamander (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil

Pterourus scamander joergenseni (Röber, 1925)  TL: Argentina  M T

Pterourus scamander scamander (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Pterourus scamander grayi (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil ([RS])  M T

Pterourus homerus (Fabricius, 1793)  Homerus Swallowtail  Jamaica  M S IL L

Pterourus garamas (Geyer, [1829])  Magnificent Swallowtail  TL: Mexico

Pterourus garamas garamas (Geyer, [1829])  C and W Mexico  M T S Hy L I

Pterourus garamas NW Mexican segregate ,  nr. garamas  M S L

Pterourus garamas abderus (Hopffer, 1856)  E Mexico  M T S L

Pterourus garamas baroni (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  SW Mexico  M T S

Pterourus garamas electryon (H. Bates, 1864)  Chiapas to El Salvador & Honduras  M T S

Pterourus garamas syedra (Godman & Salvin, 1878)  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S L I

Pterourus victorinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)  Victorine Swallowtail  E Mexico to Nicaragua

Pterourus victorinus victorinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)  E Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S L I Ha

Pterourus victorinus morelius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Mexico  M T S Hy L

Pterourus victorinus NW Mexican segregate ,  NW Mexico  M S

Pterourus coroebus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Pterourus coroebus vulneratus (A. Butler, 1872)  N Costa Rica  M T S

Pterourus coroebus laetitia (A. Butler, 1872)  S Costa Rica & W Panama  M T1 T2 S1 S2 I1 I2

Pterourus coroebus syndemis Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994  TL: Colombia  M T S I

Pterourus coroebus coroebus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Pterourus lemoulti (Rousseau-Decelle, 1933)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pterourus menatius (Hübner, [1819])  TL: Surinam

Pterourus menatius menatius (Hübner, [1819])  TL: Surinam  M T Ma L

Pterourus menatius ctesiades (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus menatius coelebs (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus menatius eurotas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Pterourus menatius lenaeus (E. Doubleday, 1846)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pterourus cleotas (G. Gray, 1832)  TL: "South America"  M T

Pterourus birchallii (Hewitson, 1863)  Green-washed Swallowtail  TL: Colombia

Pterourus birchallii bryki (Strand, 1930)  Honduras to central Panama  M T S I1 I2

Pterourus birchallii birchallii (Hewitson, 1863)  SE Panama to C & W Colombia  M T S

Pterourus xanthopleura (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus warscewiczii (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Bolivia

Pterourus warscewiczii jelskii (Oberthür, 1881)  TL: Peru  M T S

Pterourus warscewiczii mercedes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus warscewiczii warscewiczii (Hopffer, 1865)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pterourus cacicus (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia

Pterourus cacicus cacicus (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pterourus cacicus nesrinae (Koçak, 1983)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pterourus cacicus upanensis (Talbot, 1929)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pterourus cacicus mendozaensis (Bollino & Sala, 1994)  TL: Peru  M T S

Pterourus cacicus inca (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus euterpinus (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pterourus bachus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Pterourus bachus bachus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pterourus bachus chrysomelus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  TL: Peru; Bolivia  M T S

Pterourus neyi (Niepelt, 1909)  TL: Ecuador

Pterourus neyi neyi (Niepelt, 1909)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pterourus neyi josianae Möhn, 2001  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus neyi bedoci (Le Cerf, 1925)  TL: French Guiana

Pterourus zagreus (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Pterourus zagreus zagreus (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pterourus zagreus batesi T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1996  TL: Peru

Pterourus zagreus chrysoxanthus (Fruhstorfer, 1915)  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus zagreus nigroapicalis Bollino & Sala, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Pterourus zagreus baueri Möhn, 2001  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Pterourus ascolius (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  Orange Mimic-Swallowtail  TL: Ecuador; Colombia

Pterourus ascolius zalates (Godman & Salvin, 1890)  Costa Rica to C Panama  M T S

Pterourus ascolius ascolius (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)  N Colombia (S. Santa Marta to Magdalena V.)  M T S L

Pterourus ascolius daguanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)  W Colombia (Choco)  M T S

Pterourus ascolius rosenbergi (H. Druce, 1903)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Papilio  Linnaeus, 1758

Papilio demoleus Linnaeus, 1758  Lime Swallowtail  TL: China (Canon)

Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758  Introduced to Greater Antilles  M S HS L

Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767  Asian Swallowtail  Introduced to Hawaii  M T S L I

Papilio indra Reakirt, 1866  Indra Swallowtail  TL: USA (Co)

Papilio indra shastensis J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998  NW CA, SW OR  M T S L

Papilio indra indra Reakirt, 1866  most of range; NE ORE-WA, ID, MT, N UT, WY, W SD, CO  M T S L I Ha

Papilio indra N & C Sierra Nevada segregate ,  [ "i. indra"]; N & C Sierra Nevada, CA  M S

Papilio indra phyllisae J. Emmel, 1982  S Sierra Nevada, CA  M T S L

Papilio indra pergamus H. Edwards, 1874  Los Angeles, W San Berdo., Riverside, San Diego cos., CA  M T S L H

Papilio indra fordi J. A. Comstock & Martin, 1956  Calico S to Granite Mts.; Sheephole, Coxcomb, Eagle Mts., CA  M T S

Papilio indra parvindra J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Griffin, 2008  [= pygmaeus], Dead Mtns., San Bernardino Co., CA  M T S

Papilio indra martini J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1966  Providence Mtns., San Bernardino Co., CA  M T S

Papilio indra panamintensis J. Emmel, 1982  Panamint Mts., Death Valley region, CA  M T S

Papilio indra nevadensis T. Emmel & J. Emmel, 1971  C & N NV  M T S L Ha

Papilio indra calcicola J. Emmel & Griffin, 1998  Muddy Mtns., Clark Co., NV, and vicinity, to E Death Valley area  M T S1 S2 I Ha

Papilio indra minori Cross, 1937  W CO, E UT, NW NM, NE AZ  M S L I Ha

Papilio indra kaibabensis Bauer, 1955  N AZ, S UT  M T S L

Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758  Old World Swallowtail  TL: Europe

Papilio machaon machaon Linnaeus, 1758  TL: Europe  M T

Papilio machaon aliaska Scudder, 1869  Alaska, NW Canada  M S L I Ha

Papilio machaon hudsonianus A. Clark, 1932  NE Canada (and far NE USA)  M T S

Papilio machaon pikei Sperling, 1987  Peace River region, ALTA-BC  M S

Papilio machaon oregonia W. H. Edwards, 1876  Columbia Basin, NW USA  M T S Hy L

Papilio machaon dodi McDunnough, 1939  northern Great Plains, Alberta to NE Colorado  M T S

Papilio machaon bairdii W. H. Edwards, [1866]  southern Rocky Mountains to SE California  M T S1 S2 L I H

Papilio brevicauda Saunders, 1868  Short-tailed Swallowtail  TL: Canada (NL)

Papilio brevicauda brevicauda Saunders, 1868  S Laborador, Newfoundland, Anticosti Island  M S I

Papilio brevicauda bretonensis McDunnough, 1939  Maritime Provinces  M T S I

Papilio brevicauda gaspeensis McDunnough, 1934  Gaspe Peninsula, Quebec  M S

Papilio joanae J. Heitzman, 1973  Ozark Swallowtail  Ozark region, central USA  M T S

Papilio polyxenes Fabricius, 1775  Black Swallowtail  TL: "America"

Papilio polyxenes polyxenes Fabricius, 1775  Cuba  M T S

Papilio polyxenes asterius Stoll, 1782  Canada, E USA, S to El Salvador  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 L6 I1 I2 I3 H F

Papilio polyxenes coloro W. G. Wright, 1905  far SW USA  M T1 T2 S1 S2 L I Ha

Papilio polyxenes stabilis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906  Costa Rica & W Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Papilio polyxenes americus Kollar, 1850  TL: Colombia  M T S I

Papilio polyxenes costarum Orellana, 2009  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Papilio polyxenes sadalus Lucas, 1852  TL: Ecuador  M T

Papilio polyxenes gerardi Bollino & Vitale, 2002  TL: Peru

Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852  Anise Swallowtail  W USA & Canada, Baja California Norte  M T1 T2 S1 S2 Hy L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Family PIERIDAE Swainson, 1820 – WHITES and YELLOWS

  Subfamily Dismorphiinae

Pseudopieris  Godman & Salvin, 1889

Pseudopieris nehemia (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil

Pseudopieris nehemia irma Lamas, 1979  S Mexico (Chiapas) & Guatemala  M T

Pseudopieris nehemia francisca Lamas, 1979  Honduras  M T

Pseudopieris nehemia luisa Lamas, 1979  Panama to Ecuador  M S L

Pseudopieris nehemia aequatorialis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"  M T

Pseudopieris nehemia melania Lamas, 1985  TL: Peru

Pseudopieris nehemia jessica Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M L

Pseudopieris nehemia mariana Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru (SM, HU)

Pseudopieris nehemia limbalis Röber, 1924  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Pseudopieris nehemia nehemia (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Pseudopieris nehemia prasina Hayward, 1949  TL: Argentina  M T

Pseudopieris nehemia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Pseudopieris viridula (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia

Pseudopieris viridula viridula (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pseudopieris viridula mauritia Lamas, 2004  TL: Venezuela (Merida) - W. Colombia  M T

Pseudopieris viridula mimaripa de Marmels, Clavijo & M. Chacín, 2003  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pseudopieris viridula zulma Lamas, 2004  TL: S. Peru-Bolivia  M T

Lieinix  G. Gray, 1832

Lieinix christa (Reissinger, 1970)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Lieinix cinerascens (Salvin, 1871)  Bluish Mimic-White  El Salvador to Panama  M T S

Lieinix lala (Godman & Salvin, 1889)  Dark Mimic-White  TL: Guatemala

Lieinix lala lala (Godman & Salvin, 1889)  C Chiapas, Mexico to Guatemala  M T S

Lieinix lala turrenti J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984  SW Chiapas, Mexico  M T S

Lieinix neblina J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984  Guerrero Mimic-White  SW Mexico (Guerrero and Oaxaca)  M T

Lieinix nemesis (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [S. Amer.]

Lieinix nemesis nemesis (Latreille, [1813])  TL: [S. Amer.]  M T S Ma L1 L2

Lieinix nemesis atthis (E. Doubleday, 1842)  E Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L1 L2

Lieinix nemesis nayaritensis Llorente, 1984  W Mexico (Nayarit to Oaxaca)  M T S L

Lieinix viridifascia (A. Butler, 1872)  Greenish Mimic-White  Meseta Central & Volcan Chiriqui, Costa Rica & Panama  M S L

Dismorphia  Hübner, 1816

Dismorphia altis Fassl, 1910  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia altis altis Fassl, 1910  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia altis sophia Lamas, Rodríguez & Llorente, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia altis negreti Pyrcz & G. Rodríguez, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T S

Dismorphia amphione (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Dismorphia amphione amphione (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Dismorphia amphione astynome (Dalman, 1823)  TL: Brazil  M T L

Dismorphia amphione beroe (Lucas, 1852)  Panama-Colombia  M T S

Dismorphia amphione bertha Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru (LO)

Dismorphia amphione broomeae A. Butler, 1899  TL: Trinidad  M T

Dismorphia amphione daguana Bargmann, 1929  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia amphione discrepans A. Butler, 1896  TL: "Colombia"  M T

Dismorphia amphione egaena (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Dismorphia amphione isolda Llorente, 1984  SW Mexico, Pacific slope of Guerrero & Oaxaca  M T S L

Dismorphia amphione lupita Lamas, 1979  NW Mexico (Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima)  M T S L

Dismorphia amphione meridionalis Röber, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia amphione mora Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru (MD)  M S

Dismorphia amphione praxinoe (E. Doubleday, 1844)  E Mexico to Colombia  M T S L

Dismorphia amphione rhomboidea A. Butler, 1896  TL: Peru  M T

Dismorphia arcadia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia arcadia arcadia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Dismorphia arcadia lucilla A. Butler, 1899  TL: Ecuador  M T S L

Dismorphia arcadia heloisa Lamas, 2004  TL: N. Peru  M L

Dismorphia arcadia medorina (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia hippotas (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia hippotas diana Lamas, Llorente & G. Rodríguez, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia hippotas hippotas (Hewitson, 1875)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Dismorphia astyocha (Hübner, [1831])  TL: [Brazil (RJ)]  M T L

Dismorphia boliviana Forster, 1955  TL: Bolivia  M T S L

Dismorphia crisia (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Dismorphia crisia crisia (Drury, 1782)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T L

Dismorphia crisia alvarezi J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984  SW Chiapas, Mexico, to Guatemala  M T S L

Dismorphia crisia foedora (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Venezuela  M Ma L

Dismorphia crisia interrupta Talbot, 1932  TL: "Peru"; Colombia  M L

Dismorphia crisia lubina A. Butler, 1872  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Dismorphia crisia neblina Reissinger, 1970  TL: Venezuela  M T

Dismorphia crisia roraimae A. Hall, 1939  TL: Guyana  M T

Dismorphia crisia saltensis Breyer, 1939  TL: Argentina  M T

Dismorphia crisia steinhauseri J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984  El Salvador  M T S L

Dismorphia crisia tolimensis Fassl, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T L

Dismorphia crisia virgo (H. Bates, 1864)  SE Mexico & Guatemala  M T S

Dismorphia crisia anamaria Lamas, 2004  TL: N.W. Peru  M Ma L

Dismorphia crisia sylvia Lamas, 2004  TL: N.E. Peru  M T

Dismorphia cubana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)  Cuban Mimic-White  Cuba  M T S L

Dismorphia eunoe (E. Doubleday, 1844)  Eunoe Mimic-White  TL: Mexico ([Oax])

Dismorphia eunoe eunoe (E. Doubleday, 1844)  S Mexico; Atlantic slope of Veracruz & Oaxaca  M T S

Dismorphia eunoe chamula Llorente & Luis, 1988  S Mexico (Chiapas)  M T S

Dismorphia eunoe desine (Hewitson, 1869)  Nicaragua & Costa Rica to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Dismorphia eunoe popoluca Llorente & Luis, 1988  Los Tuxtlas region, Veracruz, Mexico  M T S

Dismorphia eunoe noelia Lamas, 2004  Darien, Panama  M OI L

Dismorphia eunoe [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Panama

Dismorphia hyposticta (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Dismorphia hyposticta hyposticta (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Dismorphia hyposticta manuelita Fassl, 1910  TL: Colombia  M T S L

Dismorphia hyposticta paulina Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Dismorphia hyposticta ophelia Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru

Dismorphia laja (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam

Dismorphia laja laja (Cramer, 1779)  TL: Surinam  M S

Dismorphia laja carthesis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Guyana  M T

Dismorphia laja jurua Röber, 1924  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Dismorphia laja koenigi Baumann & Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T S

Dismorphia laja lysianax (Hewitson, [1860])  TL: [Peru]  M T

Dismorphia laja spectabilis Avinoff, 1926  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia laja tapajona (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Dismorphia laja tricolor Grose-Smith & W. F. Kirby, 1897  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Dismorphia laja rosina Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Dismorphia lelex (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia lelex lelex (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T Ma L

Dismorphia lelex valeria Lamas, Llorente & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia  M S L

Dismorphia lelex xiomara Lamas, 2004  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Dismorphia lewyi (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia lewyi lewyi (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia  M S

Dismorphia lewyi boliviensis Röber, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia lewyi dolorita Fassl, 1910  TL: Colombia  M T Ma L

Dismorphia lewyi leonora (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Dismorphia lewyi nasua (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Dismorphia lewyi rebecca Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T S

Dismorphia lua (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia lua lua (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dismorphia lua costaricensis (Schaus, 1913)  Costa Rica  M T

Dismorphia lua garleppi Staudinger, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia lua idae Fassl, 1910  Panama - W Colombia  M T S L

Dismorphia lua roberta Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Dismorphia lycosura (Hewitson, [1860])  TL: Peru

Dismorphia lycosura lycosura (Hewitson, [1860])  TL: Peru  M T

Dismorphia lycosura [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Dismorphia lygdamis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia lygdamis lygdamis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dismorphia lygdamis doris Baumann & Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T

Dismorphia lygdamis beatrix Lamas, MS  TL: Peru  M L

Dismorphia lysis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia lysis lysis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Dismorphia lysis peruana Röber, 1909  TL: Peru  M T L

Dismorphia lysis mariella Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru

Dismorphia medora (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia medora medora (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: Colombia  M T S Ma L

Dismorphia medora reducta Llorente & Andrade, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia medora lilianna Lamas, 2004  TL: Ecuador  M T Ma L

Dismorphia medora juditha Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru

Dismorphia medora [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Dismorphia medorilla (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia medorilla medorilla (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Dismorphia medorilla buchtieni Fassl, 1915  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia medorilla sarita Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T S

Dismorphia melia (Godart, [1824])  TL: Brazil  M T

Dismorphia mirandola (Hewitson, 1878)  TL: Ecuador

Dismorphia mirandola mirandola (Hewitson, 1878)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dismorphia mirandola discoloria Weymer, 1891  TL: Colombia  M T S

Dismorphia mirandola [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Dismorphia niepelti Weymer, 1909  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dismorphia pseudolewyi Forster, 1955  TL: Bolivia  M T

Dismorphia spio (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniolan Mimic-White  Hispaniola and Puerto Rico  M T S1 S2 L

Dismorphia teresa (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Dismorphia thermesia (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Dismorphia thermesia minima Llorente, Andrade & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia thermesia thermesia (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M S L

Dismorphia thermesia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Dismorphia thermesia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Guyana

Dismorphia thermesina (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: [Peru]

Dismorphia thermesina thermesina (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Dismorphia thermesina pimpla (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Dismorphia theucharila (E. Doubleday, 1848)  TL: Venezuela

Dismorphia theucharila theucharila (E. Doubleday, 1848)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Dismorphia theucharila argochloe (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Dismorphia theucharila avonia (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Dismorphia theucharila fortunata (Lucas, 1854)  E Mexico to NW Colombia  M T S1 S2 L I

Dismorphia theucharila leuconoe (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil ([Am])  M T L

Dismorphia theucharila lysinoe (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Dismorphia theucharila lysinoides Staudinger, 1884  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia theucharila siloe (Hewitson, [1858])  Panama and Colombia  M T L

Dismorphia theucharila theonoe (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: [Brazil (Pa)]  M T

Dismorphia theucharila vitrea E. Krüger, 1925  TL: Surinam  M T

Dismorphia theucharila xanthone Röber, 1924  TL: [Colombia]  M T L

Dismorphia theucharila marta G. Rodríguez, Llorente & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia theucharila yolanda Lamas, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia zaela (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: [Ecuador]

Dismorphia zaela zaela (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: [Ecuador]  M T Ma L

Dismorphia zaela abilene (Hewitson, [1872])  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Dismorphia zaela oreas (Salvin, 1871)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Dismorphia zaela laura Lamas, Llorente & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia zathoe (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: Colombia

Dismorphia zathoe zathoe (Hewitson, [1858])  TL: Colombia  M T L

Dismorphia zathoe core (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Dismorphia zathoe demeter Röber, 1909  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia zathoe othoe (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T

Dismorphia zathoe pallidula A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S1 S2 L1 L2

Dismorphia zathoe proserpina Grose-Smith & W. F. Kirby, 1897  TL: Guyana  M T

Dismorphia [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  not specified

Dismorphia [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Dismorphia [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Patia  Klots, 1933

Patia orise (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: French Guiana

Patia orise denigrata (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914)  TL: Peru  M T

Patia orise orise (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: French Guiana  M T S

Patia rhetes (Hewitson, [1857])  TL: Colombia  M T

Patia cordillera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia

Patia cordillera sororna (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S

Patia cordillera thecla (Bargmann, 1929)  TL: Colombia  M T

Patia cordillera cordillera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: Colombia  M T

Patia cordillera larunda (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Enantia  Hübner, [1819]

Enantia lina (Herbst, 1792)  TL: America

Enantia lina virna Lamas, 2003  S Mexico (SW Chiapas) to SW Guatemala  M T S

Enantia lina marion Godman & Salvin, 1889  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Enantia lina agatha Lamas, Llorente & Constantino, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Enantia lina mercenaria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T L

Enantia lina lina (Herbst, 1792)  TL: America

Enantia lina acutipennis A. Butler, 1896  TL: Trinidad  M T

Enantia lina galanthis (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T L

Enantia lina aphrodite (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T L

Enantia lina psamathe (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: America  M T

Enantia lina versicolora (Fruhstorfer, 1912)  TL: Brazil (Pe)  M T

Enantia lina [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Enantia limnorina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T L

Enantia citrinella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Enantia citrinella citrinella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Enantia citrinella [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Enantia citrinella [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Enantia citrinella [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Enantia melite (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: "Indiis"

Enantia melite melite (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: "Indiis"  M T L

Enantia melite linealis (Prüffer, 1922)  TL: Peru  M T S

Enantia melite theugenis (E. Doubleday, 1848)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Enantia melite vilma Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Enantia albania (H. Bates, 1864)  Costa-spotted Mimic-White  TL: Guatemala

Enantia albania albania (H. Bates, 1864)  S TX (one-time stray), E Mexico to Guatemala & El Salvador  M T S1 S2 L

Enantia albania amalia (Staudinger, 1884)  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S L

Enantia albania zoraida Lamas, Llorente & Constantino, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T S

Enantia albania sonya Lamas, Llorente & Winhard, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Enantia albania nuria Lamas, 2004  TL: Ecuador

Enantia mazai Llorente, 1984  De la Maza's Mimic-White  TL: Mexico (Ver)

Enantia mazai mazai Llorente, 1984  E Mexico to Chiapas  M T1 T2 S L

Enantia mazai diazi Llorente, 1984  W Mexico  M T S1 S2 Ab L H

Enantia aloikea Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana  M S

Enantia clarissa (Weymer, 1895)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T

Enantia jethys (Boisduval, 1836)  Jethys Mimic-White  E Mexico to El Salvador & Nicaragua  M T S1 S2 L

Moschoneura  A. Butler, 1870

Moschoneura pinthous (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"

Moschoneura pinthous xanthella Le Crom, Llorente & Fagua, 2004  TL: Colombia

Moschoneura pinthous ela (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Moschoneura pinthous ithomia (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Moschoneura pinthous monica Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M S L

Moschoneura pinthous patricia Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru

Moschoneura pinthous amelina (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: [Peru]  M T

Moschoneura pinthous pinthous (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Indiis"  M T L

Moschoneura pinthous proxima (Röber, 1924)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T L

Moschoneura pinthous cyra (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: [Brazil (Ba)]  M T

Moschoneura pinthous methymna (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Moschoneura pinthous [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Moschoneura pinthous [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

Moschoneura pinthous [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Brazil (Pa)

  Subfamily Coliadinae

Kricogonia  Reakirt, 1863

Kricogonia lyside (Godart, 1819)  Lyside Sulphur  SE AZ & S TX (strays N) to Venezuela; S FL, Gr. Antilles  M T S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 I H

Kricogonia cabrerai Ramsden, 1920  Cuban Sulphur  Cuba  M T S

Nathalis  Boisduval, 1836

Nathalis plauta E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Nathalis iole Boisduval, 1836  Dainty Sulphur  S USA (strays N to Canada) to Hondruas, Greater Antilles

Nathalis iole iole Boisduval, 1836  TL: Mexico  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4 I1 I2 H F

Nathalis iole natalia Pulido, Andrade & Llorente, 2010  TL: Colombia  M S

Eurema  Hübner, [1819]

Eurema daira (Godart, 1819)  Barred Yellow  TL: USA (Va)

Eurema daira sidonia (R. Felder, 1869)  SE AZ & SW NM (as vagrant), W Mexico  M T S1 S2 L I

Eurema daira daira (Godart, 1819)  SE USA, Bahamas, Cuba as irregular vagrant  M T S1 S2 L

Eurema daira palmira (Poey, [1852])  Greater & Lesser Antilles, irregularly S FL (as vagrant?)  M T1 T2 S

Eurema daira eugenia (Wallengren, 1860)  S TX (strays N), E Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 S3 S4 L

Eurema daira lydia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  SE Panama, NW South America  M T S

Eurema daira macheti Brévignon, 1996  TL: French Guiana

Eurema elathea (Cramer, 1777)  Banded Yellow  TL: USA (Va)

Eurema elathea elathea (Cramer, 1777)  Greater & Lesser Antilles, Bahamas, Caymans  M T S1 S2 L

Eurema elathea vitellina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  Nicaragua to Colombia & Venezuela  M T S1 S2 L

Eurema elathea ella (Röber, 1909)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eurema elathea obsoleta (Jörgensen, 1932)  TL: Paraguay  M T L

Eurema elathea lamasi Brévignon, 1993  TL: French Guiana

Eurema elathea flavescens (Chavannes, 1850)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Eurema elathea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Eurema elathea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Eurema nigrocincta Dognin, 1889  TL: Ecuador

Eurema nigrocincta nigrocincta Dognin, 1889  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eurema nigrocincta hockingi Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Eurema lucina (Poey, [1852])  Smudged Yellow  [= forbesi?], Cuba and Isla de Juventud  M T

Eurema priddyi (Lathy, 1898)  Priddy's Yellow  Hispaniola  M T S

Eurema amelia (Poey, [1852])  Cuban Yellow  Cuba & Isla de Juventud  M T S

Eurema agave (Cramer, 1775)  Agave Yellow  TL: Surinam

Eurema agave millerorum Llorente & Luis, 1987  SE Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S

Eurema agave agave (Cramer, 1775)  Panama, South America  M T S L

Eurema agave pallida (Chavannes, 1850)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M S

Eurema albula (Cramer, 1775)  White Yellow  TL: Surinam

Eurema albula celata (R. Felder, 1869)  E & W Mexico to Honduras  M T S L

Eurema albula marginella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  Nicaragua to Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I

Eurema albula albula (Cramer, 1775)  NE South America to Argentina, Trinidad, St. Vincent  M T S

Eurema albula totora Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Eurema albula espinosae (A. Fernández, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T

Eurema albula sinoe (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Eurema lirina (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Eurema phiale (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam

Eurema phiale columbia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T

Eurema phiale phiale (Cramer, 1775)  TL: Surinam  M T

Eurema phiale paula (Röber, 1909)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Eurema reticulata (A. Butler, 1871)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eurema deva (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: "French Guiana"

Eurema deva deva (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: "French Guiana"  M T

Eurema deva chilensis (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile  M T

Eurema deva doris (Röber, 1909)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Eurema adamsi (Lathy, 1898)  Contrasting Yellow  Jamaica  M T S

Eurema paulina (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Eurema xantochlora (Kollar, 1850)  Tropical Yellow  TL: Colombia

Eurema xantochlora xantochlora (Kollar, 1850)  SE Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela  M T S1 S2 L I

Eurema xantochlora magna Winhard & Le Crom, 2004  TL: Colombia

Eurema xantochlora edentata Le Crom & Constantino, 2004  TL: Colombia

Eurema xantochlora ectriva (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eurema xantochlora pomponia (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Eurema fabiola (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurema salome (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"

Eurema salome jamapa (Reakirt, 1866)  S NM & S TX (as strays) to Panama  M S1 S2 L

Eurema salome gaugamela (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurema salome santamarta Le Crom, Winhard & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Eurema salome neglecta Le Crom & G. Rodríguez, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurema salome limoneus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurema salome xystra (R.F. d'Almeida, 1936)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Eurema salome salome (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"  M T

Eurema salome [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Eurema tupuntenem Lichy, 1976  TL: Venezuela

Eurema tupuntenem tupuntenem Lichy, 1976  TL: Venezuela  M T

Eurema tupuntenem [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Venezuela

Eurema mexicana (Boisduval, 1836)  Mexican Yellow  TL: Mexico

Eurema mexicana mexicana (Boisduval, 1836)  SW USA (strays widely N) to Panama  M T S L1 L2 I H

Eurema mexicana bogotana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia  M T S

Eurema mexicana citrella Winhard, Le Crom & Constantino, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurema mexicana tayrona Winhard, Le Crom & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Eurema arbela Geyer, 1832  TL: "Java"

Eurema arbela boisduvaliana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  SE AZ, SW NM, S TX (sporadic) to W Costa Rica, Cuba, Jamaica  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I H

Eurema arbela gratiosa (E. Doubleday, 1847)  W Costa Rica to Venezuela, St. Lucia & the Grenadines  M T S1 S2

Eurema arbela deflorata (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia  M T

Eurema arbela angulata (Wallengren, 1860)  TL: ?  M T

Eurema arbela ruizana Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Eurema arbela gracilis (Avinoff, 1926)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Eurema arbela graduata (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Eurema arbela arbela Geyer, 1832  TL: "Java"  M T

Abaeis  Hübner, [1819]

Abaeis nicippe (Cramer, 1779)  Sleepy Orange  S USA (strays N) to Costa Rica, Gr. Antilles, Caymans, Bahamas  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 L3 L4 I H

Abaeis nicippiformis (Munroe, 1947)  Fast Orange  Hispaniola  M T S

Pyrisitia  A. Butler, 1870

Pyrisitia proterpia (Fabricius, 1775)  Tailed Orange  SE AZ, SW NM, S TX (strays N) to Peru, most Greater Antilles  M T S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 I H

Pyrisitia dina (Poey, 1832)  Dina Yellow  TL: Cuba

Pyrisitia dina westwoodi (Boisduval, 1836)  SE AZ (as stray) & E Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L

Pyrisitia dina helios (M. Bates, 1934)  S FL, Bahamas  M T S1 S2 L I H

Pyrisitia dina dina (Poey, 1832)  Cuba  M T S

Pyrisitia dina parvumbra (Kaye, 1925)  Jamaica  M T S L

Pyrisitia dina mayobanex (M. Bates, 1939)  Hispaniola  M T S

Pyrisitia dina gabriela Le Crom & Llorente, 2004  [far SE Panama?], Colombia  M T

Pyrisitia chamberlaini (A. Butler, 1898)  Chamberlain's Yellow  TL: Bahamas

Pyrisitia chamberlaini chamberlaini (A. Butler, 1898)  Great Bahama Bank  M T S

Pyrisitia chamberlaini clenchi (L. Miller, Simon & Harvey, 1992)  Crooked & Acklins Islands  M T

Pyrisitia chamberlaini inaguae (Munroe, 1950)  Great & Little Inagua, far E Cuba  M T S

Pyrisitia chamberlaini mariguanae (M. Bates, 1934)  Mayaguana I. & Caicos Islands  M T S

Pyrisitia leuce (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil (RS)

Pyrisitia leuce athalia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad  M T S1 S2

Pyrisitia leuce memulus (A. Butler, 1871)  Hispaniola  M T S1 S2 L

Pyrisitia leuce antillarum (A. Hall, 1936)  P. Rico, St. Kitts, St. Martin, Guadeloupe, Dominica, St. Lucia  M T S1 S2 L

Pyrisitia leuce flavilla (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: [Brazil (Am)]  M T

Pyrisitia leuce circumcincta (H. Bates, 1861)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Pyrisitia leuce leuce (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T

Pyrisitia venusta (Boisduval, 1836)  Pale Yellow  TL: "Jamaica"; Colombia

Pyrisitia venusta emanona (Dillon, 1947)  Lesser Antilles (Grenada to Montserrat)  M T S

Pyrisitia venusta venusta (Boisduval, 1836)  Panama, northern South America  M T S L

Pyrisitia venusta aequatorialis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Ecuador"  M T

Pyrisitia nise (Cramer, 1775)  Mimosa Yellow  TL: Jamaica

Pyrisitia nise nelphe (R. Felder, 1869)  S AZ (as stray) & S TX (strays N) to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2 I3 Ha

Pyrisitia nise nise (Cramer, 1775)  S FL, Grand Bahama, New Providence I., Cuba, Jamaica  M T S

Pyrisitia nise stygma (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Peru  M T

Pyrisitia nise floscula (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pyrisitia nise tenella (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Pyrisitia nise [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Pyrisitia larae (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)  Confusing Yellow  Cuba, Andros, Great Abaco  M T S

Pyrisitia lisa (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])  Little Yellow  TL: USA

Pyrisitia lisa lisa (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])  SE USA (C TX to VA, strays N), Bermuda, N Bahamas  M T S1 S2 L1 L2

Pyrisitia lisa centralis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  SE AZ (as stray), S TX to Panama  M S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Pyrisitia lisa euterpe (Ménétriés, 1832)  Greater and Lesser Antilles to Barbados  M T S1 S2 L

Pyrisitia euterpiformis (Munroe, 1947)  Hispaniolan Yellow  Hispaniola  M T S

Pyrisitia portoricensis (Dewitz, 1877)  Puerto Rican Yellow  Puerto Rico  M T S L

Pyrisitia pyro (Godart, 1819)  Pyro Orange  Hispaniola  M T S1 S2

Pyrisitia messalina (Fabricius, 1787)  Whitish Yellow  Bahamas, Cuba, I. de Juventud, Jamaica, Caymans, [S FL?]  M T S1 S2

Leucidia  E. Doubleday, 1847

Leucidia brephos (Hübner, [1809])  TL: ["Brazil (RJ)"]  M T

Leucidia elvina (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Teriocolias  Röber, 1909

Teriocolias zelia (Lucas, 1852)  TL: [Bolivia]

Teriocolias zelia zelia (Lucas, 1852)  TL: [Bolivia]  M T

Teriocolias zelia andina W. Forbes, 1928  TL: Peru  M T

Teriocolias zelia mathani (W. D. Field, 1950)  TL: Peru  M T

Teriocolias zelia pacis Röber, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Colias  Fabricius, 1807

Colias philodice Godart, 1819  Clouded Sulphur  TL: USA (Va)

Colias philodice philodice Godart, 1819  TL: USA (Va)  M T S1 S2 S3 Ab L

Colias philodice eriphyle W. H. Edwards, 1876  TL: Canada (BC)  M T S1 S2 L I Ha

Colias philodice vitabunda Hovanitz, 1943  TL: USA (Ak)  M S L I

Colias philodice guatemalena Röber, 1909  Chiapas & Guatemala  M T S

Colias eurytheme Boisduval, 1852  Orange Sulphur  TL: USA (Ca); Mexico  M T S1 S2 S3 Ab L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 I Ha

Colias occidentalis Scudder, 1862  Western Sulphur  TL: USA (Wa)

Colias occidentalis chrysomelas H. Edwards, 1877  TL: USA (Ca)  M S

Colias occidentalis SW Oregon segregate ,  S Cascades, far NE Siskiyous, Jackson -Josephine Co., OR  M S L Ha

Colias occidentalis occidentalis Scudder, 1862  [= nortepacifica]  M S L Ha

Colias occidentalis sullivani Hammond & McCorkle, 2003  TL: USA (Or)  M T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 S

Colias occidentalis NE Oregon mountains segregate ,   M S L Ha

Colias occidentalis lower Snake River drainage segregate ,   M S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7

Colias occidentalis pseudochristina Ferris, 1989  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S L I

Colias christina W. H. Edwards, 1863  Christina's Sulphur  TL: Canada (NT)

Colias christina kluanensis Ferris, 1981  TL: Canada (Yt)  M T S L I

Colias christina christina W. H. Edwards, 1863  TL: Canada (NT)  M S1 S2 S3

Colias christina sacajawea Kohler, 2006  TL: USA (Mt)  M S

Colias christina pseudocolumbiensis C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001  TL: Canada (BC)  M S1 S2 S3

Colias christina columbiensis Ferris, 1973  TL: Canada (BC)  M S

Colias christina krauthii Klots, 1935  TL: USA (SD)  M S L I Ha

Colias alexandra W. H. Edwards, 1863  Queen Alexandra's Sulphur  TL: USA (Co)

Colias alexandra altamont Kondla & Kohler, 2006  TL: USA (Mt)  M S

Colias alexandra astraea W. H. Edwards, 1872  TL: USA (Wy)  M S Ab L Ha

Colias alexandra alexandra W. H. Edwards, 1863  TL: USA (Co)  M S Ab L I Ha

Colias alexandra altiplano M. Fisher & Scott, 2006  TL: USA (Co)  M S

Colias alexandra apache Ferris, 1988  TL: USA (Az)  M S L

Colias alexandra edwardsii W. H. Edwards, 1870  TL: USA (Nv)  M S1 S2 S3 L I1 I2 Ha

Colias harfordii H. Edwards, 1877  Harford’s Sulphur  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2 Ha

Colias meadii W. H. Edwards, 1871  Mead's Sulphur  TL: USA (Co)

Colias meadii meadii W. H. Edwards, 1871  TL: USA (Co)  M S L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Colias meadii elis Strecker, 1885  TL: Canada (Ab)  M S I

Colias meadii lemhiensis N. Curtis & Ferris, 1985  TL: USA (Id)  M T

Colias johanseni Troubridge & Philip, 1990  Johansen's Sulphur  Bernard Harbour, District of Mackenzie, Nunavut  M T1 T2

Colias rankinensis Verhulst, 2009  Rankin Inlet Sulphur  Canada: Nunavut & Manitoba  M OI

Colias hecla Lefèbvre, 1836  Hecla Sulphur  TL: Greenland

Colias hecla hecla Lefèbvre, 1836  TL: Greenland  M S L Ha

Colias hecla hela Strecker, 1880  TL: Canada (Nu)  M S1 S2

Colias hecla zamolodchikovi Churkin & Grieshuber, 2001  Seward Peninsula, AK, possibly E through Yukon & NWT  M S

Colias canadensis Ferris, 1982  Canadian Sulphur  TL: Canada (BC)  M S Ha

Colias tyche (Böber, 1812)  Booth's Sulphur  TL: not specified

Colias tyche kolosovae Churkin, Grieshuber, Bogdanov & Zamolodchikov, 2001  [olga is preoccupied] Seward Peninsula, AK  M T

Colias tyche thula Hovanitz, 1955  N slope Brooks Range, AK  M S1 S2 Ha

Colias tyche boothii J. Curtis, 1835  C Canadian Arctic  M S1 S2 Ab

Colias nastes Boisduval, 1832  Labrador Sulphur  TL: Canada (NL)

Colias nastes nastes Boisduval, 1832  Labrador  M S

Colias nastes moina Strecker, 1880  C Canadian Arctic  M S1 S2

Colias nastes aliaska Bang-Haas, 1927  most of Alaska (except Seward Peninsula) and Yukon; blending with moina to E  M S1 S2 S3 L I Ha

Colias nastes dezhnevi Korshunov, 1995  Seward Peninsula, AK  M S

Colias nastes streckeri Grum-Grshimailo, 1895  N WA, N MT, ALTA, N BC  M S1 S2

Colias scudderii Reakirt, 1865  Scudder's Sulphur  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2 Ab L Ha

Colias gigantea Strecker, 1900  Giant Sulphur  TL: Csnada (Mt)

Colias gigantea inupiat Harry, 2007  Alaskan North Slope, Dalton Highway  M T1 T2 S L I

Colias gigantea gigantea Strecker, 1900  TL: Csnada (Mt)  M S L Ha

Colias gigantea mayi F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940  TL: Csnada (Mt)  M T S

Colias gigantea harroweri Klots, 1940  [= kohleri; = gracemma]  M S Ab L

Colias pelidne Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830]  Pelidne Sulphur  TL: Canada (NL)  M S L

Colias skinneri W. Barnes, 1897  Pelidne Sulphur  TL: USA (Wy)  M S1 S2 L Ha

Colias interior Scudder, 1862  Pink-edged Sulphur  TL: Canada (Mt)  M T S1 S2 S3 L

Colias palaeno (Linnaeus, 1761)  Palaeno Sulphur  TL: not specified

Colias palaeno chippewa W. H. Edwards, 1870  TL: Canada (NT)  M S L I Ha

Colias palaeno baffinensis Ebner & Ferris, [1978]  TL: Canada (Nu)  M S

Colias behrii W. H. Edwards, 1866  Sierra Sulphur  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Colias ponteni Wallengren, 1860  TL: "USA (Hi)"  M T

Colias vauthierii Guérin-Méneville, [1830]  TL: Chile  M T

Colias lesbia (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Argentina

Colias lesbia lesbia (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Argentina  M T Ab

Colias lesbia mineira J. Zikán, 1940  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Colias lesbia andina Staudinger, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Colias lesbia verhulsti Berger, 1983  TL: Peru

Colias lesbia dinora W. F. Kirby, 1881  TL: Ecuador  M T

Colias euxanthe C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Peru

Colias euxanthe alticola Godman & Salvin, 1891  TL: Ecuador  M T

Colias euxanthe euxanthe C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Peru  M T

Colias euxanthe hermina (A. Butler, 1871)  TL: Peru  M T

Colias euxanthe stuebeli Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Colias flaveola Blanchard, 1852  TL: Chile

Colias flaveola mossi Rothschild, 1913  TL: Peru  M T

Colias flaveola erika Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Colias flaveola weberbaueri Strand, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Colias flaveola blameyi Jörgensen, 1916  TL: Argentina  M T

Colias flaveola mendozina Breyer, 1939  TL: Argentina  M T

Colias flaveola flaveola Blanchard, 1852  TL: Chile

Colias dimera E. Doubleday, 1847  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Zerene  Hübner, [1819]

Zerene cesonia (Stoll, 1790)  Southern Dogface  TL: USA (Ga)

Zerene cesonia cynops (A. Butler, 1873)  Hispaniola  M T S1 S2

Zerene cesonia cesonia (Stoll, 1790)  S USA (strays far N) to Colombia, Cuba  M T S1 S2 S3 HS L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 H

Zerene cesonia patiensis Constantino, G. Rodríguez & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Zerene cesonia boyacensis Le Crom, Winhard & Torres, 2004  TL: Colombia

Zerene cesonia inca (Tessmann, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T S

Zerene cesonia limonella Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T S

Zerene cesonia therapis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Zerene cesonia cesonides (Staudinger, 1894)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Zerene eurydice (Boisduval, 1855)  California Dogface  Baja California (N) to N California  M T1 T2 S L1 L2 I Ha

Anteos  Hübner, [1819]

Anteos maerula (Fabricius, 1775)  Yellow Angled-Sulphur  SW USA (strays), S TX to Peru, S FL, Bahamas, Gr. Antilles  M T S1 S2 L I Ha

Anteos clorinde (Godart, [1824])  White Angled-Sulphur  SW USA (strays), S TX to Argentina, Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Anteos menippe (Hübner, [1818])  Orangetip Angled-Sulphur  TL: ?  M T S

Prestonia  Schaus, 1920

Prestonia clarki Schaus, 1920  West-Mexican Sulphur  W Mexico (Sinaloa to Oaxaca)  M T S L

Phoebis  Hübner, [1819]

Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus, 1758)  Cloudless Sulphur  TL: [Jamaica]

Phoebis sennae sennae (Linnaeus, 1758)  Caribbean Islands, blends with eubule S FL  M T S L I

Phoebis sennae eubule (Linnaeus, 1767)  SE USA (strays far N, NW)  M T S HS L1 L2 L3 L4 I G

Phoebis sennae marcellina (Cramer, 1777)  SW USA (strays far N), S TX through Panama, most S. America  M T S1 S2 HS L1 L2 I H

Phoebis sennae amphitrite (Feisthamel, 1839)  TL: Chile  M T

Phoebis bourkei (Dixey, 1933)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Phoebis editha (A. Butler, 1870)  Edith's Sulphur  Hispaniola  M T S

Phoebis philea (Linnaeus, 1763)  Orange-barred Sulphur  TL: "Indiis"

Phoebis philea philea (Linnaeus, 1763)  SW USA (strays far N) to S Brazil, Gulf Coast to FL, P. Rico, etc.  M T TI S1 S2 S3 Ab HS L1 L2 I Ha G

Phoebis philea thalestris (Illiger, 1801)  Hispaniola  M S G

Phoebis philea huebneri Fruhstorfer, 1907  Cuba [P. p. philea also in W Cuba, with intergrades]  M S

Phoebis avellaneda (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  Orange-washed Sulphur  Cuba  M T S1 S2 G

Phoebis neocypris (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?

Phoebis neocypris virgo (A. Butler, 1870)  SE AZ & S TX (rare strays) to Brazil  M T S1 S2 L I G

Phoebis neocypris rurina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T

Phoebis neocypris neocypris (Hübner, [1823])  TL: ?  M T S

Phoebis neocypris [n. ssp.] Brévignon, MS  French Guiana

Phoebis argante (Fabricius, 1775)  Dark Apricot Sulphur  S Mexico to S Brazil, Trinidad

Phoebis argante argante (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Brazil  M T S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12 S13 S14 S15 S16 S17 L I1 I2 G

Phoebis argante larra (Fabricius, 1798)  TL: America

Phoebis argante chincha Lamas, 1976  TL: Peru  M T

Phoebis argante minuscula (A. Butler, 1869)  [= fornax], Cuba  M T S

Phoebis argante comstocki Avinoff, 1944  Jamaica  M T S L

Phoebis argante rorata (A. Butler, 1869)  Hispaniola  M T S1 S2

Phoebis argante martini W. Comstock, 1944  Puerto Rico  M T S

Phoebis agarithe (Boisduval, 1836)  Large Orange Sulphur  TL: Mexico

Phoebis agarithe fisheri (H. Edwards, 1883)  Baja California  M S L

Phoebis agarithe agarithe (Boisduval, 1836)  S W USA (strays far N), S TX to Peru; Galapagos Is., Hawaii  M T S1 S2 S3 L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 I3 H

Phoebis agarithe maxima (Neumoegen, 1891)  Florida  M T S L

Phoebis agarithe antillia F. Brown, 1929  Bahamas, Greater & Lesser Antilles  M T S L G

Phoebis agarithe pupillata Dillon, 1947  Windward Islands, at least Guadeloupe to at least St. Lucia and Barbados  M T S

Phoebis agarithe tumbesina Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Rhabdodryas  Godman & Salvin, 1889

Rhabdodryas trite (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Calidioribus regionibus"

Rhabdodryas trite northern segregate ,  E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S L I H G

Rhabdodryas trite watsoni (F. Brown, 1929)  Hispaniola, P. Rico, St. Kitts, Montserrat, Guad. to St. Vincent  M T S

Rhabdodryas trite trite (Linnaeus, 1758)  TL: "Calidioribus regionibus"  M T S

Rhabdodryas trite banksi (Breyer, 1939)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T S

Aphrissa  A. Butler, 1873

Aphrissa boisduvalii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  Boisduval's Sulphur  E & S Mexico to W Peru  M T1 T2 S1 S2

Aphrissa schausi (Avinoff, 1926)  Schaus' Sulphur  [taxonomic status uncertain] S Mexico and Guatemala  M T1 T2 S1 S2

Aphrissa wallacei (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  Wallace's Sulphur  ([= fluminensis] Costa Rica to Argentina)  M T1 T2 S1 S2 S3

Aphrissa statira (Cramer, 1777)  Statira Sulphur  TL: "Coromandel; Tranquebar"

Aphrissa statira statira (Cramer, 1777)  S TX (strays N), E & W Mexico to Argentina, Lesser Antilles  M T1 T2 OI TI S1 S2 S3 S4 IL L I G

Aphrissa statira floridensis (Neumoegen, 1891)  Florida  M T S1 S2 L H

Aphrissa statira cubana R.F. d'Almeida, 1939  Cuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica  M T S

Aphrissa statira hispaniolae (Munroe, 1947)  Hispaniola  M T S

Aphrissa neleis (Boisduval, 1836)  Pink-spot Sulphur  Cuba, Isla de Juventud, New Providence, N & S Andros, S FL  M T S1 S2 IL L1 L2 G

Aphrissa godartiana (Swainson, 1821)  Godart's Sulphur  TL: ?

Aphrissa godartiana godartiana (Swainson, 1821)  Hispaniola  M T OI S1 S2 IL G

Aphrissa godartiana hartonia (A. Butler, 1870)  Jamaica  M T S IL G

Aphrissa orbis (Poey, 1832)  Orbis Sulphur  TL: Cuba

Aphrissa orbis orbis (Poey, 1832)  S FL (rare stray), Cuba, Isla de Juventud, Cayman Brac  M T S IL G

Aphrissa orbis browni (Munroe, 1947)  Hispaniola  M T S IL

  Subfamily Pierinae

  Tribe Anthocharidini

Anthocharis  Boisduval, Rambur & Graslin, [1833]

Anthocharis cethura C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  Desert Orangetip  TL: [USA (Ca)]

Anthocharis cethura morrisoni W. H. Edwards, 1881  TL: USA (Ca)  M S L I H Ha

Anthocharis cethura bajacalifornica J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: Mexico (BCN)  M T S I H Ha

Anthocharis cethura catalina Meadows, 1937  TL: USA (Ca)  M T

Anthocharis cethura cethura C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: [USA (Ca)]  M T S1 S2 S3 L

Anthocharis cethura hadromarmorata J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T1 T2 S L

Anthocharis cethura mojavensis J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2 I3 H Ha

Anthocharis cethura pima W. H. Edwards, 1888  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L I F

Anthocharis sara Lucas, 1852  Sara Orangetip  TL: USA (Ca)

Anthocharis sara Isla de Cedros segregate ,  Isla de Cedros, Baja California, Mexico  M S1 S2 I Ha

Anthocharis sara gunderi Ingham, 1933  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Anthocharis sara sara Lucas, 1852  TL: USA (Ca)  M T1 T2 S1 S2 Ab Hy L1 L2 L3 L4 I H Ha

Anthocharis sara sempervirens J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 2008  TL: USA (Ca)  M T

Anthocharis sara flora W. G. Wright, 1892  TL: USA (Wa)  M T S1 S2

Anthocharis sara alaskensis Gunder, 1932  TL: USA (Ak)  M S

Anthocharis sara stella W. H. Edwards, 1879  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S1 S2 L

Anthocharis sara sulfuris Pelham, 2008  [= columbia]  M S1 S2 L I Ha

Anthocharis sara browningi Skinner, 1906  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S L I

Anthocharis sara julia W. H. Edwards, 1872  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 L Ha

Anthocharis sara prestonorum Stout, 2012  W & SW CO, W of the divide  M T S

Anthocharis sara colorado Scott & M. Fisher, 2008  SW CO, SE UT, NW NM, [NE AZ]  M T S

Anthocharis sara coriande M. Fisher & Scott, 2008  N NM, far S-central CO  M T S1 S2

Anthocharis sara inghami Gunder, 1932  TL: USA (Az)  M T S Ab L I H

Anthocharis sara thoosa (Scudder, 1878)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L I Ha

Anthocharis sara pseudothoosa Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Anthocharis midea (Hübner, [1809])  Falcate Orangetip  TL: USA (Ga)

Anthocharis midea midea (Hübner, [1809])  TL: USA (Ga)  M T S1 S2

Anthocharis midea annickae dos Passos & Klots, 1969  TL: USA (Ct)  M S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 L4 I H

Anthocharis midea texana Gatrelle, 1998  [far NE TAMPS]  M T1 T2 S L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 I1 I2 H F

Anthocharis limonea (A. Butler, 1871)  Mexican Orangetip  E & C Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Anthocharis lanceolata Lucas, 1852  Gray Marble  SW OR, N CA, far W NV, S through Sierra Nevada

Anthocharis lanceolata lanceolata Lucas, 1852  SW OR, N CA, far W NV, S through Sierra Nevada  M T S L I Ha

Anthocharis lanceolata australis (F. Grinnell, 1908)  S CA Ranges  M T S L I Ha

Anthocharis lanceolata desertolimbus J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  W edge Colorado Desert (Palm Spgs. area S to N BC)  M T S Hy L I H Ha

Euchloe  Hübner, [1819]

Euchloe naina Kozhanchikov, 1923  Arctic Marble  TL: not specified

Euchloe naina jakutia Back, 1991  TL: Russia  M S1 S2 L Ha

Euchloe ausonides (Lucas, 1852)  Large Marble  TL: USA (Ca)

Euchloe ausonides ogilvia Back, 1991  TL: Canada (Yt)  M S L

Euchloe ausonides insulanus C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001  Puget Sound, WA, [BC]  M T L

Euchloe ausonides transmontana Austin & J. Emmel, 1998  CA Sierra Nevada to W UT, N CA, OR, E WA, S BC, W ID  M T S L I Ha

Euchloe ausonides ausonides (Lucas, 1852)  W CA (esp. Bay area), low elevations  M T S1 S2 L

Euchloe ausonides palaeoreios K. Johnson, 1976  TL: USA (SD)  M T Ha

Euchloe ausonides coloradensis (H. Edwards, 1881)  TL: USA (Co)  M S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 I H Ha

Euchloe ausonides mayi F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940  TL: Canada (Mt)  M T S

Euchloe olympia (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  Olympia Marble  S ALTA to NE NM & C TX, prairies E to S ONT + Appalachians

Euchloe olympia olympia (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (WV)  M S1 S2 Ab L Ha

Euchloe olympia Great Lakes dunes segregate ,  dunes bordering Great Lakes (WI, IL, IN, MI)  M S L

Euchloe guaymasensis Opler, 1987  Sonoran Marble  N & C Sonora, rarely in SE AZ (Cochise Co.)  M T S L I

Euchloe lotta Beutenmüller, 1898  Desert Marble  SE BC, S to E CA, AZ, N SON-CHIH, far W TX, W NM, N to W MT  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I Ha

Euchloe hyantis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  California Marble  TL: USA (Ca)

Euchloe hyantis andrewsi Martin, 1958  San Bernardino Mts., CA  M T1 T2 S

Euchloe hyantis hyantis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  SW OR (NW Siskiyous), W CA to Baja California (N)  M S1 S2 L Ha

Euchloe hyantis Illinois Valley segregate ,  Illinois Valley, Josephine Co., OR  M S

Euchloe creusa (E. Doubleday, [1847])  Northern Marble  TL: Canada (Ab)

Euchloe creusa creusa (E. Doubleday, [1847])  N MT (vic. Glacier NP), E BC, W ALTA, N to Arctic  M S L Ha

Eroessa  E. Doubleday, 1847

Eroessa chiliensis (Guérin-Méneville, [1830])  TL: Chile  M S

Cunizza  Grote, 1900

Cunizza hirlanda (Stoll, 1790)  TL: "Bengale"

Cunizza hirlanda hirlanda (Stoll, 1790)  TL: "Bengale"  M T

Cunizza hirlanda apicalis (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Cunizza hirlanda fulvinota (A. Butler, 1871)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Cunizza hirlanda helvia (Latreille, [1813])  TL: ["Mexico"]  M T

Cunizza hirlanda minturna Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: Venezuela  M T

Cunizza hirlanda ninguida (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T

Cunizza hirlanda planasia Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Cunizza hirlanda praeclara (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Cunizza hirlanda serda (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T

Hesperocharis  C. Felder, 1862

Hesperocharis anguitia (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Hesperocharis anguitia anguitia (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Hesperocharis anguitia giesekingi Breyer, 1960  TL: Argentina  M T

Hesperocharis costaricensis H. Bates, 1866  Costa Rican White  TL: Costa Rica

Hesperocharis costaricensis costaricensis H. Bates, 1866  Nicaragua to Panama  M T S

Hesperocharis costaricensis pasion (Reakirt, [1867])  E & W Mexico to Guatemala (at least)  M T S1 S2 L

Hesperocharis crocea H. Bates, 1866  Orange White  TL: Costa Rica

Hesperocharis crocea crocea H. Bates, 1866  E Mexico to Panama  M T S

Hesperocharis crocea idiotica (A. Butler, 1869)  TL: ?  M T

Hesperocharis crocea jaliscana Schaus, 1898  W Mexico (Nayarit to Guerrero)  M T S L

Hesperocharis crocea [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Hesperocharis emeris (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Hesperocharis erota (Lucas, 1852)  TL: "Colombia?"  M T

Hesperocharis graphites H. Bates, 1864  Marbled White  TL: Guatemala

Hesperocharis graphites graphites H. Bates, 1864  Chiapas to Panama  M T S1 S2 L

Hesperocharis graphites avivolans (A. Butler, 1865)  E, W & S Mexico (to Oaxaca)  M T S L1 L2

Hesperocharis leucania (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Hesperocharis marchalii (Guérin-Méneville, [1844])  TL: Colombia  M T L

Hesperocharis nera (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Ecuador

Hesperocharis nera nera (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Hesperocharis nera aida Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Hesperocharis nera amazonica Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru  M T

Hesperocharis nera lamonti Kaye, 1920  TL: Trinidad  M T

Hesperocharis nera nereis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865  TL: Colombia  M T

Hesperocharis nera nerida J. Zikán, 1940  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Hesperocharis nera nymphaea Möschler, 1876  TL: Surinam  M T

Hesperocharis nereina Hopffer, 1874  TL: Peru  M T L

Hesperocharis paranensis Schaus, 1898  TL: Brazil (Pr)

Hesperocharis paranensis paranensis Schaus, 1898  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Hesperocharis paranensis infrasignata Breyer, 1939  TL: Argentina  M T

Hesperocharis nambii Lamas, Constantino & Solarte, 2007  TL: Colombia  M T

Mathania  Oberthür, 1890

Mathania agasicles (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia

Mathania agasicles agasicles (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Mathania agasicles gaujoni (Dognin, 1887)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mathania agasicles [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Mathania agasicles [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Mathania aureomaculata (Dognin, 1888)  TL: Ecuador

Mathania aureomaculata aureomaculata (Dognin, 1888)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Mathania aureomaculata esther Oberthür, 1890  TL: Peru  M T

Mathania aureomaculata pallida Röber, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Mathania aureomaculata [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Mathania carrizoi Giacomelli, 1914  TL: Argentina  M T

Mathania leucothea (J. Molina, 1782)  TL: Chile  M T

Mathania [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

  Tribe Pierini

Ascia  Scopoli, 1777

Ascia monuste (Linnaeus, 1764)  Great Southern White  TL: "exteris Terris"

Ascia monuste raza Klots, 1930  Baja California Sur  M T S

Ascia monuste monuste (Linnaeus, 1764)  SW USA (strays), W Mexico & S TX to N S. Am; S Lesser Antilles  M S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 L4 I H

Ascia monuste phileta (Fabricius, 1775)  SE USA (strays N), N Bahamas, (possibly sporadic on Cuba)  M S L I

Ascia monuste eubotea (Godart, 1819)  Cuba, Hispaniola to Virgin Islands  M T S L I

Ascia monuste virginia (Godart, 1819)  Lesser Antilles between (not incl.) Virgin Islands and St. Vincent  M T S

Ascia monuste suasa (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: "Chile" - Peru  M T

Ascia monuste orseis (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T L

Ascia monuste automate (Burmeister, 1878)  TL: Argentina  M T

Ganyra  Billberg, 1820

Ganyra howarthi (Dixey, 1915)  Howarth's White  S AZ (as stray), NW Mexico (SIN, SON, BC, BCS)  M T S1 S2 L

Ganyra josephina (Godart, 1819)  Giant White  TL: ?

Ganyra josephina josepha (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  S TX (strays N), E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Ganyra josephina janeta (Dixey, 1915)  TL: [Venezuela]  M T

Ganyra josephina josephina (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola  M T S

Ganyra josephina krugii (Dewitz, 1877)  Puerto Rico & Mona  M T L

Ganyra josephina paramaryllis (W. Comstock, 1943)  Jamaica  M S

Ganyra menciae (Ramsden, [1914])  Cuban White  Cuba, St. Lucia  M T S

Ganyra phaloe (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil

Ganyra phaloe phaloe (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Ganyra phaloe amphissa (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ganyra phaloe confusa Llorente, Le Crom & Torres, 2004  TL: Colombia

Ganyra phaloe diana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Ganyra phaloe endeis (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Ganyra phaloe imperator (W. F. Kirby, 1881)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ganyra phaloe lamonti (Kaye, 1919)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Ganyra phaloe limona (Schaus, 1913)  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S I

Ganyra phaloe sevata (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Ganyra phaloe sincera (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ganyra phaloe sublineata (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Peru  M T

Ganyra phaloe tiburtia (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  E & S Mexico to El Salvador  M T S L

Ganyra phaloe [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Tatochila  A. Butler, 1870

Tatochila autodice (Hübner, 1818)  TL: Paraguay

Tatochila autodice autodice (Hübner, 1818)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Tatochila autodice blanchardii A. Butler, 1881  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila autodice ernestae Herrera, 1954  TL: Chile

Tatochila distincta Jörgensen, 1916  TL: Argentina

Tatochila distincta distincta Jörgensen, 1916  TL: Argentina  M T

Tatochila distincta fieldi Herrera, 1970  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila homoeodice Paravicini, 1910  TL: Peru  M T

Tatochila inversa Hayward, 1949  TL: Argentina

Tatochila inversa inversa Hayward, 1949  TL: Argentina  M T

Tatochila inversa razmilici Herrera, 1970  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila mariae Herrera, 1970  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila mercedis (Eschscholtz, 1821)  TL: Chile

Tatochila mercedis mercedis (Eschscholtz, 1821)  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila mercedis arctodice Staudinger, 1899  TL: Ecuador  M T

Tatochila mercedis fueguensis W. D. Field, 1959  TL: Argentina  M T

Tatochila mercedis macrodice Staudinger, 1899  TL: Bolivia  M T

Tatochila mercedis sterodice Staudinger, 1899  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila mercedis vanvolxemii (Capronnier, 1874)  TL: Argentina  M T

Tatochila orthodice (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Bolivia

Tatochila orthodice orthodice (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Tatochila orthodice carabaya Ackery, 1975  TL: Peru  M T

Tatochila orthodice [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Tatochila sagittata Röber, 1908  TL: Peru

Tatochila sagittata sagittata Röber, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Tatochila sagittata herrerai Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Tatochila stigmadice (Staudinger, 1894)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Tatochila theodice (Boisduval, 1832)  TL: [Chile]

Tatochila theodice theodice (Boisduval, 1832)  TL: [Chile]  M T

Tatochila theodice gymnodice Staudinger, 1899  TL: Chile  M T

Tatochila xanthodice (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Venezuela; "Peru"

Tatochila xanthodice xanthodice (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Venezuela; "Peru"  M T

Tatochila xanthodice nigrisulphurata Le Crom, Torres & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Tatochila xanthodice paramosa Ackery, 1975  TL: Colombia  M T

Tatochila xanthodice paucar Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru  M T

Tatochila xanthodice pyrrhomma Röber, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Reliquia  Ackery, 1975

Reliquia santamarta Ackery, 1975  TL: Colombia  M T

Theochila  W. D. Field, 1958

Theochila maenacte (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Paraguay

Theochila maenacte maenacte (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Theochila maenacte itatiayae (Foetterle, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Piercolias  Staudinger, 1894

Piercolias coropunae (Dyar, 1913)  TL: Peru  M T

Piercolias forsteri W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Bolivia  M T

Piercolias huanaco (Staudinger, 1894)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pierphulia  W. D. Field, 1958

Pierphulia isabela W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Chile  M T

Pierphulia nysias (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pierphulia rosea (Ureta, 1956)  TL: Chile

Pierphulia rosea rosea (Ureta, 1956)  TL: Chile

Pierphulia rosea annamariea W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pierphulia rosea maria W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Chile  M T

Hypsochila  Ureta, 1955

Hypsochila argyrodice (Staudinger, 1899)  TL: Argentina  M T

Hypsochila galactodice Ureta, 1955  TL: Chile

Hypsochila huemul L. Peña, 1964  TL: Chile  M T

Hypsochila microdice (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile  M T

Hypsochila penai Ureta, 1955  TL: Chile

Hypsochila wagenknechti (Ureta, 1938)  TL: Chile

Hypsochila wagenknechti wagenknechti (Ureta, 1938)  TL: Chile

Hypsochila wagenknechti sulfurodice Ureta, 1955  TL: Chile  M S

Hypsochila [n. sp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Infraphulia  W. D. Field, 1958

Infraphulia illimani (Weymer, 1890)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Infraphulia ilyodes (Ureta, 1955)  TL: Chile  M S

Infraphulia madeleinea W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Peru  M T L

Phulia  Herrich-Schäffer, 1867

Phulia garleppi W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Peru

Phulia garleppi garleppi W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977  TL: Peru  M S

Phulia garleppi [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Phulia nannophyes Dyar, 1913  TL: Peru

Phulia nannophyes nannophyes Dyar, 1913  TL: Peru  M T

Phulia nannophyes galera Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru

Phulia nymphula (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile

Phulia nymphula nymphula (Blanchard, 1852)  TL: Chile  M T

Phulia nymphula nympha Staudinger, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Phulia paranympha Staudinger, 1894  TL: Bolivia  M T

Pontia  Fabricius, 1807

Pontia beckerii (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  Becker's White  BC to Baja C. Sur, N AZ, N NM, CO, WY, S & W MT; basins  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I H

Pontia protodice (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])  Checkered White  widespread across N America to S Mexico; Cuba. Vagrant N  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 I H

Pontia occidentalis (Reakirt, 1866)  Western White  TL: USA (Co)

Pontia occidentalis occidentalis (Reakirt, 1866)  BC to CA (S Sierra), W to N NM, N to MAN, SASK, ALTA  M S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 L4 I Ha

Pontia occidentalis nelsoni (W. H. Edwards, 1883)  Alaska  M S L

Pontia sisymbrii (Boisduval, 1852)  Spring White  TL: USA (Ca)

Pontia sisymbrii sisymbrii (Boisduval, 1852)  Baja California, N along Sierra Nevada-Cascades to W-C OR  M T S L I Ha

Pontia sisymbrii nigravenosa Austin & J. Emmel, 1998  Mojave Desert: SE CA, W AZ, S NV, SW UT  M T1 T2 L

Pontia sisymbrii transversa R. Holland, 1995  S AZ, S NM, W TX, N SON, N CHIH  M T S L I

Pontia sisymbrii elivata (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  SE OR to C NV, E to CO, N NM  M S1 S2 L I

Pontia sisymbrii nordini (K. Johnson, 1977)  W NE, E WY, W SD, E MT  M S

Pontia sisymbrii flavitincta (J. A. Comstock, 1924)  S BC to NE OR, E to NW WY, W MT, S ALTA  M T S L

Pontia sisymbrii beringiensis C. Guppy & Kondla, 2001  N BC-S YK  M S

Pieris  Schrank, 1801

Pieris angelika Eitschberger, [1984]  Arctic White  C AK to YK & N BC  M T S1 S2 S3 L Ha

Pieris marginalis Scudder, 1861  Margined White  TL: USA (Wa)

Pieris marginalis pseudobryoniae W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916  TL: USA (Ak)

Pieris marginalis shapiroi Eitschberger, [1984]  TL: USA (Ak)

Pieris marginalis hulda W. H. Edwards, 1869  AK coast from Kodiak Island to Aleutian Islands  M S L

Pieris marginalis meckyae Eitschberger, [1984]  S-central AK (e.g., Anchorage to Palmer)  M S

Pieris marginalis guppyi Eitschberger, [1984]  TL: USA (Ak)

Pieris marginalis tremblayi Eitschberger, [1984]  TL: USA (Ak), Canada (BC)

Pieris marginalis reicheli Eitschberger, [1984]  Rocky Mts. Of BC, ALTA, N ID, N MT  M S L

Pieris marginalis marginalis Scudder, 1861  W OR (N of Siskiyous), W Cascades to coast, N to SW BC  M S1 S2 L Ha

Pieris marginalis sequoia J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  N CA coast: redwood forests Humboldt Co. (vic. Prairie Ck. S.P.)  M T1 T2 S

Pieris marginalis venosa Scudder, 1861  much of W CA  M S L1 L2

Pieris marginalis castoria Reakirt, 1866  Siskiyou Mts. (SW OR, NW CA), W Sierra Nevada  M T S L I

Pieris marginalis Warner Mts. segregate ,  Warner Mts., Lake Co. OR - Modoc Co. CA  M S

Pieris marginalis ziegleri Eitschberger, 1991  NW WY, W MT, ID, E WA, NE OR  M S1 S2 L

Pieris marginalis pallidissima W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916  W CO, UT, far NW AZ, NE NV, S ID, SW WY; bivoltine  M S L I Ha

Pieris marginalis macdunnoughii C. Remington, 1954  [= macdunnoughii], CO, S WY, N NM; univoltine  M S L Ha

Pieris marginalis mogollon Burdick, 1942  White Mts. (AZ) & Mogollon Rim (NM)  M T S L1 L2 I H

Pieris oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)  Mustard White  TL: USA (Ma/NH)

Pieris oleracea oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)  TL: USA (Ma/NH)  M S1 S2 L

Pieris oleracea frigida Scudder, 1861  TL: Canada (NL)  M S

Pieris virginiensis W. H. Edwards, 1870  West Virginia White  TL: USA (WV)

Pieris virginiensis virginiensis W. H. Edwards, 1870  TL: USA (WV)  M S L

Pieris virginiensis hyatti Eitschberger, [1984]  TL: Canada (On)  M S Ha

Pieris rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)  Cabbage White  TL: Sweden

Pieris rapae rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)  widespread across N America to C Mexico, Hawaii; introduced  M T S HS L1 L2 L3 L4 I H

Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758)  Accidental rare escapee in US, not to be expected  M T

Glennia  Klots, 1933

Glennia pylotis (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Leptophobia  A. Butler, 1870

Leptophobia aripa (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Venezuela

Leptophobia aripa aripa (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Venezuela  M T Ma L

Leptophobia aripa balidia (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Leptophobia aripa elodia (Boisduval, 1836)  S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S L I

Leptophobia aripa elodina (Röber, 1908)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Leptophobia caesia (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia caesia caesia (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia caesia phanokia Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Colombia  M T

Leptophobia caesia tenuicornis A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Leptophobia caesia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Colombia

Leptophobia cinerea (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia cinerea cinerea (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia cinerea menthe (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia diaguita Jörgensen, 1916  TL: Argentina

Leptophobia diaguita diaguita Jörgensen, 1916  TL: Argentina  M T

Leptophobia diaguita latifascia Joicey & Talbot, 1928  TL: Peru; Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia diaguita mandor Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru

Leptophobia eleone (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: [Colombia]

Leptophobia eleone eleone (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Leptophobia eleone luca Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Bolivia  M T Ma L

Leptophobia eleone denigrata Le Crom, Andrade & Winhard, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia eleusis (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia eleusis eleusis (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Leptophobia eleusis mollitica Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia eleusis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Leptophobia erinna (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia eucosma (Erschoff, 1875)  TL: Peru

Leptophobia eucosma eucosma (Erschoff, 1875)  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia eucosma euremoides Röber, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia eucosma [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leptophobia eucosma [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leptophobia forsteri Baumann & Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia gonzaga Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia gonzaga sotara Lamas, G. Rodríguez & Constantino, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Leptophobia gonzaga gonzaga Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia gonzaga [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Ecuador

Leptophobia helena (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia helena helena (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia helena doubledayi Röber, 1908  TL: Bolivia  M T

Leptophobia helena hughesi Lamas, 2003  TL: Peru

Leptophobia helena smithii (W. F. Kirby, 1881)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia helena [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia helena [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia micaia Lamas, Pyrcz & G. Rodríguez, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Leptophobia nephthis (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia; Peru  M T

Leptophobia olympia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Venezuela"

Leptophobia olympia olympia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: "Venezuela"  M T L

Leptophobia olympia potoniei Baumann & Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia olympia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Leptophobia penthica (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia penthica penthica (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia  M T

Leptophobia penthica basiliola Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: "Bolivia"  M T

Leptophobia penthica semicaesia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Leptophobia penthica stamnata (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS  TL: Bolivia

Leptophobia philoma (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia philoma philoma (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia philoma pastaza (Joicey & Talbot, 1928)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Leptophobia philoma subargentea A. Butler, 1898  TL: Peru  M T L

Leptophobia philoma intermedia Llorente & Le Crom, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia philoma pseudopenthica Le Crom & Llorente, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia philoma [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Leptophobia pinara (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia pinara pinara (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T L

Leptophobia pinara [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Leptophobia tovaria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Leptophobia tovaria Panama segregate ,  Panama  M S

Leptophobia tovaria tovaria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Leptophobia tovaria gina Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Leptophobia tovaria maruga Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Leptophobia tovaria subflavescens (W. F. Kirby, 1887)  TL: Colombia  M T

Leptophobia tovaria sanctipetri Andrade, Le Crom & Winhard, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia tovaria pseudolympia Le Crom, Llorente & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia tovaria [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Panama

Leptophobia tovaria [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Bolivia

Leptophobia tovaria [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Argentina

Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: not specified

Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia

Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leptophobia [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Itaballia  Kaye, 1904

Itaballia demophile (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: "Indiis"

Itaballia demophile demophile (Linnaeus, 1763)  TL: "Indiis"

Itaballia demophile calydonia (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Colombia  M T

Itaballia demophile centralis Joicey & Talbot, 1928  S TX (one-time stray), E & S Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Itaballia demophile charopus (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Itaballia demophile huebneri (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: [Brazil]

Itaballia demophile lucania (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T

Itaballia demophile nimietes (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Itaballia demophile niphates (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Itaballia demophile niseias (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Itaballia marana (E. Doubleday, 1844)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Itaballia pandosia (Hewitson, 1853)  TL: Venezuela

Itaballia pandosia pandosia (Hewitson, 1853)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Itaballia pandosia kicaha (Reakirt, 1863)  S Mexico to Panama  M T S L Ha

Itaballia pandosia pisonis (Hewitson, 1861)  TL: "[Upper] Amazon"; Colombia  M T

Itaballia pandosia sabata (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  SE Panama, W Colombia  M T S L

Pieriballia  Klots, 1933

Pieriballia viardi (Boisduval, 1836)  Viardi White  TL: Mexico

Pieriballia viardi viardi (Boisduval, 1836)  S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to Honduras  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2

Pieriballia viardi apicalis (A. Butler, 1898)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pieriballia viardi decorata (Joicey & Talbot, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T

Pieriballia viardi interposita (Joicey & Talbot, 1928)  TL: Peru  M T

Pieriballia viardi locusta (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pieriballia viardi mandela (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pieriballia viardi molione (Fruhstorfer, 1908)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Pieriballia viardi noctipennis (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L I

Pieriballia viardi rubecula (Fruhstorfer, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T

Pieriballia viardi tithoreides (A. Butler, 1898)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Perrhybris  Hübner, [1819]

Perrhybris lorena (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Perrhybris lypera (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia

Perrhybris lypera lypera (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia  M T

Perrhybris lypera septentrionalis Röber, 1928  Guatemala to Panama  M T S

Perrhybris lypera sulphuralis (A. Butler, 1896)  TL: Colombia  M T

Perrhybris pamela (Stoll, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Perrhybris pamela pamela (Stoll, 1780)  TL: Surinam

Perrhybris pamela alethina (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S1 S2 I

Perrhybris pamela amazonica Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru  M T

Perrhybris pamela bertha Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru

Perrhybris pamela bogotana (A. Butler, 1898)  TL: Colombia  M T

Perrhybris pamela boyi J. Zikán, 1940  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Perrhybris pamela carmenta Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru  M T S

Perrhybris pamela chajulensis J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1989  N Oaxaca, Chiapas to Honduras  M T S

Perrhybris pamela eieidias Hübner, [1821]  TL: [Brazil]  M T

Perrhybris pamela flava (Oberthür, 1896)  TL: S. Amer.  M T

Perrhybris pamela fruhstorferi Röber, 1908  Panama  M S L

Perrhybris pamela glessaria Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Ecuador  M T

Perrhybris pamela incisa Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Perrhybris pamela lucasi Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: French Guiana; Brazil

Perrhybris pamela malenka (Hewitson, 1852)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Perrhybris pamela mapa J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1989  SW Chiapas  M T S

Perrhybris pamela mazuka Lamas, 1981  TL: Peru

Perrhybris pamela [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Costa Rica

Charonias  Röber, 1908

Charonias eurytele (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Ecuador

Charonias eurytele eurytele (Hewitson, [1853])  TL: Ecuador  M T

Charonias eurytele caraca Kaye, 1913  TL: Venezuela

Charonias eurytele dismorphina Röber, 1908  TL: Colombia  M T

Charonias eurytele dismorphites (A. Butler, 1872)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Charonias eurytele nigrescens (Salvin & Godman, 1868)  S Mexico to Guatemala (at least)  M T S

Charonias eurytele [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Colombia  M T

Charonias eurytele [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Charonias theano (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Archonias  Hübner, [1831]

Archonias brassolis (Fabricius, 1776)  TL: Surinam

Archonias brassolis brassolis (Fabricius, 1776)  TL: Surinam

Archonias brassolis approximata (A. Butler, 1873)  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Archonias brassolis brevia G. Rodríguez, Le Crom & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Archonias brassolis critias (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: S. Amer.  M T

Archonias brassolis cutila Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Ecuador  M T

Archonias brassolis marcias Hübner, [1831]  TL: Brazil (Ba)

Archonias brassolis negrina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Archonias brassolis nigripennis (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Colombia  M T

Archonias brassolis rosacea (A. Butler, 1873)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Archonias brassolis rubrosparsa Stichel, 1908  TL: Ecuador  M T

Archonias brassolis semialba Constantino, Salazar & Rodríguez, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Archonias brassolis tereas (Godart, 1819)  TL: Brazil  M T

Catasticta  A. Butler, 1870

Catasticta abiseo Lamas & Bollino, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta affinis Röber, 1909  TL: Colombia

Catasticta affinis affinis Röber, 1909  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta affinis giga F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta albofasciata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Colombia

Catasticta albofasciata albofasciata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta albofasciata rubroreducta Reissinger, 1972  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta amastris (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta amastris amastris (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta amastris dentata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta anaitis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta anaitis anaitis (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta anaitis felicitas Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta anaitis sordida A. Butler, 1897  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta anaitis suasella Röber, 1908  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta apaturina A. Butler, 1901  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta apaturina apaturina A. Butler, 1901  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta apaturina citra F. Brown, 1939  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta apaturina subturina Reissinger, 1972  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta apaturina supraturina Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta arborardens Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta atahuallpa (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M S

Catasticta aureomaculata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru

Catasticta aureomaculata aureomaculata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta aureomaculata gabrieli Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta aureomaculata [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Catasticta bithys (Hübner, [1831])  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Catasticta cerberus Godman & Salvin, 1889  Costa Rican Dartwhite  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S

Catasticta chelidonis (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta chelidonis chelidonis (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta chelidonis contrasta Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta chelidonis igneata Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta chelidonis jacinta A. Butler, 1901  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta chelidonis taminoides Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta chrysolopha (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]

Catasticta chrysolopha chrysolopha (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Catasticta chrysolopha adamsi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta chrysolopha beatrizae Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta chrysolopha quiroza F. Brown, 1939  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta chrysolopha spectrum Reissinger, 1972  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta chrysolopha [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Catasticta cinerea A. Butler, 1897  TL: ["Ecuador"]

Catasticta cinerea cinerea A. Butler, 1897  TL: ["Ecuador"]  M T

Catasticta cinerea ariadne Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta cinerea coerulescens (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta cinerea hollandi Avinoff, 1926  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta cinerea laurentina (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta cinerea rochereaui Le Cerf, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta cinerea substituta (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta cinerea suprema Fassl, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta colla (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta colla colla (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta colla philomene Röber, 1908  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta colla punctata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta collina F. Brown, 1939  TL: Peru

Catasticta collina collina F. Brown, 1939  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta collina carpis Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta cora (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta corcyra (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: [Bolivia]

Catasticta corcyra corcyra (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: [Bolivia]  M T

Catasticta corcyra staudingeri A. Butler, 1897  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta ctemene (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta ctemene ctemene (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta ctemene actinotis A. Butler, 1872  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Catasticta ctemene alma (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T Ma L

Catasticta ctemene grisella Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta ctemene rubricata Weymer, 1907  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta ctemene strigosa A. Butler, 1896  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta ctemene zebrella Fruhstorfer, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta ctemene [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Catasticta discalba F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta distincta Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta duida F. Brown, 1932  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta eurigania (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta eurigania eurigania (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Catasticta eurigania straminea A. Butler, 1896  TL: "Ecuador"  M T S

Catasticta ferra F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta ferra ferra F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Catasticta ferra ferruginosa Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta ferra orcus Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta ferra putumayo Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta flisa (Herrich-Schäffer, [1858])  Narrow-banded Dartwhite  TL: Mexico

Catasticta flisa flisa (Herrich-Schäffer, [1858])  [= arechiza], E & W Mexico to Guatemala  M T S L

Catasticta flisa archoflisa Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  Panama  M T

Catasticta flisa arechiza (Reakirt, 1866)  TL: Mexico  M T

Catasticta flisa briseis Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Venezuela

Catasticta flisa dilutior Avinoff, 1926  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta flisa duna Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Catasticta flisa flisandra Reissinger, 1972  Chiapas & Guatemala  M T S L

Catasticta flisa flisella Reissinger, 1972  SE Mexico to El Salvador  M T S

Catasticta flisa flisoides Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta flisa melanisa Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  Costa Rica  M T S L

Catasticta flisa noakesi Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta flisa postaurea F. Brown, 1933  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta flisa viloria Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta oaxaca Beutelspacher, 1984  Oaxacan Dartwhite  Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico  M T L

Catasticta frontina F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Colombia

Catasticta frontina frontina F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta frontina muehlei Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta frontina zamorana Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta fulva Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Peru

Catasticta fulva fulva Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta fulva kentae F. Brown & Goodson, 1940  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta fulva [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Catasticta grisea Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta hebra (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia

Catasticta hebra hebra (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta hebra apollinari Fassl, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta hebra crowleyi A. Butler, 1901  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta hebra mariae Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta hebra potamea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela; "Ecuador"  M T

Catasticta hegemon Godman & Salvin, 1889  Frosted Dartwhite  TL: Costa Rica

Catasticta hegemon hegemon Godman & Salvin, 1889  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Catasticta hegemon helle Röber, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta hegemon tatae F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta huancabambensis Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Peru

Catasticta huancabambensis huancabambensis Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta huancabambensis bamba Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta huebneri Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: "Peru"  M T

Catasticta incerta (Dognin, 1888)  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta incerta incerta (Dognin, 1888)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta incerta concerta Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta lanceolata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Colombia

Catasticta lanceolata lanceolata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta lanceolata alexandra Bollino & L. Rodríguez, 2003  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta leucophaea Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru

Catasticta leucophaea leucophaea Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta leucophaea lathyi Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta lisa Baumann & Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta ludovici Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta lycurgus (Godman & Salvin, 1880)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta manco (E. Doubleday, 1848)  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta manco manco (E. Doubleday, 1848)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta manco capac Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta manco reissingeri Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta marcapita Röber, 1909  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta marcapita marcapita Röber, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Catasticta marcapita boettgeri Bollino & Lamas, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta marcapita roberti Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta modesta (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru

Catasticta modesta modesta (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta modesta goodsoni Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta modesta sachapuyo Bollino & Vitale, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta modesta [n. ssp.] Bollino, MS  Bolivia

Catasticta nimbata Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: Peru

Catasticta nimbata nimbata Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta nimbata philobata Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta nimbata pleione Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta nimbice (Boisduval, 1836)  Mexican Dartwhite  TL: Mexico

Catasticta nimbice nimbice (Boisduval, 1836)  W TX, E & W Mexico to Oaxaca  M T S L1 L2

Catasticta nimbice ochracea (H. Bates, 1864)  Chiapas and Guatemala to Nicaragua  M T S L

Catasticta nimbice bryson Godman & Salvin, 1889  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Catasticta nimbice ligata Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  Panama  M T S L

Catasticta nimbice [n. ssp.] Llorente, MS  Los Tuxtlas region, Veracruz  M S

Catasticta notha (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela

Catasticta notha notha (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta notha caucana Röber, 1908  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta notha pieridoides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta paucartambo (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta pharnakia Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru

Catasticta pharnakia pharnakia Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta pharnakia styx Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta philais (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Catasticta philais philais (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta philais borgesi Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta philodora F. Brown, 1939  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta philodora philodora F. Brown, 1939  TL: Ecuador  M L

Catasticta philodora maja Reissinger, 1972  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta philodora zamora Reissinger, 1972  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta philone (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia; "Ecuador"

Catasticta philone philone (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia; "Ecuador"  M T

Catasticta philone ecuadora F. Brown, 1939  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta philone florida Bollino & Vitale, 2003  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta philone grossana F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta philone stabilis Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta philone variabilis Röber, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T S

Catasticta philoscia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela

Catasticta philoscia philoscia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta philoscia incertina Röber, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta philoscia reyi Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta philothea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta pieris (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: "Bolivia"; Peru

Catasticta pieris pieris (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: "Bolivia"; Peru  M T S

Catasticta pieris innuba Röber, 1908  TL: Bolivia  M T Ma L

Catasticta pieris intermedia Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta pinava (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta pinava pinava (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Catasticta pinava lucida Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta pluvius Tessmann, 1928  TL: Peru

Catasticta pluvius pluvius Tessmann, 1928  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta pluvius seminigra Bollino & Vitale, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta potameoides Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta poujadei (Dognin, 1887)  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta poujadei poujadei (Dognin, 1887)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta poujadei condor Radford & Willmott, 2013  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta poujadei clara Röber, 1909  TL: [Peru]  M T S

Catasticta poujadei eximia Röber, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta poujadei lamasi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta prioneris (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru

Catasticta prioneris prioneris (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta prioneris albescens Röber, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta prioneris araguana Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta prioneris estancia Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta prioneris nigrilineata Bollino, L. Rodríguez & Constantino, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta prioneris parrishi Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta prioneris peruviana Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta radiata (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]

Catasticta radiata radiata (Kollar, 1850)  TL: [Colombia]  M T

Catasticta radiata julita Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta reducta A. Butler, 1896  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta reducta reducta A. Butler, 1896  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta reducta boliviana A. Butler, 1896  TL: Bolivia  M T S Ma L

Catasticta reducta butleria F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta revancha Rey & Pyrcz, 1996  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta rileya F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta rosea Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta scaeva Röber, 1909  TL: Peru

Catasticta scaeva scaeva Röber, 1909  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta scaeva restricta F. Brown & Goodson, 1940  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta scurra Röber, 1924  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta seitzi Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Colombia

Catasticta seitzi seitzi Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta seitzi blanca Reissinger, 1972  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta seitzi clarita Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta seitzi zana F. Brown, 1939  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta sella Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru

Catasticta sella sella Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta sella dognini Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta semiramis (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia

Catasticta semiramis semiramis (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta semiramis belmira Bollino & L. Rodríguez, 2003  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta semiramis costarum Bollino & Lamas, 2004  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta semiramis palla F. Brown, 1939  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta semiramis salomon (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta semiramis willmotti Bollino & Lamas, 2004  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta similis Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta sinapina A. Butler, 1896  TL: Peru

Catasticta sinapina sinapina A. Butler, 1896  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta sinapina subflava Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta sisamnus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: ?

Catasticta sisamnus sisamnus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: ?  M T

Catasticta sisamnus ayanganna Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Guyana  M T

Catasticta sisamnus bithyna Röber, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T L

Catasticta sisamnus merida Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta sisamnus smalli Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  Honduras to Panama  M T S L

Catasticta sisamnus telasco (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru  M T S Ma L

Catasticta smithia F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta socorrensis Fassl, 1915  TL: Colombia

Catasticta socorrensis socorrensis Fassl, 1915  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta socorrensis cotopaxiensis (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta striata (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru

Catasticta striata striata (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta striata batesi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta striata jimbura Bollino & Vitale, 2002  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta striata [n. ssp.#1] Bollino & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta striata [n. ssp.#2] Bollino & Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta suadela (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta suasa Röber, 1908  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta suasa suasa Röber, 1908  TL: Bolivia  M T S

Catasticta suasa pacis Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta suasa [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Catasticta superba Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta susiana (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: "Peru"

Catasticta susiana susiana (Hopffer, 1874)  TL: "Peru"  M T

Catasticta susiana acomayo Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta susiana amba F. Brown, Gabriel & Goodson, 1940  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta susiana galbinea Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta susiana roeberi Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta susiana sebundoia Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta susiana tamboensis Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: not specified  M T

Catasticta tamsa F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Peru

Catasticta tamsa tamsa F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta tamsa yanganza Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta teutamis (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Peru

Catasticta teutamis teutamis (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta teutamis epimene (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M L

Catasticta teutamis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Catasticta teutila (E. Doubleday, 1847)  Pure-banded Dartwhite  TL: Mexico

Catasticta teutila teutila (E. Doubleday, 1847)  C Mexico (Jalisco to Veracruz)  M T S L Ha

Catasticta teutila flavifaciata Beutelspacher, 1986  S Mexico (Oaxaca)  M T S L

Catasticta teutila [n. ssp.#1] Llorente, MS  S Mexico (Guerrero)  M S

Catasticta teutila [n. ssp.#2] Llorente, MS  S Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala (at least)  M S

Catasticta teutila flavomaculata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Catasticta theresa A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874  Small Dartwhite  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Catasticta thomasorum Jasinski, 1998  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta thomasorum thomasorum Jasinski, 1998  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta thomasorum inexpectata Bollino & Vitale, 2004  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta toca (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia

Catasticta toca toca (E. Doubleday, 1847)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta toca detrita Röber, 1909  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta tomyris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Catasticta tomyris tomyris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T Ma L

Catasticta tomyris barbara Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta tomyris myris (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta tomyris subtamina (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta tomyris subtomyris Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta tomyris tamina Röber, 1909  TL: Bolivia  M T

Catasticta tricolor A. Butler, 1897  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta tricolor tricolor A. Butler, 1897  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta tricolor rodriguezi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta tricolor tomasi Wojtusiak & Rey, 1999  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta troezene (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Catasticta troezene troezene (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta troezene gelba F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta troezene miza Bollino & Costa, 2007  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta troezene troezenides Röber, 1908  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta truncata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Venezuela

Catasticta truncata truncata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta truncata xanthotaenia Röber, 1924  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta uricoecheae (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia

Catasticta uricoecheae uricoecheae (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Catasticta uricoecheae flava E. Krüger, 1925  TL: Colombia  M T

Catasticta uricoecheae inopa Wojtusiak & Rey, 1999  TL: Venezuela  M T

Catasticta vilcabamba Lamas & Bollino, 2004  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta vulnerata A. Butler, 1897  TL: Ecuador

Catasticta vulnerata vulnerata A. Butler, 1897  TL: Ecuador  M T

Catasticta vulnerata koenigi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998)  TL: Peru  M S

Catasticta watkinsi Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru

Catasticta watkinsi watkinsi Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T S

Catasticta watkinsi huanuco Reissinger, 1972  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta watkinsi suffusa Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912  TL: Peru  M T

Catasticta [n. sp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Catasticta [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Catasticta [n. sp.#3] Llorente, MS  TL: Mexico

Catasticta [n. sp.#4] Lamas & Bollino, MS  TL: Peru

Catasticta [n. sp.#5] Lamas & Bollino, MS  TL: Peru

Eucheira  Westwood, 1834

Eucheira socialis Westwood, 1834  Social White  TL: Mexico

Eucheira socialis socialis Westwood, 1834  C Mexico to Oaxaca  M T S

Eucheira socialis westwoodi Beutelspacher, 1984  NW Mexico  M T1 T2 S I H

Neophasia  Behr, 1869

Neophasia menapia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  Pine White  TL: USA (Nv)

Neophasia menapia tehachapina J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  Tehachapi Mts., Kern Co., CA  M T S

Neophasia menapia menapia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  CA Sierra Nevada N to N OR/ S WA (or BC if tau treated as syn.)  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Neophasia menapia melanica Scott, 1981  immediate coast, Mendocino Co., CA  M S L

Neophasia menapia tau (Scudder, 1861)  BC, WA, ID, W MT, NE WY, blending in OR with typical menapia  M S L

Neophasia menapia magnamenapia Austin, 1998  W NV, S & C UT, AZ, NM, CO, E WY, W NE, W SD  M T S L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 H Ha

Neophasia terlooii Behr, 1869  Mexican Pine White  SE AZ, SW NM to central western Mexico (MICH), also NL  M T S Ab L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Pereute  Herrich-Schäffer, 1867

Pereute antodyca (Boisduval, 1836)  TL: Brazil  M T

Pereute callinice (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia; Venezuela

Pereute callinice callinice (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia; Venezuela  M T

Pereute callinice numbalensis Joicey & Talbot, 1928  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pereute callinira Staudinger, 1884  TL: Peru; Colombia

Pereute callinira callinira Staudinger, 1884  TL: Peru; Colombia  M T L

Pereute callinira sabrina Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Colombia  M T

Pereute charops (Boisduval, 1836)  Darkened White  TL: Mexico

Pereute charops leonilae Llorente, 1986  NW Mexico (Sinaloa to Colima)  M T S L

Pereute charops sphocra Draudt, 1931  SW Mexico (Pacific slope of Guerrero & Oaxaca)  M T S Ha

Pereute charops charops (Boisduval, 1836)  E Mexico  M T S Ab L

Pereute charops nigricans Joicey & Talbot, 1928  S Mexico (Chiapas) to Nicaragua  M T S L

Pereute charops Costa Rican segregate ,  Costa Rica & Panama  M S L

Pereute charops columbica Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Colombia  M T

Pereute charops peruviana (Hopffer, 1878)  TL: Peru  M T

Pereute charops venezuelana (Hopffer, 1878)  TL: [Venezuela]  M T

Pereute charops [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Costa Rica

Pereute cheops Staudinger, 1884  Dark White  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Pereute leucodrosime (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia

Pereute leucodrosime leucodrosime (Kollar, 1850)  TL: Colombia  M T

Pereute leucodrosime bellatrix Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Peru  M T

Pereute leucodrosime beryllina Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Ecuador  M T

Pereute leucodrosime caesarea (Lucas, 1852)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Pereute lindemannae Reissinger, 1970  TL: Brazil (Am)

Pereute lindemannae lindemannae Reissinger, 1970  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Pereute lindemannae pemona de Marmels, Clavijo & M. Chacín, 2003  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pereute lindemannae piaroa de Marmels, Clavijo & M. Chacín, 2003  TL: Venezuela  M T

Pereute swainsoni (G. Gray, 1832)  TL: Brazil  M T

Pereute telthusa (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Peru  M T

Leodonta  A. Butler, 1870

Leodonta dysoni (E. Doubleday, 1847)  Dyson's White  TL: Venezuela

Leodonta dysoni dysoni (E. Doubleday, 1847)  Costa Rica to Venezuela  M T S L

Leodonta dysoni batzebina Röber, 1924  TL: Colombia  M T

Leodonta dysoni marginata Schaus, 1902  TL: Venezuela  M T

Leodonta dysoni [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Leodonta tagaste (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Peru

Leodonta tagaste tagaste (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)  TL: Peru  M T

Leodonta tagaste colombiana Constantino & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Leodonta tagaste [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS  Peru

Leodonta tellane (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Colombia

Leodonta tellane tellane (Hewitson, 1860)  TL: Colombia  M T

Leodonta tellane chiriquensis (Staudinger, 1884)  Costa Rica & Panama  M T S L

Leodonta tellane intermedia Röber, 1908  TL: Colombia  M T

Leodonta tellane tingomariae Baumann & Reissinger, 1969  TL: Peru  M T

Leodonta tellane triangulata Constantino & Rodríguez, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#1] Constantino, MS  TL: Colombia

Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Ecuador

Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leodonta zenobia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Leodonta zenobia zenobia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Leodonta zenobia monticola Joicey & Talbot, 1918  TL: Peru  M T S

Leodonta zenobia angustata Constantino & Fagua, 2004  TL: Colombia

Leodonta zenobia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS  TL: Venezuela

Leodonta zenobia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS  TL: Peru

Leodonta zenobina (Hopffer, 1869)  TL: Peru  M T

Melete  Swainson, [1831]

Melete calymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Melete leucadia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)  TL: "Brazil (Am)"  M T

Melete leucanthe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia; ["Ecuador"]

Melete leucanthe leucanthe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia; ["Ecuador"]  M T L

Melete leucanthe veronica Le Crom & Llorente, 2004  TL: Colombia  M L

Melete lycimnia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam

Melete lycimnia lycimnia (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Melete lycimnia aelia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)  TL: Colombia; ["Ecuador"]  M T L

Melete lycimnia chagris (Staudinger, 1876)  Panama  M T IL

Melete lycimnia eurymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Melete lycimnia flippantha (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: ?  M T

Melete lycimnia harti (A. Butler, 1896)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Melete lycimnia isandra (Boisduval, 1836)  S TX (as stray), E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 S3 L I

Melete lycimnia latilimbata (A. Butler, 1896)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melete lycimnia monstrosa (A. Butler, 1875)  Panama  M T S

Melete lycimnia napona (Röber, 1909)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Melete lycimnia narmia Fruhstorfer, 1910  TL: [Brazil (MT)]  M T

Melete lycimnia paulista Fruhstorfer, 1908  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Melete lycimnia peruviana (Lucas, 1852)  TL: Peru  M T

Melete lycimnia petronia Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Melete lycimnia phazania Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Melete lycimnia reducta Constantino, Le Crom & Torres, 2004  TL: Colombia  M T

Melete lycimnia theodori Fruhstorfer, 1907  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Melete polyhymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia

Melete polyhymnia polyhymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Melete polyhymnia caesarea Fruhstorfer, 1912  TL: Colombia  M T

Melete polyhymnia florinda (A. Butler, 1875)  Chiapas to Colombia  M T S L

Melete polyhymnia serrana R. G. Maza, 1984  N Oaxaca, Mexico (Gulf Slope)  M T

Melete salacia (Godart, 1819)  Black-striped White  TL: ?

Melete salacia salacia (Godart, 1819)  Hispaniola  M T S

Melete salacia cubana Fruhstorfer, 1908  Cuba  M T S L

Glutophrissa  A. Butler, 1887

Glutophrissa drusilla (Cramer, 1777)  TL: "Batavia"

Glutophrissa drusilla drusilla (Cramer, 1777)  TL: "Batavia"  M T

Glutophrissa drusilla boydi (W. Comstock, 1943)  Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico, Culebra, Virgin Islands  M T S

Glutophrissa drusilla castalia (Fabricius, 1793)  Jamaica  M T S

Glutophrissa drusilla comstocki (Dillon, 1947)  Dominica & Martinique  M T S

Glutophrissa drusilla monomorpha (A. Hall, 1936)  Grenada  M T

Glutophrissa drusilla neumoegenii (Skinner, 1894)  S Florida  M T S L

Glutophrissa drusilla poeyi (A. Butler, 1872)  Bahamas, Cuba, Isla de Juventud, Caymans  M T S

Glutophrissa drusilla tenuis (Lamas, 1981)  W Mexico & S TX (strays far N) to Peru  M T S1 S2 Ab L I H

Glutophrissa punctifera (R.F. d'Almeida, 1939)  Antillean White  Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, St. Thomas & St. John  M S

Family LYCAENIDAE [Leach], [1815] – GOSSAMERWINGS

  Subfamily Miletinae

  Tribe Miletini

Feniseca  Grote, 1869

Feniseca tarquinius (Fabricius, 1793)  Harvester  TL: not specified

Feniseca tarquinius tarquinius (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: not specified  M S L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Feniseca tarquinius novascotiae McDunnough, 1935  TL: not specified  M S

  Subfamily Lycaeninae

  Tribe Lycaenini

Iophanus  Draudt, 1920

Iophanus pyrrhias (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Guatemalan Copper  Chiapas and Guatemala  M T S L

Lycaena  Fabricius, 1807

Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)  American Copper  TL: not specified

Lycaena phlaeas hypophlaeas (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ma)  M S Ab L1 L2 H

Lycaena phlaeas feildeni (M'Lachlan, 1878)  coastal tundra in Nunavut, NWT, YK, AK  M S L I

Lycaena phlaeas arethusa (Wolley-Dod, 1907)  TL: not specified  M S

Lycaena phlaeas weberi Kohler, 2007  TL: not specified  M S

Lycaena phlaeas arctodon Ferris, 1974  TL: not specified  M T S L Ha

Lycaena phlaeas shields Kemal & Koçak, 2007  [alpestris is preoccupied]  M T S

Lycaena cupreus (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  Lustrous Copper  TL: USA (Or)

Lycaena cupreus lapidicola J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  CA Sierra Nevada from Nevada to Tulare-Inyo Cos.; similar in White Mts.  M T S L H

Lycaena cupreus cupreus (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  [= artemisia], N CA, C-E OR, ID, NE NV, MT, NW WY, N UT  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena cupreus henryae (Cadbury, 1937)  BC, ALTA, N WA, NW MT  M S L

Lycaena cupreus snowi (W. H. Edwards, [1881])  S Rocky Mts. of SE WY, CO, N NM; high Uinta and La Sal Mts., UT  M S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena arota (Boisduval, 1852)  Tailed Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena arota arota (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T TI S L I

Lycaena arota C CA interior Coast Range segregate ,   M S L Ha

Lycaena arota Willamette Valley segregate ,  Willamette Valley, W Oregon  M S

Lycaena arota virginiensis (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L1 L2 H

Lycaena arota nubila (J. A. Comstock, 1926)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Lycaena arota schellbachi Tilden, 1955  TL: USA (Az)  M S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena hermes (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  Hermes Copper  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4 H

Lycaena dione (Scudder, 1868)  Gray Copper  TL: USA (Ia)  M S L Ha

Lycaena editha (Mead, 1878)  Edith's Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena editha editha (Mead, 1878)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 L3 Ha

Lycaena editha pseudonexa J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Lycaena editha obscuramaculata Austin, 1989  TL: not specified  M T S L Ha

Lycaena editha NE Oregon segregate ,  [nr. editha], NE Oregon  M S

Lycaena editha vurali Koçak, 1984  TL: not specified  M S L1 L2 L3 Ha

Lycaena xanthoides (Boisduval, 1852)  Great Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena xanthoides nigromaculata J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L

Lycaena xanthoides xanthoides (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2

Lycaena xanthoides obsolescens J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S Ha

Lycaena gorgon (Boisduval, 1852)  Gorgon Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena gorgon gorgon (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S Ab L1 L2 I Ha

Lycaena gorgon micropunctata J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Lycaena gorgon jacquelineae J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S Ab L1 L2 I Ha

Lycaena gorgon dorothea J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Or)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena rubidus (Behr, 1866)  Ruddy Copper  TL: USA (Or)

Lycaena rubidus monachensis K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977  TL: USA (Ca)  M S L1 L2

Lycaena rubidus incana Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T

Lycaena rubidus rubidus (Behr, 1866)  [= duofascies]  M S1 S2 L

Lycaena rubidus duofascies K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977  TL: USA (Id)  M T

Lycaena rubidus perkinsorum K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977  TL: USA (Or)  M T S L

Lycaena rubidus sirius (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S L1 L2 L3 Ha

Lycaena rubidus longi K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977  TL: USA (Ne)  M T S

Lycaena rubidus ferrisi K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L1 L2 I

Lycaena heteronea Boisduval, 1852  Blue Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena heteronea heteronea Boisduval, 1852  TL: USA (Ca)  M T TI S L

Lycaena heteronea northi J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S I

Lycaena heteronea submaculata J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Lycaena heteronea clara H. Edwards, [1880]  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Lycaena heteronea austin Kemal & Koçak, 2007  [rutila is preoccupied]  M T S L1 L2

Lycaena heteronea rava Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Lycaena heteronea klotsi W. D. Field, 1936  TL: not specified  M S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena heteronea gravenotata Klots, 1930  TL: USA (Co)  M S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena heteronea E base Cascades- boldly spotted segregate ,  [= nr. gravenotata], E base Cascades far N CA, OR, far S WA  M S L1 L2 L3 Ha

Lycaena hyllus (Cramer, 1775)  Bronze Copper  TL: USA (NY)  M T S L1 L2 L3 I1 I2 Ha

Lycaena epixanthe (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  Bog Copper  TL: USA (NJ)

Lycaena epixanthe epixanthe (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  TL: USA (NJ)  M S L H

Lycaena epixanthe phaedrus (G. Hall, 1924)  TL: Canada (NS)  M S

Lycaena epixanthe michiganensis Rawson, 1948  TL: USA (Mi)  M S L

Lycaena dorcas W. Kirby, 1837  Dorcas Copper  TL: not specified

Lycaena dorcas claytoni A. E. Brower, 1940  TL: USA (Me)  M S L Ha

Lycaena dorcas michuron Scott, 2006  TL: USA (Mi)  M S L

Lycaena dorcas dorcas W. Kirby, 1837  TL: not specified  M S L

Lycaena dorcas arcticus (Ferris, 1977)  TL: Canada (Yt)  M T S L

Lycaena dorcas florus (W. H. Edwards, [1884])  TL: not specified  M S L Ha

Lycaena dorcas megaloceras (Ferris, 1977)  TL: USA (Wy)  M T S

Lycaena dorcas castro (Reakirt, 1866)  [= sangremar]  M T S L1 L2 L3 Ha

Lycaena dospassosi McDunnough, 1940  Dos Passos' Copper  TL: not specified  M S

Lycaena helloides (Boisduval, 1852)  Purplish Copper  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Lycaena nivalis (Boisduval, 1869)  Lilac-bordered Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena nivalis nivalis (Boisduval, 1869)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S Ab L1 L2

Lycaena nivalis W Cascadian segregate ,  [nr. bichroma]  M S L1 L2 L3 Ha

Lycaena nivalis bichroma J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L I Ha

Lycaena nivalis warnermontana J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena nivalis NE Oregon segregate ,  [nr. warnermontana]  M S L Ha

Lycaena nivalis praetexta Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Lycaena nivalis browni dos Passos, 1938  TL: USA (Id)  M S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena mariposa (Reakirt, 1866)  Mariposa Copper  TL: USA (Ca)

Lycaena mariposa mariposa (Reakirt, 1866)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S L1 L2 Ha

Lycaena mariposa W Siskiyou segregate ,  W Siskiyous, Josephine Co., OR  M S L Ha

Lycaena mariposa charlottensis (W. Holland, 1930)  TL: not specified  M S

Lycaena mariposa penroseae W. D. Field, 1938  TL: USA (Wy)  M T S L1 L2 L3 Ha

  Subfamily Theclinae

  Tribe Theclini

Hypaurotis  Scudder, 1876

Hypaurotis crysalus (W. H. Edwards, 1873)  Colorado Hairstreak  TL: USA (Co)

Hypaurotis crysalus crysalus (W. H. Edwards, 1873)  C & S CO, NM, far W TX, AZ, SON  M T S L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Hypaurotis crysalus intermedia Austin, 1998  SE NV, SW UT  M T S

Hypaurotis crysalus citima (H. Edwards, 1881)  N UT; NW CO pops. intermediate towards nominate  M T S I Ha

Hypaurotis crysalus Mexican segregate ,  NE Mexico (COAH, NL, DGO), Oaxaca  M S L

Habrodais  Scudder, 1876

Habrodais grunus (Boisduval, 1852)  Golden Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Habrodais grunus lorquini W. D. Field, 1938  SW ORE (Siskiyous) to C CA Coast Ranges  M T S L1 L2 L3 I H Ha

Habrodais grunus grunus (Boisduval, 1852)  S CA & Sierra Nevada  M T S L

Habrodais grunus herri W. D. Field, 1938  Cascade Mountains, far S WA (Skamania Co.), OR, N OR Coast Range  M T S L1 L2 H Ha

Habrodais poodiae J. Brown & Faulkner, 1982  Baja Hairstreak  Baja California (Sierra San Pedro Martir)  M T S

  Tribe Eumaeini

Eumaeus  Hübner, [1819]

Eumaeus childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)  Great Cycadian  [= debora], E & S Mexico to Honduras  M T S L I H

Eumaeus godartii (Boisduval, 1870)  White-tipped Cycadian  Nicaragua to W Ecuador  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2

Eumaeus minyas (Hübner, [1809])  Minyas Cycadian  Colombia to Peru & C Brazil  M T

Eumaeus toxea (Godart, [1824])  Mexican Cycadian  E & W Mexico to Nicaragua (S TX as very rare stray)  M T S L1 L2

Eumaeus atala (Poey, 1832)  Atala  S FL, Bahamas, Cuba, Isla de Juventud  M T S L I

Eumaeus toxana (Boisduval, 1870)  Toxana  Venezuela to Bolivia  M T

Theorema  Hewitson, 1865

Theorema sapho (Staudinger, 1888)  Banded Cycadian  Panama to Ecuador  M T S HS

Theorema eumenia Hewitson, 1865  Tailed Cycadian  SE Mexico to Ecuador  M T S1 S2 I

Theorema pyrczia Bálint, 2010  Pyrcz's Tailed Cycadian  Venezuela  M T

Theorema dysmenia Draudt, 1919  Dark Cycadian  Colombia, ?Peru  M T S

Paiwarria  Kaye, 1904

Paiwarria antinous (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Felders' Hairstreak  S Mexico (CHIS) to Colombia  M T S

Paiwarria telemus (Cramer, 1775)  Telemus Hairstreak  Colombia to S Brazil  M S

Paiwarria venulius (Cramer, 1779)  Venulius Hairstreak  Colombia to S Brazil  M T S

Paiwarria aphaca (Hewitson, 1867)  Aphaca Hairstreak  C to S Brazil and Paraguay  M T S

Paiwarria episcopalis (Fassl, 1912)  Episcopal Hairstreak  Colombia  M T

Paiwarria chuchuvia J. Hall & Willmott, 2005  Chuchuvia Hairstreak  Ecuador  M T

Paiwarria umbratus (Geyer, 1837)  Thick-tailed Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L I

Mithras  Hübner, [1819]

Mithras nautes (Cramer, 1779)  Nautes Mithras  Venezuela to Peru & C Brazil  M T S

Mithras elis (Cramer, 1779)  Elis Mithras  E Ecuador & Peru to Surinam  M T

Mithras orobia (Hewitson, 1867)  Orobia Mithras  Ecuador to Bolivia & C Brazil  M T S

Mithras colombiensis (K. Johnson & Constantino, 1997)  Colombian Mithras  Colombia & S. Brazil  M T S

Mithras [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Mithras [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Guatemala

Mithras vossoroca (Bálint & Moser, 2001)  Vossoroca Mithras  S. Brazil  M T

Mithras [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Mithras [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Mithras [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Mithras oroanna (Bálint, 2002)  Oroanna Mithras  E Ecuador to Peru  M T

Mithras orobiana (Hewitson, 1867)  Orobiana Mithras  Amazonian region of Brazil  M T

Mithras orocana (H. Druce, 1912)  Orocana Mithras  Colombia to Peru  M T S

Mithras catrea (Hewitson, 1874)  Catrea Mithras  S Brazil  M T S

Dabreras  Bálint, [2008]

Dabreras teucria (Hewitson, 1868)  Double-patched Hairstreak  Venezuela to Peru & C Brazil  M T S

Brangas  Hübner, [1819]

Brangas moserorum Bálint & Faynel, 2008  Mosers' Brangas  Paraguay & S Brazil  M T

Brangas neora (Hewitson, 1867)  Widespread Brangas  E & W Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L I

Brangas rita (Goodson, 1945)  Brown Brangas  Panama & Colombia  M T

Brangas dydimaon (Cramer, 1777)  Twin Brangas  Colombia, Trinidad to Bolivia & C Brazil  M T OI

Brangas coccineifrons (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Black-veined Brangas  SE Mexico to Colombia  M T S

Brangas torfrida (Hewitson, 1867)  Torfrida Brangas  C & S Brazil  M S

Brangas carthaea (Hewitson, 1868)  Green-spotted Brangas  E Mexico to Ecuador  M T S L

Brangas [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Costa Rica

Brangas getus (Fabricius, 1787)  Bright Brangas  SE Mexico to S Brazil, Trinidad  M T S L

Brangas caranus (Stoll, 1780)  Caranus Brangas  Venezuela to S Brazil  M S

Brangas [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Venezuela

Brangas rambutorum Bálint & Faynel, 2008  Rambuteau's Brangas  Colombia & Venezuela  M T

Brangas neildonatus Bálint & Faynel, 2008  Neild's Brangas  Venezuela  M T

Brangas silumena (Hewitson, 1867)  Silumena Brangas  Paraguay & S Brazil  M T

Brangas felderi (Goodson, 1945)  Felders' Brangas  Colombia & Ecuador  M T

Brangas [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: not specified

Brangas polonus Bálint, 2008  Pyrcz's Brangas  Peru & Bolivia  M T

Brangas insolitus Bálint & Faynel, 2008  Isolated Brangas  Ecuador  M T L

Thaeides  K. Johnson, Kruse & Kroenlein, 1997

Thaeides theia (Hewitson, 1870)  Brown-barred Hairstreak  SE Mexico to Bolivia & SE Brazil  M T S

Thaeides muela (Dyar, 1913)  Muela Hairstreak  Ecuador to Chile  M T

Thaeides goleta (Hewitson, 1877)  Goleta Hairstreak  Colombia  M T

Thaeides xavieri (Le Crom & K. Johnson, 1997)  Xavier's Hairstreak  Colombia  M T

Thaeides pyrczi (K. Johnson, Le Crom & Constantino, 1997)  Pyrcz's Hairstreak  Venezuela  M T

Enos  K. Johnson, Kruse & Kroenlein, 1997

Enos falerina (Hewitson, 1867)  Falerina Hairstreak  S Mexico (CHIS) to S Brazil  M T S L

Enos thara (Hewitson, 1867)  Thara Hairstreak  SE Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Enos myrtea (Hewitson, 1867)  Myrtea Hairstreak  Colombia to C Brazil  M T S

Enos mazurka (Hewitson, 1867)  Mazurka Hairstreak  Brazil  M T S

Enos maculata (Lathy, 1936)  Spotted Hairstreak  Ecuador to C Brazil  M T S

Lamasina  Robbins, 2002

Lamasina draudti (Lathy, 1926)  Draudt's Hairstreak  [= godmani], Guatemala to Colombia  M T S L

Lamasina lathyi (Bálint, 2005)  Lathy's Hairstreak  Ecuador, Peru  M T S

Lamasina ganimedes (Cramer, 1775)  Ganimedes Hairstreak  Amazonas & Guianas  M T OI S HS

Airamanna  Bálint, 2009

Airamanna columbia (Bálint, 2005)  Colombian Hairstreak  Colombia  M T S

Airamanna rhaptissima (K. Johnson, 1991)  Rhaptissima Hairstreak  Colombia to Peru  M T S

Airamanna rhapsodia (Bálint, 2005)  Rhapsodia Hairstreak  Bolivia  M T

Evenus  Hübner, [1819]

Evenus regalis (Cramer, 1775)  Regal Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to S Brazil  M S1 S2 L I1 I2

Evenus coronata (Hewitson, 1865)  Crowned Hairstreak  S Mexico (CHIS) to Ecuador  M T S

Evenus felix Neild & Bálint, 2014  Felix's Hairstreak  Venezuela to Peru  M T

Evenus gabriela (Cramer, 1775)  Gabriela Hairstreak  Colombia to C Brazil  M OI S

Evenus batesii (Hewitson, 1865)  Bates’ Hairstreak  [= teresina], SE Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Evenus candidus (H. Druce, 1907)  Candid Hairstreak  Panama to Amazonas  M T S

Evenus sponsa (Möschler, 1877)  Sponsa Hairstreak  Surinam and Guianas  M T OI S

Evenus sumptuosa (H. Druce, 1907)  Sumptuosa Hairstreak  Ecuador to S Brazil  M T S

Evenus tagyra (Hewitson, 1865)  Tagyra Hairstreak  Peru to C Brazil  M T S

Evenus floralia (H. Druce, 1907)  Floral Hairstreak  Peru to C Brazil  M T

Evenus temathea (Hewitson, 1865)  Timid Hairstreak  Panama to Guianas  M T S

Evenus satyroides (Hewitson, 1865)  Satyr Hairstreak  Colombia to S Brazil  M T S

Evenus latreillii (Hewitson, 1865)  Latreille's Hairstreak  Paraguay & S Brazil  M T S

Atlides  Hübner, [1819]

Atlides halesus (Cramer, 1777)  Great Blue Hairstreak  TL: USA (Va)

Atlides halesus halesus (Cramer, 1777)  SE USA to New England  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Atlides halesus corcorani Clench, 1942  W OR, CA, SW USA, NW, NE & E Mexico  M T S L I Ha

Atlides halesus cynara (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  C Mexico to Oaxaca  M T S Ab

Atlides gaumeri (Godman, 1901)  White-tipped Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Atlides [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Atlides dahnersi Bálint, Constantino & K. Johnson, 2003  Dahners' Hairstreak  W Colombia  M T

Atlides polybe (Linnaeus, 1763)  Black-veined Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to S Brazil & N Argentina  M S L I

Atlides inachus (Cramer, 1775)  Spying Hairstreak  [= carpophora], SE Mexico to C Brazil  M T S

Atlides [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Costa Rica

Atlides cosa (Hewitson, 1867)  Cosa Hairstreak  S Brazil  M T

Atlides misma D'Abrera, 1995  Misma Hairstreak  C & S Brazil, Paraguay  M T

Atlides atys (Cramer, 1779)  Atys Hairstreak  [= scamander], Panama to S Brazil  M S L

Atlides halljasoni Bálint, Kertész & Wojtusiak, 2006  Jason Hall's Hairstreak  Ecuador  M T

Atlides bacis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Bacis Hairstreak  Belize to Peru & C Brazil  M T S

Atlides carpasia (Hewitson, 1868)  Jeweled Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S Ma L

Atlides browni Constantino, Salazar & K. Johnson, 1993  Brown's Hairstreak  Colombia  M T

Atlides rustan (Stoll, 1790)  Rustan Hairstreak  SE Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Atlides polama (Schaus, 1902)  Polama Hairstreak  C & S Brazil  M T

Atlides havila (Hewitson, 1865)  Havila Hairstreak  Colombia to Peru  M T

Atlides zava (Hewitson, 1878)  Zava Hairstreak  S Brazil  M T

Atlides thargelia (Burmeister, 1878)  Thargelia Hairstreak  Bolivia to Argentina  M T

Atlides [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (Ba)

Arcas  Swainson, 1832

Arcas imperialis (Cramer, 1775)  Imperial Arcas  SE Mexico to Guianas, Bolivia, Argentina & S Brazil  M T OI S L

Arcas ducalis (Westwood, 1852)  Ducal Arcas  S Brazil (ES to RS)  M T S

Arcas cypria (Geyer, 1837)  Mexican Arcas  E & W Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela  M T OI S1 S2 L I Ha

Arcas gozmanyi (Bálint, 2006)  Gozmány’s Arcas  Costa Rica to W Colombia & W Ecuador  M T S

Arcas splendor (H. Druce, 1907)  Splendid Arcas  Andean Region of Colombia and E Ecuador  M T OI

Arcas alleluia Bálint, 2002  Bare Arcas  Andean Region of Peru   M T OI S

Arcas jivaro Nicolay, 1971  Hidden Arcas  E slope of the Andes in Ecuador to Bolivia   M T G

Arcas delphia Nicolay, 1971  Nicolay's Arcas  E slope of Costa Rica to W Colombia & W Ecuador  M T S

Arcas tuneta (Hewitson, 1865)  Frosted Arcas  E Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, Bolivia to Guianas and W & S Brazil

Arcas tuneta tuneta (Hewitson, 1865)  E Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, Bolivia to W Brazil & Guianas  M T HS G

Arcas tuneta arcadia Bálint, 2002  S Brazil  M T

Pseudolycaena  Wallengren, 1858

Pseudolycaena damo (H. Druce, 1875)  Sky-blue Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Colombia, W Ecuador & Venezuela  M T S L1 L2 I1 I2

Pseudolycaena marsyas (Linnaeus, 1758)  Marsyas Hairstreak  ?Nicaragua and Trinidad-Tobago to S Brazil & Argentina  M T S L

Pseudolycaena cybele (Godman & Salvin, 1896)  St. Vincent Hairstreak  St. Vincent  M T S L

Theritas  Hübner, 1818

Theritas mavors Hübner, 1818  Deep-green Hairstreak  SE Mexico to Guianas  M T S1 S2 L I

Theritas triquetra (Hewitson, 1865)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Theritas paupera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Theritas drucei (Lathy, 1926)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Theritas harrietta (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Theritas danaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Theritas margaritacea (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Theritas [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Theritas adamsi (H. Druce, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T

Theritas anna (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Theritas hemon (Cramer, 1775)  Pale-clubbed Hairstreak  SE Mexico to S Brazil  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I

Theritas phegeus (Hewitson, 1865)  TL: Brazil (Ba); "Amazon"  M T S

Theritas augustula (W. F. Kirby, 1877)  Augustula Hairstreak  Nicaragua & Costa Rica  M T S I

Theritas arene (Goodson, 1945)  TL: Peru  M T

Theritas monica (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Theritas acontius (Goodson, 1945)  TL: Colombia  M T

Theritas chaluma (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Theritas deniva (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Brazil  M T

Theritas curitabaensis (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Theritas augustinula (Goodson, 1945)  Augustinula Hairstreak  E & S Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Theritas theocritus (Fabricius, 1793)  Pearly Hairstreak  E & S Mexico to Colombia  M T S L

Theritas viresco (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Ma)  M T S

Theritas [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (SC)

Theritas [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Theritas lisus (Stoll, 1790)  Lisus Hairstreak  [= hisbon], SE Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L I

Theritas crines (H. Druce, 1907)  Crines Hairstreak  Panama to Colombia  M T S

Johnsonita  Salazar & Constantino, 1995

Johnsonita auda (Hewitson, 1867)  Auda Hairstreak  Panama to Venezuela  M T S

Johnsonita [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Johnsonita [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Johnsonita chlamydem (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T S

Johnsonita pardoa (D'Abrera, 1995)  TL: Colombia  M T

Johnsonita [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Johnsonita [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Johnsonita [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Bolivia

Johnsonita catadupa (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Johnsonita [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Johnsonita [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Johnsonita johnsoni Salazar & Constantino, 1995  TL: Colombia  M T

Johnsonita [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Johnsonita [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Johnsonita assula (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Brevianta  K. Johnson, Kruse & Kroenlein, 1997

Brevianta busa (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  White-scalloped Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Brevianta perpenna (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Perpenna Hairstreak  Panama  M T OI

Brevianta undulata (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Brevianta undulella (Strand, 1918)  TL: Colombia  M T

Brevianta ematheon (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M S

Brevianta bathoryon Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2011  Bathory Hairstreak  Colombia & Ecuador  M T

Brevianta magnifica Salazar & Constantino, 2010  TL: Colombia  M T

Brevianta celelata (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Brazil  M T

Brevianta tolmides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  White-frosted Hairstreak  Nicaragua to Colombia  M T S

Brevianta hyas (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Hyas Hairstreak  C Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Brevianta saphonota (Constantino, Salazar & K. Johnson, 1993)  Colombia & Ecuador  M T S

Ianusanta  Bálint, 2011

Ianusanta ianusi Bálint, 2011  Peru  M T

Micandra  Staudinger, 1888

Micandra platyptera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Platyptera Hairstreak  Costa Rica, Venezuela to Bolivia  M T S L

Micandra ion (H. Druce, 1890)  TL: Colombia  M T

Micandra extrema (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Micandra comae (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T

Micandra aegides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T S

Micandra [n. sp.] Robbins, MS  Peru

Micandra tongida Clench, 1971  Tongida Hairstreak  C Mexico  M T S L

Micandra cyda (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Cyda Hairstreak  [= furina], S Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Micandra dignota (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Micandra sylvana (Jörgensen, 1934)  TL: Argentina  M T S

Rhamma  K. Johnson, 1992

Rhamma commodus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela; Colombia  M T

Rhamma familiaris (K. Johnson, 1991)  TL: Bolivia  M T L

Rhamma oxida (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Rhamma inexpectata K. Johnson, 1992  TL: Peru  M T

Rhamma [n. sp.] Robbins, MS  Ecuador

Rhamma tyrrius (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Rhamma amethystina (Hayward, 1949)  TL: Argentina  M T

Rhamma adriana (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Peru  M T

Rhamma adunca (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma livida Torres & K. Johnson, 1997  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma aurugo (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Peru  M T

Rhamma shapiroi (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma mishma (Hewitson, 1878)  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma comstocki K. Johnson, 1992  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma hybla (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Rhamma catamarca K. Johnson, 1992  TL: Argentina  M T

Rhamma arria (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Rhamma nigrasarotina K. Johnson, 1992  TL: Peru  M T

Rhamma tarma K. Johnson, 1992  TL: Peru  M T

Rhamma confusa (Jörgensen, 1934)  TL: Argentina

Rhamma lapazensis (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Rhamma brunea (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Argentina  M T

Rhamma coquimbiensis (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Chile

Rhamma bilix (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma anosma (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Colombia  M T

Rhamma magenta K. Johnson, 1992  TL: Peru  M T

Rhamma tolimensis (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Colombia  M T

Phothecla  Robbins, 2004

Phothecla photismos (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Phothecla margarita (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Phothecla thespia (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Salazaria  D'Abrera & Bálint, 2001

Salazaria sala (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Salazaria elizabetha (Salazar, Vélez & K. Johnson, 1997)  TL: Colombia  M T

Salazaria [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Salazaria [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Salazaria [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Salazaria [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Salazaria [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Timaeta  K. Johnson, Kruse & Kroenlein, 1997

Timaeta timaeus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Timaeta christina Robbins & R. Busby, 2008  TL: Peru  M T

Timaeta molinopampa (Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2000)  TL: Peru

Timaeta werneri (Salazar, Vélez, Cardona & K. Johnson, 1997)  TL: Colombia  M T

Timaeta matthewi R. Busby & Robbins , 2008  TL: Ecuador

Timaeta walteri R. Busby & Robbins , 2008  TL: Ecuador

Timaeta trochus (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T

Timaeta roberti R. Busby & Robbins , 2008  TL: Ecuador  M S

Timaeta aepea (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Timaeta cospata Robbins & R. Busby, 2008  TL: Peru

Timaeta eronos (H. Druce, 1890)  TL: Colombia  M T

Timaeta pilosa Robbins & R. Busby, 2008  TL: Ecuador  M S

Timaeta gabriela R. Busby & Robbins , 2008  TL: Ecuador

Timaeta romero Robbins & R. Busby, 2008  TL: Venezuela

Timaeta balzabamba (Goodson, 1945)  TL: Venezuela; Ecuador  M T S

Temecla  Robbins, 2004

Temecla tema (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil  M T

Temecla paron (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Paron Hairstreak  E Mexico to Panama  M T S

Temecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Venezuela

Temecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Bolivia

Temecla [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Temecla heraclides (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Heraclides Hairstreak  S Mexico (CHIS) to ...  M T OI

Temecla sergius (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Temecla bennetti (Dyar, 1913)  TL: Peru  M T

Temecla peona (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: ?  M T

Ipidecla  Dyar, 1916

Ipidecla miadora Dyar, 1916  West-Mexican Ipidecla  W Mexico (SIN to GRO)  M T S L

Ipidecla schausi (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Schaus’ Ipidecla  E Mexico to Paraguay  M T S L

Ipidecla crepundia (H. Druce, 1909)  Whitened Ipidecla  Peru to Trinidad  M T S L

Penaincisalia  K. Johnson, 1990

Penaincisalia loxurina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Penaincisalia alcacera (Bálint, Attal, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2004)  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia santamarta (Bálint & Wojtusaik, 2004)  TL: Colombia  M T

Penaincisalia chachapoya (Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2003)  Chachapoya Penelfin  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia tegulina (Bálint & Boyer, 2008)  Tegulina Penelfin  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia atymna (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Penaincisalia felizitas Bálint, 2004  Felizitas Penelfin  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia sigsiga (Bálint, Le Crom & Wojtusaik, 2004)  Sigsig Penelfin  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia cillutincarae (Draudt, 1919)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia browni (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Penaincisalia regala (Le Crom & K. Johnson, 1997)  TL: Colombia  M T

Penaincisalia elisabeth Prieto, 2010  Elisabeth's Penelfin  TL: Colombia  M T G

Penaincisalia saraha (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Ecuador  M T S G

Penaincisalia vittata (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Penaincisalia cuiva Prieto & Rodriguez, 2007  Cuiva Penelfin  TL: Colombia

Penaincisalia magnifica (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Colombia  M T

Penaincisalia purpurea (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia amazona (Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2003)  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia caeruleanota J. Hall & Willmott, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia amatamba Prieto, Boyer, Le Crom & Bálint, 2007  Cuiva Penelfin  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia balzapamba (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Penaincisalia ismaeli R. Busby & J. Hall, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia dominiquae (Bálint, Boyer & Prieto, 2007)  Dominique's Penelfin  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia duviolsi (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)  Duviols' Penelfin  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia oxapampa (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)  Oxapampa Penelfin  TL: Peru  M S

Penaincisalia molipampa (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)  Molinopampa Penelfin  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia falcatamba (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)  Sicklemargined Penelfin  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia swarthea (Le Crom & K. Johnson, 1997)  TL: Colombia  M T

Penaincisalia bimediana K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Penaincisalia cyanomediana (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia contraloxurina (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Colombia  M T

Penaincisalia amatista (Dognin, 1895)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia albalineata (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: "Argentina"  M T

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia penai K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Penaincisalia downeyi K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Colombia  M T

Penaincisalia rawlinsi K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia culminicola (Staudinger, 1894)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Penaincisalia biophot Bálint & Wojtusaik, 2008  Biophot Penelfin  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia caudata K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia alatus (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#7] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#8] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#9] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#10] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#11] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#12] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Bolivia

Penaincisalia aurulenta K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia perezi Bálint, 2001  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia descimoni K. Johnson, 1990  TL: Peru  M T

Penaincisalia lamasi Bálint, 2001  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia [n. sp.#13] Lamas & Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Penaincisalia juliae J. Hall & Willmott, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia andreae R. Busby & J. Hall, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Penaincisalia libertada J. Hall, 2005  TL: Peru

Lathecla  Robbins, 2004

Lathecla mitzi Robbins, MS  Mitzi's Hairstreak  S Brazil (Rio de Janeiro and Paraná)

Lathecla latagus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Latagus Hairstreak  SE Mexico to W Ecuador  M T OI

Lathecla mimula (Draudt, 1920)  Mimula Hairstreak  lowland forest of South America  M T

Lathecla fernandezi Robbins & Busby, 2015  Fernandez's Hairstreak  Venezuela & Ecuador

Lathecla vichai Robbins & Busby, 2015  Vichai's Hairstreak  Guatemala to Panama

Lathecla carolyna Busby, 2015  Carolyn's Hairstreak  Ecuador

Lathecla winnie Robbins & Busby, 2015  Winnie's Hairstreak  Costa Rica (maybe Panama)

Podanotum  Torres & K. Johnson, 1996

Podanotum metallicus Torres & K. Johnson, 1996  Metallic Podelfin  TL: Colombia  M T

Podanotum clarissimus J. Hall, Willmott & K. Johnson, 1996  Bright Podelfin  TL: Ecuador  M T

Podanotum melanissimum Bálint & Wojtusaik, 2006  Melanic Podelfin  TL: Ecuador  M T

Podanotum glorissimum Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2002  Glorious Podelfin  TL: Peru

Podanotum andrewneildi Bálint, 2001  Andrew Neild's Podelfin  TL: Venezuela  M T

Podanotum paramosa (Constantino & Salazar, 1998)  Paramosa Podelfin  TL: Colombia  M T

Podanotum vanewrighti (K. Johnson & Adams, 1993)  Vane-Wrighti's Podelfin  TL: Colombia  M T

Podanotum aquaphilum Bálint & Attal, 2007  Hydropilic Podelfin  TL: Ecuador  M T

Podanotum magnificum Bálint & Attal, 2007  Magnificent Podelfin  TL: Ecuador  M T

Podanotum [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Podanotum [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Podanotum salaeides (Draudt, 1919)  Salaeides Podelfin  TL: Colombia  M T S

Busbiina  Robbins, 2004

Busbiina bosora (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Thereus  Hübner, [1819]

Thereus cithonius (Godart, [1824])  Pale-lobed Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Argentina  M T S L

Thereus wojtusiaki Bálint, 2006  TL: Ecuador  M T

Thereus gabathana (Strand, 1918)  TL: Colombia  M T

Thereus molena (E. Jones, 1912)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Thereus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (Ba)

Thereus guianivaga (K. Johnson, 1989)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Thereus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Guatemala

Thereus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Thereus lutzi (Huntington, 1932)  Lutz's Hairstreak  Panama  M T S

Thereus caltha (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Thereus enenia (Hewitson, 1867)  Enenia Hairstreak  Guianas to C Brazil  M T

Thereus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  Nicaragua to Panama

Thereus oppia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Oppia Hairstreak  Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S L

Thereus [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Thereus orasus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Crimson-spot Hairstreak  Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Thereus ortalus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Ortalus Hairstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L I Ha

Thereus [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Thereus praxis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Praxis Hairstreak  Costa Rica to N Brazil  M T S

Thereus pedusa (Hewitson, 1867)  Pedusa Hairstreak  Panama to Amazonas  M T S

Thereus lausus (Cramer, 1779)  Lausus Hairstreak  S Mexico (CHIS) to Guianas, Amazonas  M S L I

Thereus timoclea (Hewitson, 1870)  Timoclea Hairstreak  Panama to Ecuador  M T S

Thereus ismarus (Cramer, 1777)  TL: Surinam  M T

Thereus phalanthus (Stoll, 1780)  TL: Surinam  M T

Thereus genena (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Thereus tiasa (Hewitson, 1869)  TL: Brazil  M T

Thereus [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (Am)

Thereus endera (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S

Thereus columbicola (Strand, 1916)  TL: Colombia  M T

Thereus eryssus (Herbst, 1800)  TL: Surinam  M S

Thereus illex (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Colombia  M T

Thereus [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Thereus pseudarcula (Giacomelli, 1914)  TL: Argentina  M T

Rekoa  Kaye, 1904

Rekoa meton (Cramer, 1779)  Meton Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Bolivia, Paraguay, S Brazil, Venezuela to Guianas, Trinidad  M T S L

Rekoa malina (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil  M T

Rekoa palegon (Cramer, 1780)  Gold-bordered Hairstreak  S TX, E & W Mexico to N Argentina, Venezuela to Guianas, Trinidad, Tobago  M T S L1 L2 I

Rekoa zebina (Hewitson, 1869)  Zebina Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to NW Costa Rica  M T S

Rekoa bourkei (Kaye, [1925])  Jamaican Hairstreak  Jamaica  M S

Rekoa abeja (K. Johnson & Matusik, 1988)  Hispaniolan Hairstreak  Hispaniola  M T OI G

Rekoa marius (Lucas, 1857)  Marius Hairstreak  S TX, E & W Mexico to Bolivia, Paraguay, SE Brazil, Venezuela, Trinidad  M T S L1 L2 I1 I2

Rekoa stagira (Hewitson, 1867)  Smudged Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Paraguay, SE Brazil, Guianas, Trinidad, Venezuela  M T S L

Arawacus  Kaye, 1904

Arawacus togarna (Hewitson, 1867)  Togarna Hairstreak  SE Mexico to Amazonas  M T S L1 L2 I

Arawacus lincoides (Draudt, 1917)  TL: [Colombia]  M T S L

Arawacus aetolus (Sulzer, 1776)  TL: "Cape of Good Hope"  M T

Arawacus separata (Lathy, 1926)  TL: Peru  M T

Arawacus aethesa (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (Ba)  M T

Arawacus sito (Boisduval, 1836)  Fine-lined Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 L I

Arawacus leucogyna (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  Leucogyna Hairstreak  Belize to Venezuela & Peru  M T S L

Arawacus meliboeus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: "India"  M T

Arawacus jada (Hewitson, 1867)  Creamy Hairstreak  S AZ (as vagrant), E & W Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L I

Arawacus ellida (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Arawacus hypocrita (Schaus, 1913)  Pallid Hairstreak  E & S Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S L

Arawacus dolylas (Cramer, 1777)  Dolylas Hairstreak  Panama to Surinam & S Brazil  M T S L

Arawacus dumenilii (Godart, [1824])  Dumenil's Hairstreak  Honduras, Panama to Guianas, Trinidad  M T S

Arawacus euptychia (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Brazil

Arawacus tadita (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil  M T

Arawacus binangula (Schaus, 1902)  TL: "Peru"  M T

Arawacus tarania (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil (MG)  M T

Contrafacia  K. Johnson, 1989

Contrafacia bassania (Hewitson, 1868)  White-etched Hairstreak  Mexico to Colombia  M T S L

Contrafacia marmoris (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T

Contrafacia ahola (Hewitson, 1867)  Half-Blue Hairstreak  Mexico to Venezuela  M T S L

Contrafacia imma (Prittwitz, 1865)  Imma Hairstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Contrafacia francis (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Contrafacia muattina (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Contrafacia catharina (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Brazil (SC)  M T

Contrafacia [n. sp.] Robbins, MS  Peru

Kolana  Robbins, 2004

Kolana ligurina (Hewitson, 1874)  Ligurina Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Brazil  M T S1 S2 L

Kolana [n. sp.] Robbins, MS  Brazil (SC)

Kolana buccina (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (MT/Pa)  M T

Kolana lyde (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Lyde Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Venezuela  M T S L

Kolana ergina (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: "Jamaica"  M T

Kolana chlamys (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Paraguay  M T

Satyrium  Scudder, 1876

Satyrium fuliginosa (W. H. Edwards, 1861)  Western Sooty Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Satyrium fuliginosa fuliginosa (W. H. Edwards, 1861)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T TI S

Satyrium fuliginosa tildeni Mattoon & Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T1 T2 S L Ha

Satyrium fuliginosa albolineatum Mattoon & Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M S

Satyrium fuliginosa E Klamath drainage segregate ,  CSNM, Jackson Co., OR, to vic Weed, Siskiyou Co. CA  M S L

Satyrium semiluna Klots, 1930  Sagebrush Sooty Hairstreak  TL: USA (Wy)

Satyrium semiluna semiluna Klots, 1930  TL: USA (Wy)  M S L I Ha

Satyrium semiluna maculadistinctum Mattoon & Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L1 L2

Satyrium semiluna Columbia Basin segregate ,  Columbia Basin, S BC to N OR  M S L1 L2 Ha

Satyrium semiluna Pine Mtn. segregate ,  Pine Mountain, Deschutes Co., OR; similar in Ochocos  M S L Ha

Satyrium semiluna C OR Cascades segregate ,  Cascades of C OR (e.g., Three Creeks Meadow, Deschutes Co.)  M S L1 L2 Ha

Satyrium semiluna Mt. Hood segregate ,  Mt. Hood, Clackamas / Hood River Cos., OR  M S L1 L2 Ha

Satyrium behrii (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  Behr's Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Satyrium behrii behrii (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  S CA, N through Sierra Nevada & Cascades to C WA  M S L1 L2 I H

Satyrium behrii columbia (McDunnough, 1944)  [often considered a synonym of S. b. behrii], Chelan Co. WA, northward  M S

Satyrium behrii northern intermontane segregate ,  NE OR, S ID, NE WY, N UT, NW CO  M S1 S2 L Ha

Satyrium behrii southern intermontane segregate ,  SE NV to C UT, S to C AZ  M S L

Satyrium behrii crossi (W. D. Field, 1938)  SE WY, E & S CO, N NM, far SE UT, far NE AZ  M T S L Ha

Satyrium acadica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  Acadian Hairstreak  TL: Canada (On)

Satyrium acadica acadica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  TL: Canada (On)  M S L

Satyrium acadica montanensis (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)  TL: USA (Mt)  M T S L Ha

Satyrium californica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  California Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Satyrium californica californica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Satyrium californica cygnus (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L

Satyrium californica obscurafacies Austin, 1998  [= brashor], SE BC to NE NV  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 Ha

Satyrium californica wapiti M. Fisher, 2006  TL: USA (Co)  M T

Satyrium californica CO-WY Front Range segregate ,  Front Range of CO & SE WY  M S

Satyrium sylvinus (Boisduval, 1852)  Sylvan Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Satyrium sylvinus sylvinus (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T TI S L Ha

Satyrium sylvinus nootka M. Fisher, 1998  TL: Canada (BC)  M T S L Ha

Satyrium sylvinus putnami (H. Edwards, 1877)  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Satyrium sylvinus megapallidum Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Satyrium sylvinus C Columbia Basin segregate ,  C Columbia Basin, WA  M S

Satyrium sylvinus itys (W. H. Edwards, 1882)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L

Satyrium sylvinus desertorum (F. Grinnell, 1917)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L I

Satyrium sylvinus dryope (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  TL: USA ([Ca])  M T S L

Satyrium titus (Fabricius, 1793)  Coral Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ga)

Satyrium titus titus (Fabricius, 1793)  TL: USA (Ga)  M S L1 L2

Satyrium titus winteri (Gatrelle, 2004)  TL: USA (Ma)  M T S1 S2 L

Satyrium titus campus (Gatrelle, 2004)  TL: USA (Ia)  M T S L I

Satyrium titus watsoni (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S L

Satyrium titus immaculosus (W. Comstock, 1913)  TL: USA (Ut)  M S L Ha

Satyrium titus carrizozo R. Holland, 2010  TL: USA (NM)

Satyrium titus occidentalis (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L

Satyrium edwardsii (Grote & Robinson, 1867)  Edwards' Hairstreak  TL: Canada (On)

Satyrium edwardsii edwardsii (Grote & Robinson, 1867)  TL: Canada (On)  M S L1 L2 I Ha

Satyrium edwardsii meridionale Gatrelle, 2001  TL: USA (SC)  M T1 T2 L

Satyrium calanus (Hübner, [1809])  Banded Hairstreak  TL: ?

Satyrium calanus calanus (Hübner, [1809])  TL: ?  M S1 S2 L

Satyrium calanus falacer (Godart, [1824])  TL: USA (Pa)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 L3 Ha

Satyrium calanus godarti (W. D. Field, 1938)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Satyrium calanus albidus Scott, 1981  TL: USA (Co)  M T S1 S2

Satyrium caryaevorus (McDunnough, 1942)  Hickory Hairstreak  TL: Canada (On)  M S L F

Satyrium kingi (Klots & Clench, 1952)  King's Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ga)  M S L1 L2 H

Satyrium liparops (Le Conte, 1833)  Striped Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ga)

Satyrium liparops floridensis Gatrelle, 2001  TL: USA (Fl)  M T1 T2 S L H

Satyrium liparops liparops (Le Conte, 1833)  TL: USA (Ga)  M T S L

Satyrium liparops strigosa (T. Harris, 1862)  TL: USA (Ma)  M S L Ha

Satyrium liparops fletcheri (Michener & dos Passos, 1942)  TL: Canada (Mb)  M T S

Satyrium liparops aliparops (Michener & dos Passos, 1942)  TL: USA (Co)  M S L

Satyrium auretorum (Boisduval, 1852)  Gold-hunter’s Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Satyrium auretorum auretorum (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Satyrium auretorum spadix (H. Edwards, 1881)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L H

Satyrium auretorum fumosum J. Emmel & Mattoni, 1990  TL: USA (Ca)  M T

Satyrium tetra (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  Mountain Mahogany Hairstreak  Baja California (N) to N CA

Satyrium tetra Northern segregate ,  SE Oregon, NE CA, N W NV  M S

Satyrium tetra tetra (W. H. Edwards, 1870)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Satyrium saepium (Boisduval, 1852)  Hedgerow Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Satyrium saepium saepium (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T TI S L Ha

Satyrium saepium fulvescens (H. Edwards, 1877)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T

Satyrium saepium chalcis (W. H. Edwards, 1869)  [= fulvescens]  M T S1 S2 L I

Satyrium saepium rubrotenebrosum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Satyrium saepium caliginosum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L1 L2 Ha

Satyrium saepium chlorophora (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T L

Satyrium saepium subaridum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Satyrium saepium obscurofuscum Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T

Satyrium saepium latalinea Austin & Savage, 1998  TL: USA (Ut)  M T1 T2 S

Satyrium saepium provo (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S L Ha

Satyrium favonius (J. E. Smith, 1797)  Oak Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ga)

Satyrium favonius ontario (W. H. Edwards, 1868)  TL: Canada (On)  M S L Ha

Satyrium favonius autolycus (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S L I

Satyrium favonius violae (D. Stallings & J. Turner, 1947)  TL: USA (NM)  M T S

Satyrium favonius favonius (J. E. Smith, 1797)  TL: USA (Ga)  M S1 S2 Ab L Ha

Satyrium ilavia (Beutenmüller, 1899)  Ilavia Hairstreak  TL: "USA (Tx)"  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Satyrium polingi (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  Poling’s Hairstreak  TL: USA (Tx)

Satyrium polingi organensis (Ferris, 1980)  TL: USA (NM)  M T

Satyrium polingi polingi (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S L Ha

Phaeostrymon  Clench, 1961

Phaeostrymon alcestis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  Soapberry Hairstreak  TL: USA (Tx)

Phaeostrymon alcestis alcestis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S L I

Phaeostrymon alcestis oslari (Dyar, 1904)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L I Ha

Ocaria  Clench, 1970

Ocaria clenchi (K. Johnson, 1992)  Clench's Hairstreak  Mexico, El Salvador  M T S L

Ocaria [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Ocaria aholiba (Hewitson, 1867)  Colombian Hairstreak  Costa Rica to Venezuela  M T S

Ocaria [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (SP)

Ocaria clepsydra (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Colombia  M T

Ocaria arpoxais (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Blue-spotted Hairstreak  Mexico to Panama  M T S

Ocaria cinerea (Lathy, 1936)  TL: Brazil (RS)  M T

Ocaria [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Guyana

Ocaria sadiei (Weeks, 1901)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Ocaria petelina (Hewitson, 1877)  Petelina Hairstreak  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Ocaria elvira (K. Johnson, 1992)  TL: Peru  M T

Ocaria calesia (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Ocaria elongata (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Ocaria thales (Fabricius, 1793)  Thales Blackstreak  Mexico to S Brazil and Argentina  M T S L

Ocaria arcula (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Argentina  M T

Ocaria ocrisia (Hewitson, 1868)  Black Hairstreak  Mexico to S Brazil and Argentina  M T S L1 L2 L3 I

Chlorostrymon  Clench, 1961

Chlorostrymon simaethis (Drury, 1773)  Silver-banded Hairstreak  TL: St. Kitts

Chlorostrymon simaethis sarita (Skinner, 1895)  Mexico to Panama  M T S L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 I H

Chlorostrymon simaethis simaethis (Drury, 1773)  S Florida, (most) Greater & Lesser Antilles, S Am. to Argentina  M S L I

Chlorostrymon simaethis rosario Nicolay, 1980  TL: Ecuador  M T

Chlorostrymon simaethis jago (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Jamaica  M T S

Chlorostrymon kuscheli (Ureta, 1949)  TL: Chile  M T

Chlorostrymon maesites (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  Amethyst Hairstreak  S Florida, Greater & (most) Lesser Antilles  M T S L

Chlorostrymon clenchi (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Dominican Hairstreak  Dominica  M T S

Chlorostrymon telea (Hewitson, 1868)  Telea Hairstreak  S TX (stray) to S Brazil  M T S L I

Chlorostrymon orbis K. Johnson & D. Smith, 1993  Orbis Hairstreak  Jamaica  M T OI

Magnastigma  Nicolay, 1977

Magnastigma hirsuta (Prittwitz, 1865)  Hirsuta Hairstreak  Costa Rica to Brazil  M T S

Magnastigma julia Nicolay, 1977  TL: Brazil (DF)  M T S

Magnastigma elsa (Hewitson, 1877)  Elsa Hairstreak  Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Cyanophrys  Clench, 1961

Cyanophrys goodsoni (Clench, 1946)  Goodson’s Greenstreak  S TX to Costa Rica  M T S L H

Cyanophrys argentinensis (Clench, 1946)  TL: Argentina  M T

Cyanophrys bertha (E. Jones, 1912)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Cyanophrys acaste (Prittwitz, 1865)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Cyanophrys amyntor (Cramer, 1775)  Amyntor Greenstreak  S Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Cyanophrys fusius (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Brown Greenstreak  E & W Mexico to Colombia  M T S I

Cyanophrys herodotus (Fabricius, 1793)  Tropical Greenstreak  S TX, E & W Mexico to Argentina  M T S L1 L2 H

Cyanophrys miserabilis (Clench, 1946)  Clench’s Greenstreak  S TX to Costa Rica  M T S L

Cyanophrys velezi K. Johnson & Kruse, 1997  TL: Colombia  M T

Cyanophrys crethona (Hewitson, 1874)  Jamaican Greenstreak  Jamaica  M T S

Cyanophrys hartii T. Turner & J. Miller, 1992  Dallas Mountain Greenstreak  Jamaica  M T

Cyanophrys roraimiensis K. Johnson & D. Smith, 1993  TL: Brazil (Rr)  M T

Cyanophrys longula (Hewitson, 1868)  Mountain Greenstreak  E & W Mexico to Venezuela; one possible record for SE AZ  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Cyanophrys pseudolongula (Clench, 1944)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Cyanophrys agricolor (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Stained Greenstreak  E & W Mexico to Panama  M T S L

Cyanophrys banosensis (Clench, 1944)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Cyanophrys remus (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil  M T

Callophrys  Billberg, 1820

Callophrys affinis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  Western Green Hairstreak  TL: USA (Wy)

Callophrys affinis washingtonia Clench, 1944  TL: USA (Wa)  M T S L Ha

Callophrys affinis affinis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  TL: USA (Wy)  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2 Ha

Callophrys affinis homoperplexa W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1923  TL: USA (Co)  M T S L Ha

Callophrys affinis albipalpus Gorelick, 2005  TL: USA (NM)  M T

Callophrys affinis apama (W. H. Edwards, 1882)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L1 L2

Callophrys affinis chapmani Gorelick, 2005  Sonora & Durango  M T S

Callophrys dumetorum (Boisduval, 1852)  Lotus Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Callophrys dumetorum oregonensis Gorelick, [1969]  TL: USA (Wa)  M T S L Ha

Callophrys dumetorum dumetorum (Boisduval, 1852)  = perplexa  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I Ha

Callophrys dumetorum superperplexa J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  [possibly conspecific with C. sheridanii]  M T S L I

Callophrys viridis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)  Coastal' Green Hairstreak  [possibly conspecific with C. sheridanii]  M T S1 S2 HS L I

Callophrys sheridanii (W. H. Edwards, 1877)  Sheridan's Hairstreak  TL: USA (Wy)

Callophrys sheridanii pseudodumetorum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998  [= nr. dumetorum of Warren '05], W OR, NW CA Siskiyous low elev.  M T S L I H

Callophrys sheridanii newcomeri Clench, 1963  TL: USA (Wa)  M S1 S2 L

Callophrys sheridanii lemberti Tilden, 1963  TL: not specified  M T S L Ha

Callophrys sheridanii interrupta Austin, 1998  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S Ha

Callophrys sheridanii comstocki Henne, 1940  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L I Ha

Callophrys sheridanii paradoxa Scott, 1986  TL: USA (Ut)  M T1 T2 S1 S2

Callophrys sheridanii neoperplexa W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1923  TL: USA (Ut)  M T S1 S2 I

Callophrys sheridanii W CO montane segregate ,   M S

Callophrys sheridanii sheridanii (W. H. Edwards, 1877)  TL: USA (Wy)  M S L

Callophrys sheridanii sacramento Scott, 2006  TL: USA (NM)  M S I

Callophrys gryneus (Hübner, [1819])  Juniper Hairstreak  TL: USA (Va)

Callophrys gryneus sweadneri (F. Chermock, 1945)  TL: USA (Fl)  M T S L

Callophrys gryneus smilacis (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  TL: USA (Ga)  M T S

Callophrys gryneus gryneus (Hübner, [1819])  TL: USA (Va)  M T S L1 L2

Callophrys gryneus castalis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2

Callophrys gryneus SE Coahuila segregate ,  SE Coahuila  M S

Callophrys gryneus siva (W. H. Edwards, 1874)  [= clenchi, turkingtoni]  M T S L1 L2 L3 I Ha

Callophrys gryneus chalcosiva Clench, 1981  TL: USA (Ut)  M T1 T2 S1 S2 L1 L2 I1 I2 Ha

Callophrys gryneus Columbia Basin segregate ,  [nr. chalcosiva]  M S L Ha

Callophrys gryneus S Sierra Nevada on Juniperus segregate ,  S Sierra Nevada (Tulare Co.); on Juniperus; formerly "barryi"; similar in SB Mts  M S L

Callophrys gryneus Guadalupe Island segregate ,  nelsoni  M S

Callophrys gryneus nelsoni (Boisduval, 1869)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T TI S IL L1 L2

Callophrys gryneus plicataria K. Johnson, 1976  TL: Canada  M T1 T2 S L Ha

Callophrys gryneus rosneri K. Johnson, 1976  TL: Canada  M T S

Callophrys gryneus byrnei K. Johnson, 1976  TL: USA (Id)  M T

Callophrys gryneus juniperaria (J. A. Comstock, 1925)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Callophrys gryneus mansfieldi (Tilden, 1951)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Callophrys loki (Skinner, 1907)  Loki Hairstreak  Baja California Norte

Callophrys loki loki (Skinner, 1907)  Baja California Norte  M T S1 S2 S3 L Ha

Callophrys loki thornei (J. Brown, 1983)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T1 T2 S L1 L2 I H

Callophrys loki cedrosensis (J. Brown & Faulkner, 1989)  TL: Mexico (BCN)  M T L I Ha

Callophrys muiri (H. Edwards, 1881)  Muir's Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L

Callophrys hesseli (Rawson & Ziegler, 1950)  Hessel's Hairstreak  TL: USA (NJ)

Callophrys hesseli hesseli (Rawson & Ziegler, 1950)  TL: USA (NJ)  M T S

Callophrys hesseli angulata (Gatrelle, 2001)  TL: USA (SC)  M T S L H

Callophrys xami (Reakirt, [1867])  Xami Hairstreak  TL: Mexico (Ver)

Callophrys xami xami (Reakirt, [1867])  S AZ, W & C Mexico to Oaxaca  M T S L1 L2 I H

Callophrys xami texami Clench, 1981  S TX, far NE Mexico  M T S L I H

Callophrys scaphia Clench, 1981  Chiapas Hairstreak  Chiapas and Guatemala  M T S L

Callophrys mcfarlandi P. Ehrlich & Clench, 1960  Sandia Hairstreak  TL: USA (NM)  M T S L1 L2 I F Ha

Callophrys dospassosi Clench, 1981  Dos Passos' Hairstreak  TL: Mexico (Hid)

Callophrys dospassosi dospassosi Clench, 1981  E Mexico  M T S L

Callophrys dospassosi searsi Clench, 1981  W Mexico  M S L I

Callophrys estela Clench, 1981  Estela Hairstreak  TL: Mexico (Dur)  M S

Callophrys spinetorum (Hewitson, 1867)  Thicket Hairstreak  TL: USA (Ca)

Callophrys spinetorum spinetorum (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L Ha

Callophrys spinetorum millerorum Clench, 1981  TL: Mexico (Hid)  M T S L

Callophrys johnsoni (Skinner, 1904)  Johnson's Hairstreak  TL: Canada (BC)  M S L I H Ha

Callophrys guatemalena Clench, 1981  Guatemalan Hairstreak  TL: Guatemala  M T S L

Callophrys augustinus (Westwood, 1852)  Brown Elfin  TL: Canada

Callophrys augustinus croesioides (Scudder, 1876)  TL: Canada  M T S L1 L2 LAb Ha

Callophrys augustinus helenae (dos Passos, 1943)  TL: Canada  M T S

Callophrys augustinus augustinus (Westwood, 1852)  TL: Canada  M T S L

Callophrys augustinus concava (Austin, 1998)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Callophrys augustinus iroides (Boisduval, 1852)  Baja California Norte  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Callophrys augustinus annetteae (dos Passos, 1943)  far NW Mexico  M T S L I

Callophrys fotis (Strecker, [1878])  Desert Elfin  TL: USA (Az)

Callophrys fotis fotis (Strecker, [1878])  TL: USA (Az)  M S L I H

Callophrys fotis mojavensis (Austin, 1998)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L Ha

Callophrys mossii (H. Edwards, 1881)  Moss' Elfin  TL: not specified

Callophrys mossii schryveri (Cross, 1937)  TL: USA (Co)  M S L H

Callophrys mossii NE Cascadian segregate ,  NE Cascades (N OR, WA), E slope  M S Ha

Callophrys mossii mossii (H. Edwards, 1881)  TL: not specified  M S L Ha

Callophrys mossii W Oregon segregate ,  [nr. mossii]  M S L H

Callophrys mossii marinensis (J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S I

Callophrys mossii bayensis R. Brown, 1969  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Callophrys mossii doudoroffi (dos Passos, 1940)  TL: USA (Ca)  M S L F Ha

Callophrys mossii hidakupa (J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S

Callophrys mossii windi (Clench, 1943)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L I H

Callophrys mossii Siskiyou segregate ,  Siskiyou Mts., SW OR, Mts.of NW CA  M S

Callophrys mossii Mt. Diablo segregate ,  Mt. Diablo & vic., Contra Costa Co., CA  M S

Callophrys polios (Cook & F. Watson, 1907)  Hoary Elfin  TL: USA (NJ)

Callophrys polios polios (Cook & F. Watson, 1907)  TL: USA (NJ)  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Callophrys polios obscurus (Ferris & M. Fisher, 1973)  TL: USA (Co)  M T S L H

Callophrys polios NW montane segregate ,   M S

Callophrys polios Puget Trough segregate ,  Puget Trough, NW Washington  M S L

Callophrys polios C Oregon coastal segregate ,  C Oregon coast (Lincoln Co.)  M S

Callophrys polios maritima (J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L

Callophrys irus (Godart, [1824])  Frosted Elfin  TL: USA (NJ)

Callophrys irus irus (Godart, [1824])  TL: USA (NJ)  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Callophrys irus arsace (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])  TL: not specified  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I H

Callophrys irus hadros (Cook & F. Watson, 1909)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S1 S2 L1 L2 I1 I2 I3 H

Callophrys henrici (Grote & Robinson, 1867)  Henry's Elfin  TL: USA (Pa)

Callophrys henrici henrici (Grote & Robinson, 1867)  TL: USA (Pa)  M T S1 S2 L Ha

Callophrys henrici viridissima (Pavulaan, 1998)  TL: USA (NC)  M T S L

Callophrys henrici yahwehus Gatrelle, 1999  TL: USA (SC)  M T1 T2 S L

Callophrys henrici margaretae (dos Passos, 1943)  TL: USA (Fl)  M T S L

Callophrys henrici turneri (Clench, 1943)  TL: USA (Ks)  M T S L1 L2 F

Callophrys henrici solatus (Cook & F. Watson, 1909)  TL: USA (Tx)  M T S L I

Callophrys lanoraieensis (Sheppard, 1934)  Bog Elfin  TL: not specified  M S L

Callophrys niphon (Hübner, [1819])  Eastern Pine Elfin  TL: USA (Fl)

Callophrys niphon niphon (Hübner, [1819])  TL: USA (Fl)  M S L F

Callophrys niphon clarki (T. Freeman, 1938)  TL: not specified  M T S1 S2 Ab L Ha

Callophrys eryphon (Boisduval, 1852)  Western Pine Elfin  TL: USA (Ca)

Callophrys eryphon northeastern segregate ,   M S

Callophrys eryphon purpurascens (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S L I

Callophrys eryphon sheltonensis (F. Chermock & Frechin, [1949])  TL: USA (Wa)  M T

Callophrys eryphon eryphon (Boisduval, 1852)  TL: USA (Ca)  M T S1 S2 L I1 I2 Ha

Callophrys eryphon pallescens (Austin, 1998)  TL: USA (Nv)  M T S L

Callophrys eryphon fusca (Austin, 1998)  TL: USA (Az)  M T S L1 L2

Bistonina  Robbins, 2004

Bistonina erema (Hewitson, 1867)  Erema Hairstreak  Guatemala, Panama  M T

Bistonina biston (Möschler, 1877)  TL: Surinam  M S

Bistonina bactriana (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil  M T

Bistonina [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Costa Rica

Bistonina feretria (Hewitson, 1878)  TL: ?  M T S

Bistonina [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Costa Rica

Bistonina [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Bistonina mantica (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T L

Bistonina olbia (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil  M T

Megathecla  Robbins, 2002

Megathecla gigantea (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Cupathecla  Bálint, 2006

Cupathecla cupentus (Stoll, 1781)  Cupentus Hairstreak  SE Mexico to Guianas, N Brazil  M T S L

Thestius  Hübner, [1819]

Thestius pholeus (Cramer, 1777)  Dotted Thestius  Venezuela to N Brazil  M T OI OD S IL Txt

Thestius selina (Hewitson, 1869)  Brazilian Thestius  Brazil  M T OI S Txt

Thestius meridionalis (Draudt, 1920)  Common Thestius  Colombia to Venezuela and Bolivia   M T OI OD S IL

Thestius epopea (Hewitson, 1870)  Epopea Hairstreak  Nicaragua to Peru  M T S

Thestius [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Thestius [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Thestius azaria (Hewitson, 1867)  Azaria Hairstreak  S Brazil  M T

Thestius [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Thestius lycabas (Cramer, 1777)  Lycabas Hairstreak  Peru to Brazil  M T

Thestius [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Allosmaitia  Clench, [1964]

Allosmaitia coelebs (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)  Cuban Hairstreak  Cuba  M T S

Allosmaitia fidena (Hewitson, 1867)  Fidena Hairstreak  Hispaniola and Puerto Rico  M T S

Allosmaitia piplea (Godman & Salvin, 1896)  Piplea Hairstreak  S Lesser Antilles (St. Vincent, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica)  M T S

Allosmaitia strophius (Godart, [1824])  Strophius Hairstreak  S TX, E & W Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Allosmaitia myrtusa (Hewitson, 1867)  Myrtusa Hairstreak  Panama to Bolivia  M T S

Laothus  K. Johnson, Kruse & Kroenlein, 1997

Laothus gibberosa (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Colombia  M T S

Laothus numen (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Guyana  M T

Laothus phydela (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Laothus erybathis (Hewitson, 1867)  Erybathis Hairstreak  E & W Mexico to Colombia  M T S L I

Laothus oceia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Oceia Hairstreak  [=laothoe], SE Mexico to Colombia  M T S L

Laothus viridicans (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Laothus barajo (Reakirt, [1867])  Barajo Hairstreak  SE Mexico to Panama  M T S L1 L2 I

Laothus cockaynei (Goodson, 1945)  TL: Venezuela  M T S

Janthecla  Robbins & Venables, 1991

Janthecla rocena (Hewitson, 1867)  Rocena Hairstreak  MX to S Brazil  M T S

Janthecla adrienne Robbins, 2009  TL: Peru  M T

Janthecla malvina (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Janthecla janthodonia (Dyar, 1918)  Janthodonia Hairstreak  S MX, Guatemala, Belize  M T S L

Janthecla cydonia (H. Druce, 1890)  Cydonia Hairstreak  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S L

Janthecla leea Venables & Robbins, 1991  TL: Peru  M T S

Janthecla armilla (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Janthecla halli R. Busby & Robbins, 2009  TL: Ecuador

Janthecla janthina (Hewitson, 1867)  Janthina Hairstreak  MX to Venezuela  M T S L

Janthecla sista (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Janthecla aurora (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (ES/RS)  M T S

Janthecla flosculus (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Lamprospilus  Geyer, 1832

Lamprospilus genius Geyer, 1832  TL: "West Indies"  M T

Lamprospilus japola (E. Jones, 1912)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Lamprospilus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Guyana

Lamprospilus decorata Lathy, 1926  TL: Peru  M T

Lamprospilus nicetus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Lamprospilus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Lamprospilus draudti Lathy, 1932  TL: Colombia  M T

Lamprospilus occidentalis K. Johnson & Salazar, 2004  TL: Colombia

Lamprospilus collucia (Hewitson, 1877)  Two-toned Groundstreak  Mexico to Ecuador  M T S L

Lamprospilus orcidia (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Brazil  M T L

Lamprospilus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Lamprospilus aunus (Cramer, 1775)  TL: "Aruba"  M T

Lamprospilus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Lamprospilus coelicolor (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Central American Groundstreak  Mexico to Bolivia  M T S

Badecla  Robbins & Duarte, 2010

Badecla badaca (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil  M T1 T2

Badecla picentia (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Badecla quadramacula (Austin & K. Johnson, 1997)  TL: Brazil (Rd)  M T

Badecla lanckena (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Peru  M T

Badecla argentinensis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993)  TL: Argentina  M T

Badecla clarissa (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Arzecla  Robbins & Duarte, 2010

Arzecla arza (Hewitson, 1874)  Single-banded Groundstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Arzecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arzecla tarpa (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Double-banded Groundstreak  Mexico to Panama  M T S

Arzecla canacha (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Arzecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arzecla calatia (Hewitson, 1873)  Nicaraguan Groundstreak  Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua  M T OI

Arzecla tucumanensis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993)  TL: Argentina  M T

Arzecla sethon (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Large Groundstreak  Mexico to Panama  M T S Ab L

Arzecla nubilum (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (Pr)  M T

Arzecla paralus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Paralus Groundstreak  Guatemala to Venezuela  M T OI

Arzecla taminella (Schaus, 1902)  Taminella Groundstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Arzecla albolineata (Lathy, 1936)  TL: Colombia  M T

Arumecla  Robbins & Duarte, 2004

Arumecla aruma (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil (ES)  M T

Arumecla galliena (Hewitson, 1877)  Red-based Groundstreak  Mexico to Ecuador  M T S L

Arumecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Arumecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arumecla nisaee (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Nisaee Groundstreak  Costa Rica, Panama  M T OI

Arumecla [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Arumecla [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arumecla [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arumecla [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Arumecla [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Arumecla [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arumecla [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Arumecla [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Arumecla [n. sp.#11] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Arumecla [n. sp.#12] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Arumecla netesca (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Guyana; Peru  M T

Camissecla  Robbins & Duarte, 2004

Camissecla charichlorus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Charichlorus Groundstreak  Honduras to Colombia  M T S

Camissecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Camissecla simasca (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Colombia  M T

Camissecla gedrosia (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Camissecla camissa (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T L

Camissecla cleocha (Hewitson, 1870)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Camissecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Camissecla [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Bolivia

Camissecla pactya (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Ecuador; Colombia  M T

Camissecla vespasianus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Vespasianus Groundstreak  Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S

Camissecla melma Schaus, 1913  Melma Groundstreak  Costa Rica and Panama  M T S

Camissecla saphronotis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Camissecla vesper (H. Druce, 1909)  TL: Peru  M T S L

Camissecla verbenaca (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil  M T

Camissecla [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (SC)

Electrostrymon  Clench, 1961

Electrostrymon endymion (Fabricius, 1775)  TL: Brazil  M T

Electrostrymon constantinoi (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993)  TL: Colombia  M T

Electrostrymon hugon (Godart, [1824])  Ruddy Hairstreak  [= sangala, = cyphara] S TX to Venezuela  M T S L I

Electrostrymon joya (Dognin, 1895)  Muted Hairstreak  [= canus] S TX to Peru  M T S L

Electrostrymon dominicana (Lathy, 1904)  Dominican Hairstreak  Dominica  M T S

Electrostrymon pan (Drury, 1773)  Pan Hairstreak  Jamaica  M T S L

Electrostrymon angelia (Hewitson, 1874)  Fulvous Hairstreak  TL: Cuba; Jamaica

Electrostrymon angelia angelia (Hewitson, 1874)  S Florida and Cuba  M T S L

Electrostrymon angelia dowi (Clench, 1941)  Bahamas & Turks and Caicos Islands  M T S L

Electrostrymon angelia pantoni (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Jamaica  M T S

Electrostrymon angelia boyeri (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Hispaniola to St. Croix  M T S

Electrostrymon angerona (Godman & Salvin, 1896)  Angerona Hairstreak  Lesser Antilles  M T S

Electrostrymon denarius (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Coppery Groundstreak  E Mexico to Guatemala  M T S L

Electrostrymon guzanta (Schaus, 1902)  Orange-crescent Groundstreak  W and S TX to Nicaragua  M T S L1 L2 I Ha

Electrostrymon [n. sp.] Robbins, MS  Panama

Electrostrymon perisus (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Rubroserrata  K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993

Rubroserrata mathewi (Hewitson, 1874)  Mathew’s Groundstreak  Mexico to Panama  M T S1 S2 L I

Rubroserrata ecbatana (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Ziegleria  K. Johnson, 1993

Ziegleria hesperitis (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Hesperitis Groundstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Ziegleria hoffmani K. Johnson, 1993  Hoffmann’s Groundstreak  Mexico to Costa Rica  M T S I

Ziegleria ceromia (Hewitson, 1877)  Ceromia Groundstreak  Mexico to Venezuela  M T S

Ziegleria hernandezi (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993)  TL: Trinidad  M T

Kisutam  K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993

Kisutam micandriana (K. Johnson, 1992)  Micandriana Groundstreak  Mexico to Nicaragua  M T S

Kisutam rosemary Thompson & Robbins, 2015  Rosemary's Groundstreak  Costa Rica and Panama

Kisutam syllis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Sky-blue Groundstreak  S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Calycopis  Scudder, 1876

Calycopis tamos (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Tamos Hairstreak  [possibly a synonym of C. matho]  M T S

Calycopis matho (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  TL: Guyana  M T

Calycopis clarina (Hewitson, 1874)  White-striped Groundstreak  TL: Mexico  M T S L Ha

Calycopis cos (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Guyana  M T

Calycopis atnius (Herrich-Schäffer, [1853])  Atnius Groundstreak  TL: Surinam  M T S L

Calycopis mimas (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Mimas Groundstreak  TL: Panama; Colombia; Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Calycopis [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (Ma)

Calycopis petaurister (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Guyana  M T

Calycopis calor (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS  TL: Panama

Calycopis johnsoni (Salazar, 2000)  TL: Colombia  M T

Calycopis demonassa (Hewitson, 1868)  Shining Groundstreak  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S L

Calycopis buphonia (Hewitson, 1868)  Buphonia Groundstreak  Costa Rica to N Brazil  M T S

Calycopis calus (Godart, [1824])  Calus Groundstreak  TL: America  M S L

Calycopis wolfii (K. Johnson, 1993)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T L

Calycopis caesaries (H. Druce, 1907)  Caesaries Groundstreak  Belize to N Brazil  M T OI S L

Calycopis sullivani Robbins & Duarte, 2005  Sullivan's Hairstreak  Atlantic coast of Panama and Costa Rica  M T S

Calycopis cicero Robbins & Duarte, 2005  TL: Ecuador

Calycopis ledaea (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T

Calycopis cerata (Hewitson, 1877)  Cerata Groundstreak  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S L

Calycopis cecrops (Fabricius, 1793)  Red-banded Hairstreak  E USA, New Providence Island, Bahamas  M T S Ma L1 L2 L3 L4

Calycopis isobeon (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)  Dusky-blue Groundstreak  TL: Costa Rica  M T S1 S2 Ab L1 L2 I Txt

Calycopis quintana (K. Johnson, 1991)  Yucatan Groundstreak  Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico and N Belize  M T S

Calycopis bactra (Hewitson, 1877)  Hewitson's Groundstreak  TL: Nicaragua  M T S

Calycopis lerbela W. D. Field, 1967  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Calycopis caulonia (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Calycopis nicolayi W. D. Field, 1967  TL: Brazil (Pb)  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Calycopis bellera (Hewitson, 1877)  Bellera Groundstreak  Panama, Surinam, Brazil  M T OI S L

Calycopis xeneta (Hewitson, 1877)  Brilliant Groundstreak  TL: Nicaragua  M T S L

Calycopis centoripa (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: Brazil  M T S

Calycopis thama (Hewitson, 1877)  Thama Hairstreak  Costa Rica to Colombia  M T S

Calycopis torqueor (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Guyana  M T

Calycopis vibulena (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Calycopis origo (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Origo Groundstreak  (= susanna)  M T S L

Calycopis drusilla W. D. Field, 1967  Drusilla Groundstreak  TL: Costa Rica  M T S L

Calycopis vitruvia (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Calycopis partunda (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil  M T

Calycopis indigo (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Calycopis anfracta (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Peru  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS  TL: Ecuador

Calycopis anastasia W. D. Field, 1967  TL: Bolivia  M T

Calycopis fractunda W. D. Field, 1967  TL: Peru  M T

Calycopis anthora (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Calycopis spadectis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993)  TL: Ecuador  M S

Calycopis malta (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Peru  M T L

Calycopis gentilla (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Calycopis trebula (Hewitson, 1868)  Trebula Groundstreak  TL: Brazil (Am)  M T S L

Calycopis puppius (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  TL: Guyana  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS  TL: Brazil (RJ)

Calycopis meleager (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Surinam  M T S

Calycopis pisis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Pisis Groundstreak  TL: Panama  M T S

Calycopis [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Calycopis talama (Schaus, 1902)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Calycopis tifla (W. D. Field, 1967)  TL: Peru  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Calycopis janeirica (C. Felder, 1862)  TL: Brazil (RJ)  M T

Calycopis vidulus (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Ecuador  M T

Calycopis cyanus (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Calycopis orcillula (Strand, 1916)  Strand's Groundstreak  TL: Costa Rica  M T S

Calycopis mirna Robbins & Duarte, 2002  TL: Argentina  M T

Calycopis orcilla (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Calycopis blora (W. D. Field, 1967)  TL: French Guiana  M T

Calycopis naka (W. D. Field, 1967)  TL: Peru  M T

Calycopis barza (W. D. Field, 1967)  TL: Peru  M T

Calycopis gizela (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Calycopis suda (Draudt, 1920)  TL: Bolivia  M S

Calycopis boliviensis (K. Johnson, 1991)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Calycopis cinniana (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil  M T

Calycopis plumans (H. Druce, 1907)  TL: Brazil (MT)  M T

Calycopis hosmeri (Weeks, 1906)  TL: Venezuela  M T

Calycopis [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS  TL: Peru

Calycopis vesulus (Stoll, 1781)  TL: Surinam  M T

Calycopis cissusa (Hewitson, 1877)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T S

Strymon  Hübner, 1818

Strymon melinus (Hübner, [1813])  Gray Hairstreak  TL: [USA (Ga)]

Strymon melinus melinus (Hübner, [1813])  TL: [USA (Ga)]  M T S L1 L2

Strymon melinus humuli (T. Harris, 1841)  TL: USA (Ma)  M T S L

Strymon melinus franki W. D. Field, 1938  TL: USA (Ks)  M T S Ab L1 L2 L3 L4 I H

Strymon melinus setonia McDunnough, 1927  TL: Canada  M S L Ha

Strymon melinus atrofasciata McDunnough, 1921  TL: Canada  M S L Ha

Strymon melinus pudica (H. Edwards, 1877)  Baja California  M S1 S2 L1 L2 I Ha

Strymon melinus clarionensis (Heid, 1933)  [Apparently a species-level taxon], Clarion I., Colima, Mexico  M T S

Strymon melinus caldasensis Salazar, Vélez & K. Johnson, 1997  TL: Colombia  M T

Strymon avalona (W. G. Wright, 1905)  Avalon Scrub-Hairstreak  Santa Catalina Island, S CA  M T S L Ha

Strymon daraba (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: [Ecuador]  M T

Strymon sabinus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  TL: Colombia  M T

Strymon rufofusca (Hewitson, 1877)  Red-crescent Scrub-Hairstreak  S TX, E & W Mexico to Paraguay, Lesser Antilles  M T S L1 L2

Strymon [n. sp.#1] Nicolay & Robbins, MS  TL: Venezuela

Strymon cyanofusca K. Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990  TL: Argentina  M T

Strymon lamasi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005  TL: Peru  M T S

Strymon albata (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)  White Scrub-Hairsreak  [= sedecia] S TX to Venezuela  M T S L I H

Strymon alea (Godman & Salvin, 1887)  Lacey’s Scrub-Hairstreak  [= laceyi] TX to Venezuela  M T S L I H

Strymon bebrycia (Hewitson, 1868)  Red-lined Scrub-Hairstreak  SE AZ to S TX to Costa Rica  M T S L H

Strymon yojoa (Reakirt, [1867])  Yojoa Scrub-Hairstreak  SE AZ, S TX to S Brazil  M T S L1 L2 L3

Strymon tegaea (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: ?  M T

Strymon ohausi (Spitz, 1933)  TL: Brazil (SP)  M T

Strymon sylea (Hewitson, 1867)  TL: Brazil (Pa)  M T

Strymon mulucha (Hewitson, 1867)  Mottled Scrub-Hairstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Strymon cestri (Reakirt, [1867])  Tailless Scrub-Hairstreak  SE AZ, S TX to S Brazil  M T S L

Strymon davara (Hewitson, 1868)  TL: ?  M T

Strymon crambusa (Hewitson, 1874)  TL: Bolivia  M T

Strymon astiocha (Prittwitz, 1865)  Gray-spotted Scrub-Hairstreak  Mexico to S Brazil  M T S L

Strymon martialis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)  Martial Scrub-Hairstreak  S Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Caymans  M T S1 S2 L I H

Strymon christophei (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Hispaniolan Scrub-hairstreak  Hispaniola  M T S

Strymon michelle Nicolay & Robbins, 2005  TL: Ecuador  M T S

Strymon acis (Drury, 1773)  Caribbean Scrub-Hairstreak  TL: "USA (NY)"

Strymon acis bartrami (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  S Florida  M T S L Ha

Strymon acis casasi (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Cuba, Caymans  M T S

Strymon acis armouri Clench, 1943  Great Bahama Bank (Andros to Long), possibly Crooked I.  M T S

Strymon acis Great Inagua segregate ,  Great Inagua Island, Bahamas  M S

Strymon acis leucosticha Clench, 1992  Middle Caicos Island (at least)  M T

Strymon acis gossei (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Jamaica  M T S L

Strymon acis petioni (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Hispaniola  M T S

Strymon acis mars (Fabricius, 1776)  Puerto Rico (include. Mona & Culebran Is.) and Virgin Islands  M S L

Strymon acis acis (Drury, 1773)  Lesser Antilles (St. Martin to Dominica)  M T S

Strymon bazochii (Godart, [1824])  Lantana Scrub-Hairstreak  TL: Brazil

Strymon bazochii bazochii (Godart, [1824])  S TX, E & W Mexico to Argentina  M T S L1 L2 I1 I2 H

Strymon bazochii gundlachianus M. Bates, 1935  Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola  M T S

Strymon [n. sp.#2] Nicolay & Robbins, MS  TL: Venezuela

Strymon istapa (Reakirt, [1867])  Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak  TL: Mexico (Ver)

Strymon istapa clenchi Austin & J. Emmel, 1998  Baja California  M T S L

Strymon istapa istapa (Reakirt, [1867])  S TX, E & W Mexico to Argentina  M S Ab Ma L1 L2 L3 L4 I1 I2 H

Strymon istapa modesta (Maynard, 1873)  S Florida  M S L

Strymon istapa cybira (Hewitson, 1874)  Bahamas, Greater Antilles, (Dry Tortugas?)  M T S L

Strymon istapa arecibo (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Puerto Rico  M T S L

Strymon istapa clarionica (Vázquez, 1958)  Clarion Island; Relationship to S. i. clenchi requires study  M T

Strymon istapa socorroica (Vázquez, 1958)  [Apparently a species-level taxon], Socorro I., Colima, Mexico  M T

Strymon bubastus (Stoll, 1780)  TL: "Cape of Good Hope"

Strymon bubastus ponce (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Mona I., Puerto Rico, Virgin Is., Lesser Antilles S to Grenada  M T S L

Strymon bubastus bubastus (Stoll, 1780)  TL: "Cape of Good Hope"  M T

Strymon columella (Fabricius, 1793)  Columella Scrub-Hairstreak  Culebran Is., Virgin Is., St. Kitts to Antigua  M T S

Strymon limenia (Hewitson, 1868)  Limenia Scrub-Hairstreak  S Florida, Greater Antilles, St. Thomas  M T S

Strymon toussainti (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)  Toussaint's Scrub-Hairstreak  Hispaniola, E Cuba  M